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Summary

  1. Nigerian singer dazzles at Romania's The Voice
  2. Algerian bakers revolt over baguette prices
  3. Uganda's President Museveni boasts about his old cows
  4. BBC African Footballer of the Year praised
  5. Transgender woman wins landmark case in Botswana
  6. Oscar Pistorius 'bruised' in prison brawl
  7. South Sudan declares state of emergency in three states
  8. Zimbabwe voters 'need more time to register' after Mugabe crisis
  9. Zanu-PF top leadership meeting postponed

Live Reporting

By Natasha Booty and Clare Spencer

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for Tuesday's stories

We'll be back tomorrow

That's all from BBC Africa Live today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website.

A reminder of today's wise words:

Men are like trees, they shed their leaves and sprout stronger."

A Luganda proverb sent by John Gita in Kampala, Uganda

Click here and scroll to the bottom to send us your African proverbs.

And we leave you with this picture from the Devil's Pool in the Victoria Falls in Zambia, posted by the cultural news site OkayAfrica:

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Amnesty says Nigeria's NGO bill will silence dissent

Gbolahan Macjob

BBC News

The public hearing into Nigeria's controversial NGO regulatory commission bill is due in less than 24 hours.

It was proposed in 2016 to supervise and monitor non-governmental organisations in Nigeria but human right groups say it is a ploy to silence dissent.

Amnesty International has launched an urgent appeal to Nigerians to stop the bill from going through:

This so-called NGO bill will keep Nigerians from freely sharing their opinions, holding open discussion forums or organising people to protest."

Civil rights group Enough is Enough has released a video on Twitter detailing the dangers of the bill, narrated by the former chairman of the national human rights commission, Chidi Odinkalu:

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In the video he warns that, if the bill gets passed, one would have to get permission from the government before raising money in your church or mosque.

Three months ago, Nigerian senator Shehu Sanni vowed in a Facebook post to challenge the bill if it got to the upper chamber:

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Liberia 'sets date for run-off vote'

Liberia will hold a delayed presidential run-off vote on 26 December, the electoral commission chief told Reuters news agency.

Electoral Commission chairman Jerome Korkoya added that campaigning could start immediately but must end by 24 December.

The poll that was held up for several weeks after a candidate who was knocked out of the first-round vote decided to take his allegations of fraud to court.

Last week the Supreme Court dismissed the complaint from third-place finisher Charles Brumskine's Liberty Party.

The final round of voting is between ex-footballer George Weah and Vice-President Joseph Boakai.

George Weah and Joseph Boakai
Reuters / EPA

Read more: Court gives go ahead for run-off poll

Zimbabwe voters 'need more time to register' after Mugabe crisis

Women holding a flag of Zimbabwe take part in a demonstration of University of Zimbabwe's students, on November 20, 2017 in Harare, to demand the withdrawal of Grace Mugabe's doctorate and refused to sit their exams as pressure builds on Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe to resign. Zimbabwe's President faced the threat of impeachment by his own party on November 20, 2017, after his shock insistence he still holds power in Zimbabwe despite a military takeover and a noon deadline to end his 37-year autocratic rule.
AFP
Zimbabwe is young country with a median age of around 20

Zimbabwe's political parties want voters to have an extra two months to sign up for next year's election after the political crisis disrupted the registration process, Reuters news agency quotes an opposition official as saying.

The ruling Zanu-PF party and opposition groups will ask electoral authorities tomorrow to extend next week's voter registration deadline into February, Reuters quotes Douglas Mwonzora of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change as saying.

Mr Mwonzora adds that last month's military takeover and the removal of former president Robert Mugabe has "disturbed a lot of things.

"During that period, many potential voters did not go out to register because there was serious political uncertainty in the country. After taking all this into account we realised that we need to extend the registration exercise. If we don't we will see voter apathy next year."

He is also quoted as saying that thousands of people of voting age previously excluded from voting because their parents are from other countries in southern Africa have only been able to register since a court ruling last week.

'EU governments complicit in Libya abuse'

African migrants on an overcharged boat
AFP
Migrant boats are regularly intercepted by the Libyan coastguard

European governments are knowingly complicit in the torture and abuse of refugees and migrants in Libya, Amnesty International has alleged.

