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Summary

  1. Turkish government begins crackdown on those suspected of involvement in the attempted coup
  2. President’s bureau puts total death toll at 265, including 161 civilians and 104 coup "plotters"
  3. Nearly 3,000 soldiers are under arrest and some 2,700 judges are fired for alleged links to the coup
  4. Turkey's PM Binali Yildirim says the action was a "black stain on Turkish democracy"
  5. Cross-party politicians condemn the plot at an emergency session of parliament

Live Reporting

By Gerry Holt and Roland Hughes

All times stated are UK

Failed Turkey coup: A summary of today's key developments

Turkish citizens wave their national flag and shout slogans, as they protest against the military coup outside Turkey's parliament near the Turkish military headquarters in Ankara
AP

That's all from us for now, so we'll leave you with a summary of today's key developments: 

  • Turkey's Prime Minister Binaldi Yildirim has declared last night's failed coup attempt over, calling it a "black stain" on the country's democracy and promising harsh punishment for those involved
  • The president’s bureau has put the total death toll at 265, including 161 civilians and 104 coup "plotters"
  • Some 3,000 soldiers - two high level generals reportedly among them - have been detained
  • Hundreds of judges across the country have been dismissed
  • Politicians from across the political divide have united in condemnation of the coup at an emergency session of parliament in Ankara 
  • The Greek authorities say a Turkish military helicopter landed in Greece this morning and eight people on board, reported to include some of those behind the coup, have requested political asylum. Turkey says it expects the men to be sent back
  • American diplomats say the Turkish authorities have sealed off the Incirlik air base in the south of the country, which is used by the US in the fight against militants in Syria

You can continue to follow the latest developments here

President Erdogan: US must extradite suspected coup plotter

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has demanded the US hand over the Muslim cleric he blames for the attempted coup.  

Speaking at a rally in Istanbul, he said there were "foreign external forces who want to turn this nation against its armed forces". 

Fethullah Gulen has rejected any suggestion of links to what happened, saying he condemned the action "in the strongest terms".

Latest images from around the country following attempted coup

People wait for Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan to appear for a speech outside his residence in Istanbul, Turkey
Reuters
Supporters of President Erdogan wait for him to appear for a speech outside his residence in Istanbul
People stand on top of an abandoned armoured vehicle outside the presidential palace in Ankara
AP
People stand on top of an abandoned armoured vehicle outside the presidential palace in Ankara
People look at destroyed cars outside the presidential palace in Ankara
AP
Destroyed cars outside the presidential palace in Ankara

Jeremy Bowen: Why Turkish stability matters

Jeremy Bowen

BBC Middle East editor

President Erdogan and his governments have been deeply involved in the war in Syria since it started in 2011, backing mainly Islamist militias fighting the regime of President Bashar al-Assad.

But violence has spread across the border, helping to reignite the fight with the Kurdish PKK, and turning Turkey into a target for the jihadists who call themselves Islamic State.

The West sees Turkey as part of the solution in the Middle East. That requires stability, and without it a simple equation applies.

Turmoil in the Middle East plus turmoil in Turkey equals trouble for everyone.

But it can be argued that Turkey has made a lot of trouble on its own in the region and is deeply tied up in the conflicts of its neighbours.  

Read more of Jeremy's piece here.

Who might have been behind the coup plot?

Turkish military block access to the Bosphorus bridge, which links the city"s European and Asian sides, in Istanbul, Turkey, July 15, 2016.
Reuters

That's the question that Ezgi Basaran, a Turkish journalist and academic visitor at St Antony's College, Oxford University, has tried to answer for us.

A few things are certain: this coup attempt came out of the blue, but it's not unusual to see accusations of plots in Turkey.

You can read more here.

Obama urges Turkey to 'act within rule of law'

A statement just released by the White House says President Obama has reiterated the United States' "unwavering support for the democratically-elected, civilian government of Turkey". 

It adds: 

While we have no indications as of yet that Americans were killed or injured in the violence, the president and his team lamented the loss of life and registered the vital need for all parties in Turkey to act within the rule of law and to avoid actions that would lead to further violence or instability.

The president also underscored the shared challenges that will require continued Turkish cooperation, including our joint efforts against terrorism.

Update on Incirlik air base

The US embassy in Ankara earlier confirmed that power was off at the Incirlik air base in Turkey, from where it launches its raids on the Islamic State group, also known as ISIL.

