London attack: What we know so far

Eight people were killed in central London when three attackers drove a van into pedestrians on London Bridge and launched a knife attack in Borough Market on Saturday, 3 June.

The attackers were shot dead by officers, who arrived on the scene of the attack within eight minutes. Here is what we know.

What happened?

At 21:58 BST on Saturday, a van with the three attackers inside drove on to London Bridge from the north side of the river. It crossed over, before returning in the opposite direction six minutes later.

When it reached the northern end of the bridge, police said it made a U-turn and mounted the pavement. It then crossed the bridge again, running over pedestrians, including three of the people who died.

Xavier Thomas, walking with his girlfriend, was hit by the van, the force apparently knocking him into the river. His body was later found downstream.

BBC reporter Holly Jones, who was on the bridge at the time of the attack, said the van was "probably travelling at about 50 miles an hour".

"He swerved right round me and then hit about five or six people," she said.

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Media caption"He looked demented": The BBC's Holly Jones was in the path of the van driver on London Bridge

After crossing the bridge, the van crashed near the Barrowboy and Banker pub. Three men got out, armed with 12in (30cm) pink ceramic knives tied to their wrists, and ran towards Borough Market, slashing and stabbing people in their path.

Image copyright Met Police
Image caption The men attached blades to their wrists before the attack

Ambulances were called at 22:07 with police alerted at 22:08. Meanwhile, as the attackers moved through Borough Market, some people tried to fight them off by throwing crates, chairs and glasses.

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Media caption"Run, run, run, they're stabbing everyone": The eyewitness accounts

One witness to the attack, Gerard Vowls, told the BBC: "They were running up shouting, 'This is for Allah'. They stabbed this girl maybe 10 times, 15 times."

Image caption The exact route taken by the attackers is not clear but these are some of the locations where they are reported to have stabbed people

Police arriving on the scene started to evacuate the area or make sure nearby pubs were locked down to stop the men getting in. Four police officers were hurt.

A British Transport Police officer was seriously injured when he confronted the attackers outside London Bridge station armed only with his baton.

An off-duty Metropolitan Police officer was also seriously injured having rugby-tackled one of the attackers.

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Media caption"Get down" - police enter bar at London Bridge

The three men were seen attacking a man outside The Wheatsheaf pub on Stoney Street when armed police arrived at 22:16. They shot and killed all three men, who were wearing what turned out to be fake bomb vests.

The deputy chairwoman of the Independent Police Complaints Commission, Sarah Green, confirmed that 46 shots had been fired by eight police officers - three officers from City of London Police and five from the Metropolitan Police.

Image caption CCTV footage later emerged showing armed police shooting dead the three men who carried out the London Bridge and Borough Market attacks

A member of the public was also shot during the operation and was taken to hospital.

London Ambulance Service took more than 100 emergency calls about the incident.

The so-called Islamic State group later said it was behind the attack.

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Media captionWatch: How the attacks unfolded

The victims

Eight people were killed in the attack.

They have been named as 30-year-old Canadian national Chrissy Archibald, Australian Kirsty Boden, 28, Australian Sara Zelenak, 21, James McMullan, 32, from Hackney, London, French nationals 26-year-old Alexandre Pigeard, Xavier Thomas, 45, and chef Sebastien Belanger, 36, and Spanish national Ignacio Echeverria, 39.

Image caption Clockwise from top left: Chrissy Archibald, Sebastien Belanger, Kirsty Boden, Ignacio Echeverria, Sara Zelenak, Xavier Thomas, Alexandre Pigeard, James McMullan

Forty-eight people were injured.

London hospitals are continuing to treat 29 of the victims; 10 are said to be in a critical condition.

The attackers

Image caption Khuram Butt, Rachid Redouane and Youssef Zaghba carried out the London Bridge attacks

The three attackers have been named:

  • Khuram Shazad Butt, 27, a British citizen born in Pakistan
  • Rachid Redouane, 30, who had claimed to be Moroccan and Libyan
  • Youssef Zaghba, 22, a Moroccan-Italian man

Butt and Redouane - who also used the name Rachid Elkhdar - lived in Barking, east London, and Zaghba was from east London.

Butt worked in an administrative role for Auriga Holdings - which manages Kentucky Fried Chicken outlets - and he had also worked for London Underground for just under six months as a trainee customer services assistant, before leaving in October 2016.

The investigation has concluded that he was the ringleader, hiring and driving the van used in the attack.

Butt became known to the police and MI5 in the summer of 2015 and an investigation was opened into his behaviour after concerns reached counter-terrorism officers.

One man called the anti-terrorism hotline, while a woman went to the local police station because she was scared Butt was trying to radicalise her children.

However, the Met said there was no intelligence to suggest that this attack was being planned, meaning the investigation had been "prioritised accordingly".

Butt also once featured in a Channel 4 documentary about Islamist extremists with links to the jailed preacher Anjem Choudary and appeared arguing with police on the street.

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Media captionKhuram Butt was shown in a documentary about extremists

Redouane, who was a chef, was not known to police or security services.

Sources in Dublin said Redouane was understood to have been carrying an identification card issued in the Republic of Ireland when he was shot dead, the Press Association reported.

Irish Prime Minister Enda Kenny said he had not been a member of a "small group" being monitored by Irish police in respect of radicalisation.

Image copyright Gabriele Sciotto
Image caption Photographer Gabriele Sciotto's image from the attack appears to show a man with canisters around his waist

Zaghba had been placed on a watch list shared with many countries - including the UK, an Italian police source told the BBC.

In March 2016, Italian officers stopped him at Bologna airport and found IS-related materials on his mobile phone.

He was then stopped from continuing his journey to Istanbul.

The chief of Italian police has said he has a "clear conscience" over the actions his force took.

The Home Office has not commented on the case.

Police said the three men had tried to hire a seven-and-a-half tonne lorry to carry out the attack, but they had failed to provide payment details and the vehicle was not picked up.

This prompted them to use a smaller van from a DIY store instead.

In the back of the van police found wine bottles filled with flammable liquid with rags tied to their necks, along with blow torches to light the "Molotov cocktails".

The van also contained bags of building gravel and several chairs - possibly to suggest a reason for having hired it.

Police said one of the men arrested since the attacks had rented a house in Barking, east London, to use as a safe house.

It contained a copy of the Koran opened at a page describing martyrdom, along with equipment for making petrol bombs, plastic bottles and duct tape for constructing fake suicide bomb vests, and an ID card for Redouane.

Forensic work at this flat has determined that the three attackers worked alone, police said.

Image copyright Met Police
Image caption Attackers drove into people walking across London Bridge before stabbing others in nearby Borough Market

In total, 21 people have been arrested by police investigating the attack, 13 buildings have been searched and 282 witnesses in 19 countries have been questioned. Seven people remain in custody.

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