Mark Duggan death: Timeline of events

The shooting of Mark Duggan by police in Tottenham, north London, sparked a wave of violence across London and other English cities. An inquest jury said by a majority of 8 to 2 that Mr Duggan was lawfully killed by police.

Here is a timeline of the events that followed Mr Duggan's death.

Thursday 4 August 2011

Mark Duggan Mark Duggan died after being shot in Tottenham but the circumstances of the killing remain unclear

Mark Duggan, 29, is shot dead by police in Ferry Lane, Tottenham, at 18:15 BST.

The death happens during an operation where specialist firearm officers and officers from Operation Trident, the unit which deals with gun crime in the African and Caribbean communities, are attempting to carry out an arrest.

Mr Duggan is a passenger in a minicab. The Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) announces it will investigate the incident and later says it believes two shots were fired by police. It also confirms that an illegal firearm was recovered from the scene.

Cab passenger shot dead in police operation

Friday 5 August 2011

The IPCC appeals for witnesses to the shooting.

Saturday 6 August 2011

About 300 people gather outside Tottenham police station after marching from the Broadwater Farm estate. They say they want "justice" for Mr Duggan and his family.

Riot police in front of burning building The rioting erupted following a peaceful protest

Witnesses report that the protest begins peacefully.

The violence begins as bottles are thrown at two patrol cars which are then set alight.

Unconfirmed reports say the incident was sparked by a confrontation between a teenage protester and a police officer.

Riot officers and police on horseback are deployed to disperse the crowds but come under attack from bottles, fireworks and other missiles.

Sunday 7 August 2011

The violence continues. Petrol bombs are thrown at police and buildings, while shops are set alight.

The London Fire Brigade says it has dealt with 49 fires in the Tottenham area by 04:30 BST and received more than 250 emergency calls from the public.

Police announce the launch of Operation Withern to investigate the riots.

Mr Duggan's family say they do not condone the rioting in Tottenham.

IPCC commissioner Rachel Cerfontyne says she is sorry if any members of Mr Duggan's family feel that they are not supported. She announces that she has set up a community reference group to make sure she is sensitive and responsive to the family.

Monday 8 August 2011

Fire at furniture store in Croydon Reeve's Corner was destroyed as buildings and cars were set alight on the third night of violence

Claudia Webbe, who chairs Operation Trident's independent advisory group, questions why Mr Duggan's family had not been contacted sooner by the IPCC.

Rioting and looting continues for the third night in London affecting Croydon, Clapham, Hackney, Camden, Lewisham, Peckham, Newham, East Ham, Enfield, Woolwich, Ealing and Colliers Wood.

During the evening the riots claim two lives.

Trevor Ellis, 26, of Brixton Hill, south London, is found with bullet wounds in a car in Croydon, while Richard Bowes, 68, is critically injured when he tries to put out a fire during riots in London.

He later dies from his injuries.

Unrest spreads to other English cities, with Birmingham, Liverpool, Nottingham and Bristol also experiencing violence.

Tuesday 9 August 2011

The IPCC reveals that there is no evidence Mr Duggan opened fire at police before being shot dead by a firearms officer.

The police watchdog says ballistic tests showed "no evidence that the handgun found at the scene was fired".

Rachel Cerfontyne, IPCC commissioner: "The gun found at the scene was a converted... pistol"

MPs are recalled from their summer holidays in the wake of continued disorder across London and other English cities.

Wednesday 10 August 2011

(From left) Haroon Jahan, Shazad Ali and Abdul Musavir Haroon Jahan, Shazad Ali and Abdul Musavir died when they were hit by a car during the disorder

Haroon Jahan, 21, Shazad Ali, 30, and Abdul Musavir, 31, are killed when a car hits them in Winson Green, Birmingham.

Witnesses say the men were in a group protecting their community after riot police were called into the city.

Thursday 11 August 2011

The police watchdog appeals for witnesses to the fatal shooting of Mr Duggan.

