Bill-by-bill guide to Queen's Speech

The Queen announcing the government's programme

The government has announced its legislative agenda for the year ahead, in the Queen's Speech. There are 11 bills to be presented to Parliament over the next year and three that have been published in draft form for pre-legislative scrutiny.

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Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Bill (England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland)

Man drinking pint of beer

Small firms will be given fair access to government and other public sector procurement. A register of beneficial ownership will outline who owns and controls British companies. There will be tougher penalties for firms flouting minimum wage rules and "abusing" zero hours contracts. A new statutory code for pub tenancies will be created, with an adjudicator to rule on disputes between publicans and pub owners. Childcare regulations will be made more flexible. Highly paid public sector workers will be prevented from claiming redundancy and returning to the same line of work within 12 months.

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National Insurance Contributions Bill (England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland)

Supermarket till

The way national insurance contributions are collected from the self-employed will be simplified. Revenue and Customs will be given new powers to enforce payments in tax avoidance cases. Targeted anti-avoidance rules will be introduced to determine whether arrangements are designed to avoid or minimise national insurance payments.

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Infrastructure Bill (Mostly England)

Section of the M25

The Highways Agency will be turned from an executive agency into a government-owned company, with a shake-up of its funding. The process of applying for a development consent order (DCO) for building projects of national significance will be simplified and speeded up. The Homes and Communities Agency will be able to assume control of land directly from other government quangos. Subject to the outcome of a consultation, developers will be able to run shale gas pipelines under people's land without their permission. Energy firms will have to pay a levy to fund a beefed-up market regulator. A new "super agency" for the North Sea will be set up. Construction firms will be able to "offset" the carbon emissions of new homes after they have been built, to meet zero carbon standards due from 2016.

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Pension Tax Bill (England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland)

Residential home

People aged 55 and over with defined contribution pensions will be able to withdraw their savings as they wish, subject to marginal rates of income tax and scheme rules. No-one will be required to buy a guaranteed lifetime annuity with their pension pot and all other existing restrictions on accessing entitlements will be lifted. New measures will be introduced to prevent exploitation for tax purposes.

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Private Pensions Bill (England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland)

Commuters in London

New "defined ambition" collective pension schemes will be launched as an alternative to other existing options. This would allow thousands of people to pay into the same scheme and share the risk. All those approaching retirement who have defined contribution pensions will be entitled to guidance. Pending the outcome of a consultation, the government will have the power to ban people transferring out of private and unfunded public defined benefit schemes.

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Childcare Payments Bill (England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland)

Man playing with his daughter

A new tax-free childcare subsidy worth up to £2,000 a year per child will be introduced in the autumn of 2015. All parents with children under the age of 12 will be eligible, if they are in paid work and earn less than £150,000 a year. For every £8 paid by parents towards the cost of childcare, the state will provide a £2 top-up. The existing employer-supported childcare scheme will be repealed.

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Modern Slavery Bill (England and Wales)

Demo outside parliament on Anti-slavery Day 2013

Existing criminal offences relating to slavery will be consolidated into one piece of legislation. Those convicted of the most serious offences, including trafficking, could get life sentences while others will be subject to restrictions on their movements and activities. The courts will be able to order offenders to compensate their victims, and powers on asset confiscation will be strengthened. An anti-slavery commissioner will be established to coordinate the response of law-enforcement agencies. Victims of slavery who are forced to commit an offence will not be treated as criminals. It will be made easier for the authorities to act when they suspect criminal activities are taking place on board vessels at sea.

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Social Action, Responsibility and Heroism Bill (England and Wales)

Christopher Reeve playing Superman in the 1978 film

People who are sued after intervening in emergencies or acting to protect the safety of others will have new legal defences. When considering negligence and breach of duty cases, courts will have to consider the "wider context" of defendants' actions, including whether they behaved responsibly and "for the benefit of society" or had taken "heroic action" to help people in danger with no regard to their own safety.

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Service Complaints Bill (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland)

Cadet officers at Sandhurst in 2011

The commissioner who investigates complaints against members of the armed forces will be given added powers. A revamped ombudsman will be able to look into whether grievances have been handled properly and to be able to overturn a decision to exclude a complaint. They will also be able to recommend actions to the authorities. New powers will allow charitable donations to continue to be made to organisations supporting the armed forces in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

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Serious Crime Bill (England and Wales - with certain provisions elsewhere)

Police officer

The laws on recovering criminal assets will be strengthened. The scope of serious crime prevention orders will be extended. A new offence of knowingly participating in an organised crime group will be created. The possession of "paedophilic manuals" will be made a criminal offence. There will be tougher sentences for cybercriminals and those disabling computer systems. A new offence of causing psychological harm to children through parental neglect will be created. Habitual as well as permanent residents of the UK will be liable for prosecution for female genital mutilation. Those suspected of attending terrorist training camps abroad, such as in Syria, and other acts preparatory to terrorism will be liable for prosecution in the UK.

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Recall of MPs Bill (UK-wide)

House of Commons

Voters will be able to trigger a by-election where an MP has committed serious wrongdoing and 10% of their registered constituents have signed a petition over an eight-week period. The "recall" process would be triggered if an MP is convicted of an offence and receives a custodial sentence of less than 12 months and when the Commons agrees to such a process.

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Draft Governance of National Parks (England) and the Broads Bill (England only)

Sailing boat on Norfolk Broads

It would allow direct elections to be held for key positions in England's 10 National Park Authorities and the Broads Authority, which manages the Norfolk and Suffolk Broads. It would enable parish councils to choose their representatives on the authorities from a wider group of candidates.

