Mark Duggan inquest and reaction

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  1.  
    2100:

    It's time now to wrap up our live coverage. You can get all the latest in our main news story, on the BBC News Channel or by following @BBCNews. Good night.

     
  2.  
    2055:
    Carole Duggan

    Agency pictures are starting to come in of Carole Duggan, Mark's aunt, speaking to the assembled press pack outside Tottenham Police Station.

     
  3.  
    2048:

    Stephen Moore, writing for the Tottenham and Wood Green Journal, says the inquest provided a rare insight into the Metropolitan Police's intelligence on the Tottenham Man Dem, "one of the most notorious organised criminal gangs in Europe".

    He reports that there was a review of Operation Dibri - a covert investigation into the gang - just a day before the shooting, and it concluded that some of the gang's leading members were within reach of being arrested.

     
  4.  
    2044:

    Writing on the Guardian website, Tottenham's Labour MP David Lammy criticises the Independent Police Complaints Commission for a "series of deep flaws" in efficiency and competency. He says it's right that the home secretary wants to reform it. "It is imperative that we have an independent regulatory body that is strong enough to sufficiently hold the police to account," he writes.

     
  5.  
    2031:

    Home affairs select committee chairman Keith Vaz, with whom the Duggans are seeking a meeting, tells the BBC: "We know that there is a gap between what the police have said and what the family have said.

    "But I think it's in the interests of everyone - the police, families, local MPs and members of the community - to work together to see this through to the end because clearly today does not represent an end for the Duggan family."

     
  6.  
    2013: Sarah Bell, BBC News

    Commander Mak Chishty, responsible for community engagement, says: "It's really important we're seen as being seen, shows we care and it's taking the opportunity to say our sympathies go out to the family members."

     
  7.  
    2012: Sarah Bell, BBC News

    There's a small crowd outside the police station where family have been talking to the assembled media. All is calm apart from a few heated exchanges with reporters.

    There is a low-key police presence, with officers in uniform watching from across the road. The borough commander is talking to a community representative outside the police station.

     
  8.  
    2007:

    Ms Willis Stewart says the next steps for the Duggan family will be to seek an urgent meeting with Rachel Cerfontyne, of the IPCC, their MP David Lammy, and Keith Vaz MP, in order to ensure the IPCC, who have "to date failed in their responsibility with regards to this investigation, carry a vigorous review".

     
  9.  
    2006:

    The family's solicitor Marcia Willis Stewart releases an official statement, saying: "The jury has found that Mark Duggan was unarmed at the point at which he was shot.

    "We cannot countenance a situation in which an unarmed citizen is shot on sight."

     
  10.  
    1959:

    Metropolitan Police Assistant Commissioner Mark Rowley, who made a statement outside the Royal Courts of Justice, tells Channel 4 News: "Ten ordinary men and women from across London have come to the conclusion that this is lawful.

    "It is a very emotive time. You can understand the upset outside court from people interested in this case.

    "But as much as when they were shouting and swearing and spitting at me, they were exercising their democratic right to protest. Part of a democracy is the rule of law and a jury has considered this for three months and come to a conclusion."

     
  11.  
    Via Twitter Tom Symonds

    tweets: Several dozen supporters of Mark Duggan now outside Tottenham police station

     
  12.  
    Your comments 1930:

    What's your reaction to the inquest jury's conclusion? Do you live in Tottenham? Send us your comments using the form on our main story.

     
  13.  
    Reaction to inquest 1928:

    Mark Duggan, whose death sparked the riots across England, was lawfully killed by the police, an inquest jury has concluded.

    Mark Duggan

    His family, the Metropolitan Police, politicians and community leaders were among those who reacted to the inquest's findings.

     
  14.  
    Video: Evidence explained 1924:

    Home affairs correspondent Matt Prodger visited the location in Tottenham where Duggan died.

    He explains some of the evidence the jury had to consider at the 12-week-long inquest.

