Scots coffee 'stronger' than Italy and Spain

coffee Coffee served in Glasgow is stronger than in Italy and Spain

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Coffee served in Glasgow is stronger than brews in Italy and Spain, according to new research.

Researchers in all three countries said their findings had implications for people who needed to watch their caffeine intake.

They said counting how many cups you drank could not be used to measure how much caffeine you were consuming.

Caffeine can reduce fatigue and some disease symptoms but it can also induce anxiety.

Earlier research by the University of Glasgow had found wide variations in caffeine levels in the city's west end cafes.

Now they have joined scientists in Parma and Pamplona, testing more than 100 espressos - and some cappuccinos and instant coffees.

Daily limits

Writing in the journal Food and Function, they said some Glaswegian brews were the strongest.

They warned regular coffee drinkers could exceed their daily recommended caffeine limit without knowing it.

The research said coffee in Scotland usually used more heavily-roasted beans and the serving sizes were larger.

The amount of caffeine per serving of an espresso in Scotland ranged from 72mg to 212mg.

This compared to a range of 73mg to 135mg per serving for Italian espressos and 97mg to 127mg in Spain.

The caffeine content of cappuccinos purchased in Scotland varied from 101mg to 275mg per cup.

Pregnant women are advised not to have more than 200mg of caffeine per day.

Researchers recommended "readily available information on bean variety and caffeine levels".

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Scotland Decides: NO needs 517,554 votes to win

  1. No 1,305,388
  2. Yes 1,102,788
After 24 of 32 counts Results in detail

Referendum Live

  1.  
    04:59: SCOTTISH BORDERS

    "No" wins by 55,553 to 27,906.

    That's 67% for "No" and 33% for "Yes".

    Total votes 83,459. Turnout 87.4%.

     
  2.  
    Tweet @bbcscotlandnews 04:59: Get involved

    Tom [Positive Lad] tweets: Glasgow was a LOT closer than anyone thought. Low turn out too. That's not good for SNP / YES. #indyref

    Felicity tweets: Why such a comparatively low turn-out in the city where it could have made such a difference? People terrified of their influence? #indyref

     
  3.  
    04:58: Ingliston chat Andrew Black Political reporter, BBC Scotland

    The chat on the ground at Ingliston is that Alex Salmond isn't putting in an appearance at the national counting centre. However, "Yes" supporters here are feeling more upbeat after the Glasgow win.

     
  4.  
    04:56: Before the heartbreak

    An upbeat Tommy Sheridan was sure on Sunday that the "Yes" campaign would triumph in the Scottish independence referendum.

    Tommy Sheridan Tommy Sheridan speaking on the BBC's Sunday Politics to presenter Andrew Neil

    He told BBC presenter of the Sunday Politics show, Andrew Neil, how confident he was.

    When Neil put it to him that his side was going to lose, former socialist MSP Mr Sheridan said: "You have got to be kidding, is this the face of someone who is looking to lose - we will win 60%-40%."

     
  5.  
    04:55: Yes Glasgow Tim Reid Political correspondent, BBC News

    tweets: Glasgow votes a massive yes to independence

     
  6.  
    04:54: GLASGOW RESULT

    "Yes" wins by 194,779 to 169,347.

    That's 53.5% for "Yes" and 46.5% for "No".

    Total votes 364,664. Turnout 75%.

     
  7.  
    04:54: Scotland 'divided'

    Lib Dem MP and former Scottish Secretary Michael Moore tells the BBC that "Scotland is divided", adding: "We're going to have a job of work to get things healed afterwards".

     
  8.  
    04:52: 'Yes' victory possible? James Cook Scotland Correspondent, BBC News

    tweets: Just asked very senior figure in yes campaign, "Can you still win?" The answer. "No." #indyref #Scotland

     
  9.  
    04:52: Analysis Brian Taylor Political editor, Scotland

    Perth and Kinross is the patch of John Swinney, Annabel Ewing and Roseanna Cunningham of the SNP. They will be disappointed with that.

     
  10.  
    04:51: 'High spirits' Andrew Black Political reporter, BBC Scotland

    The "No" camp at the Ingliston national counting centre is in very high spirits now.

