How Scotland shook off the 'kilted straitjacket'

Castle at Eilean Donan, in the Highlands

What is Scottish national identity and how is it expressed in art and music, literature and theatre?

What are the values that infuse it? And how did it break out of its kilted straitjacket to be shaped by the times we live in now?

If the modern Scottish identity has a birthplace, it's at Abbotsford, the country home, 40 miles south of Edinburgh, of Sir Walter Scott.

The novelist and poet, who died in 1832, designed it himself, with crow-stepped gables and Scots baronial turrets and crenellated balconies.

Scott invented modern Scotland here, summoned it from his own imagination, and served it up principally for English consumption.

line
News, analysis and background
  • The people of Scotland go to the polls on Thursday, 18 September.
  • They will be asked the Yes/No question: "Should Scotland be an independent country?"
  • For the latest news, analysis and background on the referendum go to the BBC's Scotland Decides page.
line

Until then, Scotland had been, in the English imagination especially, a wild and lawless place that had to be subdued by force.

Scott made it safe, even romantic.

"Scott was very clear when he wrote his first novel, Waverley, that what he was doing was introducing Scottish readers to their own history, and English readers to Scotland's history," says Stuart Kelly, author of the critically acclaimed Scott-land: The man who invented a nation.

"But there is something fictitious about it all, not fake but fictitious."

Watch Allan Little's BBC Newsnight film in full

We are sitting in Scott's impressive drawing room at Abbotsford and Kelly gestures to what appears to be the finely carved, oak-wood ceiling above us.

"This wonderful roof is modelled on Rosslyn Chapel," he says, "but it isn't even wood. It's papier mache and sawdust.

"This whole place is a kind of theatrical set.

"But there's something good about that, the idea that our identity is not something fixed, that it's something changeable, that Scott could actively go out there and think 'I will change the way people think about Scotland'."

Dancing around swords

Victorian Britain loved this manufactured Scotland and bought it wholesale.

Queen Victoria mimicked it in the design of her Scottish retreat at Balmoral. This Scotland sat comfortably in the prospering British Union.

Woman wearing a kilt Do you think of kilts when you think of Scotland?

But a generation emerged in the 1970s that wondered why it was still, so late in the 20th Century, watching men in kilts dancing around swords while demure ladies in white frocks and tartan sashes looked on.

Why, it wondered, was Scotland still presenting itself in this way when none of us knew anyone who actually did this kind of thing?

"Kilts, haggis, the White Heather Club… on television as a young person, certainly growing up in Scotland, I didn't feel like it related very much to me," Scots actress and comedian Elaine C Smith told me.

"I didn't look out there and see anyone that reflected me at all."

But that Scotland - that sense of what the country was - had been carried around the world by the British Empire.

The canny Scot and the dour Scot, and their cousin the chippie Scot, landed on every shore.

They dressed in tartan and toasted Robert Burns every January and sang sweet, sentimental songs about exile and distance and longing for a Scotland which didn't really exist; a Scotland which was an imagined romantic construct.

Rebellious past

That Scotland was tame, it was safe, it knew its place in the greater scheme of things.

It had a rebellious past that could be saluted and celebrated as long as that rebelliousness stayed safely in the past.

And that Scotland survived well into our own age. Think of Private Fraser in Dad's Army.

"One Saturday night, at the age of 15 or something, on to the television came a version of John McGrath's play The Cheviot, the Stag, and the Black Black Oil," says Smith.

"And it changed my life really. I had never seen my own culture and my own country reflected back to me in the way that it did.

"There was a sort of reclaiming of who we were."

England - Scotland border

The Cheviot, the Stag, and the Black Black Oil drew a direct line between the Highland Clearances of the 18th Century and the sudden, catastrophic decline of heavy industry in the 20th.

This was a powerful new voice in Scottish culture. It was an angry play.

It was produced by a theatre company called 7:84, so named because 7% of the population of the country owned 84% of the wealth.

Scottish national identity began to wrap itself in the cause of social justice - in the idea of resistance to unaccountable wealth and power imposing its will from outside.

Voice of cities

"The reason Scottish identity so closely allied with left-of-centre politics, a sense of social justice and inclusion is because of the mauling Scotland perceived itself to get during the Thatcherite years," says the novelist James Robertson.

"Thatcherism was obviously disliked by lots of people in lots of other parts of the British Isles, but it seems to me that in Scotland, because we had a sense of national identity, we had something to coalesce around, to respond to.

Welcome to Scotland border sign

"Culture, it seems to me, is a way of asking questions about who we are, or who do we think we are.