In an effort to stem migration, the EU is actively supporting a "system of abuse and exploitation" on Libyan shores, the group said in a report.

EU funds are going to authorities working with militias and people smugglers, the report says.

The EU said its work to help migrants made things better, not worse. It has provided ships, training and funding to the Libyan coastguard.

Libya is the main thoroughfare for migrants trying to reach Europe. Arrivals in Italy - the main destination for boat crossings - fell sharply following the provision of EU funds to the Libyan coastguard.

The country has spiralled into lawlessness since Nato-backed forces overthrew long-serving ruler Colonel Muammar Gaddafi in October 2011, with numerous armed militias vying for control.

Migrant Hennessy: 'I feel like a dead person'

Bashir 'playing US against Russia'

James Copnall

Africa editor, BBC World Service

Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir is playing the US against Russia in an effort to get off the US list of states that sponsor terror, the oil minister Abdel Rahman Osman told me.

I asked him why Mr Bashir had gone to Russia and criticised America. He insisted that things are still good between Sudan and the US:

We are friends with America. I believe President Bashir may be actually pushing America to lift them from the list of countries harbouring terrorism."

Two months ago the US lifted sanctions on the country - part of a thawing of relations between Washington and Khartoum.

Transgender woman wins landmark case in Botswana

LGBTQ
Getty Images
Gender rights issues are an issue in lots of African countries

A transgender woman has won a landmark case against Botswana's government to be recognised as female, reports Reuters news agency.

Tshepo Ricki Kgositau had sued the Botswana government for refusing to change the gender on her identity document from male to female.

In court papers, Ms Kgositau argued that she had since an early age identified as a woman and that the different gender on her identity document was causing her emotional distress and increased her vulnerability to abuse and violence.

Justice Leatile Dambe ordered that the document is changed within seven days, adds Reuters

In 2014, a judge overturned a government ban on a gay rights lobbying group, ruling that lesbians, gay people and bisexual people of Botswana be allowed to register and campaign for changes to the law. However, it reiterated that it was still illegal to engage in homosexual acts.

Soldiers 'kill at least 15' in eastern Ethiopia

Bekele Atoma

BBC News

Ethiopian Soldiers killed at least 15 people yesterday in Chelenko, in the east of the country, according to an Oromia spokesperson.

“They [soldiers] started shooting whoever they found on the street,” eyewitness Sufian Usman, who lives in the town, told the BBC.

Another resident who was in the hospital said that he counted up to 20 bodies, including a 10-year-old and a father and son.

People were protesting against the killing of Oromo citizen Ahimadin Ahmed Asasa by the Somali Regional special police, the Oromia regional government spokesperson, Addisu Arega said on Facebook.

Mr Asasa was shot in Sarkama near the border of Oromia and Somali regional states and died on his way to hospital.

Oromia regional state officials are investigating the killings, Mr Arega added.

Read more: What is behind clashes in Ethiopia's Oromia and Somali regions?

'Suicide bomber' pill trafficking soars

The UN has warned of a rise in trafficking of the synthetic opioid tramadol across West Africa, as one official revealed it is being found in the pockets of suicide bombers.

Seizures of the drug have skyrocketed since 2013, from 300kg (660lb) to more than three tonnes a year, the UN's Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) said.

The opioid is known to be popular with Islamist militants Boko Haram.

The pills - which can be legally prescribed as painkillers - are thought to be used to calm the would-be attackers, with The Guardian previously reporting that members of the terrorist group stuff it into dates, which they then feed to children before sending them to their deaths.

Some 600,0000 pills bound for the group were seized on the Nigeria-Cameroon border in August.

Bystanders look on at a bombed-out car
AFP
Boko Haram has carried out a wave of bombings in Nigeria

The UNODC says the abuse of the drug - usually smuggled from Asia through the Gulf by criminal gangs - is escalating into a major health crisis in the Sahel, particularly in northern Mali and Niger, with sub-Saharan Africa's young population potentially providing traffickers with an even larger market.

One woman in northern Mali told the agency she regularly saw children little older than 10 walking around "after taking or being given pills in their tea in order to help reduce their feeling of hunger".

People taking the drug illegally are thought use a dose up to five times higher than usual medical prescriptions, the UNODC added.