Here's the latest update from Pentagon Press Secretary Peter Cook:

The Turkish government has closed its airspace to military aircraft, and as a result air operations at Incirlik Air Base have been halted at this time. US officials are working with the Turks to resume air operations there as soon as possible. In the meantime, US Central Command is adjusting flight operations in the counter-ISIL campaign to minimize any effects on the campaign. US facilities at Incirlik are operating on internal power sources and a loss of commercial power to the base has not affected base operations."

Greek asylum request: The plot thickens

Further to our post 25 minutes ago: it appears there's a very different view in Greece as to whether the eight Turks who arrived in a helicopter, claiming asylum, will be deported.

A Greek journalist with Der Spiegel writes:

GR Gov source denies claimed agreement btw Greece and #Turkey to extradite 8 officers. Asylum claims to be processed swiftly but lawfully

No-one tell Turkey's foreign minister - he was insistent they would be deported.

The view in Taksim Square: 'What is happening to our country?'

Selin Gerit

BBC, Istanbul

People wave Turkish flags as they stand around the Republic Monument in Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, July 16, 2016
Reuters

A bright summer's day in central Istanbul, though far from normality...

In Taksim Square, where the heart of this city beats, there is a group of people wrapped up in Turkish flags, shouting "God is great!" in protest at the coup attempt and in support of the government.

This place would normally be packed with tourists, street musicians and people out shopping or having a drink in one of the many bars. Now it feels edgy, angry and sad.

"What is happening to our country?" asks an old man. "Brothers are up in arms against each other,” meaning the clashes between the coup-plotting soldiers and the security forces loyal to President Erdogan’s government.

"I fear there will be more bloodshed. Do you think we will be like Syria?" he asks.

High-ranking member of Constitutional Court 'arrested'

Various Turkish media outlets, including the Anadolu Agency, are now reporting that a high-ranking member of the Constitutional Court has now been arrested.

 Alparslan Altan is the vice-president of the court, the most authoritative in the country. 

UPDATE: A member of the Constitutional Court, Alparslan Altan, was detained bit.ly/29XJDja

UPDATE: A member of the Constitutional Court, Alparslan Altan, was detained bit.ly/29XJDja

Death toll rises to 265 - president's office

The office of the Turkish president has given an update on the number of people killed in the attempted coup.

It says 161 civilians died, of whom 20 were "plotters".

Another 104 "plotters" - presumably referring to soldiers - died, making a total of 265.

First pictures from extraordinary session of parliament

The extraordinary session of parliament opened with a minute's silence, followed by the national anthem. 

The leaders of each party made speeches, along with a joint declaration condemning the attempted coup.

General Hulusi Akar, who was held by the rebels and later rescued, appears in an extraordinary session of parliament in Ankara
EPA
General Hulusi Akar, who was held by the rebels and later rescued, appeared at the extraordinary session of parliament
Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yildirim (front) addresses lawmakers at an extraordinary assembly at Turkish Parliament, in Ankara, Turkey
EPA
Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said all four parties had agreed on a measures to stop possible coups in the future
Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yildirim (C) and lawmakers attend a extraordinary assembly at Turkish Parliament
EPA
Mr Yildirim is applauded as he arrives in the building, in Ankara, which was attacked by tanks and aircraft overnight. Politicians spent the night there in shelters

Contradictory noises about soldiers in Greece?

Turkey's foreign minister seems convinced Greece will deport the eight Turks who fled there in a helicopter to seek asylum.

There's still no word from Greek officials, but a journalist with Der Spiegel based in Greece has been posting updates on their case.

Lawyer says Turks detained were medical crew , did not know about coup, have families and children in Turkey

Lawyer says Turks detained were medical crew , did not know about coup, have families and children in Turkey

Turkey soldiers who fled to Greece after #turkeycoup will be detained in Ferres 2night as local jail in Alexandroupoli was destroyed in fire

Illegal entry and jeopardizing Greece's friendly relations with #Turkey are the two criminal offenses facing the 8 Turkish soldiers

Celebratory mood in Ankara

Guardian Middle East correspondent tweets...

Not even 24 hours ago, parts of Ankara were being struck by helicopter fire as the attempted coup got under way.

Now, the city is celebrating the coup's failure, as this image by a Guardian Middle East correspondent shows... 

Carnival atmosphere in Ankara's Kizilay right now celebrating the coup's defeat

Carnival atmosphere in Ankara's Kizilay right now celebrating the coup's defeat

Trump on failed Turkey coup: 'I hope it will all work out'

Presumptive Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump has expressed concern over the coup attempt in Turkey, saying he hopes "it will all work out".