Former Met deputy assistant commissioner Brian Paddick says the force could have stopped further rioting if it had responded properly to initial disturbances in Tottenham.

Friday 12 August 2011

The IPCC admits it may have misled journalists into believing Mr Duggan fired at officers before he was killed.

Wednesday 24 August 2011

Ken Hinds, a local gang mediator and family friend of Mr Duggan's girlfriend Simone Wilson, reveals he warned police explicitly about the risk of rioting at a meeting with them at lunchtime on Saturday, 6 August.

Thursday 8 September 2011

Mark Duggan's brother Shaun Hall said he had been "wrongfully taken from us"

Mr Duggan's family say they have "no faith" in the IPCC investigation into his death.

His brother, Shaun Hall, adds: "I'm not confident at all. If the initial stages of this incident are anything to go by, I've got no trust in them whatsoever."

Friday 9 September 2011

A private funeral for Mr Duggan is held with a reception at the Broadwater Farm Community Centre.

5 October 2011

Mr Duggan's family say they will give the IPCC a chance to get the inquiry into his death "right".

25 October 2011

Mr Duggan was not "bad enough or mad enough" to draw a gun on police officers, a friend says.

The man whose shooting sparked the London riots was "not bad enough or mad enough" to draw a gun on police officers, a friend has said

Stafford Scott was among the activists who took part in the original march.

18 November 2011

The IPCC says it is to probe whether a gun recovered from the scene was used in a crime a week earlier.

Kevin Hutchinson-Foster, 29, is charged with possession of a firearm after allegedly assaulting a man in a hair salon in Hackney on 29 July.

19 December 2011

The policing operation to tackle the summer riots across England was flawed, a report from MPs concludes.

The perception that in some areas police had lost control of the streets was the most important reason disorder spread, they say.

29 February 2012

The IPCC upholds a complaint by Mr Duggan's family that they were not told he had been shot dead by officers.

Scotland Yard said it had apologised in September to Mr Duggan's parents for not telling them directly about his death.

IPCC Commissioner Rachel Cerfontyne: "What is clear from this case is that a grieving family, suffering from shock, felt badly treated"

27 March 2012

A lack of support and opportunity for young people contributed to the outbreak of riots in England last summer, an independent report says.

The Riots, Communities and Victims Panel, set up last year, highlights "500,000 forgotten families".

29 March 2012

Carole Duggan: I'd prefer to know the truth

The Met supports calls for changes to the law to allow more details to be revealed in cases where the police have shot people.

Mr Duggan's aunt Carole said she wanted an inquest to be held as she "preferred to know the truth - whether it is good or bad".

26 April 2012

The BBC obtains footage of the aftermath of the police shooting.

Exclusive footage obtained by the BBC shows the aftermath of Mark Duggan's shooting

It was taken by someone who says they witnessed the shooting and shows attempts to save Mr Duggan's life.

4 August 2012

Pam Duggan: This family doesn't believe in violence

Mr Duggan's mother Pam says the year since her son's death had "been terrible - we still have no answers about why my son died".

She said: "The police haven't told me anything. They apologised for not coming to tell me, not for what they did."

6 August 2012

BBC's Mike Sergeant returns to Tottenham a year after the riots to see how the re-development work was getting on

Prison sentences totalling more than 1,800 years have been handed out to rioters following the disorder which began exactly a year ago.

18 September 2012 - 17 October 2012

The trial of Hutchinson-Foster, accused of giving Mr Duggan the gun, is held at Snaresbrook Crown Court.

The court hears he gave Mr Duggan the gun 15 minutes before he was shot.

Kevin Hutchinson-Foster Kevin Hutchinson-Foster was on trial for giving Mark Duggan a gun

Mr Duggan "pulled a gun from his waistband", the court hears, and Mr Duggan and Hutchinson-Foster were in contact via mobile phone calls and text messages minutes before he was shot.