     
  15.  
    'Answers to crucial questions' 1918:

    Joanne McCartney, London Assembly police and crime spokeswoman, said: "We will be looking to the Independent Police Complaints Commission to clarify issues that have arisen as they complete their investigation.

    "This must happen as a matter of urgency so that the Duggan family and the local community get answers to these crucial questions.

    "When the coroner's recommendations are published these must be acted upon by the Met. In addition, now is the time to ensure that all firearms officers wear body-worn cameras as standard."

     
  16.  
    'Don't want trouble' 1913: Sarah Bell, BBC News

    One Tottenham resident passing the press gathered outside the police station says he hopes there won't be any trouble tonight. "We don't want it," he says.

    Press gathered outside police station in Tottenham
     
  17.  
    In the papers 1907:

    The Evening Standard reports there were angry scenes in court after the jury found Mark Duggan was lawfully killed.

     
  18.  
    'Community needs to heal' 1900:

    Ken Hinds, a community worker in Tottenham, told the BBC: "The community now needs a period of healing and reflection and to see what the next steps are going to be - as a community. Not just the black community, the whole community.

    Ken Hinds

    "The community has done nothing wrong. Please do not bring violence onto our streets."

     
  19.  
    'Build trust and confidence' 1853:

    BBC London 94.9 tweets: "The police have a lot of work to do to build trust and confidence" Former Met Advisor Claudia Webbe https://audioboo.fm/boos/1839242

     
  20.  
    'Highest professional standards' 1844:

    Boris Johnson added: "Londoners should feel assured that the police do an incredible job keeping this city safe.

    "I am confident that the Metropolitan Police Service will continue to demonstrate the highest professional standards and after today's verdict continue to work closely with local leaders to strengthen the bond of trust between the police and the public they serve."

     
  21.  
    Inquest: Recap of day 1841:

    After a jury concluded Mark Duggan was lawfully killed by police in Tottenham in August 2011 there has been lots of reaction from his family, the Met and politicians:

     
  22.  
    'Tragic case' 1837:

    Mayor of London Boris Johnson said: "This has been a difficult and tragic case for all involved and my sympathy today is with Mark Duggan's family. They have lost a loved one and it's right that Assistant Commissioner Rowley has offered to meet with them.

    Boris Johnson

    "On any given day highly trained Metropolitan Police firearms officers can and do face life-threatening situations in which they have to make instant judgements under incredible pressure, and yet in the last four years, having responded thousands of times, they have discharged their weapons on just six occasions."

     
  23.  
    Jury's decision in full 1835:

    You can read the jury's determination and conclusion in full.

    It outlines the options the jury had to choose from - unlawful killing (not done in lawful self defence), lawful killing or an open conclusion (if insufficient evidence).

     
  24.  
    Police presence 1831:

    A Met spokesman said there is an operation in place across London this evening and if needed they have the ability to send extra officers to Haringey.

     
  25.  
    'Right to protect officers' 1829:

    The Police Federation said in a statement: "The officer in this case has given evidence at two crown court trials and a coroner's inquest.

    "The jury has found that his actions were lawful. He has been on restricted duties throughout this process. Of course, it is right that officers are subject to a high level of accountability but they should also be protected when appropriate."

     
  26.  
    'What's best way forward?' 1827: BBC News Channel

    Nims Obunge, a pastor based in Tottenham, said he believes it's important to try to move forward constructively after the inquest.

    Nims Obunge

    "I don't think even the police can regard this as a victory. I just think that collectively we all need to look at this in a sober way and say, you know - what's the best way forward?"

     
  27.  
    'Normal evening in Tottenham' 1820: Sarah Bell, BBC News

    On Tottenham High Road people are making their way home from work and heading to the gym on what appears to be a normal Wednesday evening.

    The pack of reporters and television cameras outside the police station are the only reflection of what has happened at the High Court today.

    A police van and officers on foot can be seen on patrol, but nothing out of the ordinary for a busy area of London.