He was speaking at a news conference to announce his running mate, Indiana Governor Mike Pence.

Turkish PM thanks politicians for their solidarity after coup attempt

Selin Gerit

BBC, Istanbul

The prime minister, speaking in parliament, said this could be an extraordinary moment for Turkish politics, speaking of the solidarity seen among parties across the political spectrum following the coup. 

He thanked them for their solidarity, for their courage, for not leaving the parliament, and said they would present an example for democracy around the world.

Reports: Most senior accused officer is arrested

BBC Monitoring

Reports are emerging in the Turkish media that the Commander of the Second Army - part of the Land Forces of the Turkish Armed Forces - General Adem Huduti has been detained alongside a number of senior officers of the Second Army in connection with the coup attempt.

If true, Gen Huduti might be the most senior active officer involved. Earlier, media reported on the arrest of another senior commander, Akin Ozturk, but it's emerged he was already retired.

You can read more (in Turkish) in Hurriyet and on Anadolu Agency.

Joint statement in Turkish parliament condemns coup - reports

Turkey's four main political parties have condemned the coup attempt in a joint statement read in parliament, Reuters reports.

BreakingTurkey FM: Eight who fled to Greece 'to be extradited'

Turkey's Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu says on Twitter that eight soldiers who landed in Greece on board a helicopter, claiming asylum, will be extradited.

Telefonda konuştuğum Yunanistan DiB Nikos Koçias Yunanistan'a kaçan 8 hainin en kısa sürede Türkiye'ye iade edileğini söyledi#Kaçamayacaklar

The tweet says he spoke to Greek Foreign Minister Nikos Kotzias, who confirmed the extradition would take place.  

Greece has not yet formally confirmed the move, but earlier the Kathimerini newspaper quoted government spokeswoman Olga Gerovasili as saying:

In examining their requests, it will be taken very seriously into account that they participated in an attempt to overthrow the democratic regime and the constitutional order in the neighbouring country."

Gov't says Turkish asylum requests to be examined in light of coup attempt dlvr.it/LpppHb

Gov't says Turkish asylum requests to be examined in light of coup attempt dlvr.it/LpppHb

Arab world reaction on social media

BBC Monitoring

The coup attempt is generating a buzz on Arab social media.

Most users back the government, using Arabic hashtags #Turkey (used more than 800,000 times), #Failure_of_the_coup, and #Turkish_coup.

An image of worshippers praying outside a Turkish mosque has been retweeted more than 2,500 times. Posted by @turkyepost, it is captioned: "For the first time in Turkish history mosques do not have space for those who want to perform morning prayers, so they do so in the streets. Thank God for the quashing of the coup."

Almost 90,000 tweets tagged #Campaign_to_spit_on_Al-Arabiya accuse the Saudi-owned pan-Arab news TV of being supportive of the coup attempt.

Among the online sceptics is Kuwaiti Shia MP Abdul-Hamid Dashti - @adashtimp - who tweets: "The coup drama was only meant to eliminate the opposition completely and change army commanders."

Surrendered soldiers 'beaten on Bosphorus bridge'

Reuters reports that some 50 soldiers who were involved in the attempted coup surrendered on a Bosphorus bridge shortly after dawn - these images by a Reuters photographer show some of the men apparently being beaten by civilians.

Surrendered Turkish soldiers who were involved in the coup are beaten by a civilian on Bosphorus bridge in Istanbul, Turkey, July 16, 2016
Re
Surrendered Turkish soldiers who were involved in the coup are beaten by civilians on Bosphorus bridge in Istanbul, Turkey, July 16, 2016
Reu

Sputnik posits unusual theory for coup

BBC Monitoring

The Turkish version of the Kremlin-run Sputnik multimedia news operation speculates about links between the coup and the downing of a Russian military jet on the Turkey-Syria border last November.

It cites Russian pundits, one of whom wonders whether one of the pilots of the aircraft that downed the jet was involved in the coup. "It is possible that [the pilots] became afraid when [Turkish] relations with Russia improved. They may have tried to avoid punishment by becoming involved in the coup."

Image of detained soldiers being shown in Turkish media

One striking image purporting to show soldiers, who have been arrested and stripped, is being used in Turkish media - here, a Times journalist currently in Istanbul reposted it on Twitter.

View more on twitter

Extraordinary session of parliament held in Turkey

An emergency session of parliament has started in Ankara.

The state news agency Anadolu says a joint statement on behalf of all of the main parties in Turkey will be read out soon.

