15,000-home garden city to be built at Ebbsfleet

Ebbsfleet International Station Ebbsfleet already has a station on the high-speed rail line from London to continental Europe

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A garden city with an initial 15,000 homes will be built at Ebbsfleet in Kent, George Osborne has announced.

The chancellor told the BBC's Andrew Marr Show the site was chosen because there was "fantastic" infrastructure and it was in south-east England where pressure on housing has been high.

He said local people wanted to see regeneration of the area.

Labour suggested an existing plan had been re-announced. The Lib Dems said it was a "massive Tory U-turn".

Speaking ahead of his Budget on Wednesday, Mr Osborne said the government's Help to Buy scheme would also be extended until the end of the decade.

'Cuts through obstacles'

Explaining the decision to choose Ebbsfleet rather than richer parts of the country, Mr Osborne said: "In Ebbsfleet there is the land available, there is fantastic infrastructure with the high speed line.

"It's on the river, it's in the south-east of England where a lot of the housing pressure has been.

"And crucially you've got local communities and local MPs who support the idea.

George Osborne said the government's initial plan was to build 15,000 new homes in Ebbsfleet

"We're going to create an urban development corporation so we're going to create the instrument that allows this kind of thing to go ahead and cuts through a lot of the obstacles that often happen when you want to build these homes.

"There are already some homes being built on the site, so progress was under way, but it was on a much, much smaller scale and with much less ambition than what I'm setting out today."

Ebbsfleet has a stop on the high-speed rail line to the Channel Tunnel.

'Proper infrastructure'

Gareth Johnson, Conservative MP for Dartford, said he "very much welcomed" the chancellor's announcement.

"The Ebbsfleet Valley has been a source of great frustration for many years," he said.

Why garden cities are a thorny issue

Fifteen thousand new homes accommodating tens of thousands of people is a good start.

That the government will get fully behind Ebbsfleet as a new garden city will mean it should actually get delivered.

But the Town and Country Planning Association says Britain needs dozens of new garden cities and they won't be as easy as Ebbsfleet to get built.

With planning permission for 8,000 homes already in the bag, its close access to Bluewater shopping centre, the A2 and M25 as well as sitting on the fastest rail track in the country, Ebbsfleet is the low-hanging fruit.

How easy would it be to secure approval for such a scheme in politically well-connected Oxfordshire, or Cumbria with its scenic beauty or anywhere in the busy M62 corridor in the North of England?

Not that Labour can scoff. They recommended Ebbsfleet and other garden cities long ago while in government but failed to follow through.

The reality is that unless the law changes, to allow major construction projects to speed through in the national interest without serious consultation of local communities, building new homes on a vast scale will remain a thorny issue which no political party - wishing to get elected - will grasp.

"Despite the efforts of the council and central government, we've never got the development we want to see in the area."

He said attempts had been made to build new homes at Ebbsfleet since 1996.

Planning permission was granted for about 6,000 new homes at Eastern Quarry, near Ebbsleet station, in 2007, but nothing was done, he added.

"For whatever reason a developer has not been forthcoming and the recession didn't help," Mr Johnson said.

"What this announcement does is enable the proper infrastructure to be put in place."

London mayor Boris Johnson tweeted that the plans were "great news" for London, for jobs, growth and the UK economy.

In 2012, government ministers, three Kent councils and developer Land Securities agreed plans for about 22,600 new homes to be built in Kent Thameside in Ebbsfleet over 20 years.

Conservative Party chairman Grant Shapps said the development had been stuck on the drawing board for "a whole decade".

Three hundred homes have been built since planning permission was first granted.

Shadow chancellor Ed Balls said it was "too little too late".

He said Labour wanted "an objective of more than 200,000 new homes a year by the end of the decade".

"Labour is saying we should match Help to Buy with Help to Build," he said.

"What the chancellor has done today is re-announce an old policy. It's not enough and he should do more."

'Suppressed report'

Tim Farron, president of the Liberal Democrats, said the announcement would "barely scratch the surface" of the 300,000 homes a year that were needed.

He previously accused the Conservatives of suppressing a report recommending new garden cities.

The Conservatives denied any delay and said plans would be outlined for 2015.

Sir Merrick Cockell, chairman of the Local Government Association, said the creation of a separate quango to oversee the development was unnecessary.

He said residents would be concerned that the unelected body could have the power to make local decisions about investment, planning and transport.

A Treasury spokesman said the homes announced in 2012 related to all the housing in the Dartford area.

He said the plans announced by the chancellor would cover three core sites - Eastern Quarry, Ebbsfleet station and Swanscombe peninsula, which had a capacity for 15,000 homes.

The concept of garden cities was developed by the liberal social reformer Sir Ebenezer Howard. In his book "To-morrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform", published in 1898, he proposed cities of 30,000 people that were self-sufficient and ringed by an agricultural belt.