The face that launched a thousand memes

'GitheriMan' stands in line waiting to vote
Unknown
'GitheriMan' is seen here in August eating a meal of boiled maize and beans called githeri

When a man was photographed holding a bag of snacks as he waited in line to vote in August it quickly captured Kenyans' imaginations.

Now #GitheriMan is to be honoured by the Kenyan state.

He joins the likes of governing Jubilee party blogger Pauline Njoroge, online activist Robert Alai and 56 others who are to receive a Head of State Commendation.

Not everyone is impressed:

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But others disagree:

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Gambia denies hosting Russian imperial revival bid

BBC Monitoring

The world through its media

A mocked-up image of the islands would look
ROMANOV EMPIRE WEBSITE
The artificial islands are meant to be linked to The Gambia's Tanji village by a causeway

The Gambia has become the latest country to deny that it is selling a Siberian businessman land for his plan to revive the Russian monarchy.

The Gambia "has not signed any memorandum of understanding with the Romanov Empire represented by Arch Chancellor Prince Anton Bakov," theGambian president's websitesays

Mr Bakov told reporters back home that The Gambia had agreed to let him build artificial islands on its Bijol islets as a base for his Romanov Empire micro-state, in return for $60m (£44.8m) and use of the proposed hi-tech "smart city" of Saint Nicholas, theArgumenty i Faktywebsite reports.

But the Gambian government says it did not agree to Mr Bakov's proposal during his visit last month.

Government lawyers rejected the plans on the grounds that the Romanov Empire is "not a real state... and does not have the authority to enter into an international treaty," the president's website says.

A mocked-up image of how the city would look
ROMANOV EMPIRE WEBSITE
Saint Nicholas, Africa's proposed first 'smart city'

Read the full story here

Hunting the shipwrecks from the slave trade

Off the western tip of mainland Africa lay some of the most important vestiges of the transatlantic slave trade - the wreckage of ships that sank, as they were carrying thousands of African men, women and children to the Americas.

Now a team of scientists based in Senegal is trying to use the wrecks to learn more about this terrible period in human history.

'Why I paint upside down'

Ethiopian painters Usie Bekele and Yesufekad Endale
BBC

Two Ethiopian artists known for producing work with a signature twist have created an exclusive piece for our colleagues at BBC Amharic.

"Usie Bekele and Yesufekad Endale are well known for painting upside down on the back of canvases then turning them upright for the big reveal," says the BBC's Kaleb Moges.

The painters say they do this because they "don’t want to turn our backs to our audience".

You can see both at work in the Facebook video below.

Yesufekad reads an excerpt from a book about a heroic figure in Ethiopian history, Tewodros II, while Usie paints on the back of the canvas in front of him.

At the end of the clip, Usie flips the canvas over to reveal a painting of Tewodros II.

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Follow BBC News Amharic on Facebook

Zanu-PF leadership meeting postponed

Our Zimbabwe correspondent Shingai Nyoka reports that the governing Zanu-PF party's first politburo meeting since President Mugabe left power has been postponed until tomorrow.

New Zanu-PF party leader Emmerson Mnangagwa was due to address the top decision-making body today in preparation for the extraordinary congress on Friday. It is the first step in rebuilding his party.

The central committee will now take place on Thursday.

Sources told the BBC that Mr Mugabe will not be attending the meetings - his family left on a chartered Air Zimbabwe flight for the East Asia last night.

A supporter of Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa touches an image of the politician glued on a SUV at the ZANU-PF headquarter in Harare, on November 22, 2017.
AFP
The extraordinary congress on Friday is expected to uphold Mr Mugabe's dismissal as leader

Nigerian singer dazzles at Romania's The Voice

Gbolahan Macjob

BBC News

A Nigerian woman is set to make history if she wins Romania's version of The Voice. Meriam Jane Nduibisi received a standing ovation following her performance on Sunday's live show:

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One of the judges ripped the buzzer off his chair in excitement to show his interest in mentoring Nduibisi.

All the judges turned their chairs unanimously in approval of her singing talent.

This marks a big change in attitudes in the country towards outsiders according to Romanian equality campaigner Ana Craciun.

Romania has strong traditions but music is making people more open."