We'll bring you more as soon as we get it...

#LIVE Turkish Mil. Chief of Staff Hulusi Akar in Parliament, he stands up as he receives ovation #TurkeyCoupAttempt

#LIVE Turkish Mil. Chief of Staff Hulusi Akar in Parliament, he stands up as he receives ovation #TurkeyCoupAttempt

Turkey's 'relentless purge' of Gulen backers continues

Mark Lowen

BBC Turkey correspondent

We still don't know the names of those behind this coup attempt, but they seem to be a senior military group with the resources and time to plan a major operation.

The government has blamed followers of Islamic preacher Fethullah Gulen - once an ally of President Erdogan, but his fiercest foe since 2013, when the president said he was behind a huge leak of phone calls that seemed to implicate the government in corruption.

Ever since, there's been a relentless purge of Mr Gulen's loyalists within the police, civil service and military: individuals the government has accused of forming a parallel state.

Mr Gulen has denied involvement in this latest coup attempt, but the government wants his extradition from the US, where he lives in exile.

Speaking of the coup plotters, the prime minister has even said the government would consider legal changes regarding the death penalty, which Turkey abolished in 2004.

What's clear is that President Erdogan will use this extraordinary event to clamp down even more on perceived opponents in an already deeply polarised society.

More on Incirlik base being cut off

We told you about half an hour ago ago that the Incirlik air base, used by US jets to launch their raids on the Islamic State group, had been cut off.

We now have the statement by the US embassy in Ankara - you can read it in full here

Be advised that local authorities are denying movements on to and off of Incirlik Air Base. The power there has also been cut. Please avoid the air base until normal operations have been restored."

Failed coup: Summary of the key developments

Summary of the key developments:

  • Turkey's PM Binali Yildirim has declared the attempted coup over, describing it as a "black stain on Turkish democracy" and saying the plotters will "face justice they deserve"
  • More than 160 people are dead, 1,440 are wounded and some 2,800 soldiers are under arrest after a night in which a faction of the army tried to seize power
  • Explosions and gunfire were heard in Ankara, Istanbul and elsewhere, and soldiers stormed state media, as the coup unfolded
  • President Erdogan made a dramatic televised address, via a mobile phone, urging his supporters to take to the streets to oppose the uprising
  • Exiled Muslim cleric Fethullah Gulen denied he was behind the coup after accusations from Mr Erdogan
  • American diplomats in Turkey say the authorities there have imposed a security lockdown at the Incirlik air base in the southern province of Adana which is used by the US in the fight against militants in Syria
  • Some 2,745 judges have also been dismissed in the wake of the coup, state media say
  • Echoing other politicians around the world, the US secretary of state John Kerry said his country supported the Turkish government

Tanks being returned to base

Police officers drive some of the tanks that were used by soldiers participating in the attempted coup, back to the Selimiye Army Base in Istanbul, Saturday, July 16, 2016
AP

The tanks used to launch the attempted coup on Friday are now being returned to the Selimiye Army Base in Istanbul.

British government emergency committee meets

We've just learned that the British government's emergency Cobra committee met at 14:00 BST to discuss the situation in Turkey - a statement is expected soon.

It's the second time the committee has met in the past day, having discussed the fatal attack in Nice on Friday.

UK schoolchildren stranded at Istanbul airport

More than 40 pupils from a school in Birmingham are stuck at Istanbul's Ataturk Airport as a result of the attempted coup.

The 41 pupils and seven staff from Arthur Terry School, Sutton Coldfield, are "safe and well" and with a British embassy member, the school says.

They had been due to get a connecting flight for a 10-day visit to South Africa.

Full story

Meanwhile, Britons in Turkey have been advised to stay indoors and stay vigilant by the Foreign Office.

There are an estimated 50,000 British tourists in Turkey.

What's going on at the Incirlik air base?

A service vehicle with a sign reading 'Welcome to Incirlik' is pictured at the air base in Incirlik, Turkey, on January 21, 2016
Getty Images

The US and Turkey have had to co-operate closely over the past two years as the US uses the Incirlik air base in southern Turkey to launch its raids on the Islamic State group in Iraq and Syria.

But Turkey's ties with the US are more fraught now than 24 hours ago.

Fetullah Gulen, who Turkey blames for the failed coup, lives in the US. Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said any country that will "stand by" Mr Gulen "won't be a friend of Turkey and will be considered at war with Turkey".

What's now being reported is that Turkey is shutting off access to Incirlik - and so stopping the US jets conducting sorties against IS.