"And those questions can be much more easily answered through culture than through politicians standing up and sort of wagging fingers at people and saying this is who you are."

This Scotland was also irreverent, self-mocking, and hilariously funny.

Billy Connolly, who'd been a Glasgow shipyard welder, spoke for a Scotland that now began to eclipse the old stereotype.

This wasn't just funny. It was genuinely liberating.

This was the Scotland that emerged to replace the heirs of Harry Lauder and Balmorality and the green hills of Tyrol.

This Scotland was urban with a collective folk memory of displacement from a rural past.

This Scotland felt increasingly dispossessed as the industries that had serviced the British Empire collapsed and spoke in the voice of the cities, especially of Glasgow.

This Scotland was dismayed by what was happening.

It was angrier, less tame, less docile, more political.

It didn't much care about the Bonnie Bonnie Banks of Loch Lomond and it didn't know the difference between the low road and the high road.

This Scotland was much less British.

Revival of identity

Scottish children had always been punished for using Scots idioms and locutions in school.

Standard English was thumped into you. But by the 1980s, publishers wanted literature to reflect the demotic speech of ordinary folk.

"They realised there was a market for work in which we talked about ourselves in our own terms," says Liz Lochhead, one of Scotland's most celebrated poets and playwrights.

"And then with the first failed referendum [on devolution in 1979] there really was, afterwards, a sort of sense of depression, which then expressed itself in a sense of let's get on with it, and... a revival of Scottish identity."

In the visual arts too you sense this gradual decoupling.

Ross Sinclair is one of a group of young artists who emerged from the Glasgow School of Art in the 1980s.

Abbotsford Abbotsford was designed by Scott himself

He says for his generation of artists, Scotland's access to the wider world no longer lies through London alone.

"London still has its thrall, it's still fantastic.... but there are all these other kinds of relationships, in Europe and Berlin and Scandinavia and the States, China and Africa - just thinking of projects that are kind of going at the moment.

"These are relationships that aren't based on some kind of historical premise that has this sort of built-in power relationship.

"These are new, fresh relationships, horizontal, organic, there is a feeling that anything can happen."

Scotland's independence debate is shaped by this change in the way the country represents itself.

It is a sentiment that chimes with Walter Scott, for whom Scotland was, of necessity, outward looking, internationalist in character.

Pushing at boundaries

"Waverley's the great novel of border crossing," says Stuart Kelly.

"Scottish novels from the 18th Century to the early 20th Century often feature characters who will cross borders, who will experience more than one country.

"Now by contrast... the great English novels of the 19th Century are very settled affairs.

"The truly great novels, the kind of Bleak House novels, or Jude the Obscure, or Middlemarch, these are not novels about travel."

Walter Scott conjured a Scottish identity that could fit in a wider British context.

Scotland's artists have been pushing at the boundaries of that for 40 years.

More on This Story

More Scotland stories

RSS

Scotland Live

  1.  
    17:51: Evening Express

    tweets: Legal action could leave Aberdeen with no festive lights display.

    Christmas lights

    Read the full story here.

     
  2.  
    17:43: Brown on further devolution

    Speaking to BBC Scotland's political correspondent Glen Campbell about his 14-point plan for further devolution for Scotland, Gordon Brown said: "These powers can unite the people of Scotland around a strong parliament."

    He added that he did not support the devolution of all income tax to the Scottish Parliament as proposed by the Conservatives, calling it a "Tory trap".

    Gordon Brown

    "I don't think that's the right decision to lose our influence over budget decisions in the UK," he said.

    You can see the full interview on Scotland 2014 tonight at 10:30 on BBC Two.

     
  3.  
    17:33: Gold for being green

    Edinburgh has won gold at Europe's biggest environmental competition.

    Edinburgh wins 'Entente Floral' prize

    The city received the 'Entente Floral' prize for its urban green spaces.

    Edinburgh was also given a special award for its work with disabled groups at the Grassmarket Community Project.

     
  4.  
    17:27: Douglas Fraser Business and economy editor, Scotland

    tweets: Craig Whyte can return to #Rangers - after Oct 2029. Til then, banned as a director. Un-contactable at both addresses.

     
  5.  
    17:17: Memorial for murdered aid worker

    A memorial service for David Haines, the aid worker killed by Islamic Militants in Syria, is to be held in Perth.

    David Haines

    Mr Haines, who was born in Yorkshire but grew up in Perth, was kidnapped while working for an aid agency in Syria in March 2013.

    A video showing his beheading was released earlier this month.

    The service will be held at Perth Congregational Church on 18 October.

