UK confirms extended detentions of up to 90 Afghans

 

Under international rules, detainees can normally be held for 96 hours

British forces are detaining 80 to 90 Afghan nationals in a holding facility at Camp Bastion, Defence Secretary Philip Hammond has confirmed.

UK lawyers acting for eight of the men said they had been held for up to 14 months without charge in what could amount to unlawful detention.

They compared it to when the public became aware of Guantanamo Bay and want the UK High Court to free the men.

But Mr Hammond said their release would put British troops at risk.

British forces in Afghanistan are allowed to detain suspects for 96 hours.

However, in "exceptional circumstances" to gather critical intelligence, for example - they can hold them for longer.

'Patently absurd'

Documents seen by the BBC suggest 85 suspected insurgents are being held at Camp Bastion.

UK lawyers acting for eight of the men being detained said their clients were arrested by British soldiers in raids in villages in Helmand and Kandahar provinces and have been held for between eight and 14 months without charge.

But the defence secretary dismissed claims that the UK is operating a secret facility in Afghanistan as "patently absurd".

Analysis

British soldiers in Helmand will have welcomed the comments by Defence Secretary Philip Hammond on the BBC today that the only alternative to holding prisoners was to "release them onto the battlefield".

They face a dilemma. No prisoners have been handed over to Afghan custody since Britain was taken to court by lawyers for a farmer who claimed he had been tortured in an Afghan jail after being arrested by British soldiers.

When it emerged last November that Britain was holding Afghan prisoners it led to a strong reaction from President Karzai, who wants all detainees in Afghanistan to be held in Afghan facilities.

US delay in handing over Bagram prison to Afghan control soured relations between the two countries. Once that handover had been completed in March, Britain became more exposed because of its decision to continue to hold prisoners. Australian forces have also stopped handing over detainees because of concern about torture.

Mr Hammond told BBC Radio 4's Today programme that Parliament had been informed by this government and the previous one about the detention of Afghan suspects.

He declined to say how long some had been held and said the precise number of detainees fluctuated.

General Zahir Azimi, a spokesman for the Afghan Ministry of Defence, said the detentions were illegal and inhumane.

"The prisoners must be handed over to the Afghan authorities," he said. "After their handover to us, they will be dealt with according to our judicial laws, and the agreements reached with the international community."

'Secret facility'

Lawyers for the men, whom the BBC has chosen not to name over fears for their safety, launched habeas corpus applications at the High Court in London on 18 April, with a full hearing due in late July.

"The UK could have trained the Afghan authorities to detain people lawfully with proper standards and making sure that they are treated humanely," Phil Shiner, of Public Interest Lawyers, told the BBC.

"They could have then monitored that, including with ad hoc inspections, to make sure that the Afghans were obeying the law. They have chosen not to do so."

He said the UK was acting in an "entirely unconstitutional" way and that "Parliament has not been told that we have this secret facility".

Mr Hammond told Parliament in December that British forces were "holding significant numbers of detainees" who, for legal reasons, could not "be transferred into the Afghan system".

Start Quote

He does not know how long he is to remain detained or for what purpose”

End Quote Dan Squires Barrister

The BBC's legal affairs correspondent Clive Coleman said the government was in a bind. He said there was a dilemma about what to do with people who are believed to be actively involved in the insurgency, whom the Army can hold for only 96 hours, and who cannot be transferred to the Afghan authorities.

In preparatory legal arguments at the High Court on 22 April, Mr Justice Collins told the government that the case raised serious questions about the British army's power to hold suspects in Afghanistan.

He said the UK could not operate a Guantanamo Bay-style prison, referring to the US facility in which suspects are being held indefinitely without trial.

Taxpayers' expense

A senior government lawyer, James Eadie QC, described this situation in court as a "perfect legal storm" because the Army suspects all the detainees have links to insurgents.

Nato guidelines on detention:

  • British forces operate in Afghanistan as part of the Nato-led International Security Assistance Force (Isaf)
  • They are allowed to hold suspects for up to 96 hours before they are released or transferred to Afghan authorities
  • This can be extended in "exceptional circumstances" where it is necessary to gather intelligence from the detainee to protect British soldiers and local people
  • But there has been a bar on detainees being transferred to Afghan authorities since last November because of allegations that detainees were being abused

The families of two of the men who appear to have been held the longest said they were arrested in the spring last year and interrogated in the following weeks.

But legal papers state their interrogation ended "many months ago".

The families only established where the men were being held with the help of the International Committee of the Red Cross.

One, a teenager, has been held for 14 months, while the other, a 20-year-old father, has been held for 12 months.

In legal papers seen by the BBC, Dan Squires, a barrister for the 20-year-old, told the High Court: "He has not been granted access to lawyer nor brought before a court.

"He does not know how long he is to remain detained or for what purpose. He has asked whether he will be transferred to Afghan authorities but had been told they do not consider that he has committed any criminal offence and so do not want to receive him."

Mr Shiner said Mr Hammond had until last week refused to allow the detainees access to legal representation but had now granted lawyers an hour-long telephone call with two of the Afghans on Wednesday.

The defence secretary was keen to point out that the Afghans' case was being brought "at the expense, of course, of the British taxpayer, because Mr Shiner's actions are funded by the legal aid system".

"They are asking the court to release these people to turn them back to the battlefield so they can carry on with the activities for which they were detained in the first place - putting British troops and other Isaf lives at risk."

 

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  • rate this
    +17

    Comment number 567.

    As a former Territorial Army soldier with a military family background, I find the furore over extended detentions of suspected Afghan terrorist alarming. Even more so with the recent murder of a soldier in London. What next, more legal aid for our enemies with compensation? We are at war for god’s sake and losing the propaganda war. Winston Churchill must be spinning in his grave.

  • rate this
    +11

    Comment number 535.

    Oh my...what a mess! On the one hand I want our country to apply the highest standards of justice, but on the other hand can't help but feel releasing these people will simply cause more British deaths.

    I can't help but feel we should air on the side of caution and keep hold of them. Afghanistan is not a normal situation where we can apply normal judicial process. We must protect our troops.

  • rate this
    -11

    Comment number 493.

    What if opening to this article read:
    Afghan forces are detaining 80 to 90 British nationals in a holding facility in southern Afghanistan, Defense Minister, Bismillah Khan Mohammadi has confirmed.
    Makes a BIG difference, right? As though only westerners have families, hopes, fears, & rights under the law!

  • rate this
    +40

    Comment number 407.

    Yes we do have a facility out here. However, it wasn't long ago that the UK were told, by the Defence Secretary, that handing over detainees to Afghan Jurisdiction was to stop as it was deemed that they would not be treated fairly. Many of these detainees have been lifted in the act of planting IEDs

  • rate this
    +54

    Comment number 321.

    If I was one of those detainees, I would be gripping onto the prison bars for dear life rather than be handed over to the Afghan authorities. Did anyone actually read the bit about how the Brits were holding onto the men since one reported being tortured after being handed over. IF they are enemy soldiers, I think we're being extremely decent to them.

 

Comments 5 of 11

 

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