    They've gathered out on a balcony just inside the front entrance, their cheers growing louder as each local authority is declared for the pro-Union side.

     
  11.  
    04:49: PERTH AND KINROSS RESULT

    "No" wins by 62,714 to 41,475.

    That's 60% for "No" and 40% for "Yes".

    Total votes 104,285. Turnout 86.9%

     
  12.  
    04:49: SOUTH LANARKSHIRE RESULT

    "No" wins by 121,800 votes to 100,990.

    That's 55% for "No" and 45% for "Yes".

    Total votes 222,790. Turnout 85.3%.

     
  13.  
    04:47: NORTH LANARKSHIRE RESULT

    "Yes" wins by 115,783 to 110,922.

    That's 51.1% for "Yes" and 48.9% for "No".

    Total votes counted 226,883. Turnout 84.4%.

     
  14.  
    04:46: South Ayrshire count Alasdair Lamont BBC Scotland

    Word that the declaration in Ayr is about 10 minutes away.

     
  15.  
    04:45: Flurry of excitement Andrew Black Political reporter, BBC Scotland

    There was a flurry of excitement just then, as news of First Minister Alex Salmond's arrival at the Ingliston national count centre spread like wildfire through the media section.

    But it was not to be. We are expecting him to turn up at some point, though.

     
  16.  
    04:43: 'Broken-hearted'

    Former Socialist MSP Tommy Sheridan, who has been campaigning for a "Yes" vote, told BBC Scotland: "It is not looking good to be honest. I am feeling almost broken-hearted.

    "I feel that the British establishment has mobilised the big guns, they have mobilised the bankers, they have mobilised the billionaires, they have mobilised the supermarkets, they have all been corralled into Number 10 and told to get out there and frighten people and I think that people have been frightened."

    tommy sheridan
     
  17.  
    04:43: Vote share so far

    The percentage tally so far, with 17 out of 32 local authority areas declared, is 56% for "No" versus 44% for "Yes".

     
  18.  
    04:42: Scottish Borders count Morag Kinniburgh BBC News Scotland

    Scottish Borders declaration is due in 10-15 minutes.

     
  19.  
    04:38: EAST DUNBARTONSHIRE RESULT

    "No" wins by 48,314 votes to 30,324.

    That's 61% for "No" and 39% for "Yes".

    Total votes 78,938. Turnout 90.9%.

     
  20.  
    04:39: Inverclyde analysis Sally McNair Reporter, BBC Scotland

    Inverclyde was always going to be a close call. Labour MP Iain McKenzie said it could come down to a handful of votes: in the event it came down to 86 votes in favour of a "No" vote.

    The result was declared to a hushed crowd here. This was predicted to be a significant count. In a traditional Labour stronghold, which has seen the Labour vote slipping, could the "Yes" campaign persuade enough Labour voters to give Labour a bloody nose? And would the result here be mirrored across the country?

    Both sides say they fought hard for every last vote. The "Yes" campaign were very confident earlier in the week, even earlier in the evening. They are hugely disappointed but the SNP group leader on Inverclyde Council, Chris McEleny refused to be downcast. He said having come from so far behind at one stage in the long campaign, to finish up with 49.9% of the vote was a remarkable achievement.

     
  21.  
    04:37: EAST RENFREWSHIRE RESULT

    "No" wins by 41,690 to 24,287.

    That is 67% for "No" and 33% for "Yes".

    Total votes 66,021. Turnout 90.4%.

     
  22.  
    04:35: Stirling count Reevel Alderson Home affairs correspondent, BBC Scotland

    Just 12 minutes after the Stirling result was declared, the Albert Halls are cleared of boxes, counters and campaigners. Click here for updates on Stirling.

    Stirling
     
  23.  
    04:35: Recap

    Half of Scotland's local authorities have now declared their results.

    The pro-Union "No" campaign is currently in the lead.

     
  24.  
    04:34: ABERDEEN RESULT

    "No" wins by 84,220 to 59,390.

    That's 59% for "No" and 41% for "Yes"

    Total votes cast 143,664. Turnout 81.7%

     
  25.  
    04:34: DUMFRIES & GALLOWAY RESULT

    "No" wins by 70,039 votes to 36,614.

