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  1. Nigerian tweeters demand an end to police brutality
  2. Broke South Sudan spends millions on drones
  3. Ed Sheeran’s charity film nominated as ‘most offensive’
  4. DR Congo 'used former M23 fighters against protesters'
  5. Mali soldiers killed in French army raid
  6. Environment ministers discuss lead paint and plastic
  7. Sierra Leone pastors' diamond auction

Live Reporting

By Clare Spencer and Dickens Olewe

All times stated are UK

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We'll be back tomorrow

That's all from BBC Africa Live today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or check the BBC News website.

A reminder of today's wise words:

No matter how strong a termite’s stomach is, it still cannot digest green grass."

A Dinka proverb sent by Malueth Agany Kuot in Bor, South Sudan

Click here to send us your African proverbs

And we leave you with this photo of Kenyan celebrity Talia Oyando posing next to a decorated matatu (mini-bus).

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Uganda 'considers hiring 200 Cuban doctors'

Ugandan doctors hung up their stethoscopes for three weeks

The Ugandan government is considering hiring 200 Cuban doctors to replace those on strike, reports the country's Daily Monitor.

It says the cabinet has given the go-ahead for the plan but the decision is not final.

After three weeks, the doctors suspended their strike on 25 November to give the government time to fulfill their demands.

These include a five million shilling ($1,400; £1,039) monthly starting salary for doctors.

But the doctors gave the government up to 16 December - when they will decide on the next course of action, The Daily Monitor added.

Nigerians mourn Bollywood star

Shashi Kapoor
Shashi Kapoor films inspired Kannywood

Nigerians have been paying tribute to Bollywood actor Shashi Kapoor who has died aged 79, BBC Hausa reports.

Kapoor movies were screened in Nigeria in the 1990s, where he quickly won fans.

He is among Bollywood stars who inspired the creation of Kannywood - the Hausa language film industry.

Kapoor started his career when he was a teenager and appeared in more than 150 films, including 12 English films.

Many Nigerians fondly remember him starring in a film called Deewar about two brothers' divided loyalties.

They especially like the scene where he was having a heated argument with his brother and declared passionately, "Mere paas hai hai" (I have my mother's support).

Home of Mugabe ally 'under army protection'

A prominent Zimbabwean journalist has shared a video of a mansion which he says belongs to a former minister in former President Robert Mugabe's administration.

He tweets that the imposing property is being guarded by soldiers to prevent vandalism.

He says that the house belongs to Saviour Kasukuwere, who served as the minister for local government:

View more on twitter

According to media reports Mr Kasukuwere left the country after the military took over the country.

He was among a group of top officials from the governing Zanu-PF who supported former First Lady Grace Mugabe's push to replace her husband as president.

Millions 'misused for Mandela's funeral'

South Africa's public protector has recommended an investigation into the use of around $22m (£16m) in state funds for former President Nelson Mandela's funeral.

Some of the allegations include: Funds were pocketed by officials and costs were inflated as they prepared for Nelson Mandela’s funeral.

One accusation is that funds meant for poor communities were spent on buying memorial T-shirts at $25 each.

Nelson Mandela
Getty Images
Nelson Mandela is credited with bringing South Africa to democracy

Busi Mkhwebane released her report into the alleged spending irregularities this afternoon.

She told journalists that it was "substantiated" that the Eastern Cape Provincial Government had "improperly diverted funds" meant for the Eastern Cape Development Corporation.

She recommended new guidelines for state funerals.

The report recommended that the minister of finance requests the president to tell the special investigations unit to look into it.

Nelson Mandela was South Africa's first democratically elected president and spent 27 years in prison for his anti-apartheid activities. He died in 2013.

Broke South Sudan spends millions on drones

Getty Images
Drones are increasingly being used across Africa

South Sudan has deployed drones and installed security cameras to combat crime in the capital Juba.

Officials in the cash-strapped country say they have spent millions of dollars on the scheme.

The equipment will be operated by an Israeli company until local staff are trained how to use it.

South Sudan, which became independent six years ago, has been ravaged by civil war for the past four years. Government officials are often accused of corruption.