The police officer who shot Mr Duggan, V53, says he is "absolutely 100%" sure he was holding a gun.

After a month-long trial, the jury is unable to reach a verdict.

28 January 2013

A date for the public inquest is set for September.

The pre-inquest hearing is told a judge will act as coroner because sensitive material is involved in the case.

31 January 2013

A jury in a retrial finds Hutchinson-Foster guilty of supplying the gun - a BBM Bruni Model 92 handgun - to Mr Duggan.

26 February 2013

Kevin Hutchinson-Foster has been jailed for 11 years

Thirty-year-old Hutchinson-Foster is jailed for 11 years.

Judge David Radford says Hutchinson-Foster had "plainly known" the gun would be used for criminal purposes by Mr Duggan or somebody else.

18 June 2013

Mr Duggan's family have an application for a judicial review into police protocol rejected.

They wanted procedures, designed to protect officers collaborating on incident reports, looked at but the High Court ruled it was not appropriate for the court to prescribe such rules.

16 September 2013 - 11 December 2013

The inquest into Mr Duggan's death begins.

Jurors are told they must decide on whether he was lawfully killed.

The BBC's Mark Prodger was in court as Pamela Duggan said: "He should have been brought to justice and punished, he should not have been shot and killed"

Over the next few months, the jury hears Mr Duggan was "among Europe's most violent criminals". However, his mother says her son "may not have been an angel" but he should not have been shot dead by police.

A firearms commander says it is "absolutely outrageous" to suggest he planted a gun found nearby while the police officer who fired the shots says he saw him holding the handgun and believed he was going to shoot.

Speaking via videolink from prison, Hutchinson-Foster tells the inquest he will appeal against his conviction once the inquest is completed.

The court is also told Mr Duggan may have "flicked the gun" over the fence while a witness says they saw an officer run "from the scene with an object" and a different witness says Mr Duggan "was surrendering" and holding a phone when he was shot.

11 December 2013 - 7 January 2014

On 11 December 2013, the jury retires to consider its verdict, being told it must reach a unanimous conclusion. On 18 December, the jury is by told by the judge that a majority conclusion will now be acceptable.

Judge Keith Cutler says the law "allows me to accept a majority decision on any of the determinations or the conclusion of which at least eight out of the 10 of you are agreed".

8 January 2014

The inquest jury concludes by a majority of 8 to 2 that Mr Duggan was lawfully killed by police.

The panel of seven women and three men was asked to answer five questions:

  • In the period between midday on 3 August 2011 and when state amber was called at 6.00 pm on 4 August 2011, did the Metropolitan Police Service and the Serious Organised Crime Agency do the best they realistically could have done to gather and react to intelligence about the possibility of Mr Duggan collecting a gun from Mr Hutchinson-Foster? The jury unanimously concluded no.
  • Was the stop conducted in a location and in a way which minimised, to the greatest extent possible, recourse to lethal force? Unanimous yes.
  • Did Mr Duggan have the gun with him in the taxi immediately before the stop? Unanimous yes
  • How did the gun get to the grass area where it was later found? A majority of 9 to 1 said it was thrown.
  • When Mr Duggan received a fatal shot, did he have the gun in his hand? A majority of 8 to 2 said no, he did not have a gun in his hand.

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    The dog patrolled London's Waterloo Station and was one of a number of celebrity dogs (including Brighton Bob, Bruce of Swindon and Chelmsford Brenda), who raised thousands of pounds from the mid-Victorian era until the 1950s. London Jack now resides in a glass display case at the Bluebell Railway museum in East Sussex.

     
  50.  
    London in 2050 11:31:

    The London Infrastructure Plan 2050 considers the challenges the capital will face by the middle of this century.

