UK

RAF's close combat unit opens to women for the first time

A gunner of II Squadron (RAF Regiment) MERT Force Image copyright MOD
Image caption Women will now be able to join the RAF Regiment - its ground-fighting force

The Royal Air Force has become the first branch of the British military to open up every role to men and women.

From Friday it will accept applications from women to join the RAF Regiment - its ground-fighting force.

The Army and Navy will open also roles to all genders over the next 12-18 months.

The main role of the 2,000-strong RAF Regiment, which sustained casualties in Afghanistan, is to patrol and protect RAF bases and airfields.

Women make up 14% of the air force as a whole - compared to 10% for the whole military.

BBC Defence Correspondent Jonathan Beale says it is a significant moment because it means women can now apply for any RAF role, from fighter pilot to ground support.

'Diverse Force'

The RAF's women will not be the first women allowed to serve in close combat roles, as some recently joined the Army's Royal Armoured Corps, but they are still excluded from several of the Army's regiments.

It will be another year before women can apply to enter infantry units, and the Navy's Royal Marines, where the physical demands can be tougher.

In July, Defence Secretary Sir Michael Fallon announced that the RAF Regiment would be open to them from September - ahead of its original 2018 schedule.

He said at the time: "A diverse force is a more operationally effective force."

'Strain on the body'

The former head of British forces in Afghanistan, Colonel Richard Kemp, told BBC Breakfast he "vehemently disagrees" that women should be serving in close combat roles - because of their physical capability.

He said: "Once you have got through selection, you are subjecting yourself to a minimum of four years of intensive physical training, day in and day out, in barracks and out of barracks, which puts enough of a strain on a man's body."

Quoting statistics that women sustain around twice as many serious injuries as men do during training, Colonel Kemp added: "I think the reality is we will find many more women than men suffer injuries… and we will then undoubtedly see very significant compensation payments being made out of the defence budget.

"And the nature of woman's bodies means that some of the injuries are going to be more significant in terms of being able to bear children and the like.

"I am not a doctor, but I have certainly read up on this and that is a problem."

However, a former major in the British Army, Judith Webb, said it had been proven that women were "well capable" of the roles.

Image caption Major Judith Webb has backed the decision for women to take on the roles

She told the programme: "My concern has always been to ensure that research is carried out so that women know exactly what they are in line for.

"Being aware of our physical differences is an important aspect, but that is where I feel research has now been carried out."

Major Webb added: "We want to promote diversity and get the best people, and if we have got women who want to do it, who are capable of doing it - then of course they should be able to do it."

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