Battle of Flodden: 500th anniversary marked
- 9 September 2013
- From the section Tyne & Wear
Events are being held on both sides of the England-Scotland border to mark 500 years since the Battle of Flodden.
The battle between the English and Scots at Branxton, Northumberland, on 9 September 1513 left about 14,000 people - including King James IV - dead.
Monday's events include a battlefield walk to show where the action happened in real time 500 years ago.
Services were held at the Flodden Monument and Edinburgh's St Giles Cathedral earlier.
A further commemoration will be held at Branxton on Tuesday and will include symbols of peace and reconciliation,
Among the events leading up to the anniversary were a specially-commissioned flag being taken on a tour of towns in the Borders.
War graves bid
It started at the Branxton memorial and finished at Tweed Green in Coldstream, with small groups of riders from each town carrying the flag along the way.
Excavation work has been under way to find the remains of thousands of bodies buried on the Flodden battlefield in the hope the findings can be used to declare the burials as war graves.
Stirling Castle is marking the anniversary with an exhibition and visitor tours.
The National Records of Scotland, in Edinburgh, is putting documents on display, including the royal account books of James IV's reign that show his preparations for invading England.
There were an estimated 10,000 Scottish deaths in the battle, including the king and members of almost every noble family. About 4,000 English soldiers also lost their lives.