21 November 2012
Last updated at 22:06
The life of one of Scotland's most famous explorers is being marked in an exhibition at the National Museums of Scotland in Edinburgh, which opens on Friday and runs to 6 April. The exhibition raises the curtain on a year of commemorative events and activities marking the 200th anniversary of David Livingstone's birth on 19 March 2013. This silver medal was cast in 1873 to commemorate the death of Livingstone in Zambia.
David Livingstone was born in Blantyre, Lanarkshire, in 1813. He worked in a cotton mill from the age of 10, before becoming a Christian missionary in his mid-twenties. This photograph by Thomas Annan was taken in 1864. Small photographs on card, of prominent people, became enormously popular and were collected and traded amongst friends.
Livingstone was invited to give many speeches about his journeys through Africa. This watercolour by William Simpson captures Livingstone addressing an audience at the City Hall in Glasgow as he was presented with the Freedom of the City in 1857.
This is one of a number of secure trunks packed with stores, supplies and equipment that Livingstone needed on his journeys across Africa.
This bible, in several languages was Mary Moffat’s wedding gift to her husband. The inscription inside reads: "To David Livingstone from his affectionate Mary. Jan 9th 1845".
This board game was manufactured in 1920 by Chad Valley Co. Ltd for the United Council for Missionary Education. Livingstone has continued to be celebrated and remembered in both Britain and Africa.
Livingstone closely studied the effects of malaria on children. As a treatment, he developed his 'Rousers', a formula which included quinine, jalap, calomel and rhubarb.
Livingstone drew this sketch of a Sanjika fish in about 1868. Many new species of fish were found in Lake Nyassa, now Lake Malawi.
Livingstone completely lost contact with the outside world for six years. The famous phrase 'Dr Livingstone, I presume?' is attributed to explorer Henry Morton Stanley, who found the Scot near Lake Tanganyika in 1871. This bag contained Livingstone's last journals and was given to Stanley to take back to London. Stanley himself wrote 'Positively' on it. After Livingstone's death, the bag was opened and the journals edited by his friend Reverend Horace Waller as "Last Journals".
This bowl was given to Chief Sechele by Livingstone in about 1852. Chief Sechele became a friend and Livingstone's only Christian convert in South Africa.
This weaving loom was collected by Livingstone among the Mang'anja people in Mozambique or Malawi and presented to what is now the National Museum of Scotland in 1861. The exhibition, Dr Livingstone, I presume?', will run at the National Museums of Edinburgh until 6 April.