'Selfie' named by Oxford Dictionaries as word of 2013

 
Pope pictured in a selfie The Pope posed for this picture with youngsters in August, with the resulting selfie going viral

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"Selfie" has been named as word of the year by Oxford Dictionaries.

The word has evolved from a niche social media tag into a mainstream term for a self-portrait photograph, the editors said.

Research suggested its frequency in the English language had increased by 17,000% in the last year, they added.

"Selfie" is the word of 2013, but the BBC's Lucas de Jong quizzes people on the streets of London as to the meaning of other shortlisted words

Other shortlisted words included "twerk" - a raunchy dance move performed by Miley Cyrus - and "binge-watch" - meaning watching lots of TV.

"Schmeat", meaning a form of meat synthetically produced from biological tissue, was also a contender.

'Inventiveness'

The word of the year award celebrates the inventiveness of English speakers when confronted with social, political or technological change.

In 2004, the word of the year was "chav", in 2008 it was credit crunch and last year it was "omnishambles".

To qualify, a word need not have been coined within the past 12 months, but it does need to have become prominent or notable in that time.

Selfie is defined by Oxford Dictionaries as "a photograph that one has taken of oneself, typically with a smartphone or webcam and uploaded to a social media website".

Its increase in use is calculated by Oxford Dictionaries using a research programme that collects around 150 million English words currently in use from around the web each month.

This software can be used to track the emergence of new words and monitor changes in geography, register, and frequency of use.

Papal power

Selfie can be traced back to 2002 when it was used in an Australian online forum, according to Oxford Dictionaries.

Sasha and Malia Obama at their father's inauguration The Obama girls take a selfie

A man posted a picture of injuries to his face sustained when he tripped over some steps. He apologised for the fact that it was out of focus, saying that it was not because he was drunk but because it was a selfie.

This year, selfie has gained momentum throughout the English-speaking world, helped by pictures such as one of the Pope with teenagers that went viral.

Oxford Dictionaries online editor Richard Holden explains the choice of "selfie" as word of the year

Judy Pearsall, editorial director for Oxford Dictionaries, said: "Social media sites helped to popularise the term, with the hashtag #selfie appearing on the photo-sharing website Flickr as early as 2004, but usage wasn't widespread until around 2012, when selfie was being used commonly in mainstream media sources."

Selfie was added to the Oxford Dictionaries Online in August, but is not yet in the Oxford English Dictionary, although it is being considered for future use.

Other words that were shortlisted included "showrooming" - examining a product at a shop before buying it online at a lower price - and bitcoin - a digital currency in which transactions can be performed without the need for a central bank.

 

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  • rate this
    +3

    Comment number 434.

    People, people! Stop getting all het up about this! A 'selfie' is quite obviously where the taker of the photo is in the photo (not using a timer). Words change. Usages change. It's called the evolution of language. Someone speaking Middle English would say the language we use is 'robishe Englisc'. Personally, I think 'scriltch' is the word for the noise when you rub your eye.

  • rate this
    +5

    Comment number 265.

    These cliches come & go quicker and quicker - part of our fad society, I guess. Remember "no way" anyone?. I guess it's like fashion - out of favour by tomorrow. Most of them don't really even have much depth - combining two words a la "staycation" hardly takes much brain-power, and is so yesterday already. Socially, fun maybe, but not to be used where you want to be taken seriously.

  • rate this
    +8

    Comment number 258.

    It annoys me that they link these images to smart phones. People were taking pictures of themselves on ordinary old camera phones years ago. Admittedly, with a camera on the same side as the screen, it only takes one attempt with a smart phone where it might have needed a couple before. Taking a pic of the mirror is another way. Oh and I'm 62, I don't take pics of myself but I know how to.

  • rate this
    +21

    Comment number 190.

    ... a sad inditement and reflection of social values.
    The whole concept of the selfie is embarrassing

  • rate this
    +30

    Comment number 186.

    I'm all for evolution of language, but not this type of bastardisation.

    We seem to be at the point now whereby incorrect use of English becomes 'correct' if used sufficiently. 'Less' has suffered in this way (most people have no idea when to use 'fewer' - I blame the supermarkets with '10 items or less'!), as has 'could of' and 'haitch' instead of 'aitch'. All rather sad!

 

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