    • Demand for public transport to increase by 50%, with demand for Tube and rail services up by 60% and 80% respectively
    • Demand on energy supplies set to rise by 20% and demand on electricity supplies to more than double
    • Need for water will exceed supply by 10% by 2025, rising to 21% by 2040
    • More than 600 new schools and colleges needed
    • Around 50,000 new homes a year must be provided
    • With Heathrow already operating at 98.5% of its capacity, a new four runway hub airport in the Thames estuary will be needed
     
  51.  
    London's needs in 2050 11:21:

    London's mayor has unveiled the London Infrastructure Plan 2050, which looks at what the capital needs to have in place over the next few decades as the population is expected to reach 11 million, a 37% rise since 2011.

    Boris Johnson, said: "This plan is a real wake up call to the stark needs that face London over the next half century. Without a long term plan for investment and the political will to implement it this city will falter."

     
  52.  
    VIDEO: Charge on diesel cars 11:07:

    As we reported yesterday, plans to charge drivers of diesel cars about £10 to drive into central London to tackle high levels of air pollution, are being considered.

    Drivers in London could be charged up to £10 on top of the congestion charge.

    If you missed it, watch BBC London transport correspondent Tom Edwards' report.

     
  53.  
    News on the hour 10:58:

    The top headlines on BBC London 94.9 at 11:00

    • Hospital demo: Campaigners rallying against plans to sell part of Charing Cross Hospital
    • Bank bonuses: Bankers found guilty of recklessness could be asked to pay back rewards
    • Ebola warning: Government chairing COBRA meeting over threat to the UK
     
  54.  
    Undercover officers sex claims 10:47:

    The Met has agreed to reveal whether two men had relationships with women while working as undercover police officers.

    It has so far refused to say whether the men worked for police because of a general policy of keeping identities of undercover officers secret. The officers were known by the aliases "Jim Sutton" and "Bob Robinson".

     
  55.  
    Video: Teetotaller's hospital 10:37:

    For hundreds of years alcohol was widely used in medicine, both as a therapy in its own right and as well as a carrier for other substances.

    The former National Temperance Hospital

    But in 1873, a group committed to removing alcohol from medicinal practice set up the London National Temperance Hospital. Despite it closing in 1990 the BBC's Neil Bowdler looks at its work, its legacy and the future of the building.

     
  56.  
    Bethnal Green fire 10:28:

    London Fire Brigade tweets: The fire on Pott St in #BethnalGreen is now under control. Thankfully there are no reports of any injuries.

     
  57.  
    Clawback plan for bank bonuses 10:22: BBC London 94.9 Radio

    Thanks for your comments on Vanessa Feltz's Facebook page on the Bank of England's plan penalise rule-breaking bankers who could be asked to return bonuses from up to seven years ago.

    Hilary Keren said: "I'd put money on the fact that it will never happen. Ironic really..."

    While Lance Pearce asks: "Is this a trick question?"

     
  58.  
    Bethnal Green flat fire 10:13:

    London Fire Brigade tweets: We're tackling a flat fire on Pott Street in #BethnalGreen. Part of a ground floor flat is alight. Around 50 people have left the block.

     
  59.  
    War Memorial damaged 10:09:

    Lewisham MPS tweets: The War Memorial on Lewisham Way jw Upper Brockley Road was criminally damaged last night. If you have any info pls call 101. #SgtBiddle

    Cleaning up the memorial Cleaning up the damage to the War Memorial
     
  60.  
    News on the hour 09:58:

    The top local headlines on BBC London 94.9 at 10:00

    • HSBC bank: Muslims' bank accounts closed
    • Ebola warning: Government warns of outbreak
    • Driverless cars: Vince Cable to announce first trials
     
  61.  
    On this day 09:45:

    A little known fact - on this day in 1966, England won the World Cup at Wembley Stadium by beating West Germany 4-2 in extra time.

    The England team raise the Jules Rimet trophy The England team raise the Jules Rimet trophy
     
  62.  
    Mental health services cut 09:38:

    There are plans to close mental health services at Queen Mary's Hospital in Roehampton, which treats 500 patients a year, Wandsworth Guardian reports.

