Norfolk's burning incinerator issue: How much did councillors know?

Artist's impression of waste incinerator The incinerator scheme near King's Lynn faced widespread opposition

Related Stories

The fallout from the failed waste incinerator project in west Norfolk continues - with questions now being asked over how much councillors were told about government concerns with the project.

Last week we reported that Bronwyn Hill, the permanent secretary of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), told MPs that her department had written to Norfolk County Council before the contract had been signed expressing fears the authority may not be able to meet the necessary deadlines.

The council had written back assuring Defra that it was confident the project could be completed.

But our report raised eyebrows in County Hall, where many people were unable to recall such an exchange of correspondence.

Council leader George Nobbs ordered a search of the archives and the correspondence was eventually found.

Incinerator timeline

  • March 2011: 92% of residents in a west Norfolk referendum object to the incinerator plans
  • June 2011: Developer Cory Wheelabrator submits planning application to NCC
  • December 2011: Campaigners lose a bid for a judicial review over NCC's backing of the plant at the High Court
  • January 2012: Plant awarded £91m in PFI credits by Environment Secretary Caroline Spelman
  • January 2012: King's Lynn and West Norfolk Borough Council (KLWNBC) vote to seek a judicial review of the PFI funding
  • February / March 2012: Environment Agency and Natural England lift final concerns about incinerator
  • June 2012: KLWNBC submit plans for own alternative waste scheme
  • June 2012: NCC planners advised to approve burner
  • January 2013: council leader Derrick Murphy stands down over incinerator support which is becoming an election issue
  • May 2013: Conservatives lose control of county council and termination cost estimated at £90m
  • April 2014: Deal struck to terminate project at cost of £33.76m

It confirms that on 6 September 2011 (not 2010, as the Public Accounts Committee were told) - a full five months before the contract was signed - John Burns, a Defra official, wrote to David White, the then chief executive of Norfolk County Council.

He said in the letter: "I attach a planning report prepared by my scrutiny team; as you will note this report highlights several risks to obtaining planning within the anticipated timetable.

"I also would seek your confirmation that your view on the likelihood of obtaining planning is made in recognition of the costs to the council were the proposed contract be terminated.

"I understand that such costs could amount to £20.3m in addition to any interest or foreign exchange hedge breakage costs."

What he was worried about then, came to pass in the fullness of time.

David White was away at the time, so director of planning Mike Jackson replied on the 13 September saying: "I can confirm that the decision to award a contract was based on a thorough understanding and examination of the contractual implications of using standard contract provisions approved by Defra and the Treasury for breakage in relation to planning.

"Despite our more positive analysis I can provide you further reassurance that the authority has taken action to mitigate the concerns that you raise.

"As a consequence the draft Credit Agreement has been modified to ensure that, were there an unexpected delay to achieving a satisfactory planning permission... then this would not constitute an event of default."


These letters confirm Ms Hill's evidence to MPs but at County Hall there are now more questions than answers.

We understand that Derrick Murphy, the council leader at the time, and members of his cabinet do not recall ever being told about this warning.

Mr Murphy has told friends that if he had known about it - he may have felt differently about the whole project.

County Hall, Norwich The government said local authorities should assess the risks of contracts

Both David White and Mike Jackson have now left the authority and we have not been able to make contact with them.

It is possible they did brief councillors at the time about the Defra warning, but at the moment we understand that no paperwork has been found to show that happened.

It could be argued that Defra's warnings were taken notice of by council officials and that they did make changes to the contract.

It could also be be argued that the failure of this scheme lies not with the contract but with the fact that the council pushed ahead with a deeply unpopular project.

And if that wasn't enough it could also be argued that secretary of state Eric Pickles took too long to grant it planning permission.

With the council facing a compensation bill of £35m there is a blame-game underway and how much councillors knew at the time is an important element in assessing the whole story.

The council has launched an independent inquiry into who was responsible, it is due to report in the autumn.

Deborah McGurran Article written by Deborah McGurran Deborah McGurran Political editor, East of England

European Union: "Referendum" reveals "yes" vote to leaving the EU

An unofficial poll by MPs across three constituencies in the East of England reveals that a majority of people would vote "yes" to leave the EU.

Read full article

More on This Story

Related Stories

The BBC is not responsible for the content of external Internet sites


This entry is now closed for comments

Jump to comments pagination
  • rate this

    Comment number 1.

    I live in North West Norfolk and this whole saga highlights the level of arrogance of local councillors in County Hall. They agreed to a contract for waste incineration before securing the required permissions believing that the decision would be unquestioned and blindly supported. Councillors probably acted ultra viries. Those that signed the contract should be identified and be accountable.


Features & Analysis

Elsewhere on the BBC


  • Water droplets bouncing off a laser-etched water repellent metal surfaceClick Watch

    The laser-etched metal surfaces that repel water, plus other technology news

Copyright © 2015 BBC. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.