Draft Riot (Damages) Act Bill (England and Wales only)

Rioting in Liverpool in 2011

The system for compensating individuals and businesses that have been victims of criminal damage and financial loss as a result of riots would be modernised. Subject to consultation, damage to vehicles would be covered, but there would be a cap on payments to very large businesses and their insurers. It would establish a riot-claims bureau.

Draft Protection of Charities Bill (England and Wales)

Charity collecting box

Subject to the outcome of a consultation, the powers of the Charity Commission would be strengthened to tackle those abusing the rules and presenting a "known risk".

In addition, six bills are being carried over from the 2013-4 parliamentary session. They are:

  • Consumer Rights
  • Criminal Justice and Courts
  • Deregulation
  • Finance
  • High Speed Rail (London to West Midlands)
  • Wales

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    07:07: Funeral film BBC Radio 4

    The TV pictures of Sir Winston Churchill's funeral remain "compelling viewing" 50 years on, James Rowland from BBC Archive says. There was a "little bit of damage" on the original film and dirt that had to be cleaned off, he tells Radio 4's Today, prior to its rebroadcast on BBC Parliament today. He reflects on the fairly rudimentary camerawork used in 1965, compared to today's standards, remarking that the pictures seem "slightly twitchy".

     
  2.  
    07:06: Churchill event timings

    Here are some of the 50th anniversary timings if you want to plan your day:

    • The Houses of Parliament will host a remembrance service and wreath-laying ceremony at 09:00 GMT
    • BBC Parliament is re-broadcasting the state funeral, which runs for a little over four hours, at 09:15 GMT.
    • Tower Bridge will be raised at 12:45 GMT as the Havengore repeats its 1965 journey from the Tower of London to Westminster
    • Westminster Abbey will host a ceremony from 18:00 GMT, with flowers laid at the green marble stone placed there in memorial to Churchill.
     
  3.  
    06:58: Churchill anniversary
    The Havengore carrying Sir Winston Churchill's coffiin along the Thames

    A bit more about what's happening in London later to mark the 50th anniversary of the state funeral of Sir Winston Churchill. The Houses of Parliament and Westminster Abbey will both host remembrance services, and there'll be a ceremony recreating the flotilla which carried Churchill's coffin along the Thames from the Tower of London to Westminster Pier. Members of Churchill's family will travel along the Thames on the Havengore, which carried his coffin 50 years ago.

     
  4.  
    06:51: 'Three parent baby law'
    Daily Telegraph

    And the Daily Telegraph's lead is on concern from the Church of England that legislation is being rushed through to allow children to be born with three genetic "parents". The technique - mitrochondrial DNA transfer - is being promoted as a way to combat a series of inherited medical conditions.

     
  5.  
    06:45: 'Religious slaughter of animals'
    The Times

    Meanwhile, the Times leads on a big rise in the number of food animals slaughtered without stunning. The British Veterinary Association - which wants the practice banned from Britain - says the number of animals killed in this way has risen by 60%. The paper says this is because of campaigning by Muslims for traditional slaughter methods.

     
  6.  
    06:41: 'Migrant voting power'
    The i

    Migration is the focus of the i newspaper. It says immigrants could decide the result in 70 marginal seats, and Conservatives fear "migrant voting power" could cost them the election.

     
  7.  
    06:36: 'Gas bill rip-off'
    Daily Express

    It's a "gas bill rip-off" for the Daily Express, which says figures show the big six energy suppliers are enjoying bumper profits, as temperatures plummet. The paper says the big firms will pocket an extra £114 per household in the coming year.

     
  8.  
    06:34: The newspapers
    The Guardian

    A quick look at what's making the headlines in the newspapers. Energy prices take a prominent place in a few, with the Guardian saying real take-home pay is less now than it was in 2001, according to research by the Institute for Fiscal Studies. Men and young workers have noticed the greatest fall in spending power, the paper adds.

     
  9.  
    06:28: Missed Newsnight and This Week?

    Don't worry if you weren't glued to your telly seven hours ago - you can catch up with the full editions of Question Time and This Week by clicking on the 'Live Coverage' tab on this page.

     
  10.  
    06:24: Cameron tribute to Churchill
    Winston Churchill statue outside parliament

    Last night Downing Street released the text of the message on the wreath David Cameron will lay at the statue of Winston Churchill, which stands just outside the Commons chamber. The PM has written: "Britain was so incredibly fortunate that in our hour of greatest need there came forward one of our greatest ever statesmen. 50 years on the light has not dimmed. David Cameron."

     
  11.  
    06:22: Churchill anniversary
    Richard Dimbleby Richard Dimbleby commentating on Sir Winston Churchill's state funeral for the BBC

    Fifty years to the day, BBC Parliament is re-broadcasting the state funeral of the UK's wartime leader Sir Winston Churchill. Introduced by Sir Winston's grandson, Sir Nicholas Soames, the historic broadcast runs for a little over four hours. Fourteen reels of film, complete with impeccable commentary by Richard Dimbleby, have been restored, joined and re-mastered. The showing starts at 09:15 GMT.

     
  12.  
    06:20: Good morning Alex Hunt Politics editor, BBC News Online

    Hello and welcome to a fresh day's coverage of political developments ahead of the 7 May General Election - yes there's just 97 days to go now. You'll be able to listen or watch all the BBC's political output today on this page and we'll be bringing you all the best clips, quotes, analysis, reaction and breaking political news throughout the day. If you want to see what to expect, here's yesterday's campaign countdown.

     

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