Garden cities were a response to overcrowding and squalid living conditions in cities following the Industrial Revolution. They were intended to combine the best of urban life with access to nature.


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  • rate this

    Comment number 496.

    So spending 146 billion pounds to sort all these immigtants is more beneficial than what it costs our pensions??? so why do we send so much money abroad??? why do our government sell everything off to foreigners ??? surely in my calculations trying to sustain an economy by building houses is futile. The house being bulit are not afforable housing - they are for investment for the rich.

  • rate this

    Comment number 495.

    This is great news for people who need good quality housing near to where they work at affordable prices. The trick will be to ensure that these new homes are not all bought up 'off plan' by the buy-to-let brigade or worse, foreign investors looking for a tax free safe haven for their money.

  • rate this

    Comment number 494.

    "15,000 homes." ?

    We need 1000 new towns that size just to house recent immigrants.!!

    Only people legally resident here should be allowed to buy homes.

  • rate this

    Comment number 493.

    Yeah great. More high density housing in the South East to feed London centric workplace. Have we not learnt anything from history ? It is not sustainable to focus on overloading the South East with anymore housing. Let's not forgot this is cheap land for a reason. It's on a flood plain !

  • rate this

    Comment number 492.

    @ 424.boundah
    "We need a large rise in younger workers over the coming decades to pay for the pensions an ageing population will be drawing"

    No, we don't. That's just irresponsible. We'd then "need" an ever-increasing population to pay for them - ad infinitum. Where does it end? Don't you realise that we're just making a bad situation worse and burdening each successive generation?

  • rate this

    Comment number 491.

    Or, and here's an interesting idea, we need to let old people continue to work, and for businesses to continue to hire them, maybe on part-time basis. Many pensioners want to continue working to some extent, then we wouldn't need so many immigrants.

    I can just see granny donning her helmet and pick axe to do a stint down the mine!

  • rate this

    Comment number 490.

    @463. A very good point. Whilst currently there is little we can do to prevent EU invasions, we can put an immediate stop to immigration from non EU countries which actually makes up the majority. Close the doors and lock them tight. We can then review after the referendum.
    @424. We already have a huge supply of young workers. Just make the lazy bu**ers work!

  • rate this

    Comment number 489.

    Just ban mortgages and watch house prices tumble. If people want a house, they should pay for it out their own savings and stop taking on debt they cannot service.

  • Comment number 488.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 487.

    Kent huh... good choice - nice and close to the channel tunnel!

  • rate this

    Comment number 486.

    Sorry, not true.

    If you are a European Citizen you can buy property in any EU member state. I have properties in Spain and Germany as well as the UK.

  • rate this

    Comment number 485.

    Great example of British joined up thinking NOT ! Crossrail was originally intended to terminate at Ebbsfleet to link up with Eurostar but to save money it now terminates at Abbey Wood. No sooner has implementation of that decision begun than we get the announcement of a new town at - Yes you've guessed it - Ebbsfleet !!

  • rate this

    Comment number 484.

    @464. I do not think anyone actually cares outside that little corner of the UK mate, seriously. I think most people outside that little principality called London and the South-East of England could no longer give a pants. All I know is, when I moved west, I noticed community, countryside, real people with real lives. So if they wish to build on floodplains, good on em, ain't my problem.

  • rate this

    Comment number 483.

    About time the UK started building new homes. The amount of EU and non EU immigrants need homes too! Lets hope that a lot more are built AND lots more jobs are outsourced to far off lands to help those less off so they to can afford to come and live in the beautiful free UK! Well done George!

  • rate this

    Comment number 482.

    Instead of turning the whole of the South East of England into one vast housing estate to accommodate yet more immigrants why don't politicians just say that the country is full, no room left, no money left. Schools are already over-crowded as are the roads, trains, hospitals etc. Enough is enough, time for a new approach.

  • rate this

    Comment number 481.


    While you are right, the problem lies in not being able to trust corrupt politicians from selling them off down the line to buy votes again.

  • rate this

    Comment number 480.

    #424. boundah
    We need a large rise in younger workers over the coming decades to pay for the pensions an ageing population will be drawing.
    Or, and here's an interesting idea, we need to let old people continue to work, and for businesses to continue to hire them, maybe on part-time basis. Many pensioners want to continue working to some extent, then we wouldn't need so many immigrants.

  • rate this

    Comment number 479.

    4. Mrcwhite
    >> "In my opinion, we don't need more homes we need less people."

    Until 1945 we tried to organise that on a regular basis by starting a war - still failed.

    What method(s) do you propose now? Controlled pestilence?

  • rate this

    Comment number 478.

    What we need is a leader who is not shy to say that population growth is too much. One who can ignore the childish cries of racism from the poorly educated. We need to shut our boarders from all but those who have skills that can benefit the UK. Then deal with illegal immigrants and we can start to make some progress with 'our' own country.

  • Comment number 477.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.


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