     
  28.  
    Local paper coverage 1815:

    The Tottenham & Wood Green Journal reports on how the jurors were presented with two different portraits of Mark Duggan during the inquest.

     
  29.  
    Community relations questions 1804: Mark Easton Home editor

    After the Mark Duggan verdict, what lessons for police community relations?

     
  30.  
    Video: Met police express 'sorrow' 1757:

    The Met Police express sympathy for Mark Duggan's family after a jury into the inquest of his death found he was killed lawfully.

     
  31.  
    Video: How death sparked riots 1754:

    Tom Symonds reports on how the death of Mark Duggan sparked riots in England in 2011.

    Riots
     
  32.  
    Timeline of events 1747:
  33.  
    Inquest in numbers 1744:
    • Inquest lasted 115 days
    • There were 93 witnesses
    • There were 23 statements read
    • Judge took two days to sum up evidence
    • Jury took seven days deliberating
    • Cost of inquest will be calculated once everything has been completely wrapped up
     
  34.  
    Met offer to meet Duggans 1741:

    Assistant Commissioner Mark Rowley attempted to read a statement outside the court earlier but his words were over often drowned out by angry protesters.

    He said: "I will be offering to meet Mark Duggan's family to express our sorrow. And we will continue working with local leaders to strengthen relationships. We know it will take time."

     
  35.  
    'Respect conclusion' 1736: BBC News Channel

    David Lammy, MP for Tottenham, said: "A jury of Londoners have come to this conclusion and it is right we respect it.

    David Lammy

    But he added: "It's contradictory because the expectation was that if Mark Duggan had a gun there were reasonable grounds to fire if the officer felt threatened. But a jury concluded he was not carrying a gun."

     
  36.  
    Why killing was deemed lawful 1731:

    The jury at the inquest into the death of Mark Duggan has concluded by a majority of eight to two that he was lawfully killed by police.

    The inquest raised important questions about the way the police carry out firearms operations on the streets of Britain. Read more from the BBC's home affairs correspondent Matt Prodger.

     
  37.  
    Tottenham MP: 'Perplexing aspects' 1724:

    David Lammy says: "The issues have been thoroughly discussed and debated, and the jury's findings should be respected.

    "There are aspects of this verdict that are somewhat perplexing and seemingly contradictory to those of who us who have carefully followed the proceedings over the last few months."

     
  38.  
    Met statement 1723:

    Asst Commissioner Mark Rowley said it was significant a jury of Londoners had concluded not only that the operation to stop Mark Duggan in the taxi was conducted in a way which minimised recourse to lethal force, but that Mark Duggan had a gun, and also that "our officer had an honest and reasonable belief that Mark Duggan still had the gun when he shot him".

     
  39.  
    Pictures outside court 1719:

    Pamela Duggan, the mother of Mark Duggan, did not speak to waiting reporters. She was led from the court in tears.

    Pamela Duggan, the mother of Mark Duggan, weeps outside the High Court
     
  40.  
    Met statement 1717:

    Met Police Assistant Commissioner Mark Rowley said: "No officer sets out at the start of the day to run an operation that results in someone dying.

    "Armed criminals have shot dead more than 50 people in London in the last three and a half years. We send out well-trained, professional armed officers thousands of times a year to combat this threat, only firing shots once or twice."

     
  41.  
    Video: What is a police 'hard stop'? 1716:

    Using footage from a training exercise conducted by the National Crime Agency, the BBC's Danny Shaw explains how police conduct a hard stop - which was the kind of tactic used when Mark Duggan was pulled over.

     
  42.  
    Local paper coverage 1715:

    The Haringey Independent has a live page with news and reaction to the inquest.

     
  43.  
    Met statement 1713:

    Met Police Assistant Commissioner Mark Rowley is trying to give a statement over angry chants.