It is the second time a Nigerian has been on the show, following Tobi Ibitoye's 2015 run which saw him go all the way to the final before coming third.

Ibitoye told me that If Ndubuisi wins, she will be the first black person to do so.

South African officials to investigate Steinhoff

BBC World Service

The front of a Steinhoff-owned Conforama in Paris
AFP
Steinhoff owns Conforama in France, Poundland in Britain and Pep in southern Africa

South African officials are to investigate whether the embattled international retailer, Steinhoff, breached the country's corporate laws.

The move comes a week after Steinhoff admitted accounting irregularities and its chief executive resigned.

Sources familiar with the company say it is now considering selling some of its portfolio of 40 businesses to plug a liquidity gap.

More than $14bn (£10bn) were wiped off the value of Steinhoff's shares last week. While there's been a slight recovery, they're worth a quarter of their value before the crisis began.

Bakers revolt in Algeria

A baker takes baguettes out of the oven
AFP

Baguettes are big business in Algeria - a former French colony - where the authorities have criticised a co-operative of bakers for raising baguette prices by more than 30%, Jeune Afrique reports.

Consumers angry at having to pay 15 dinars ($0.13; £0.10) for their baguettes instead of the usual 10 dinars moved the trade ministry to act, condemning the bakers' "unilateral decision" which was "illegally implemented", the news site adds.

Algeria is believed to be the world's biggest consumer of baguettes - an estimated 70 million are baked in the country every day according to the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization.

So important is the staple that the price has been fixed at 8.50 dinars per baguette since 1996, by government executive order.

Bakers however say they have been forced to make losses because of this enforced pricing:

Flour may be subsidised but it doesn't offset the rising costs of other things like gas, electricity and salaries."

Youcef Kalafat, President of Algeria's National Bakers' Federation

Footballers applaud Salah's win

Footballers have taken to Twitter to congratulate Liverpool forward Mohamed Salah for winning the 2017 BBC African Footballer of the Year.

His international teammate Omar Gaber was among those to praise Salah on social media, saying: "Congratulations well-deserved 'Picasso'."

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Mahmoud Hasan "Trezeguet" was another Pharaoh to react:

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Arsenal midfielder Mohamed Elneny also had his say:

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Diaa Elsayed, a former Egypt youth team coach who had an early influence on the forward, said: "Congratulations Salah, God Bless you."

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Another person to have followed Salah's career from an early age is former Egypt star and 2008 BBC African Footballer of the Year, Mohamed Aboutrika: "Congratulations, you made us proud, the best is yet to come."

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Museveni praises old cows

Voting is expected to take place later today in the Ugandan parliament to decide whether the presidential age limit can be adjusted.

Previous debates on the bill have caused raucous scenes, with MPs even throwing chairs and punches in the chamber.

The age-limit issue is controversial because long-standing President Yoweri Museveni is said to be 73 years old and the limit for re-election is capped at 75.

Praising the longevity of his cattle today in a tweet, President Museveni came in for mockery from social media users:

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Some saw Mr Museveni's tweet as a thinly veiled reference to his own age and ability:

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Others were less reserved in their judgement:

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While others tried their best to get a presidential invite:

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Salah is 'source of happiness for Egyptians'

BBC Monitoring

The world through its media

Mohamed Salah winning the BBC African Footballer of the Year award is huge news in his native Egypt today.

TV presenter Ibrahim Fayeq said Salah has "become a source of happiness for the Egyptian people", while talk show host Ame Adeeb said he "is an example in terms of ethics, playing and training… This is Egypt's son".

State-run newspaper Al-Ahram newspaper carried a front-page headline calling him "The Egyptian pharaoh".

Newspaper
Al-Ahram

Former Egypt international Mido tweeted: "Congratulations for the BBC award and God willing it will be a prelude to winning the [Caf] African Player of the Year".

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A famous Egyptian comedian named Salah Abdallah called the Liverpool forward “the pride of Egypt and the Arabs".

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UN: '400,000 malnourished children could die in DR Congo'

A malnourished child stands on a bed
AFP/ Getty Images

The UN's children's agency warns that at least 400,000 children under five in the Kasai region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo have acute malnutrition and could die unless there is intervention.