BREAKING US consulate says Turkey's Incirlik Air Base has been sealed and the power cut off - CNN #TurkeyCoupAttempt

Turkey Halts U.S.-Led Strikes on ISIS From Air Base nyti.ms/2a5Z7UM

The New York Times reports: "The move may reflect a desire by Turkey to control its airspace for a time today, as opposed to any shift on its policy toward ISIS."

There hasn't been any official comment from US officials, but we'll bring it to you if it comes.

Reports: Scores of arrest warrants issued against Supreme Court

We told you earlier that 2,745 judges have been fired in Turkey on Saturday for alleged links to Fetullah Gulen - now both the Hurriyet newspaper and Anadolu Agency are reporting that 140 arrest warrants have been issued against members of the Supreme Court.

We'll bring you more on that when we get it.

UPDATE: Arrest warrants were revealed for 140 members of the Supreme Court of Appeals bit.ly/29XJDja

UPDATE: Arrest warrants were revealed for 140 members of the Supreme Court of Appeals bit.ly/29XJDja

In pictures: Scenes of frustration at Ataturk Airport

As Turkish Airlines restarts flights from Istanbul's Ataturk Airport, South African holidaymaker Nic Hodgson has been describing scenes of great frustration at the airport today.

"Absolute disgraceful service from Turkish Airlines. Now 2.30pm Saturday and not one announcement about what is happening," he says.

The largest airline in the world that they market as the best airline in the world and this is the scene at a lounge desk, where we managed to find one staff member. There have been no announcements and nothing posted on any airline electronic board so thousands of passengers in the terminal are completely without information about when and if their flights may resume.

Ataturk airport
Nic Hodgson
Ataturk airport
Nic Hodgson

Nic says the Cape Town office of the airline told him that as the coup attempt began all Turkish Airlines staff were sent home.

We did not see one staff member at all throughout the night and until well after 10am this morning. The commercial side of the airport is back up and running smoothly and in the Lounge, where we escaped to during the stampede last night and while jet aircraft flew overhead, there is not one staff member serving any drink or food and there is nothing to eat after more than 12 hours.

Ataturk airport
Nic Hodgson

Turkish Airlines flights from Ataturk start again

Turkish Airlines have posted a notice on their website informing customers that their operations at Istanbul's Ataturk airport have returned to normal and flights have resumed. 

Supporters of Mr Erdogan had converged on the airport as he arrived there in the middle of the night.

note from Turkish Airlines saying flight operations have resumed as normal
Turkish Airlines

What does PM's threat to those who 'stand by' Gulen mean?

The Turkish government has indirectly accused exiled Islamic cleric Fethullah Gulen of being behind the coup.

As we told you three hours ago, Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said any country that would "stand by" Mr Gulen "won't be a friend of Turkey and will be considered at war with Turkey".

Mr Gulen lives in self-imposed exile in the United States.

So what could Mr Yildirim's statement mean? Our Turkey correspondent chimes in...

Implication: if #US doesn't extradite #Gulen (highly unlikely to do) it's at war with #Turkey twitter.com/reutersworld/s…

Meanwhile, US Secretary of State John Kerry has said the US has not received any request to extradite the cleric. 

US: No request to extradite alleged coup plotter Gulen

US Secretary of State John Kerry has asked Turkey to hand over any evidence it has against exiled Islamic cleric Fethullah Gulen, who the Turkish government has indirectly accused of being behind the coup. Mr Gulen lives in self-imposed exile in the United States.

Mr Kerry, speaking in Luxembourg, says the US has not received any request to extradite the cleric.

In a statement, Mr Gulen rejected any suggestion he had links to the events, saying he condemned "in the strongest terms, the attempted military coup in Turkey".  

Images emerge of damage to National Assembly

Among the buildings bombed overnight in the capital, Ankara, was the National Assembly headquarters - more images are now emerging of the damage that was inflicted.

People stand in the middle of the rubble after the Grand National Assembly of Turkey was bombed
AFP/Getty
Workers inspect and clear debris
AFP/Getty
Heavy damage at the Grand National Assembly of Turkey in Ankara
Afp/Getty

Breaking'Thousands of judges fired' - reports

Turkey's state news agency Anadolu and the NTV news channel both report that 2,745 judges were fired across the country on Saturday.

The decision was taken by the body overseeing judges and prosecutors - the meeting was reportedly held to discuss disciplinary measures against those suspected of having links with alleged coup plotter Fetullah Gulen.