Calais migrant crisis: Theresa May signs deal with France
- 20 August 2015
- From the section UK
The UK and France have signed an agreement on new measures including a "control and command centre", to help alleviate the migrant crisis in Calais.
The centre will be jointly run by British and French police and will "relentlessly pursue" people-smuggling gangs, Home Secretary Theresa May said.
She also said she was "well aware" of the risk that Calais security would push illegal migrants elsewhere.
Meanwhile, a demonstration by migrants brought cars to a halt on a motorway.
The group was chanting "we are not animals" and "open the borders".
BBC reporter Amanda Kirton said police were sent to the motorway which overlooks the migrant camp known as the "Jungle" to disperse the crowd, and tear gas was used.
About 3,000 migrants are thought to be camped in Calais in the hope of crossing the Channel.
Mrs May said it had been a "difficult summer" with high levels of migrant activity and strike action in Calais, but joint efforts with the French government were working.
She said the new command centre would "relentlessly pursue and disrupt the callous criminal gangs that facilitate and profit from the smuggling of vulnerable people, often with total disregard for their lives".
The joint command centre, which will also incorporate the UK Border Force, will be led by two senior officers, one British and one French, each reporting to their own government.
Mrs May said France and the UK would also work with other EU states to try to ensure there were "fully functioning external borders and an asylum system that is resistant to abuse".
Her French counterpart, Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve, said asylum seekers should be welcomed "with dignity", but illegal immigrants would not be tolerated.
The joint deal also sets out other measures aimed at tackling the migrant crisis in Calais, including an extra 500 police from the UK and France.
It says there will be additional freight search teams, including sniffer dogs and UK-funded flights to return migrants to their home countries.
The UK will pay £3.5m (five million euro) per year over two years towards the measures in the deal, and the Home Office said this was in addition to money previously pledged.
In July the UK announced £2m for a secure zone in Calais for UK-bound lorries, and £7m for other security measures. Last autumn the government pledged £12m over three years.
The six-page joint declaration signed earlier says UK Border Force officers will continue visiting migrant camps to "correct any misapprehensions" about life in the UK and provide a "more dissuasive and realistic sense of life for illegal migrants" there.
Immigration minister James Brokenshire, who was also on the visit, said the aim was to convey the message that "the streets of the UK are not paved with gold".
During a tour of the Eurotunnel site in Coquelles, Mrs May said the UK had begun talks with Belgium and the Netherlands, as the UK was "very well aware of the possibility of displacement" of people trafficking to other places due to increased security at Calais.
Security at other northern French ports, such as Dunkirk, was being scrutinised, she added.
- Migrants who are camped in Calais are attempting to reach the UK by crossing the Channel
- Eurotunnel has described "nightly incursions", with sometimes hundreds of migrants attempting to breach security at once
- The situation in Calais is part of a wider migration crisis in Europe - caused largely by people fleeing war and oppression in countries such as Syria, Afghanistan and Eritrea
- More than 240,000 migrants have crossed the Mediterranean already this year, arriving on the shores of Greece and Italy
Read more: Why is there a crisis in Calais?