Mauritanian policeman killed in CAR

BBC World Service

United Nations peacekeepers in the Central African Republic (CAR) says a Mauritanian policeman serving with the mission has been killed.

Three others were wounded in the attack in the central town of Bria.

The UN said the policemen were guarding the entrance to a camp for the displaced when they were ambushed by members of the anti-Balaka militia, a group that says it defends Christians.

The UN said this is the 14th peacekeeper to be killed in the CAR this year.

Tanzanians outraged by video of lesbian kiss

Sammy Awami

BBC Africa, Dar es Salaam

Holding hands
Getty Images
Homophobic sentiments are high in Tanzania and homosexuality is a crime

Police in north western Tanzania have detained a woman after a video emerged showing her apparently sharing a celebratory kiss with another woman.

In the video two women were apparently seen hugging and kissing each other while dancing together in a room with a number of people taking pictures and recording videos.

The video was widely shared on social media platforms and generated a wide discussion with the majority criticising the women and accusing them of engaging in what they called an "anti-Tanzanian cultural practice".

The video appears to show them at an engagement party, a local newspaper reports.

One opposition member of parliament shared the video clip on his twitter account and called for the home affairs minister and police to take action against the couple.

He questioned how the two women could engage in such a practice in a video recording.

According to a local newspaper, police in Geita said they have arrested one of the women for questioning on what it terms as "illegal practices".

Homophobic sentiments are high in Tanzania and homosexuality is a crime which is punishable by up to 30 years in jail.

Kenyan police release opposition figure

Kenya's Public Prosecutor Keriako Tobiko has directed police to release opposition figure David Ndii on a police bond.

He was arrested last night in a hotel in the coastal county of Kwale.

The prosecutor's office tweeted that the police should forward their investigations file to Mr Tobiko for directions:

View more on twitter

Mr Ndii is a renowned economist and has been a critic of President Uhuru Kenyatta.

See earlier post.

Nigerian top politician swaps party

Ishaq Khalid

BBC Africa, Abuja

Atiku Abubakar
Getty Images
Many think Mr Abubakar will put himself forward for president

Nigeria's former Vice-President Atiku Abubakar has joined the main opposition party, the PDP, as preparations for the next presidential elections begin.

His defection from the ruling APC party is likely to have a big impact on both parties - he is seen as a potential contender for Nigeria's presidency in 2019.

The PDP caretaker national chairman, Senator Ahmed Makarfi, told me in an interview that although they welcome Mr Atiku back to the party, there was no arrangement on who will be given the presidential ticket.

Mr Abubakar, who is 72, was vice-president from 1999 to 2007 under the PDP.

He left the party and joined the then opposition party the APC, ahead of the 2015 election which brought the current President Muhammadu Buhari to power.

He lost to the incumbent President Muhammadu Buhari during the APC primaries in 2014.

He has criticised Mr Buhari's government for failing to improve the economy.

Mr Abubakar urges young Nigerians to vote for people who would create jobs for them, rather than those that will make them lose their jobs.

He alleges that more than three million Nigerians have lost their jobs in the two years that Mr Buhari has been in power.

Nigerian tweeters demand an end to police brutality

Getty Images

An online campaign against police brutality has gone viral in Nigeria.

The hashtag #EndSARS started trending over the weekend after a post claiming a young man was shot by the police’s Special Anti-Robbery Squad, known as Sars.

On Saturday, a user with the handle @YabaKid claimed to have seen officers from the Special Anti-Robbery Squad shoot a boy in the head in front of him.

View more on twitter

The user had been tweeting with the hashtag #EndSARS for many months but in the past few days thousands of others have responded with their own stories of police brutality.

Many claimed to have been held at gunpoint, arrested without charge, forced to pay bribes and even shot by officers from the unit.

Well-known musician Simi claimed she and a group of friends were held at gunpoint by Sars officers for - as she put it - “laughing”.

View more on twitter

Thousands of Twitter users are now calling for the unit to be disbanded.

