Margaret Thatcher: Queen leads mourners at funeral

 
Baroness Thatcher's funeral

The Queen has led mourners in St Paul's Cathedral at the funeral of Baroness Thatcher, Britain's longest serving prime minister of modern times.

More than 2,000 guests from around the world paid their last respects at the biggest such occasion since the Queen Mother's funeral in 2002.

Thousands of members of the public and the armed forces lined the funeral procession route through London.

PM David Cameron said it was a "fitting tribute" to a major figure.

Four thousand police officers were on duty in central London but, despite concerns about demonstrations, only a small number of protesters voiced their opposition to Lady Thatcher's policies and there were no arrests.

Elsewhere, around the country:

The congregation at St Paul's included Lady Thatcher's family and all surviving British prime ministers Tony Blair, Gordon Brown and Sir John Major, the current cabinet and surviving members of Lady Thatcher's governments.

There were tears, and occasional laughter, as the Bishop of London, the Right Reverend Richard Chartres, paid tribute to Lady Thatcher's forthright character in a simple service, which, at her personal request, did not include any eulogies.

The coffin is carried on a gun carriage drawn by the King"s Troop Royal Artillery The coffin is carried on a gun carriage drawn by the King's Troop Royal Artillery
The coffin is carried on a gun carriage drawn by the King's Troop Royal Artillery Crowds watched in respectful silence as the procession began
The funeral service at St Paul's Cathedral begins with Baroness Thatcher's coffin being borne through the vast structure by eight military personnel Grandchildren Michael and Amanda Thatcher walk in front of the coffin
Former Prime Ministers Tony Blair, John Major and Prime Minister David Cameron attend the funeral service Prime Minister David Cameron sits with former PM's Tony Blair and John Major
An overhead view of the service An overhead view of the service
Mark Thatcher and his wife Sarah watch as the coffin of his mother is carried by military personnel outside St Paul's Cathedral after the funeral service Mark and Sarah Thatcher watch as the coffin of his mother leaves St Paul's
The Queen speaks to the Thatcher family. Lady Thatcher was the eighth prime minister during the Queen's reign. After the service the Queen spoke to the Thatcher family
People gather as they wait to pay their last respects t Earlier in the morning spectators began to take up their position
Gloria Martin, a supporter of former British prime minister Margaret Thatcher The majority of those on the route were clearly supporters
A member of the crowd holds up a sign A small number do not remember the former prime minister's rule so kindly
Spectators gather on the route to watch the funeral procession Some bought placards to express their view...
People take pictures Many took pictures as the coffin passed
The coffin is transferred to the hearse Lady Thatcher's coffin leaves the Palace of Westminster
The hearse carrying the coffin of former British prime minister Margaret Thatcher makes its way past Downing Street The hearse passes the gates of Downing Street

"After the storm of a life led in the heat of political controversy, there is a great calm," said Bishop Chartres.

"The storm of conflicting opinions centres on the Mrs Thatcher who became a symbolic figure - even an ism.

"Today the remains of the real Margaret Hilda Thatcher are here at her funeral service.

"Lying here, she is one of us, subject to the common destiny of all human beings."

Chancellor George Osborne appeared to wipe away a tear as the bishop reflected on Lady Thatcher's life.

'Beloved mother'

The day began with Lady Thatcher leaving Parliament for the last time as a hearse took her body from the crypt chapel of St Mary Undercroft in the Palace of Westminster to the start of the military procession at St Clement Danes in The Strand.

Scenes from the funeral of Baroness Thatcher

The union jack draped-coffin was topped with a large bunch of white flowers and a note, by Lady Thatcher's children Sir Mark and Carol, reading: "Beloved mother, always in our hearts."

A gun carriage drawn by six black horses carried the coffin through the streets to St Paul's, where the funeral service began with readings from the King James Bible by Mr Cameron and Lady Thatcher's 19-year-old granddaughter Amanda, and hymns chosen by the former prime minister.

Start Quote

Today's Conservative leadership have used this week to praise Lady Thatcher but also to bury the idea that all their party needs is a revival of her ideas and her style of leadership. ”

End Quote

The service ended with a blessing from the Archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby.

Lady Thatcher's coffin was borne out of the cathedral and returned to a hearse which took it to the Royal Hospital Chelsea and then to Mortlake Crematorium in south west London for a private cremation.

Lady Thatcher, who was Conservative Prime Minister from 1979 until 1990, died on 8 April, following a stroke, at the age of 87.

She was accorded a ceremonial funeral with military honours, one step down from a state funeral.

Speaking on BBC Radio 4's Today programme, Mr Cameron said it would have been seen as extraordinary not to commemorate her life.

Asked about those who wanted to challenge his view of Lady Thatcher, the prime minister said: "Of course people have the right to disagree and take a different view.

Guide to the bearer party

"But when you're mourning the passing of an 87-year-old woman who was the first woman prime minister, who served for longer in the job than anyone for 150 years I think it's appropriate to show respect."

There were more than 50 guests associated with the Falkland Islands, including veterans from the 1982 conflict with Argentina, but Argentina's ambassador to London, Alicia Castro declined an invitation to attend.

Alan Southern, a former member of the Parachute Regiment who fought in the Falklands War, said: "Lady Thatcher was an absolutely wonderful lady. She loved the armed forces and she did so much for the country, she put the 'great' back in Great Britain."

In total, two current heads of state, 11 serving prime ministers and 17 serving foreign ministers from around the world attended.

Notable absences were former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, who could not attend because of ill health, and former US first lady Nancy Reagan, who was also unable to come.

Six police forces from outside London sent specialist officers to help with escorting foreign dignitaries.

There were union jacks on display, as well as flags from the US, Canada, Scotland, Poland and the Falkland Islands.

St Paul's has published a full funeral order of service.

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Westminster

  • The funeral procession will set out from the Palace of Westminster with Baroness Thatcher's body carried in a hearse for the first part of the journey. The coffin will be trasferred to a gun carriage at the church of St Clement Danes on the Strand.

  • Baroness Thatcher's body will lie overnight in the Chapel of St Mary Undercroft which is found beneath St Stephen's Hall at the Palace of Westminster.

St Clement Danes

St Clement Danes

At the RAF Chapel at the church of St Clement Danes on the Strand, Baroness Thatcher's coffin will be borne in procession to St Paul's Cathedral on a gun carriage drawn by six horses of the King's Troop Royal Horse Artillery.

St Paul's Cathedral

  • There will be a Guard of Honour outside St Paul's as the coffin is transferred into the Cathedral by service personnel from regiments and ships closely associated with the Falklands campaign.

  • The ceremony in St Paul's Cathedral will be attended by the Queen and Duke of Edinburgh, family and friends of Baroness Thatcher, members of her cabinets and dignitaries from around the world.

Downing Street

  • The funeral passes Downing Street, which is found on the left of the route along Whitehall.

  • Baroness Thatcher was resident at Number 10 for more than ten years following her General Election victory in 1979.

Ceremonial procession

Once the procession leaves St Clement Danes, the route to St Paul's along Fleet Street and Ludgate Hill will be lined by more than 700 armed forces personnel from the Royal Navy and Royal Marines, F Company Scots Guards, 1st Battalion Welsh Guards, and the Royal Air Force.

 

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