Unicef says violence, mass displacement and reduced agricultural production over the past 18 months are largely to blame.

The conflict has forced 1.5 million from their homes.

“The true scale of the problem is becoming clear as people are returning home in some areas where the security situation has improved and health services have started functioning again," says Unicef country representative Dr Tajudeen Oyewale.

Read more: 'Millions face starvation without aid'

South Sudan's president declares state of emergency

Ferdinand Omondi

BBC Africa, Nairobi

South Sudan
AFP
Fights have been over scarce grazing for cattle

South Sudan's President Salva Kiir has declared a state of emergency in three states and ordered an immediate disarmament exercise.

In a statement released on Monday night, Mr Kiir ordered his military chiefs to mobilise enough forces and equipment to enforce a state of emergency for up to three months.

He also authorised them to use force if armed civilians did not lay down their weapons peacefully.

And he has political backing. Dhoruai Mabor Teny, an MP for a county in Western Lakes, had earlier encouraged the president to suspend the constitution and deploy the military.

At least 170 people have been killed in tribal clashes in one of the northern states - Western Lakes - in recent weeks.

The violence in Western Lakes has been between armed youths from two rival Dinka sub-clans which has involved the burning of houses and the destruction of property.

Previous clashes have been over scarce grazing for cattle and other cultural and political grievances. But the death toll in this latest outbreak has been much greater.

Oscar Pistorius in prison brawl

Oscar Pistorius
Reuters
Pistorius is currently serving a 13-year sentence for the murder of his girlfriend

Paralympian Oscar Pistorius has been injured after being involved in a fight in prison‚ Singabakho Nxumalo from the Department of Correctional Services told the BBC.

He said that the incident happened last Wednesday:

It is alleged that he was involved in an altercation with another inmate over the use of a public phone in the special care unit."

But he added that a full investigation has been launched to determine the facts.

He also said that the injuries are minor - he "sustained a bruise".

World reacts to Egyptian Mohamed Salah's win

Salah
Getty Images

Football fans are still reacting to last night’s news that Egyptian Mohamed Salah has been voted BBC African Footballer of the Year for 2017.

Hundreds of you have been telling us on our Facebook page that your favourite footballer should have been the winner be it Gabon's Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang, Guinean Naby Keita, Sadio Mané of Senegal or Nigeria's Victor Moses.

But one fan, Sanoussi Adam Hisseine from Abéché in Chad, hits out at the critics saying, "you’re all just jealous".

The press are more charitable about the Liverpool footballer's win. The Daily Mail suggests it was well deserved:

His contribution for his national team has also been outstanding. Not only did he help Egypt make it to the final of the African Cup of Nations in Gabon, he also played a major part in his country qualifying for the World Cup for the third time in their history."

Football news website Goal.com points out just how significant that return to the World Cup was – it was after a 28-year gap.

And it says that the pressure will now be on tomorrow:

On Wednesday, Liverpool will be turning to him, again, for inspiration as they seek victory over struggling West Bromwich Albion in their next English Premier League encounter.”

The Liverpool football club fan blog Liverpool Offside says it takes the edge off the “disappointing” result in Sunday’s derby against Everton:

Salah’s smile, you guys. If that doesn’t make your day brighter, then I think all hope might be lost for you.”

Watch back for that smile they are talking about here:

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And the final word goes to Salah himself, who took to Instagram to show off his award.

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Zimbabwe's ruling party rebuilds itself after Mugabe

Shingai Nyoka

BBC Africa, Harare

Mnangagwa
Getty Images

As Zimbabwe’s former president Robert Mugabe has left the country on his annual holiday and for a medical checkup, the ruling party politburo organ meets formally for the first time since his fall.

New Zanu-PF party leader Emmerson Mnangagwa will address the top decision-making body in preparation for the extraordinary congress on Friday.

It is the first step in rebuilding his party.

The extraordinary congress is expected to uphold the recalling of Mr Mugabe as leader and the expulsion of his wife Grace and others.

Sources told the BBC that Mr Mugabe will not attend the congress - his family left on a chartered Air Zimbabwe flight for the East Asia last night.

Good morning

Welcome to BBC Africa Live where we will bring you the latest news from around the continent.