In response to the campaign, the inspector general of police said he had ordered a complete re-organisation of the Special Anti-Robbery Squad.

He also called for an “instant investigation” into all the allegations and complaints levelled against the unit.

Mali soldiers killed in French army raid

Alex Duval Smith

BBC Africa, Dakar

President Ibrahim Boubakar Keita
President Keita confirmed the soldiers' deaths

Eleven Malian soldiers who were prisoners of an Al Qaeda group at the time of a major French raid have been confirmed dead.

After much speculation, President Ibrahim Boubakar Keita confirmed the bad news in an interview on Sunday.

He told Jeune Afrique magazine that the 11 were "hostages" at the Abeibara camp, north of Kidal, at the time of the French attack on 23 October.

Previously, people in the Malian defence ministry had issued conflicting information about the fate of the soldiers.

The French army said it had no intelligence ahead of the raid to suggest the Malian soldiers were present.

‘’There were definitely terrorist hostages [there] and there should be no ambiguity over the matter between our French friends and ourselves on this matter,’’ said President Keita.

"It is a regrettable situation that can happen in this kind of operation. One should accept it and not look for other reasons,’’ he said.

The eleven appeared in a video issued on 19 October by Iyad Ag Ghali’s group, which is known as JNIM (the Support Group for Islam and Muslims).

They had been captured in a number of attacks against Malian army camps in the centre of the country between July 2016 and March 2017.

Abuja on edge over terror alert

Chris Ewokor

BBC Africa, Abuja

Nigeria's government has asked residents of the capital, Abuja to remain calm after the US and UK embassies warned of a possible terrorists attack in the city.

The advisories from the two embassies warn their citizens to avoid places where crowds gather.

They say that Islamist militants Boko Haram has warned it would conduct attacks during the festive season.

Abuja has suffered devastating attacks in the past especially at the height of Boko Haram bloody insurgency in 2014.

At the time, the Nigerian police headquarters and the UN house were attacked. A bus terminal was also bombed killing several people

Mugabe ally showers Mnangagwa with praise

Ignatius Chombo
Ignatius Chombo (centre) is facing corruption charges

Zimbabweans have been discussing a statement from former Finance Minister Ignatius Chombo to new President Emmerson Mnangagwa, with some labelling it obsequious.

Mr Chombo is an ally of former President Robert Mugabe and served as his finance minister.

In the statement, he commends Mr Mnangagwa saying he watched his inauguration with "pride and contentment".

“I am available to serve you in any capacity as you deem fit," he added, the state-owned Herald newspaper reports.

He said he wished he could have attended the president's inauguration event, but he had health problems, and had been "away learning some few hard lessons".

Mr Chombo was arrested and allegedly beaten after the military takeover which ousted Mr Mugabe.

He is currently facing corruption charges for alleged offences dating back more than a decade.

He pledged loyalty to the new president, saying "may God bless you ever more":

May God give you strength and guidance as you lead us into the future. You have my full support and loyalty in equal measure as I served the former President R.G. Mugabe during his tenure in office...Once again, I wish you all the greatest good and may God bless you ever more.”

'Six police killed' in Nigeria herder-farmer dispute

Six police officers have been killed in northeast Nigeria, reports AFP news agency.

The police told AFP they suspect the ambush was by Fulani herdsmen

No arrests had been made in connection with the ambush, which happened on Friday.

But it comes as the state is on heightened alert because of rising tensions between herders and farmers.

Read more: Making sense of Nigeria's Fulani-farmer conflict.

Fulani herdsman
Getty Images
The Fulanis say they are being attacked and their cattle stolen by bandits

Controversial Zimbabwe ministers sworn in

Shingai Nyoka

BBC Africa, Harare

Perence Shiri (lands minister) and Patrick Chinamasa finance minister  (foreground) take their oath of office as ministers of the new cabinet.
Shingai Nyoka
New Lands minister Perrance Shiri took his oath of office alongside Finance Minister Patrick Chinamasa

Zimbabwe's President Emmerson Mnangagwa has sworn in his first cabinet since coming into power following a military take over two weeks ago.

