London

Cafe culture: The survival of the traditional British 'caff'

Woman makes tea
Image caption E. Pellicci has been serving up fine British and Italian fare to the folk of Bethnal Green, east London, since 1900

On the UK's high streets it's survival of the fittest. Yet, in the age of the double-shot, low-fat, no-foam latte, the traditional cafe - or "caff" - lives on.

With their prescriptive queuing rules and confusing names for small, medium and large cup sizes, the chain coffee shops seem to be accepted as the place to go for a caffeinated pick-me-up and a bite to eat.

The identikit decor and handy loyalty card stamps pull us in and keep us coming back - but also leave some people cold.

For Seb Emina, author of the London Review of Breakfasts blog, nothing less than what is sometimes affectionately known as a "greasy spoon" will do.

Image caption The River Cafe in Putney, south-west London, has been run by the same family for 36 years

We're talking glass sugar dispensers with red and brown sauce bottles on laminate tables, jets of steam rising from industrial looking chrome tea machines and menus that cater for your every culinary need - from a fruit juice to a full roast, a fry-up to an apple crumble and custard.

"It's not just the food - in fact that is almost secondary to the general atmosphere," says Mr Emina. "I'd rather have fluorescent strip lights and hand-written menus.

"It's also a sense of history in some of them. They feel like they have been around a long time and they are friendly but not over familiar."

One example is E. Pellicci - which has been serving up British and Italian fare to the folk of Bethnal Green, east London, since 1900.

Inside the bustling cafe, history is evident all around. The wood panelled walls feature Pellicci family photos dating back to the founder herself, Elide Pellicci.

The late Nevio Pellicci, son of the founder, ran the cafe through much of the 20th Century and into the 21st. His death six years ago, at the age of 82, means the future of the cafe is now in the hands of his children, Anna and Nevio.

For Ms Sereno, coming to work each day is a joy. "I feel like I've won the lottery really, I do work every day but I love doing it. People come in and they almost feel like I am part of their extended family. It's lovely, it's never a chore."

Business appears to be booming, with customers often queuing out the door.

So what - beyond the general atmosphere - draws customers back to traditional cafes?

Denise Clarke, co-owner of Mary's Kitchen cafe in Nottingham, believes fresh produce is the key to the British cafe's continued success.

"People know that they are going to get fresh food," she explained. "It's not loaded down with salts and things and it is homemade. We make homemade cakes which go down very well and we serve all day breakfasts."

Despite a downturn in trade over the past three years, Ms Clarke now reports customer numbers are increasing. And while Mary's Kitchen might not have an extensive list of avant garde coffees to chose from, that doesn't bother customers.

"We use a good brand of teabag which a lot of cafes don't bother with. We do serve a lot of bus drivers and they prefer tea to coffee."

Image copyright Emma Lynch/BBC

Homemade food keeps some people coming back for more, but for others, it's the price.

"We've got regulars that have been coming 38 years," said George Nicholaides, owner of The Olympic in Leeds. "But we also attract a lot of old and homeless people. Nothing is bought in and we use good quality stuff.

"The food is very good, it's all homemade and it's cheap."

Part of their longevity is also down to savvy business sense. Mr Nicholaides bought the building when it came up for sale years ago, thus removing the burden of making enough money to pay high city centre rents.

"In the 1980s we were very busy. We had all the regulars come in and they brought their families and there were cafes all up and down [the street]," he said.

"But they closed when McDonalds and Starbucks and the chicken shops came in and because rents and rates have gone up. We keep going though."

Image copyright Lauren Potts / BBC

Other independent cafes report that service with a smile is one way to keep customers parting with their pennies.

Dorino Tabrizi runs Alpino's in Islington, north London, which has been filling the bellies of hungry Londoners since 1948.

Mr Tabrizi has been in charge for eight years, although he has been in the trade for a lot longer than that. For many years he ran a successful restaurant in north London and now brings the same exacting standards to running his cafe.

"The food is the main thing, and the service," he says. "I pay people to serve the customers properly seven days a week."

Frank Barone - of Gino's in central London - thinks that philosophy is the key.

"You have to be nice to the customer," he says. "The food must be fresh, you must be fast and you have to give good value for money. And a big smile - that's my secret."

Image caption Service with a smile - Dorino Tabrizi runs the ever-popular Alpino's in London

I Fancy A Fryup's top five cafes

  • Grizzly's CafĂ© Truck Stop, Biggleswade, Bedfordshire
  • Mulberrys Cafe, St. Albans, Hertfordshire
  • Markham Moor Truckstop, Retford, Nottinghamshire
  • The Market Diner, Brighton
  • The Bus Stop Cafe, Southampton

Dave Fry, author of I Fancy A Fryup, has dedicated much of his time to seeking out the finest examples of traditional British cafes.

"They are not really greasy spoons these day, a lot of the food is grilled," he says. "But if something was advertised as a greasy spoon that would be my first choice of place to visit. I like the image of a couple making the breakfast from scratch in their kitchen.

"I don't know why people go to chain coffee shops. Is it fashion?"

Mr Fry predicts a change in the taste of the British people - as they seek a more individual, homemade dining experience. He is currently working on an app to guide people to the best cafes.

"There is a comeback for cafes - there was a dip for a while with a few closing but I think it's getting better, you see more opening and people are more reasonable about healthy eating now."

Image copyright Lauren Potts / BBC

The Greedy Pig in Leeds was once the greasy spoon of choice for students and businesses in nearby North Street.

But its current owners have distanced themselves from its previous image and while a cooked breakfast is still at the menu's core, it has branched out to serving food which appeals to a wider range of customers.

"It was a conscious decision," said owner Joanna Myers. "We didn't change the name because it's so well known and we still have people who have been coming since the 1980s.

"But there's a limit to how much people will pay for a bacon sandwich and there comes a point where you have to look at the rents and rates."

The Greedy Pig may have changed tack, but the greasy spoon is still a pillar of city cuisine.

As Mr Emina, of the London Review of Breakfasts, puts it: "I see no evidence of the greasy spoons going anywhere. They hold a special place in people's hearts. For a lot of us there are times when only a greasy spoon will do."

Additional reporting by Lauren Potts.