    Mark Rowley
     
  44.  
    Duggan 'no gangster' 1712:

    Mark Duggan's aunt Carole told BBC's Matt Prodger her nephew had a "minor criminal record" and had been wrongly portrayed as a gangster in the media.

     
  45.  
    Pictures outside court 1708:

    Carol Duggan, aunt of Mark Duggan, speaks to reporters outside The Royal Courts of Justice:

    Carol Duggan
     
  46.  
    Judicial review considered 1705:

    Deborah Coles, from the charity Inquest, said Mr Duggan's family was considering whether to apply for the decision to be judicially reviewed.

    She said: "As far as the family and the community are concerned this isn't the end. They will continue to strive for justice."

     
  47.  
    'Questions will be asked' 1700:

    Diane Abbott, MP for Hackney North and Stoke Newington, says: "We have to wait to see what the coroner says in the way the case was handled. There's no question the Duggan family's unhappy and tonight questions will be asked."

     
  48.  
  49.  
    Background to the case 1658:

    As an inquest into the death of Mark Duggan - which sparked the England riots - ends, what were the issues and background to the case?

     
  50.  
    'Not a gangster' 1656:

    The family of Mark Duggan, who was shot by police in Tottenham, north London, have told BBC's Matt Prodger he was "not a gangster" and they do not believe he had a gun.

    Both Pam Duggan and his aunt Carole Duggan said he was not involved in organised crime but he was a "well-liked local lad".

     
  51.  
    Family reaction 1650:

    Mark Duggan's aunt, Carole Duggan, claimed outside court he was "executed".

    Mark Duggan's aunt Carole Duggan

    She added: "We're going to fight till we have no breath in our body for justice."

     
  52.  
    Duggan's last movements 1647:

    Mark Duggan was fatally shot by police in August 2011, in Tottenham, north London. This interactive guide shows the events leading up to his death.

     
  53.  
    Home Office statement 1646:

    A Home Office spokesperson says: "The police do a vitally important job, so it is right they are held to the highest possible standards and subject to rigorous examination.

    "The inquest jury has given its verdict on the incident in which Mark Duggan lost his life.

    "The IPCC will now continue with its investigation, taking into account the evidence heard during the inquest. While that process is ongoing it would be inappropriate to comment further."

     
  54.  
    Family's reaction 1645:

    Shaun Hall, Mark Duggan's brother, said: "We came for justice. We feel like we're leaving with a grave injustice."

     
  55.  
    Family 'in shock' 1644:

    The family's solicitor, Marcia Willis Stewart, said outside court: "The family are in a state of shock and we ask that you respect their shock. They can't believe the outcome."

     
  56.  
    Family's reaction 1643:

    The family's solicitor, Marcia Willis Stewart, says the jury found Mark Duggan had no gun in his hand and yet he was shot, murdered. "The family is in a state of shock" she says.

    Marcia Willis Stewart and Mark Duggan's family
     
  57.  
    Inquest questions recap 1642:

    3. Did Mr Duggan have the gun with him in the taxi immediately before the stop?" Yes

    4. How did the gun get to the grass area where it was later found?" A majority of 9 to 1 said it was thrown.

    5. When Mr Duggan died, did he have the gun in his hand? A majority of 8 to 2 said no, he did not have a gun in his hand.

     
  58.  
    Twitter reaction 1640:

    Damien Jarrett tweets: I feel for the family of Mark Duggan. They'll always have questions without the answers they want but the only guy at fault was Mark Duggan.

     
  59.  
    Tottenham reaction 1639:

    Tottenham is very calm but has a high police presence with a policing plan in place, Tom Symonds reports.

     
  60.  
    Twitter reaction 1638:

    Arts journalist Miriam Zendle tweets: "Whatever you think of the #duggan result, it's not right to abuse and intimidate jurors. That's the system - they just did their job."

     
  61.  
    England riots 1637:

    The shooting of Mark Duggan sparked riots in Tottenham which then spread to a number of cities across England in August 2011.

