LiveCharlie Hebdo attacks: Paris rally as it happened 11 January

Summary

  1. Huge crowds in Paris for unity march after three days of terror left 17 people dead
  2. 40 world leaders including UK PM Cameron and German Chancellor Merkel attended
  3. Supermarket gunman Ahmedy Coulibaly apparently seen in video
  4. France on high alert as security stepped up at synagogues and Jewish institutions
  5. All times in GMT

Live Reporting

By Michael Hirst, Keith Moore, Alix Kroeger and Kerry Alexandra

Get Involved

And that concludes our live coverage of Sunday's march in Paris in support of unity and the victims of last week's attacks, in which 17 people were killed. The French interior ministry has said it was the biggest demonstration in French history.

President Francois Hollande was joined by 40 world leaders who linked arms at the start of the marches. He said Paris was the capital of the world for the day.

There were also rallies in other French cities, across Europe, and around the world, from Beirut to Montreal.

You can follow further updates, as well as background material on the story, on the BBC News website.

"The (French) Jewish community is in need of reassurance... Each new tragedy has the Jewish community more and more worried," Jack-Ivey Bohbot told BFMTV.

Imelda Flattery, BBC News

@ImeldaFlattery

BBC

tweets: London's Tower Bridge lit up with the French flag colours tonight.

Fergal Keane, BBC News, Marseille

@fergalkeane

tweets: 1/2 Muslim woman in Marseilles tells me: "I am against this terrorist attack but I have also the right to have my free speech

2/2 "...and say that I am not Charlie. I am a Muslim citizen of France."

Rosie Komadina

@TziganaRose

tweets: Loving the spirit of unity right now at The Grand Synagogue in France! #JesuisCharlie".

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and French Prime Minister Manuel Valls are also at the Grand Synagogue of Paris, taking part in a remembrance ceremony along with President Francois Hollande.

German ministers have accused the anti-immigration movement Pegida of exploiting the Paris attacks.

German Justice Minister Heiko Maas has urged Pegida to call off its next march, scheduled for Monday in the eastern city of Dresden. Last week, 18,000 people turned out for the rally.

"If the organisers had a shred of decency, they would simply cancel these demonstrations," the Bild newspaper quoted him as saying in its issue to be published Monday.

"The victims (of the Paris attacks) do not deserve to be abused by rabble-rousers like these," he said.

President Francois Hollande is taking part in a remembrance ceremony at the Grand Synagogue of Paris for the victims of the past days' shootings.

Hugh Schofield, BBC News, Paris

The urge is to come back onto the streets and to reclaim the land.

That is what it has felt like through the extraordinary scenes of Sunday.

People have made the comparison with the Liberation demos in 1944, and it is apt.

It is apt not just in terms of numbers, but also in how at that moment, too, French men and women were putting down a marker: France is ours.

AP

In the Canadian city of Montreal, about 25,000 rallied in support of the Paris attack victims.

The Montreal Canadiens hockey team paid their own tribute by playing the French national anthem, the Marseillaise, before their game on Saturday against the Pittsburgh Penguins.

Reporters without Borders

has strongly criticised the participationof leaders of countries where freedom of expression is restricted.

In a statement, it says it is "appalled by the presence of leaders from countries where journalists and bloggers are systematically persecuted such as Egypt (which is ranked 159th out of 180 countries in RWB's press freedom index), Russia (148th), Turkey (154th) and United Arab Emirates (118th)."

Reporters Without Borders secretary-general Christophe Deloire said, "We must not let predators of press freedom spit on the graves of Charlie Hebdo."

Kato Zlato

tweets: Four hours of walking and standing in a crowd, we finally made it...to the place where the rally started at 15h #UnityRally

Alison Culliford

Journalist, The Africa Report

emails from Place de la Republique: What has marked me most is to see black, white and Arab people, adults and children, on the Republique statue. Tricolores linked with the Turkish flag, and this right beside the Kurdish flag of those who still seek answers about the women activists killed in this quarter of Paris. I turn round and I see two orthodox Jews, rarely seen in this quarter. It's not about flags or badges of identity but this particular moment still spoke volumes about what France is and what France feels right now.

Lydia Vassallo, marching in Paris, tells the BBC: "We cannot sit at home and do nothing. I've been here since 2pm and plan to stay until the end.

"I am here because I don't believe that people who are doing their job should get killed in the way that they did and to support France and the people living here.

"I hope this rally will bring hope to people and comfort to the families of the those killed and show the world we need to stay united against this crime."