    That's 66% for "No" and 34% for "Yes".

    Total votes cast 106,653 - a turnout of 87.4%.

     
  26.  
    Tweet @bbcscotlandnews 04:33: Get involved

    Nearly 79,000 tweets about the Referendum between 03:00 and 04:00 - up by 2%.

    Top tweet in the last hour came from Comedian Kevin Bridges: "Haven't forced myself to stay up this late since Summerslam '97.. #indyref" retweeted over 800 times.

    The most shared photo is of a glum-looking Alex Salmond in the back of a car bound for Aberdeen Airport.

    The most shared video is of reaction in New York to the close result from Inverclyde, described as "bewildered semi-pandemonium."

    You can join the conversation by using #indyref, tweet @BBCPolitics or go to the BBC News Facebook page.

     
  27.  
    @BBCTrending 04:32: BBC Trending

    BBC Trending tweets: #ScotlandDecides is a global topic on social media, and has been trending in France whilst Scotland (Шотландии) is trending in Russia

     
  28.  
    04:29: Fife turnout Simon Dedman, BBC Scotland News

    Fife's official turnout is 84.1% with 254,163 votes cast.

     
  29.  
    04:28: ANGUS RESULT

    "No" wins by 45,192 to 35,044.

    That's a share of 56% for "No" to 44% for "Yes"

    Total votes cast was 80,302. Turnout 85.7%.

     
  30.  
    04:28: Perth & Kinross Suzanne Allan BBC Scotland

    Perth and Kinross has been such a well behaved count that the police have a few minutes to sit down.

    Police in Perth
     
  31.  
    04:26: Falkirk vote John Curtice Professor of politics at Strathclyde University

    This is somewhere where the "Yes" side will need to be ahead in order to win the referendum.

    The fact that the "No" side have won here, albeit with no more than 53.5% of the vote, is a further straw in the wind that the "No" side have won.

     
  32.  
    04:26: Salmond's arrival imminent

    There is a big crowd in Edinburgh awaiting First Minister Alex Salmond's arrival. He's expected at Ingliston any minute now.

    Edinburgh
     
  33.  
    04:26: More analysis

    Prof Charlie Jeffrey of the University of Edinburgh said: "Midlothian was always going to be tough territory for the Yes side. It does not have the characteristics that we would expect to benefit "Yes".

    "What has been interesting is the declarations around Glasgow which have not followed a particular pattern.

    "We have seen Inverclyde vote against, we saw Renfrewshire vote quite strongly against but West Dunbartonshire for.

    "We expected these local authority areas to have very similar patterns. They are not being similar. It is very tough to explain exactly why one is voting one and another a different way."

     
  34.  
    04:25: Stirling vote John Curtice Professor of politics at Strathclyde University

    This was not somewhere we expected the "Yes" side to do particularly well but the "No" success of winning by 60% to 40% is further evidence that the "No" side are going to win this referendum.

     
  35.  
    04:24: Falkirk troubles

    "We've had our troubles in Falkirk," Scottish Labour leader Johann Lamont tells the BBC. She describes the "No" win as "a really interesting result".

     
  36.  
    04:23: East Lothian analysis John Curtice Professor of politics at Strathclyde University

    This is not somewhere we expected the "Yes" campaign to do particularly well. It is a relatively middle class part of Scotland in which the SNP are not particularly strong. But at 38% the "Yes" share of the vote is towards the lower end of expectations.

     
  37.  
    04:23: Better Together 'proud' Eleanor Bradford BBC Scotland Health Correspondent

    Blair McDougall tells Better Together campaigners he remains 'hopeful' based on the data crunching being done by their analysts and that they can be "proud for the rest of their lives".

     
  38.  
    04:22: FALKIRK RESULT

    "No" wins by 58,030 votes to 50,489.

    That is 53% for "No" and 47% for "Yes".

    The total number of votes was 108,626 - a turnout of 88.7%.

     
  39.  
    04:22: Recap

    For those who have just joined us, 11 of Scotland's 32 local authorities have now declared their results.

