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Summary

  1. Donald Trump withdraws the US from the Paris climate change pact
  2. "In order to fulfil my solemn duty to protect America and its citizens, the United States will withdraw," he said
  3. Trump said he may renegotiate a better deal but European countries said that won't happen
  4. French president Emmanuel Macron says decision means US is 'turning its back on the world'
  5. The US is the second biggest greenhouse gas emitter in the world after China
  6. Greenpeace said this turns the US from climate leader to 'climate deadbeat'

Live Reporting

By Flora Drury and Max Matza

All times stated are UK

Thank you for being with us

That concludes a day of high drama in the White House and beyond.

It has seen Donald Trump pull out of the Paris agreement much to the delight of his supporters - and the horror of those who believe climate change is man-made.

His critics include the British and Canadian prime ministers, European leaders and his predecessor, Barack Obama.

However, the coal lobby and many Republicans have applauded him for a decision they believe will keep energy prices low and jobs high.

Read our story on the night's events here.

And there is plenty more analysis of what this means - including:

whether this will hurt Trump

what it means for American leadership on a global stage

the five effects the withdrawal is likely to have.

BreakingBritish PM Theresa May 'disappointed'

British prime minister Theresa May has told Donald Trump of her "disappointment" with his decision, Downing Street has said in a statement.

"The Paris agreement provides the right global framework for protecting the prosperity and security of future generations, while keeping energy affordable and secure for our citizens and businesses," May told Trump by phone.

America first, or America alone?

How does this latest move play into Donald Trump's vision of American leadership on the world stage, the BBC's Paul Adams asks.

A billionaire who is used to bending friend and foe alike to his will appears to struggle with anything more collaborative. But there are signs that his muscular approach, while popular among supporters at home, has already caused a shift in the tectonic plates of the global world order.

Read his full analysis of where Trump stands here.

Canada 'deeply disappointed'

The US's friends across the border in Canada do not appear to be looking kindly on this latest announcement from the Trump administration.

Canadian prime minister Justin Trudeau took to Twitter to share his views:

View more on twitter

His words echoed those of the Canadian environment minister Catherine McKenna, who had earlier told reporters:

Canada is deeply disappointed at the U.S. position. The Paris agreement is a good deal for Canada and it's a good deal for the world. No one country can stop action on climate change.

Macron: US has turned its back on the world

Paris climate deal: Macron pledges to 'make planet great again'

The new French president has reiterated his invitation to American scientists to move to France and continue their work, saying the US might be turning its back on the world, but his country would not be turning its back on America.

In a speech broadcast live on Facebook hours after Trump's announcement, Macron said there was "no plan B" when it came to climate change.

Trump, he added, has "made a mistake for future of our planet".

Coal lobby 'applauds' President Trump

The American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity (ACCCE) is delighted Donald Trump has pulled out of the Paris agreement - warning that staying in would have led to higher prices and less reliable energy.

We support President Trump’s decision to withdraw from the Paris agreement. The previous administration volunteered to meet one of the most stringent goals of any country in the world, while many other countries do far less to reduce their emissions. Meeting President Obama’s goal would have led to more regulations, higher energy prices, and dependence on less reliable energy sources."

Paul BaileyACCCE President and CEO

Is the Weather Channel trolling Trump?

It certainly seems that way...

A screenshot of the Weather Channel's front page on Thursday
The Weather Channel

And if you need a reminder of the different forces at work behind Trump's decision to pull out, you can read US reporter Anthony Zurcher's piece here.

A tale of two vice-presidents

What a difference a year makes.

In two tweets, the incumbent vice-president and his predecessor have shown off just how wide a gulf there is between their respective administrations:

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Trump voters celebrate

Rajini Vaidyanathan

BBC News

President Trump’s announcement in the Rose Garden felt like a campaign speech, just a little more muted and minus the crowds.

To many of his supporters, leaving the Paris Accord is another example of why Donald Trump is a strong president.

Trump voters I’ve spoken to are delighted with today’s news.

"I’m celebrating, he’s saved jobs and businesses," James in Virginia told me.

"It’s not worth the paper it’s printed on," said Will.

"I think it was a bad deal in the first place," said Cathy.

Marta in Texas said she wasn’t too familiar with the accord, but was "fed up" of environmental groups, which she views as "exclusive clubs".

That sentiment is a view Trump supporters attach to other global organisations such as the UN and Nato.

For them this is less about science, and more about sending a signal to so-called global elites.

Many Republican voters lobbied against climate deals way before Trump came on to the scene - arguing they hurt business.

By leaving the Paris Accord, President Trump has unravelled another thread of Barack Obama's legacy, and that’s another reason many of his supporters are celebrating.

