E-borders system 'failing on passenger checks'

John Vine says police are the e-borders 'winners'

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A multi-million pound system to stop criminals and terror suspects entering the UK is failing to check on a third of passengers, an inspector has said.

John Vine, chief inspector of borders and immigration, said the e-borders scheme had failed to meet its promises.

He said airports were not meeting those with terrorist alerts against them on arrival, and "not one person" had been stopped boarding a plane to the UK.

Mr Vine noted successes including arrests due to e-borders information.

The Home Office said UK border technology was the most advanced in Europe but agreed there was more to do.

The total cost of the e-border programme is expected to be £536m from 2007-15, and Mr Vine said a "fundamental re-think" was needed.

The scheme, devised by the Home Office in 2003, was meant to improve immigration controls by collecting advanced passenger information (API) on every scheduled inbound and outbound journey to and from the UK.

'Export the border'

A target was set to collect data on at least 95% of passenger movements by December 2010 but, at the time of the inspection last year, only 65% were being recorded.

The report blamed legal difficulties in collecting API on European flights and a failure to test the e-borders concept on train and sea routes.

What are e-borders?

Tony Blair
  • Tony Blair launched the e-borders programme in 2003
  • It was originally meant to collect details from passenger lists of all people entering and leaving the UK
  • All flights from outside the EU are now part of e-borders
  • Ports and railway stations are due to follow by 2014
  • EU flights are meant to be covered by 2015
  • But that will depend on reaching voluntary agreements with other nations - and solving commercial problems
  • The US firm handed a £750m contract by Labour to deliver e-borders, Raytheon, was fired by the coalition in 2010 for "extremely disappointing" performance
  • The company is seeking £500m in damages from the government
  • The e-borders contract was split in two with IBM and Serco given the job of getting a system in place at nine airports before the Olympics
  • The contract for the post-Olympics element of the programme - the biggest part of it - has yet to be awarded

The data was meant to enable staff to "export the border" - preventing passengers from boarding planes to the UK where this was considered a threat.

This included people who had previously been deported from the UK, but Mr Vine said "not one person" had been stopped under that system.

Speaking on BBC Radio 4's Today programme, he said people with an alert against their name for "terrorist sympathy or activity" should be met at airport arrivals gates by border staff, but that was only being done at Heathrow.

The report, which contains 14 recommendations, also criticised the "poor quality" of data on watch lists used by the e-borders system to alert border staff of criminals, terrorists and other suspects.

It said this created inefficiencies and a greater volume of work which officials were unable to manage.

"This, coupled with a policy of prioritising immigration work over customs work, resulted in the deletion... of over 649,000 records concerning potential drug and tobacco smuggling, over a ten-month period," the report said.

It said the deletions had a "significant impact on the ability of staff at the border to seize prohibited and restricted goods and deal with those responsible".

Inspectors also found the data set was not extensive enough for the e-borders programme to "count in and out" all foreign national passengers - and that this would not be possible until 2018 at the earliest.

Shadow home secretary Yvette Cooper asked Home Secretary Theresa May to "urgently explain why hundreds of thousands of possible drug smuggling records were deleted in 2012 without having ever been read".

And she said it was "unacceptable that the Home Office will not provide any information about the sections of the report that have been redacted", saying two of the three top three recommendations have been edited.

Meanwhile, a spokesman for the PCS union - which says it represents about two-thirds of UK border staff - said the report showed, "as we said from the outset, that this very expensive technology is no substitute for having well resourced and properly-trained staff".

"Like other areas of the public sector, the agency must recognise that modernisation does not mean simply relying on computers," he added.

'Best in Europe'

The Home Office said it now carried out advance checks on 78% of those flying to Britain and required API from everyone coming from outside the EU.

Immigration Minister Mark Harper said everyone who arrives at UK borders is checked, and the e-borders scheme is an extra level of security.

Immigration Minister Mark Harper: "Everyone who turns up in Britain is checked at the border"

"We have the best coverage of any country in Europe but we are working to improve our coverage further," he said.

The Home Office played down the importance of the information that had been deleted, saying anyone who had committed a serious offence would already be on a separate "warnings index" and intercepted on arrival.

Officials said the details that had been removed were potential matches between two databases, less than 1% of which would have prompted an alert.

Among a series of positive findings, inspectors said information gathered as a result of the e-borders scheme had resulted in the arrest of thousands of people for offences including murder and rape.

Mr Vine said he was pleased the e-borders "high-profile alerts" system was being used to intercept high-risk individuals at the arrivals gate at Heathrow - but pointed out that this was not happening at any other port or airport.

He said: "The Home Office should now define clearly what the aims of the e-borders programme are ahead of the new procurement exercise, and be transparent about what e-borders will deliver and by when."

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