He however had to reshuffle the cabinet over the weekend after it became apparent that he had violated a constitutional threshold.

His initial appointments included eight non-parliamentarians, while the law provides only for five.

Chris Mutsvangwa, the war veterans leader, who organised protests calling for former President Robert Mugabe’s resignation, was dropped as information minister and is now a special adviser to the president.

There was uproar when instead of creating a cabinet that included opposition figures, Mr Mnangagwa appeared to reward the military for its role in bringing him to power.

Perrance Shiri, a military figure and the new lands minister, says there is still nothing wrong with soldiers being co-opted into government.

“When I was in the military I was under the ministry of defence which is part of government. And who says military people should not be politicians, I am a Zimbabwean and I have got a right to participate in the country’s politics,” he told journalists.

Another solider Maj Gen Sibusiso Moyo, who announced the military take over, is the new minister of foreign affairs and international trade.

He promised to focus on “economic diplomacy” and a “win-win” trade.

Ed Sheeran’s charity film nominated as ‘most offensive’

The British singer Ed Sheeran has been nominated for the “most offensive” charity video in the Radi-Aid awards.

The jury in the Norwegian awards called his film for Comic Relief in Liberia “literally poverty tourism”.

View more on youtube

In the film he finds somewhere for five homeless children to stay.

The jurors were appalled by this:

“But is Ed Sheeran willing to pay for the boy's housing forever? What an irresponsible thing to do, and for this video to glorify that is terrible.”

It’s one of three charity campaigns shortlisted for the Norwegian awards that highlight the problematic ways charities communicate.

The Guardian reports that the annual contest, organised by the student-run Norwegian Students and Academics International Assistance Fund (Saih), is “aimed at challenging aid groups to shift away from stereotypes about people living in poverty”.

The other two nominees up for a public vote are by the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC).

The jurors said a video appeal for donations to fight famine in South Sudan, Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia was “poverty porn”:

View more on youtube

They called Actor Tom Hardy’s appeal to for donations to the Yemen crisis “devoid of dignity to those suffering”.

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It has been up for a public vote and the “winner” will be announced on 7 December.

Lagos month-long carnival kicks off

Lagosians were yesterday treated to a colourful celebration of culture in the streets during the Lagos carnival in Nigeria's largest city.

State officials and traditional rulers joined city residents in enjoying the display of costumes and top singers and comedians performed.

The BBC's Umar Shehu reports that Sunday's event launched a month-long celebration to be held across Lagos State.

He snapped these photos:


Kenyan opposition figure 'to face incitement charges'

The Kenyan opposition figure who was arrested last night is expected to be charged with "incitement", one of his lawyers has said.

Police arrested David Ndii last night at his hotel in the coastal city of Kwale, as we reported earlier.

His lawyer Otiende Amollo said that police moved him to the capital Nairobi overnight in what his lawyers say was meant to "intimidate him".

He told reporters that they will be applying for bail for Mr Ndii.

View more on youtube

Meanwhile, opposition leader Raila Odinga has condemned the arrest saying that it was an "attempt to intimidate the opposition".

He said that the government was planning to "arrest" other leaders, but added that they will not be intimidated.

DR Congo 'used former M23 fighters against protesters'

BBC World Service

Protest 2016
Getty Images
Protesters demanded Joseph Kabila stand down as president

An international campaign group says the authorities in the Democratic Republic of Congo recruited members of a former rebel group to quash opposition protests last year.

Human Rights Watch said more than 200 former fighters from the M23 group were ordered to use lethal force against demonstrators.

More than 60 people were killed in last year's protests against President Joseph Kabila's decision to stay in power after his mandate expired.

There has been no word so far from the Congolese authorities.

Elections are now scheduled for December 2018 - more than two years after the expiry of Mr Kabila's two-term mandate.

South Sudan 'ends fuel subsidies'

South Sudan fuel
Getty Images

South Sudan has removed fuel subsidies in a move many government officials attributed to scarcity of hard currencies,The Sudan Tribune reports.

The news site reports it was a directive from the president's office.