'The world cannot wait  -  and neither will we'

The mayors of 61 cities around the US have joined together to reaffirm their commitment to the Paris agreement.

In an open letter, the mayors - representing 36 million people from Arkansas to Vermont - promised to "intensify efforts to meet each of our cities’ current climate goals, push for new action to meet the 1.5 degrees Celsius target, and work together to create a 21st century clean energy economy".

It concludes: "The world cannot wait  - and neither will we."

'Extraordinary moment of self-destruction'

Nor did John Kerry hold anything back in his blistering interview with the BBC just a few moments ago!

America's former top diplomat said: "It was fake news - the president was not truthful. He's put America last."

Paris negotiator John Kerry: 'Grotesque abdication of leadership'

US states go it alone

The governors of Washington state, New York and California have announced the formation of the "United States Climate Alliance, a coalition that will convene US states committed to upholding the Paris Climate Agreement and taking aggressive action on climate change".

They said they are "committed to achieving the US goal of reducing emissions 26-28% from 2005 levels and meeting or exceeding the targets of the federal Clean Power Plan."

California Governor Jerry Brown told the BBC earlier this week he would now work with China on the issue.

California to 'work with China' on climate

Trump on climate change

Though the US president did not speak today about his views on climate change, his previous tweets hold nothing back. He has called it "a total con job".

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How hot is it going to get?

So just what will happen to the temperature if everyone carries on as is - or if they follow through with their commitments to the Paris accord?

Well, here's a handy graph laying out the current predictions:

A graph showing projected increasing temperatures
BBC

If you want to see more easy to understand graphs explaining climate change, you can take a look at them here.

John Kerry speaks to BBC

We'll bring you a clip soon of our interview with the former Secretary of State who helped broker the Paris pact.

View more on twitter

BreakingMacron: Deal cannot be renegotiated

Emmanuel Macron has spoken to Donald Trump on the phone to explain to him that the Paris deal is not something he can renegotiate, Reuters reports.

Macron invited America's climate change scientists to move to France after Trump threatened to cut funding to climate budgets earlier this year.

View more on twitter

Where's Ivanka?

Ivanka Trump, daughter of the US President, smiles during a meeting at the Saint Egidio Christian community in Rome, Italy
epa
Is she hiding?

Ivanka Trump has been at her father's side during pretty much every major event throughout his presidency (and before).

And so her absence was remarked upon today, especially in light of the fact that she was said to oppose withdrawal from the pact.

However, the White House was quick to point out this was a Jewish holiday, and said she was spending time with the kids.

And her husband Jared Kushner? He was said to be in a meeting.

View more on twitter

Playing to his base

Matt McGrath

Environment correspondent, BBC News, Paris

President Trump’s statement is a very clear repudiation of the Paris agreement and international efforts to fund climate mitigation and adaptation in poorer countries.

In many ways it is far worse than many had expected. He sees it as a clear job killer, as an economy strangler and a desperately unfair stitch up by other countries wanting to take economic advantage of the US.

He spoke of being open to re-negotiating the deal or trying to build a new agreement - but the idea of "re-negotiation" is an unlikely scenario.

The scale of his opposition, seeing the deal as "a massive redistribution of US wealth to other countries" is a clear indication that he has fully bought into an economic nationalist and climate denier perspective.

The question of unfairness cropped up again and again, how the world’s worst polluters, China and India, had "no meaningful obligations" placed on them by the deal.

He was scathing about the Green Climate Fund, saying it would cost billions of dollars - the US has pledged $3bn and paid around $1bn.

The overall tone and content of his speech clearly plays to his base but is also a clear disavowal of multi-lateralism, especially on climate change and will definitely push other countries more closely together on this issue.

Does Trump still believe climate change a hoax?

The president failed to mention in his speech whether he now accepts that man-made climate change - which he once derided as a hoax - is real.

Environment Protection Agency boss Scott Pruitt was asked on CNN after Mr Trump's speech what his boss's belief is now, but he would not say.

Trump in the Rose Garden
AFP
Trump in the Rose Garden

'Disappointing and confusing'

The president of the Marshall Islands, a string of Pacific Ocean volcanic islands that are viewed as vulnerable to rising sea levels, has condemned Trump's decision.

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The leaders of Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Norway, and Iceland have also condemned the move.

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Musk heads into the dusk

Elon Musk, the billionaire founder of Tesla and SpaceX, has followed through on his threat to quit the White House councils in which he served as an adviser.

He had lobbied the Trump administration for months to stay in the Paris accord.

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Al Gore: 'If Trump won't lead, American people will'

Former Vice-President Al Gore, who directed climate-change documentary An Inconvenient Truth, has put out a statement.

"Civic leaders, mayors, governors, CEOs, investors and the majority of the business community will take up this challenge.

