London's housing crisis: Five controversial solutions

 
Houses i West London House prices in the capital are rising by more than 20% a year, Office for National Statistics figures show

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As pressure to tackle London's housing crisis grows, a number of controversial views are being offered on how the problem should be addressed.

'House prices soar'. 'Fears of a housing bubble'. 'First-time buyers priced-out'. These are familiar headlines to Londoners. Each has appeared in the press in the past month, but similar headlines have become all-too recognisable over the past couple of years.

London's house prices are rising by more than 20% annually, according to latest Office for National Statistics figures.

The city needs 63,000 new homes each year, but only a third of these are being built while a "lost generation is being ruled out of ownership" due to "soaring rents, poor conditions and rising homelessness", it has been claimed.

But what alternative solutions are being put forward to tackle the issue?

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Move old people to smaller flats
Retirement home Lord Best says building 100,000 homes for the elderly could free up accommodation for 350,000 people

One in four children in London live in overcrowded homes, according to English Housing Survey figures. At the same time, thousands of single elderly people live alone in multi-bedroomed suburban properties.

In 2012, Local Government Association president Lord Richard Best proposed a radical solution: Building 100,000 homes designed especially for the needs of an ageing population.

By downsizing, older people could free up accommodation for families, helping a whole generation of first-time buyers who are priced out of the market.

"We free up lots of family housing, and we look after ourselves when we're older because, sooner or later, those three-bedroom, four-bedroom family houses are going to be too much for us," Lord Best said.

But how easy would it be to convince elderly people to move out of the home they may have lived in for most of their lives?

Peter Girling, chairman of Girlings Retirement Rentals, suggested the government should offer tax breaks to elderly people who give up their property.

"You can't force people to move but you could help them along the way," he said.

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Adopt a European attitude
broadcast tower at Alexanderplatz looms Only 16% of Berliners owned their own place, according to the 2011 census

Perhaps we should just face the fact the golden age of home ownership might be over, and learn to rent like the Germans?

According to the 2011 German census, only 16% of Berliners owned their own place, compared with 50% in London.

"People in Germany or Paris live in rented accommodation for their entire lives and there's no stigma attached," said Patricia Brown, who chairs the London Festival of Architecture.

She said following the example of Germany and enabling people to rent better properties for longer could be a solution. For instance, in Germany tenants can only be evicted with a minimum of three months' notice.

London's mayor Boris Johnson launched a voluntary accreditation scheme aimed at improving rental standards in May.

In order to be approved for the London Rental Standard, landlords are required to meet a set of commitments including "transparent fees" and "improved response times for repairs".

But Labour's London Assembly housing spokesman Tom Copley thinks the scheme does not go far enough.

He suggested three-year tenancies "as standard with caps on annual rent increases" would make "renting in London more stable".

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Build all over the green belt
The greenbelt around London Sam Bowman from the pro free market Adam Smith Institute think-tank says the greenbelt should be built on

There is still plenty of green belt land within the M25 and Sam Bowman, a research director at pro free market think-tank The Adam Smith Institute, thinks maybe the time has come to build on it.

As of 2010, London had 484,173 hectares of green belt - 3.7% of England's total land area, according to the Campaign to Protect Rural England.

Mr Bowman said this would mean "bigger homes and cheaper homes for everybody in order to give people that space to live".

But Ann Goddard, of Elstree & Borehamwood Greenbelt Society, said: "Green belt is very important. You only have to look at the English countryside. It's so pretty."

Ms Goddard, who lives in the green belt in Hertsmere, Hertfordshire - 12 miles (19km) north-west of central London and within the M25 - added: "We need green spaces for recreation purposes and to make a demarcation between the settlements."

Mr Bowman suggested a compromise could be reached "if we stopped thinking of the greenbelt as one single unit and differentiate between the areas of beauty and the intensive farmland".

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Penalise owners of empty properties
Kentish Town homes There are more than 80,000 empty properties in London

Perhaps there is not a shortage of homes for Londoners after all. More than 80,000 homes in the capital currently stand empty.

Last year, councils were empowered to use the Empty Homes Premium to charge home owners 50% more council tax if they left properties empty for two or more years.

But the results of a Freedom of Information request published by BBC London last week showed that just 4,399 of the 80,489 empty properties in the capital had been subjected to the Empty Homes Premium.

Responding to the revelations, Labour leader Ed Miliband said he was "deeply concerned".

But Daniel Astaire, Westminster Council's Conservative cabinet member for housing, said: "The way to build homes is not to tax existing homes and stop people investing and buying in our city."

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Build on brownfield sites
Chancellor George Osborne visits Barratt Homes Help to Buy housing development in Lewisham Chancellor George Osborne visited a housing development in Lewisham to launch a government-backed scheme to build on brownfield sites

Building on brownfield sites - land previously used for industrial or commercial purposes - is possibly the least controversial solution on this list.

In June, the Treasury announced 50,000 new London homes would be built on 20 such sites.

But Mr Johnson has said the scheme is a "just a fraction of what needs to be done".

The mayor has said 49,000 homes need to be built in the capital each year, while Labour puts this figure at 63,000.

But developers face problems. Brownfield land is often contaminated and expensive to clean, getting planning permission to build can be a lengthy and costly process and putting in new roads and train links can prove tricky.

But Lib Dem London Assembly member Stephen Knight said what was important was the type of homes that were built.

"We need changes to planning laws, so the government can determine certain plots of land should be used for affordable housing," he suggested.

 

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  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 731.

    730.Claire from E17
    What are you going to do with the "Older People" you intend to evict from their lifelong homes? Where will you put them? Or are you anticipating euthanasia? What's "Older"? 60, 65, 70 what? One day you will be "Older", are you looking forward to being evicted at a certain age irrespective of your health and desires, moved away from all your friends?
    Despicable suggestion.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 730.

    This is supposed to be a forum to discuss the housing crisis yet people have used it to air racist views/religious prejudice. I agree to many immigrants are allowed here. The UK is small with limited space and resources. Social housing should be allocated to those who need it now. Older people in council houses should be made to vacate them for families. Not offered tax breaks they can refuse.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 729.

    Time to suggest those who limit their family to one or two should have better housing, schools etc. It is pathetic in these over population times to have more taxpayers money given to you just because you want loads of children who wouldn't be born if you had to pay for them yourself of if you could afford only a one bed flat. We had 1 child as that was all we could afford

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 728.

    Of the options I can only say that owners of empty houses need to be persued !

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 727.

    726.Janine
    2 (children) divided by 2 (parents) is 1, so it's one each.
    I agree reduced population will - eventually - lead to an improvement in quality of life. But in the short to medium term (depending on life expectancy) the cost of providing for the retired will increase greatly and those in work and paying taxes will be burdened with that cost.

 

Comments 5 of 731

 

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