     
  6.  
    17:09: Tonight's outlook BBC Scotland Weather Latest

    A cloudy end to the day with outbreaks of patchy rain. Overnight it'll dry up and skies will clear before another front pushes in from the west overnight. Overnight lows in double figures for most, but down to 8C or 9C in the north west and the Hebrides.

     
  7.  
    16:58: Your views

    Kilted Ninja tweets: So, Borrrris has given perrrmission to purrrr overrrr the rrrreferrrrendum.

    Lesley Davidson emailed: Why is Mr Brown inviting the people of Scotland to sign a petition to get the powers the Westminster Three have already promised???

     
  8.  
    16:49: Craig Whyte banned

    Former Rangers director Craig Whyte has been banned from being a company director for 15 years.

    Whyte purchased the club from his predecessor Sir David Murray but subsequently put them into administration in February 2012.

    Craig Whyte

    The SFA have previously deemed him unfit to run a football club.

     
  9.  
    Email: newsonlinescotland@bbc.co.uk 16:42: Your views - Ruth Davidson on devolution

    David Francis: So, Ruth Davidson says that Devo Max is a "non-starter", eh? Is that the same Ruth Davidson who shared a TV platform with George Galloway, under the official Better Together campaign, when Galloway not only called the leaders' vow Devo Max, but Devo SuperMax? Her total hypocrisy on this is totally astounding and exemplifies the blatant lies which were spouted by Unionist politicians when the polls went against them. A referendum result, built on false promises which are now being disowned, is a false result.

     
  10.  
    16:22: Brown outlines 'best deal for Scotland'

    Gordon Brown has outlined a 14-point "practical plan" for new powers for the Scottish Parliament.

    Gordon Brown

    The former prime minister claims the powers - which cover areas such as welfare, taxation and transport - would give Scotland "the best deal within the United Kingdom".

    Mr Brown has also called on 100,000 Scots to sign a petition, to be presented to the House of Commons next month, demanding that Scotland gets further devolution "with no strings attached".

     
  11.  
    16:18: Fight for your rights

    A group of young people has created a handbook to help inform their peers about rights.

    The Child Rights Ambassador Handbook was created by Scottish Borders Youth Voice using the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.

    Scottish Borders Youth Voice

    They hope the resource will encourage young people to inform others about their rights.

     
  12.  
    16:12: Inquest opens

    An inquest into the murder of a Scots security guard by a colleague in Iraq has opened in Manchester.

    Paul McGuigan

    Danny Fitzsimons shot dead Scottish security guard Paul McGuigan and Australian Darren Hoare, above, in 2009.

    Fitzsimons is serving a 20-year prison sentence in Baghdad. It later emerged he was on bail for firearms offences and was suffering from post traumatic stress disorder.

    Giving evidence, Mr McGuigan's mother Corinne Boyd-Russell told how her son, from Peebles, had been excited about the birth of his daughter when she last saw him.

    The inquest continues.

     
  13.  
    15:48: Constance enters SNP race Brian Taylor Political editor, Scotland

    A third name is set to enter the contest to become the next deputy leader of the SNP.

    Angela Constance, a member of the Scottish cabinet, will declare that she will seek the post left vacant by Nicola Sturgeon's decision to seek the leadership.

    Already in the race for deputy are Scottish government Minister Keith Brown and Stewart Hosie MP.

    The contests are caused by Alex Salmond's decision to stand down as SNP leader and first minister in the aftermath of the referendum.

     
  14.  
    15:27: Rise in prescribed antidepressants

    Statistics show that 778,180 patients were given at least one courser of antidepressants during 2013/14 - an increase of 4.2% from 2012/13 and an increase of 22.8% since 2009/10.

    Antidepressants

    The council areas with the highest levels of prescribing were Greater Glasgow and Clyde, and Ayrshire and Arran, while island health boards showed the lowest rates.

    Opposition parties have raised concerns about the figures. Scottish Labour health spokesman Neil Findlay said: "We were told that mental health is a priority area for this government but we need to see bold ambition not just warm words from the SNP."

    Prescribing for dementia was also by 16.7% during 2013/14 compared to the previous year, while the number of patients treated for ADHD had increased by 12.7%.

     
  15.  
    15:11: Cameron 'careless' on EU

    Prime Minister David Cameron said on BBC Radio 4's Today Programme this morning that he was "about 1,000 times" less concerned about the UK leaving the EU than Scotland leaving the UK.

    He described being in or out of the EU as a "pragmatic" decision as opposed to Scotland's independence referendum, which he said was a matter for "the heart".

    In response, SNP MEP Alyn Smith called Mr Cameron's comments "patronising" and added: "Mr Cameron was lectured and warned by senior UK business figures about the dangers of his in-out referendum on EU membership but his carelessness and obsession on this issue continues.

