Labour should reform the railways, prospective MPs say

Train lines The group of Labour parliamentary candidates called for "a better deal for passengers"

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Labour should renationalise the rail industry if it wins the next election, a group of 31 prospective MPs has said.

In a letter to the Observer, they said services should be returned to public ownership when current franchises end.

Leader Ed Miliband said Labour was looking at all options but would not "go back to old-style British Rail".

The Conservatives said recent estimates suggested renationalising the railways would add "at least £10bn" to the UK's budget deficit.

The Labour candidates, many of whom are fighting marginal seats in commuter constituencies, said profits could fund "a bold offer on rail fares".

'Successful model'

In their letter, the Labour candidates said rail fares were contributing to a "cost-of-living crisis" and claimed season tickets were now the largest monthly expense for many commuters.

Ed Miliband said the Labour Party was looking at all options for the rail network

"Just as Labour has pledged to freeze energy bills and reset the market to secure a better deal for customers, so it will be necessary to reform the rail industry to secure a better deal for passengers," they said in the letter.

Start Quote

There's a balance to be struck here because there's some benefits that you can have sometimes from competition and were not going back to the old monolithic model that there was”

End Quote Ed Miliband

The candidates, who will fight for seats at the next general election, said train companies were walking away with "hundreds of millions of pounds every year, despite running monopoly services and benefiting from £4bn of public investment in the rail network every year".

They claimed the "successful model" of the East Coast mainline over the last few years had shown there was a better way to run the country's railways.

The service, which covers the route between London and Edinburgh, has been publicly-run since 2009 after the government took control of the franchise when National Express, the previous operator, ran into financial difficulties.

However, the line is due to return to private hands in early 2015.

'Bold offer'

The TSSA rail union has claimed the line has been the cheapest franchise to run for the past five years and has produced the greatest return to taxpayers.

"A commitment to extend this successful model to the rest of the rail network, as existing contracts come to an end, would mean that hundreds of millions currently lost in private profit would be available to fully fund a bold offer on rail fares," the group of parliamentary hopefuls wrote.

The letter comes as the Labour Party undertakes a wide-ranging policy review ahead of next year's general election.

Ed Miliband Labour leader Ed Miliband has said the party is working on "innovative solutions" for the railways

Ed Miliband told BBC One's The Andrew Marr Show: "We've got to be pragmatic and we've got to recognise that the system at the moment has flaws in it.

"Passengers are paying high fares in this country and we're paying big subsidy from the taxpayer.

Now we've got examples, for example, with East Coast, which is in public hands, and the government is dogmatically privatising it."

He said he wanted to see "value for money for the taxpayer".

"I'm never going to write a blank cheque and I'm not going back to the past but we are looking at the different options.

"There's a balance to be struck here because there's some benefits that you can have sometimes from competition and we're not going back to the old monolithic model that there was - British Rail."

Asked if a substantial part of the railway system would be handed back to public control under an Ed Miliband government, he replied: "You're very tempting Andrew but you'll have to wait to our manifesto for that."

'Too weak'

Conservative party vice-chairman Bob Neill MP said Mr Miliband's comments showed Labour's economic credibility "is going even further off the rails."

"Once again Ed Miliband has shown he is too weak to stand up for the people of Britain and face down his union paymasters," he said.

Green Party MP Caroline Lucas has submitted a Private Member's Bill which would require the government to "assume control of passenger rail franchises when they come up for renewal".

Rupert Read, transport spokesman for the Greens, said the public "simply can't trust Labour" on the issue.

"Labour had more than a decade in government to do something about this and they didn't lift a finger to help," he said.

John Major in 1993 Britain's railways were privatised in 1993 under John Major's Conservative government

Industry body the Rail Delivery Group said it was wrong to blame private train companies for above-inflation increases, and added: "Renationalisation would be bad for passengers, taxpayers and the country as a whole."

"The annual increase has nothing to do with who operates services and everything to do with government policy," chairman Martin Griffiths said.

Successive governments had "instructed operators to increase the average price of commuter fares in real terms every year from 2004 to last year", he went on.

"This has meant passengers, rather than taxpayers, have been paying a greater share of the cost of running the railway."

Government subsidy

The not-for-profit company Network Rail, which is part-funded by a government grant, is responsible for track, signalling and stations.

Other funding comes from track access charges - either rail fares or revenue support payments from the government.

Total government subsidy for the railways increased from £2.17bn in 1992-93 to £2.59bn in 2002-03, according to figures from the Office of Rail Regulation.

It peaked in 2006/07 at £6.3bn, before falling back to £3.2bn in 2012-2013.

Britain's railways were nationalised by Labour in 1948 but were returned to private hands in 1993 by John Major's Conservative government.


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  • rate this

    Comment number 774.

    I flew into Zurich airport on Swissair. I boarded a train beneath the station and three changes of train later I arrived in Wengen. No delays, no fuss, no overcrowding, no litter. Real comfort and convenience. Luggage delivered to my hotel at no extra cost.

    Buses and ferries met the trains. All on time and working seamlessly.

    Compare that to our multi-franchise system and weep.

  • rate this

    Comment number 539.

    I recently booked a train from Basel to Geneva. I was confused. I didn't need to specify the exact train I was getting and was shown which trains would be busy. 1 price (£40) and I could travel at anytime! In the UK, fare restrictions and tickets that only be used at certain times, on certain trains. Let's get back to providing a service to benefit customers, not shareholders.

  • rate this

    Comment number 427.

    Politics aside the rail franchises currently make 3-4% profit as a return on sales or ticket revenue. So if that profit 'disappeared' overnight the reduction in rail fares would be marginal. The problem is much deeper. Whether in public or private hands our history since 1945 of managing the railways has been indifferent to poor. Similar to so much in the UK. Others manage better....

  • rate this

    Comment number 414.

    I was too young to remember British Rail so cannot comment on it.
    However I'm pretty sure that paying £22 to travel from London to Cambridge (a 50min journey) is completely wrong, so privatization must not be working as well as it should.

  • rate this

    Comment number 340.

    I worked for a rail company providing all the signalling for the network. When the railway was privatised it was found that the system was a neglected mess. Cables being stolen disrupt the timetable and have to be replaced. Fining rail companies for that just gets passed on to the customers. It should be state owned but not state run. Make a profit - yes - but it has to be affordable and efficient


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