    Of these, nine have voted "No" and two "Yes".

    The campaign to keep Scotland in the UK is ahead in the vote share.

     
  40.  
    04:19: Falkirk count Fiona Walker BBC Scotland

    Falkirk declaration imminent.

     
  41.  
    04:19: EAST LOTHIAN RESULT

    "No" wins by 44,283 to 27,467.

    That is 62% "Yes" to 38% "No".

    Total votes were 71,798 - a turnout of 87.6%.

     
  42.  
    04:19: STIRLING RESULT

    "No" wins by 37,153 to 25,010.

    That is 60% for "No" and 40% for "Yes".

    Total votes cast was 62,225. Turnout 90.1%.

     
  43.  
    04:14: East Dunbartonshire count

    "Yes" spirits are better here ahead of the East Dunbartonshire results.

    East Dunbartonshire
     
  44.  
    04:13: MIDLOTHIAN RESULT

    "No" wins by 33,972 to 26,370.

    That's 56% for "No" and 44% for "Yes".

    Total votes cast was 60,395. Turnout 86.7%.

     
  45.  
    04:11: Midlothian count

    Result at Midlothian count coming now...

    Midlothian
     
  46.  
    04:10: East Lothian count Kheredine Idessane BBC Scotland

    This is the scene at the Corn Exchange, with the declaration minutes away. We're expecting a big "No" vote, possibly 60 or 61 per cent against independence.

    East Lothian
     
  47.  
    04:10: WEST DUNBARTONSHIRE RESULT

    "Yes" wins by 33,720 votes to 28,776.

    That is 54% for "Yes" and 46% for "No".

    Total votes cast were 62,532, a 87.9% turnout.

     
  48.  
    Tweet @bbcscotlandnews 04:09: Join the conversation

    Donaldo tweets: We all knew dundee was gonna be 'yes' but 57% is low compared to all the 'polls', when dundee were around 80% #indyref

    AC tweets: Love Dundee, showed true bottle. As for where I'm from Renfrewshire, disgusted but hardly surprised.

     
  49.  
    04:08: Question 'dealt with' Ross Hawkins Political correspondent, BBC News

    tweets: Stewart Maxwell SNP: If it's a no then indy q dealt with, then priority becomes as much and as many powers as we can to Scotland

     
  50.  
    04:07: Stirling count Reevel Alderson Home affairs correspondent, BBC Scotland

    Better Together supporters in Stirling are hugging each other in congratulation as we await an imminent declaration.

     
  51.  
    04:06: Renfrewshire win

    Supporters celebrate a "No" victory in Renfrewshire.

    "No" celebrates
     
  52.  
  53.  
    04:05: Alex Salmond in Edinburgh David Miller BBC Scotland

    First Minister Alex Salmond's plane landed at Edinburgh Airport 20 minutes ago.

     
  54.  
    04:05: Join the conversation

    Joanna Geary from Twitter tweets: In other news, it seems Irn Bru reached peak tweet just after polls closed #indyref http://reverb.guru/view/161577919386267480

    Tweets mentioning #indyref and Irn Bru
     
  55.  
    04:03: Yes campaign Ken Macdonald BBC Scotland Science Correspondent

    Dundee result restarts this "Yes" party...

    Yes Scotland
     
  56.  
    04:01: Dundee dignity

    Deacon Blue star Ricky Ross, who was campaigning for a "Yes" vote, told BBC Scotland: "That's a fantastic result from Dundee, my home city, amazing things been happening there. That will put a real smile on lots of 'Yes' people's faces."

    ricky ross
     
  57.  
    03:59: 'Unalloyed sovereignty' Brian Taylor Political editor, Scotland

    If there is a "No" victory and if it is as a result of Gordon Brown's timetable for delivering more powers for Scotland, will Westminster accept his analysis that the unalloyed sovereignty of Westminster is at an end?

     
  58.  
    03:58: Better Together campaign Eleanor Bradford BBC Scotland Health Correspondent

    Here is the Better Together reaction to the Dundee result.

    Better Together
     
  59.  
    03:58: Get involved

    Nearly 75,000 tweets about the referendum sent between 02:00 and 03:00 this morning - down on the previous hour by 15%.

