European Commission urges UK to tax expensive homes more

Houses The European Commission described Britain's council tax system as "regressive"

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The European Commission has called on the UK to raise taxes on higher value properties, build more houses and adjust the Help to Buy scheme.

In a review of UK economic policies, it said council tax bands should be revalued and action taken to address "rapid" house price rises in London.

The intervention has angered Tory MPs.

Lib Dem Business Secretary Vince Cable said the UK had a "problem" with house price inflation but "we don't need the EU to tell us what's going on here".

Each year the commission, the EU's executive body, offers member states advice intended to help ensure the continent's long-term growth.

In a statement, the commission said its recommendations were "not a diktat" but there was a "limit to how much... can be achieved through spending cuts alone".

It said it was suggesting how the UK could raise new revenue "in a fair and efficient way, which does not hamper competitiveness or increase poverty".

The commission added: "We are suggesting adjustments that would make the council tax system fairer for homeowners and more efficient in terms of government revenues."

The intervention came as there were continued signs of UK house price growth - in its latest update, the Nationwide said house prices rose at their fastest rate in seven years last month but there were signs that the market may be "starting to moderate".

'Price increases'

On housing, the commission urged ministers to "deploy appropriate measures to respond to the rapid increases in property prices in areas that account for a substantial share of economic growth in the United Kingdom, particularly London".

Norman Smith explains why EU advice is adding to tensions with UK

Some housing experts have expressed concerns that Help to Buy, which was announced in the 2013 Budget, has contributed to double-digit price rises seen in London and other property hotspots over the past year.

The three-year scheme is designed to help people who can afford to meet monthly mortgage repayments but cannot raise a large enough deposit to get on the housing ladder.

Figures released last week showed that 94% of the 7,313 home purchases funded through Help To Buy so far were outside London, while more than 80% of those assisted were first-time buyers.

Hew home being built The commission acknowledges the UK has acted to tackle housing demand and supply

But in its review, the commission said the Bank of England should "continue to monitor house prices and mortgage indebtedness and stand ready to deploy appropriate measures, including adjusting the Help to Buy 2 (loan guarantee) scheme, if deemed necessary".

As well as increasing the supply of new homes, the commission said reforms to the taxation of land and property should be considered "to alleviate distortions in the housing market".

"At the moment, increasing property values are not translated into higher property taxes as the property value roll has not been updated since 1991," it said.

"Taxes on higher value property are lower than on lower value property in relative terms due to the regressivity of the current rates and bands within the council tax system."

George Osborne and David Cameron Ministers say strong growth figures show their economic plan is working

The commission praised the UK for extending childcare provision, changing benefit rules and providing more incentives to work but said more should be done on apprenticeships and skills.

"With these recommendations, the commission is pointing the way forward," commission President Jose Manuel Barroso said.

"We believe that member states must now play their part in seeing these reforms through, even if we know that sometimes they are politically unpopular," he said.

The BBC News Channel's chief political correspondent Norman Smith said David Cameron and George Osborne were likely to be "quietly fuming" at the wide-ranging critique of government policies at a time ministers were presenting the economic recovery as a success story.

Aside from the idea that the UK must build more houses, which the government accepts, the rest of the advice was likely "to end up in the bin", he added.

Norman Smith said many Tory backbenchers were already "spoiling for a fight" over Europe and this was likely to make matters worse at a time when the UK was involved in a stand-off over who should lead the commission.


Douglas Carswell, the MP for Clacton, told The Times that an unelected group of officials could not tell the UK how to spend its money while colleague Dominic Raab said the chancellor should treat the Commission's advice as "spam when it arrives in his inbox".

Start Quote

In London, average incomes are not rising at anything like the rate that house prices are going up. If that continues, academics say there could be significant social implications.”

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Asked for his reaction, Mr Cable said annual house price rises of more than 10% were an obstacle for many young people's hopes of owning their own home.

"We can see the evidence in front of us, we don't need the European Union to tell us what's going on here," he said.

"We clearly do have a problem, we are not building enough houses and this is reflected in housing inflation and there are lots of things we've got to do to solve that problem."

Lord Turner, former head of the Financial Services Authority, told BBC Radio 4's Today programme that some "legitimate issues" had been raised about tax on housing.

"I'm amazed how little I pay on my house in Kensington compared with what somebody pays with a house worth a very small fraction of that in the north of England," he said. "I'm not sure that is a fair system."

A Treasury spokesman defended Help to Buy as an "aspirational" policy which was helping thousands of people to finally realise the dream of home ownership.

He added: "We are the first to say we must be vigilant and not repeat the mistakes of the past which is why we specifically gave the Bank of England powers to intervene in the housing market.

"They should not hesitate to use them if they see fit."


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  • rate this

    Comment number 614.

    562.Alan of Sydney

    Why should I have to sell up and move to a cheaper house, I've already paid taxes and bought the one I'm in? I've worked my entire life and done without other things so I can be comfortable in my old age, not so I can grow old worrying about how to fund increased counsil tax from my meagre pension.

  • rate this

    Comment number 579.

    Supply and demand. If everybody wanted to live in Poland, then house prices would be higher there. The problem is the lack of popularity with some EU states as they can't seem to create jobs or get people to stay and live there. The Eu should be addressing these failings first, not be worrying about countries like the the UK that give billions to the EU.

  • rate this

    Comment number 572.

    I live in a house bought for much less than it is now worth. It used to be one of the larger properties in the street but many of my neighbours have considerably extended their homes which are now an awful lot bigger and more luxurious than mine yet I pay more council tax. Revaluing a property for council tax purposes doesn't occur until the place is sold which may be twenty years later. Unfair!

  • rate this

    Comment number 402.

    What's regressive about council tax is the link to property value. It's supposed to be a contribution for local services such as rubbish collection! Like many on the liberal left it seems to be a target for revenue generation from those the left deems to be 'the haves' & therefore 'fair game' for unfair taxation. Many pensioners are asset rich & income poor after Labours decimation of pensions!

  • rate this

    Comment number 354.

    What evaluators have to remember is that home owners may have been resident for many many years during which the value of the home may have increased significantly over the cost and any improvements made. By raising tax bills some may be forced to move out, particularly those in retirement. Is this really fair?


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