    Riots in Hackney in August 2011

    The riots saw widespread looting and buildings set alight.

     
  62.  
    Inquest questions 1635:

    2. Was the stop conducted in a location and in a way which minimised, to the greatest extent possible, recourse to lethal force? The jury said yes.

     
  63.  
    Inquest questions 1634:

    The inquest questions:

    1. Did the Metropolitan Police Service and Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA) do the best they realistically could have done to gather and react to intelligence about the possibility of Mr Duggan collecting a gun from Mr Hutchinson-Foster? The jury found they hadn't.
     
  64.  
    Coroner's actions 1633:

    Coroner Judge Keith Cutler will consider the findings and conclusion given by the jury and then make a report about anything revealed which raises concerns of other deaths, at some point in the future.

     
  65.  
    Video: Events leading to shooting 1632:
  66.  
    Tottenham's police relations 1629:

    The inquest into Mark Duggan's death - which has concluded he was lawfully killed when he was shot by a police marksman - has placed the relationship between Tottenham's black community and the police under scrutiny.

    Burnt out car

    Have relationships got better or worse since his death? Read more from the BBC's Nick Tarver.

     
  67.  
    Newspaper reaction 1626:

    Joseph Harker, assistant comment editor at the Guardian tweets: "Duggan jury say he had no gun when he was challenged by the police but that he was killed lawfully. Doesn't make sense. Is this justice?"

     
  68.  
    Jury abused 1624: Dominic Casciani Home affairs correspondent, BBC News

    I don't think I have ever heard of a jury, performing their civic duty, being abused in court by members of the public.

     
  69.  
    Scenes at court 1622:

    John Simpson, The Times reporter, tweets: Ok it's calmed down inside the Royal Courts of Justice. I have never seen a jury chased out of a court.

     
  70.  
    Anger at inquest conclusions 1620:

    One man says: "A black life ain't worth nothing", as he walks through the corridor with Mark Duggan's family and supporters, reports Danny Shaw.

     
  71.  
    MP Abbott 'baffled' by conclusion 1619:

    Labour MP for Hackney North and Stoke Newington Diane Abbott MP tweets: If the #duggan jury believe that he did not have a gun in his hand when he was shot, how can they find it was a lawful killing? #baffled

    Diane Abbott
     
  72.  
    IPCC statement 1617:

    A spokesperson for the Independent Police Complaints Commission says: "We note the inquest jury's determination and findings and we are considering them as a matter of urgency in relation to our ongoing investigation.

    "A full statement will follow."

     
  73.  
    Scenes at court 1616:

    At the Royal Courts of Justice, people are shouting and screaming in the corridors, reports Matt Prodger.

    Mark Duggan's mother Pamela has been led out in tears.

     
  74.  
    Jurors excused from future service 1615:

    Before the majority conclusion was given, the coroner told the jurors they would be excused from future jury service for life if they want.

     
  75.  
    Inquest conclusions 1611:

    Mark Duggan was lawfully killed when he was shot dead by a police marksman, a jury has found by a majority of 8 to 2.

    Mark Duggan

    The 29-year-old was shot dead by armed officers on 4 August 2011 in Tottenham, north London.

     
  76.  
    Majority conclusion 1610:

    The inquest jury gave a majority conclusion of eight to two of lawful killing.

     
  77.  
    In court 1608: Danny Shaw Home affairs correspondent, BBC News

    Lawyers are trying to calm the court as people scream "Murderers".

     
  78.  
    In court 1607: Danny Shaw Home affairs correspondent, BBC News

    There is shouting in court as the public abuse jurors.

     
  79.  
    Questions for jury 1606: Danny Shaw Home affairs correspondent, BBC News

    The jury says Mark Duggan did not have a gun in his hand when he was shot.

     
  80.  
    Inquest conclusions 1605: BREAKING NEWS

    Mark Duggan was lawfully killed in Tottenham in August 2011, a jury has concluded.

     
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