Peter Miller

emails: It feels as if all of Paris is in the streets. We are still 1km away from Place de la Republique but the street is full of people. It is important the whole of society unites together now in solidarity for the freedom of speech and against hatred that wants to divide us.

Tighter controls on internet use are likely in the wake of the attacks. European, US and Canadian foreign ministers met ahead of the rally and issued a joint statement.

They say it is essential for major internet providers to co-operate with governments and, if asked, remove online content "that aims to incite hatred and terror".

They also want greater monitoring of the EU's external borders, and are calling for changes to rules on freedom of movement to share information and carry out checks on passengers.

John Burgoine

tweets: @BBC_HaveYourSay It's a refreshing change to see the humanity, unity and love at the march in Paris. Je suis Charlie.

Getty Images

This is the scene on the Boulevard Voltaire as darkness begins to fall on Paris: thousands are making their way to the end point of the demonstration, in the Place de la Nation.

Luci Bonnor, BBC News, Paris

Police vans arrive in Place de la Republique and are applauded. I have never seen this before at a march or demonstration.

Author Stephen Marche

@StephenMarche

tweets: Most French thing ever to happen? "I'm marching but I'm conscious of the confusion and hypocrisy of the situation."

Twitter

UK Chief Rabbi Ephraim Mirvis

@chiefrabbi

tweets this picture of himself during the rally, with the text: "Marching together in #france united in support of freedom and democracy and in defiance of terror."

Twitter
AP

Thousands attended a demonstration in the French port city of Marseille, a stronghold of the anti-immigration Front National party.

Reuters

This woman was one of thousands who displayed the slogan "Je suis Charlie" during the rally.

As darkness descends on Paris, demonstrators continue to inch towards the Place de la Nation in good spirits and in huge numbers.

Malcolm Senior, BBC News, Paris

says the crowds are thinning out at the Place de la Republique, and it is now much easier to cross the square.

BBC

Tower Bridge was among the landmarks in London that were lit to show solidarity with the people of Paris

Isabel Skierka

tweets: Hundreds of #Berlin solidarity demonstrators gather at French embassy, Brandenburger Tor #jesuischarlie

Sunday's march was "unprecedented" in scale, the French interior ministry has told AFP news agency, making it impossible to count the numbers taking part.

"Demonstrators dispersed around a much wider perimeter than originally predicted," the ministry is quoted as saying.

EJ Philby, Lille, France

emails: There was a smaller, more impromptu rally in downtown Lille. Perhaps a couple hundred people on motorcycles gathered, revving their engines and honking horns at passing cars and people. There were many people who were wearing custom-made jackets sporting the phrase "Je suis Charlie". In the midst of all of this noise, suddenly everyone grew quiet and raised their helmets, remaining completely silent for a full 60 seconds.

Reporters Without Borders

blog: On what grounds are representatives of regimes that are predators of press freedom coming to Paris to pay tribute to Charlie Hebdo, a publication that has always defended the most radical concept of freedom of expression?

AFP

Players from Lyon and Toulouse observed a minute's silence prior to their French Ligue 1 match on Sunday.

Patrick Jackson, BBC News, Paris

Marchers are filtering down side streets to reach Place de la Nation for the final rally.

They are streaming past the cafe where I'm working, wrapped against the chill as the sun goes down, but so many faces beaming with pride, voices still not too hoarse for another yell of "Charlie!" Their hands must be sore from clapping.

"This is serious, this was an attack on freedom, we cannot allow this," says Laurent, who took two hours with his wife Isabelle and daughter Coline to cover 2km.

"We had to get into the streets to show we are not afraid," adds Isabelle.

British Prime Minister David Cameron has said he attended today's mass rally in Paris to show "solidarity"' with France.

Mr Cameron told the BBC: "It was a demonstration of solidarity, people throughout this country, young and old, black and white, saying we stand with the victims, we are not going to put up with this because we are a free, open, tolerant country. As a Briton I felt that exactly the same."

But he said "we cannot be certain" a Paris-style attack would not happen in the UK. "We live in a free and open democracy. You cannot be certain of always preventing attacks like these from taking place."

AFP

Demonstrators in Berlin gathered around the Brandenburg Gate. Their placards bear a quotation from French novelist Victor Hugo: "Freedom begins where ignorance ends".

BBC reporter Nick Eardley reports that there were cheers from the crowd as the French flag was projected onto the front of the National Gallery in London's Trafalgar Square.

AFP

Here are demonstrators in Bordeaux, who helped make up the one million marchers in France outside of Paris.