    Star Trek star George Takei has the most popular tweet: "Overheard: "Well, if Scotland votes for independence from the U.K., what's to keep Canada from breaking off from the U.S.?", retweeted over 1400 times.

    Comedian Kevin Bridges is among the most influential accounts. He tweeted: "A No vote being announced in Gaelic here.. #indyref" about the vote count in the Orkney Islands. It was retweeted 362 times.

    You can join the conversation via the #indyref hashtag, tweet @BBCPolitics or go to the BBC News Facebook page

     
  60.  
    03:56: Stirling count Reevel Alderson Home affairs correspondent, BBC Scotland

    The Stirling count is expected to declare its result at about 0415. But the town's SNP MSP, Bruce Crawford is downbeat.

    Asked if he thought the result would be similar to that of neighbouring Clackmannanshire, where "No" received 54%, he said: "That would be very optimistic. I don't think we have done as well as that."

     
  61.  
    03:55: South Lanarkshire count Catriona Renton BBC Scotland

    They've cleared away the tea, coffee and Tunnocks tea cakes...result must be coming soon!

     
  62.  
    03:55: DUNDEE RESULT

    "Yes" wins by 53,620 to 39,880.

    That is "Yes" 57% "No" 43%

    Total ballot: 93,592. Turnout 78.8%

     
  63.  
    03:55: RENFREWSHIRE RESULT

    "No" wins by 62,067 votes to 55,466.

    That's 53% for "No" and 47% for "Yes".

    Total votes cast were 117,612 - a turnout of 87.3%.

     
  64.  
    03:54: Alex Salmond arrives at airport

    First Minister Alex Salmond was not at a count earlier. However, he has been seen boarding a private jet at Aberdeen Airport.

    Alex Salmond
     
  65.  
    03:50: East Renfrewshire Jane Lewis, BBC Scotland News

    tweets: A "Yes" spokesman in East Renfrewshire tells me it would be no surprise if they won just 35% of the vote here.

     
  66.  
    03:50: 'Cant be ignored' Andrew Black Political reporter, BBC Scotland

    Scotland Office minister David Mundell, aka Scotland's only Tory MP, has arrived at the Ingliston national count from his south Scotland constituency saying he's optimistic of a "big 'No'" in that part of the country, and replicated across Scotland.

    But he also says the significant number of people who voted "Yes" can't be ignored.

     
  67.  
    03:50: "Yes" glumness Ken Macdonald BBC Scotland Science Correspondent

    A bit of a glum picture at the "Yes" party in Glasgow.

    "Yes" party in Glasgow
     
  68.  
    03:47: Highland count Craig Anderson BBC Scotland

    Better Together campaigners at the Highland count in Dingwall are predicting a victory for the "No" side by 53% to 47%.

    One activist admitted: "We seem to be doing much better than we expected at the beginning of the night."

     
  69.  
    03:47: Inverclyde analysis John Curtice Professor of politics at Strathclyde University

    This is a place where we would probably expect the "Yes" side to do rather better than average. Although it does not have a particularly large SNP vote Inverclyde does have plenty of neighbourhoods that are socially deprived.

    The fact that the vote was virtually evenly divided must thus count as further disappointment to the "Yes" campaign. The results are beginning to point towards a "No" victory although it may be a while until we are clear as to how big that victory is.

     
  70.  
    03:47: Inverclyde result Brian Taylor Political editor, Scotland

    It was not one of the top targets for "Yes" but it was one that they would have hoped to win.

    It is a west of Scotland area where they could perhaps pitch that things could get better under independence and perhaps they had a willing audience in that regard.

    "The thing that kept it closer than Clackmannanshire could be that issue of Ferguson's shipyard where the SNP Scottish government were seen as having been instrumental in bringing about the rescue of the yard."

     
  71.  
    03:45: Sterling bounce?

    BBC economics correspondent Robert Peston says a "No" vote would mean "sterling would bounce back" in the international money markets. He speculates this could mean a UK interest rate rise as early as November.

