Landmark North Yorkshire fracking operation approved
The first fracking operation in England since a ban was lifted in 2012 has been approved.
North Yorkshire County Council considered a bid by Third Energy to extract shale gas at a site near Kirby Misperton in Ryedale.
The council's planning committee voted seven to four in favour.
A number of objections from people opposed to the plans were heard over the course of two days prior to the decision.
Boos and jeers
Supporters including landowners, farmers and Third Energy employees also had their say.
Fracking is the process of drilling down into the earth before a high-pressure water mixture is directed at rock to release the gas inside.
Opponents say it can cause water contamination, earthquakes and noise and traffic pollution.
Planners had recommended the Kirby Misperton plan was approved, but acknowledged the majority of representations received in consultation were objections.
Vicky Perkin, a council planning officer, told the committee that of 4,420 individual representations, just 36 were in support of the application.
But her report also said it should be noted there was a "national policy support for the development of a shale gas industry in this country and this is an important material consideration".
The result was met with boos and jeers from protesters who had gathered on the lawn outside County Hall during the two-day meeting.
Some campaigners chanted "We say no".
Immediately after the vote, North Yorkshire Police tweeted a warning to protesters.
It read: "Please be aware, the police will take action against unlawful behaviour linked to the #nyshale protest."
Rasik Valand, chief executive of Third Energy, said the approval meant the firm now had "a huge responsibility".
"We will have to deliver on our commitment, made to the committee and to the people of Ryedale, to undertake this operation safely and without impacting on the local environment," he said.
Campaign group Frack Off said: "These plans could pave the way for thousands of fracking wells to spread across Yorkshire and many other parts of the country if not stopped.
"Impacts, including pipelines, air pollution and waste disposal will spread far beyond the areas being drilled.
"Third Energy's plans in Ryedale are the thin end of a very large wedge."
No fracking has taken place in the UK since 2011, when tests on the Fylde coast were found to have been the probable cause of minor earthquakes in the area.
Since then, two high-profile applications to frack in Lancashire were rejected by councillors and are now the subject of appeals.
Third Energy wants to frack for shale gas using an existing two-mile deep well - called KM8 - drilled in 2013 close to the North York Moors National Park. It could start by the end of the year.
Andy Mortimer, the company's subsurface director, told the committee fracking at Kirby Misperton was "highly unlikely to cause any sort of earth tremor", describing the area as "seismically benign"
He said Third Energy would operate a safety system that would halt operations if a seismic event measuring above 0.5 on the Richter Scale occurred, adding that "trains cause seismic signals several orders of magnitude greater than our proposed threshold".
The firm already had licences to produce gas in North Yorkshire and offshore in the North Sea.
Dr Adam Marshall, acting director general of the British Chambers of Commerce, described the decision as a "much-needed victory for pragmatism, in the face of the serious energy security problems Britain faces".
He added: "Fracking has the potential to play a part in solving the UK's energy crunch, and create new energy-related jobs in many areas."
Greenpeace accused the government of having a "pro-fracking bias", which it said made the outcome inevitable.
Daisy Sands, head of the group's energy campaign said: "This isn't over and people will continue to raise their very valid concerns and keep fighting against fracking because it will industrialise the beautiful Yorkshire countryside and contribute to climate change."
The government has said it is going "all out for shale" to boost energy security and the economy.