    "If there is a vote on EU withdrawal - as threatened by the Tory-UKIP agenda - I believe Scotland will vote strongly in favour of staying in Europe, affirming our historic status as a European nation, and establishing beyond doubt the need for us to be represented at the top table in our own right."

     
  16.  
    15:03: Healing referendum divisions

    Experts in conflict resolution will host a special online "day of dialogue" aimed at helping heal divisions caused by the referendum debate.

    YES campaigners protesting outside the Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh following the Scottish independence referendum result last week

    Organised by the Scottish Centre for Conflict Resolution (SCCR), the advice session will take place on Twitter this Friday.

    SCCR development manager Diane Marr said, "Holding strong views, opinions and values that are different from others can generate division and conflict.

    "We must get better at dealing with conflict and difference of opinion. Post-referendum we have no choice or we risk being a divided nation."

    The charity is also encouraging members of the public to share their experiences of how they have resolved their own differences over the referendum through their twitter page.

     
  17.  
    14:55: The Tories - your views

    Nathan Matthews, Forres: Wow what a day. Ruth Davidson "warns" that Nicola Sturgeon will be the most left-wing FM Scotland has ever known - much better that than an ultra right wing hey Ruth? Then we have her saying the Scots have not trusted and voted for the Conservatives - very true and with good reason. Then there is Boris asserting that London will be the capital of England and the UK for our lifetimes; the Tories are doing well are they not? We then have Lord Smith dealing with "Scottish Labour, Scottish Conservatives and Scottish Lib-Dems". Hold on - what exactly can they do without the backing and direct involvement of their leaders in Westminster?

     
  18.  
    14:41: Asghar lawyers submit emergency application

    Lawyers acting for a mentally ill Scot who was shot by a prison guard in Pakistan have filed an emergency application to keep him in hospital.

    Mohammad Asghar

    Mohammad Ashgar's representatives say the 70 year-old, who suffers from paranoid schizophrenia, would be at risk of further attack if he's sent back to Adiala jail in Rawalpindi.

    Mr Ashgar was sentenced to death for blasphemy in January, four years after moving from Edinburgh to Pakistan.

    Charity Reprieve has asked David Cameron to act to ensure his safety.

     
  19.  
    14:29: 'Devo Max is non-starter'

    Scottish Conservative leader Ruth Davidson has called so-called Devo Max - the devolving of all powers except foreign affairs and the armed forces - to the Scottish Parliament a "non-starter".

    Ruth Davidson

    During a speech to Conservatives at the party's conference in Birmingham, Ms Davidson said she wanted the SNP to take part in the Smith Commission on further devolution "in good faith".

    She added: "But if they are to enter in good faith, as Nicola Sturgeon has said, that means they cannot use the commission to try and push independence by stealth.

    "That means ruling out so-called Devo Max. Such a plan ... is a complete non-starter."

     
  20.  
    @BBCScotlandNews 14:25: Get involved

    Stephen Parker tweets: Get over the 'NO' vote. Our country deserves it and demands it. Democracy doesn't always deliver what you want.

     
  21.  
    14:17: Aberdeen death suspicious

    The death of a man in the Torry area of Aberdeen is being treated as suspicious.

    Police Scotland has confirmed a 49 year old Polish man died after an incident on Balnagask Avenue yesterday afternoon.

    Enquiries are continuing, and officers want to speak to anyone in the area between nine am and 2pm.

    A police spokesperson would not comment on claims the man had been stabbed.

     
  22.  
    14:12: Afternoon outlook BBC Scotland Weather Latest

    Largely dry and bright across the east this afternoon with sunny spells. Temperatures in the best of the sunshine across northern Aberdeenshire and the Lothians reaching up to 19C or even 20C. Across the west however, it's cloudier as a weak band of rain progresses eastwards, with some heavier bursts over Argyll, the Highlands and the Galloway Hills.

    The southerly winds gradually freshen as the day goes on, strongest over the Western Isles, then the Northern Isles later.

     
  23.  
    14:07: Teenager raped in Kilmarnock

    Police are trying to trace a man who raped a 17-year-old woman in a Kilmarnock park.

    Kay Park

    The victim left the Fanny by Gaslight pub in West George Street at about 22:35 on Sunday and walked off with the suspect towards Portland Street.

    They then made their way to Kay Park where the teenager was raped.

    The suspect is described as white, aged between 20 and 25, about 6ft tall, with red hair and a local accent. He was wearing a dark red top and blue jeans.