     
  72.  
    03:45: Argyll & Bute count

    And still they keep coming! Ballot boxes waiting to be opened at the Argyll and Bute count at Lochgilphead.

    The declaration is expected to be around 4.30am.

    Argyll & Bute
     
  73.  
    Tweet @bbcscotlandnews 03:44: Get involved

    Ollie Glanvill tweets: Unbelievable even Inverclyde...

    Alycia tweets: Inverclyde's votes were so close it physically pains me.

    Cath tweets: I genuinely thought Inverclyde would be a yes vote.

     
  74.  
    03:41: Big city swing?

    James Shaw tweets: Yes Scotland chair Denis Canavan admits disappointment that No won in Clackmannanshire. Says big city could swing it back to #indyref Yes.

     
  75.  
    03:40: Edinburgh count Laura Maxwell BBC Scotland

    Several thousand postal votes have still to be opened, scanned and verified in Edinburgh. They have just arrived at Ingliston, and were apparently late issues or replacements.

    Chris Highcock, the city's deputy counting officer, says this has delayed the declaration of turnout in the capital, but won't delay the final declaration, as other votes are being counted.

     
  76.  
    03:39: 'Yes' groans Ken MacDonald, BBC Scotland News

    Groans and hands on heads at a "Yes" party in Glasgow as the Inverclyde result was announced.

     
  77.  
    03:39: Perth & Kinross count Suzanne Allan BBC Scotland

    The counting staff at Perth and Kinross are still smiling - even though it's 3.29am.

    Smiles
     
  78.  
    03:36: INVERCLYDE RESULT

    "No" wins by 27,329 to 27,243.

    That's 50.1% to 49.9%.

    The total ballot was 54,601 and the turnout 87.4%.

     
  79.  
    03:35: Largest turnout John Curtice Professor of politics at Strathclyde University

    Latest turnout expectation has crept up slightly to 85% making it even more clearly the largest turnout in Scotland since the introduction of the mass franchise.

     
  80.  
    03:35: Indicators of vote John Curtice Professor of politics at Strathclyde University

    Contributions from BBC reporters at the counts in both Midlothian and Aberdeen - both places where we would expect the result to be not dissimilar to that of Scotland as a whole - suggest the "No" side is quite comfortably ahead.

    If these reports are correct then the expectation of a "No" victory is likely to be fulfilled.

     
  81.  
    03:33: Glasgow count Aileen Clarke BBC Scotland

    tweets: Yes camp here at Emirates seem a bit more confident they've taken Glasgow but not sure if it will be by a big enough margin to matter. No camp not quite so hopeful.

     
  82.  
    03:33: Tory conversion John Curtice Professor of politics at Strathclyde University

    There have been two quite remarkable and contributions to the BBC's programmes from Conservative spokespeople this evening.

    First of all Ruth Davidson, who once described the 2012 Scotland Act as a "line in the sand that should not be crossed" has indicated that Scotland requires considerable further devolution.

    Meanwhile Lord Forsyth, once one of the principal opponents of the Scottish Parliament, has now declared that he thinks Holyrood should be given even more devolution than it has been promised by any of the Unionist parties so far.

    It looks as though one consequence of this campaign is to have brought the Scottish Conservatives very firmly into the devolution camp.

     
  83.  
    03:32: Third Dundee alarm Chris Mason Political correspondent, BBC News

    tweets: In Dundee the fire alarm was triggered for a third time but stopped immediately.

     
  84.  
    03:31: Analysis John Curtice Professor of politics at Strathclyde University

    Former SNP MSP Andrew Wilson has just declared that he thinks the SNP should get involved in talks about more devolution for Scotland, should indeed Scotland vote "No" in the referendum.

    This is the first sign that the SNP may well try to use their vote in this referendum to push the demand for more devolution yet further, rather than stand aside as they did on the occasion of the Scottish constitutional convention.

     
  85.  
    03:31: Andrew Black Political reporter, BBC Scotland

    The final lot of postal ballots have arrived at the Edinburgh count.

     
  86.  
    03:29: Fife count Simon Dedman, BBC Scotland News

    "Yes" campaign say they agree with "No" figures. A 20% sample shows "No" at 55% of the vote and "Yes" at 45%.