"We are in the middle of a clean energy revolution that no single person or group can stop."

Gore met with Trump and Ivanka Trump at Trump Tower in New York in December during his transition into the presidency.

Al Gore
Getty Images
Al Gore at Trump Tower in December

Senator changes his tune

Republican Senator Lindsey Graham says he looks forward to the US re-entering an amended accord.

However, just the other day, Senator Graham urged Trump to keep the US in the Paris agreement, saying that if he backed out it would signal to the world he believes climate change is a hoax.

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Trump serves up some populism

Rajini Vaidyanathan, who attended dozens of Trump's campaign event during the 2016 election, remarks that he sounds a bit like his old electioneering self today.

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Watch the moment again - Trump says 'we quit'

Trump explains why US pulling out of Paris accord

EPA administrator: 'No apologies'

Trump's director of the Environmental Protection Agency, Scott Pruitt, is on CNN now in a combative interview with presenter Jake Tapper.

Pruitt earlier took to the microphone after Trump to praise the president for "putting America first in all that you do".

"The people of this nation are rulers of this country once again", he said, adding that "we owe no apologies to other nations".

'Obama’s regulatory rampage'

Top Senate Republican Mitch McConnell wrote: "I applaud President Trump and his administration for dealing yet another significant blow to the Obama Administration’s assault on domestic energy production and jobs.

"Today’s move builds on action Congress took to rebuff then-President Obama’s regulatory rampage, which put American jobs at risk.

"President Trump has once again put families and jobs ahead of left-wing ideology and should be commended for his action.”

Pittsburgh, France?

Trump said just now that he was elected to represent the citizens of Pittsburgh, not Paris.

It was a catchy soundbite, but another man elected to represent the citizens of the Pennsylvania city begs to differ.

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Kerry: 'Most shameful'

"This choice will rightly be remembered as one of the most shameful any president has made," says former Secretary of State John Kerry, who served in the Vietnam War.

But he adds "the president's abdication of responsibly complicates the US climate efforts, but it doesn't kill it.

"Today is the day for cities, states, and businesses of all sizes to publicly commit to 'Live by Paris'".

A 'miserable' decision

The White House has sent out a memo citing "widespread praise" for the decision.

It quotes Trump cabinet members and some Republican members of Congress.

But other US politicians are unimpressed with Trump's announcement - and not just the Democrats...

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But others are refusing to give up just yet, calling on the country to continue in its fight against climate change regardless.

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Paris goes green

Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo just tweeted this...

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NY governor responds

New York Governor Andrew Cuomo released this statement just after Trump finished speaking:

"The White House's reckless decision to withdraw from the Paris Accord has devastating repercussions not only for the United States, but for our planet.

"This administration is abdicating its leadership and taking a backseat to other countries in the global fight against climate change.

"New York State is committed to meeting the standards set forth in the Paris Accord regardless of Washington's irresponsible actions."

Trump talks of job-stealing countries

Trump says "cash-strapped cities cannot hire enough police officers".

"Millions of dollars that ought to be invested right here in America will be sent to the very countries that have taken our factories and our jobs away from us.

"So think of that."

Trump: 'Time to exit'

"As president I have one obligation and that obligation is to the American people.

"The Paris accord would undermine our economy, hamstring our workers, weaken our sovereignty, impose unacceptable legal risk, and put us at a permanent disadvantage to the other countries of the world.

"It is time to exit the Paris accord," he concludes to applause, "and time to pursue a new deal that protects the environment, our citizens, and our country."

Five effects of a US pull-out

Matt McGrath

Environment correspondent, BBC News, Paris

What will a US withdrawal from the Paris climate agreement mean for the rest of the world?

  • will hurt the deal and the world
  • presents China with an opportunity
  • global business leaders will be disappointed
  • coal unlikely to make a comeback
  • US emissions will still fall

Read Matt in full

'We're getting out'

'Intrusions on our sovereignty'

The president says "it is my highest obligation and great honour" to protect the US constitution.

Trump adds: "The Paris framework is just a starting point - bad as it is - not an end point.

"Exiting the agreement protects the US from future intrusions on our sovereignty."

'Green Climate Fund - nice name'

The United Nations' Green Climate Fund, Trump says, is a scam to take money from the US.

"So we're gonna pay billions and billions and billions of dollars," he says sarcastically.

'Cleanest on earth'

The US "under the Trump administration will continue to be the cleanest and most environmentally friendly country on earth", Trump asserts.

"It'll be the cleanest."

Trump says other countries cheered when the US signed up to the Paris deal because it put the US at such a "disadvantage".

"They went wild. They were so happy."

"We don't want other countries" laughing at us, he adds.