It quoted a senior official at the government-run national oil company Nilepet, who asked to remain anonymous.

They said that there was "no money in the treasury":

You know the level the current situation has reached. It is pathetic. The civil servants have gone for close to a year now without being paid because there is actually no money in the treasury. Whatever that comes from non-oil and oil revenues goes to security and peace mobilisation efforts."

The Deputy Finance minister Mou Ambrose Thiik told the Reuters news agency in September that ending the fuel subsidies would free up desperately needed cash.

The country has not paid its civil servants for months and its embassies are facing closure for unpaid rents, Reuters reported.

Top Kenyan opposition official arrested

Kenya's opposition coalition - Nasa - has protested against the arrest of one of its top officials after a police raid last night.

The Daily Nation newspaper reported that David Ndii was picked up at his hotel in the coastal county of Kwale. His room was also searched.

View more on twitter

He is a renowned economist and an influential strategist in the coalition and has been a critical voice against President Uhuru Kenyatta's government.

Police have not given any reason for his arrest.

But the newspaper says he was arrested for his role in an opposition initiative called the People's Assembly, which plans to discuss challenges experienced in the past election.

Some media reports have also said that the coalition is planning to use the People's Assembly to support opposition leader Raila Odinga's push to form a parallel government.

Mr Odinga has said that he does not recognise Mr Kenyatta as president. He told his supporters recently that he plans to be sworn in as president on 12 December.

'Integrity Idol' searches for most trustworthy official

In Liberia a competition to see who is the civil servant with the most integrity is underway.

The organisation Accountability Lab also runs the competition in Mali, Nepal, Nigeria and Pakistan.

People vote online or on the phone for the winner.

One of five state workers nominated, Drugs Enforcement Agent Alphonso Rancy, told the BBC that corrupt officials need to be prosecuted to set a precedent.

Meet one of the nominees in Liberia's hunt for most trustworthy official

Ministers meet to plan pollution policy

BBC World Service

Plastic on beach

Environment ministers from about 100 countries are meeting in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi, to try to finalise a declaration to combat pollution.

Challenges include banning the use of toxic lead in paint and limiting the amount of plastic that finds its way into the ocean.

The head of the UN Environment Programme Erik Solheim said environmental protection could only be successful under the leadership of national governments.

He said the UN was also trying to work with big financial institutions to power green development.

The UN says nine million people died in 2015 because of polluted air, land or water.

Read more on the BBC News website.

Sierra Leone diamond set for New York auction

Getty Images
Artisanal, or freelance, miners are a common sight in Sierra Leone's diamond-rich Kono district

A 709 carat diamond that was discovered by a group of Sierra Leone miners earlier this year is to be sold in New York at an auction today.

It is the 14th largest diamond ever found in the world and also the biggest diamond to be found in Sierra Leone since 1972.

The precious stone was discovered by Emmanuel Momoh, a Christian pastor in the eastern Kono district.

He chose to hand it over to the government instead of selling it to smugglers or middlemen.

Mr Momoh told the BBC's Newday programme that selling the diamond to middlemen would not have "benefited the community".

He added:

We lack a lot of things. We don't have a good road network, we don't have better schools, or drinking water. "

The sale of the diamond is being handled by Rapaport Group which has waived all charges.

The group's chairman Martin Rapaport told Newsday that the diamond was "fascinating":

Inside this diamond there are many other diamonds. All experts that see it see different things inside of it."

He said that all the money accrued from the sale will go to Sierra Leone and that the funds will be used to help the community where it was mined.

He added that this will bring about a "sea change in the relationship between artisanal miners and the government" if the community is seen to benefit from the diamond.

"It will encourage others to work with the government", he added.

Read:How I funded my studies by digging for Sierra Leone diamonds

Today's wise words

Our African proverb of the day:

No matter how strong a termite’s stomach is, it still cannot digest green grass."

A Dinka proverb sent by Malueth Agany Kuot in Bor, South Sudan

Click here to send us your African proverbs.

Good morning

Welcome to BBC Africa Live where we will bring you the latest news from around the continent.