     
  87.  
    03:29: East Lothian Kheredine Idessane BBC Scotland

    The East Lothian declaration is now around 15 minutes away. They're now onto the adjudication of spoiled ballot papers. All other votes counted.

     
  88.  
    03:28: Inverclyde count Keir Murray BBC Sport Scotland

    The counting officer and referendum agents are in deep conversation. It looks like it's extremely close between "Yes" and "No".

     
  89.  
    03:27: More powers

    Former SNP MSP Andrew Wilson said the direction of travel seems to be towards "No".

    He said: "There is a clear consensus in Scotland, if not for "Yes" in this vote, then for more powers for the Scottish Parliament.

    "We need to make sure the powers promised in haste at the end of this campaign are driven through to deliver not just paltry new powers, not just reluctant modest new powers, but the very substantial maximum new powers that people want to see.

    "Albeit, it appears from tonight, within the continuing United Kingdom."

     
  90.  
    03:25: South Lanarkshire count Catriona Renton BBC Scotland

    A trend amongst spoilt papers here is "No" written in the "No" box which is being taken to be a double negative but doesn't count as one for "Yes" either.

     
  91.  
    03:24: East Dunbartonshire

    Counters working methodically and hoping to make the East Dunbartonshire declaration at approximately 04:00.

    East Dunbartonshire
     
  92.  
    03:24: Aberdeen 'No' confident Fiona Stalker BBC Scotland reporter

    The "No" campaign in Aberdeen are now confident of victory. At the start of the night they thought it was too close to call.

    They are now estimating 58% for "No". Privately the "Yes" campaign are admitting that it does look like "No" is ahead in Aberdeen.

    Both sides are saying the vote is split by wealth. Better-off areas or middle class areas appear to be voting "No" and predominantly the less well-off areas are voting "Yes".

     
  93.  
    03:20: Scottish Borders count Morag Kinniburgh BBC News Scotland

    Conservative MSP John Lamont says he's "very confident" whilst Paul Wheelhouse SNP MSP is "disappointed" with how he thinks the vote is going in Scottish Borders.

     
  94.  
    03:19: Twitter reaction

    Co-convenor of the Scottish Greens Patrick Harvie: Well the result looks disappointing. But losing the energy & motivation of people who've become re-engaged in politics would be even worse.

     
  95.  
    03:19: It's all there

    The pace is quickening now on the local results front - after all we have now entered the frenetic two-hour declaration period.

    If you think you might get a little lost as to whether your council has declared yet, go to our local authority pages, where you will see in images, words and video what is going on.

    Scottish Borders Council count It's busy, busy at the Scottish Borders Council count - picture sent by the BBC's Morag Kinniburgh
     
  96.  
    03:17: More on English devolution

    Lib Dem MP Sir Menzies Campbell tells the BBC: "It's not for the Scots to tell the English what form their devolution should take. That is for the English to decide."

    He argues that the "concentration of resources in the south east is simply not sustainable in the long term".

     
  97.  
    03:16: Fife 'bellwether'

    Dunfermline and West Fife Labour MP Thomas Docherty said he was confident of victory for the "No" campaign in Fife adding that the local authority was an important indicator of the result nationally.

    "It is an absolute bellwether," he said.

    "It has industrial areas around Rosyth dockyards for example and Glenrothes, it has former mining communities across west and central Fife. It also has quite strong middle class areas in west Fife, Kirkcaldy and north east Fife and right across the board we have got pretty good results.

    "We don't have the final figures and we may be three hours away from that, but it does look like a good night for the 'No' campaign here in Fife."

     
  98.  
    03:15: Aberdeenshire count Steven Duff BBC Scotland reporter

    Big round of applause in the AECC as counting officer Colin McKenzie announces that big Aberdeenshire turnout figure of 87.2%.

    Actual counting now under way. Latest estimate on declaration 05:00.

     
  99.  
    03:14: Pound high

    Following these early results, the pound has hit a two-year high against the euro.

     
  100.  
    03:14: Dundee evacuation update Andrew Anderson BBC Scotland News

    Dundee fire alarm over. Staff returning - again.

     

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