    The cuts are part of a proposal to centralise mental health services at Springfield University Hospital, Tooting, and Tolworth Hospital, Kingston.

     
  63.  
    Injuries in subway crash 09:29:

    Two people were taken to hospital after a car crashed into railings and ended up in the entrance of a subway at the Elephant and Castle roundabout, south-east London.

    Elephant and Castle crash

    A London Ambulance Service spokesperson said: "Our staff treated two patients for minor injuries - a man aged about 30 for an arm injury and a woman believed to be in her 20s for a facial injury - and both were taken to St Thomas' Hospital."

     
  64.  
    Charing Cross Hospital sale protest 09:20:

    Protesters will demonstrate in Hammersmith this morning against plans which could lead to more than half of Charing Cross Hospital being sold off.

    Under the plans, the current Charing Cross building would be replaced with a new development along with new facilities at St Mary's in Paddington.

     
  65.  
    Muslim bank accounts closed 09:12:

    HSBC has written to Finsbury Park Mosque and other Muslim organisations and individuals to tell them their accounts will be closed.

    HSBC sign

    The bank has denied discriminating on the grounds of race or religion saying that would be immoral, unacceptable and illegal, but said it was because the accounts fell outside its "risk appetite".

     
  66.  
    News on the hour 09:00:

    The top headlines on BBC London 94.9 at 09:00

     
  67.  
    Sexism at work 08:55: BBC London 94.9 Radio

    On Vanessa Feltz's show after 09:00, the Ebola outbreak in Africa is a 'potential major threat' to us in the UK, says Foreign Secretary. Are you worried?

    And, have you been mistaken for the tea lady? We are talking about sexism at work.

    Call 020 7224 2000 or text 81333, starting your message with 'London', to share your views.

     
  68.  
    Blackout London 08:45:

    Boris Johnson claims London could face future power blackouts as the population continues to rise.

    Later, he will launch a consultation into how to meet London's demand for electricity over the next 50 years and is calling for more than £200m investment in the capital's sub-stations, which he says are already at full capacity.

     
  69.  
    as it happened
    • News, sport, travel, weather for Weds 30 July
    • More updates from 08:00 on Thursday
    • Listen to BBC London 94.9
     
  70.  
    Elephant & Castle subway crash 08:32:

    A driver walked away with minor injuries after his car crashed and fell in to the entrance of a south-east London subway.

    Elephant and Castle crash

    The car left the road at about 20:00 last night and went into the subway at the Elephant and Castle roundabout, Scotland Yard said. These great photos come courtesy of Chris Hawkswell.

     
  71.  
    Lorry fire delays 08:24:

    Traffic on the M25 anticlockwise is down to two lanes, just past the Clacket Lane Services, following a lorry fire earlier. There are also clockwise delays from J4 Orpington towards the services as drivers slow down to look.

    There are northbound delays at Kew Bridge for the South Circular and northbound queues at Battersea Bridge, which is partly due to the ongoing closures at Putney Bridge and the Hogarth Flyover.

    For the latest information go to BBC London's travel page or on Twitter @BBCTravelAlert.

     
  72.  
    Signal problems 08:15:

    On the Tube, there are severe delays on the Circle and Hammersmith and City lines following an earlier a signal failure at Baker Street.

    Greater Anglia services in and out of Liverpool Street via Ipswich are also disrupted following signal problems.

    And signal problems are also leading to delays on South West trains heading out of London via Southampton.

     
  73.  
    Weather 08:08: Kate Kinsella BBC Weather, London

    Dry and fine with plenty of sunny spells. Feeling just a little fresher but still warm with a max of 26C (79F).

     
  74.  
    08:00: Debabani Majumdar BBC London News

    Good morning. I'll be guiding you through BBC Local Live today, bringing you the latest news, travel, weather and sport from across London.

    Get in touch with your comments and photos by emailing london.locallive@bbc.co.uk.

     

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