     
  24.  
    13:52: Your views - Boris Johnson

    Derek Gilchrist: Having just read the recent comments from both Boris Johnson and Ruth Davidson it has really just reinforced my opinion that they are now more out of touch with the electorate in Scotland than they ever have been. Superficial, selfish and supine. And I am a former Conservative voter!

    James Alexander Morrison: Given the average age of Tory delegates, Mr Johnson is probably quite correct to say that Scottish independence won't happen in their lifetimes.

     
  25.  
    13:45: Gauld and May called up for Scotland

    Ryan Gauld and Stevie May have received their first senior Scotland call ups.

    Stevie May

    Both were named in Gordon Strachan's squad to face Poland and Georgia in the upcoming Euro 2016 qualifiers.

    They have previously represented Scotland as part of the under-21 squad.

     
  26.  
    13:40: Decrease in smokers

    More than half of people who tried to stop smoking over the last three years came from Scotland's poorest areas.

    Statistics from the Scottish government show that between April 2011 and March 2014, 70,162 people from deprived communities gave up smoking for at least a month.

    Man smoking

    In total 124,734 people from across the country kicked the habit for at least a month.

    Public health minister Michael Matheson said, "We will continue to work to reach out to people in these communities and to help them to quit."

     
  27.  
    13:27: Boris thanks Scots

    Boris Johnson has thanked the "wisdom of a clear majority of Scots" for London remaining as the capital of England and the UK "and will remain so for our lifetimes".

    Boris Johnson

    Speaking during the Tory conference in Birmingham, the London mayor poked fun at Prime Minister David Cameron over the his post-referendum conversation with the Queen, giving delegates "permission to purr".

    What do you think of Boris Johnson's comments about the referendum?

    Tweet us @BBC ScotlandNews, email us here or text us on 80295.

     
  28.  
    13:16: Ruth Davidson speech Tim Reid Political correspondent, BBC News

    tweets: Davidson: "The people of Scotland haven't always rewarded us with trust or votes .. we haven't always earned them either. But that's changing"

     
  29.  
    13:15: Airport using Google glasses

    Staff at Edinburgh Airport are using Google Glass headsets to help them deal with customer inquiries.

    Google glass glasses

    The smart glasses display digital information in the user's field of vision and can take photos and video.

    Airport staff are trying out the wearable technology until December to provide flight information, translations and answer questions about the city.

     
  30.  
    13:01: 'Left wing FM'

    The Scottish Daily Mail's political editor Alan Roden tweets: @RuthDavidsonMSP warns that @NicolaSturgeon will be "the most left-wing First Minister Scotland has ever known."

     
  31.  
    12:55: More Davidson Tim Reid Political correspondent, BBC News

    Speaking in Birmingham, Scottish Conservative leader Ruth Davidson says the Tories proved they were not too "toxic" to take part in the referendum campaign.

    "We have blown that myth out of the water," she says.

     
  32.  
    12:53: Davidson speech Tim Reid Political correspondent, BBC News

    tweets: Another standing ovation for Ruth Davidson at Scottish Tory fringe.

     
  33.  
    12:46: Firearms to be 'less visible'

    Firearms carried by police officers in Scotland are expected to be covered with a new type of holster to make them less visible to the public.

    Police Scotland

    Senior Police Scotland officers said trained officers should still be able to routinely carry the weapons, but their visibility should be reduced.

    The policy on the carrying of firearms has proven controversial. The recommendation has been sent to Chief Constable Sir Stephen House for his agreement.

     
  34.  
    12:38: £1m funding for vision loss

    Scientists in Scotland have been given a £1.1m grant to develop new laser technology aimed at detecting early vision loss.

    Eye with Age related macular degeneration

    The funding given by Innovate UK will support work by Strathclyde and Kent Universities, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde and Dunfermline-based firm Optos. Clinical trials of the new technology are due to be completed by early 2017.

    If they are successful, a further £9m will be invested to develop a fully-licensed new medical device by the end of 2018.

     
  35.  
    12:30: Douglas Fraser Business and economy editor, Scotland

    tweets: #indyref was about the heart, EU Brexit is about pragmatism, says @David_Cameron.

     
  36.  
    12:22: Grangemouth road open

    Bo'ness Road, in Grangemouth, has now reopened.

    A spokesperson for Ineos said, "We detected a leak of butane gas from a small vessel that was brought quickly under control.

    "All personnel are accounted for and the incident team has stood down."

     
  37.  
    12:17: Incident over Steven Godden BBC Scotland

    The incident at Grangemouth is over and emergency services have been stood down.

    The Scottish Fire and Rescue Service say the on-site Ineos fire team dealt with a small butane leak on one of their vessels.

     
  38.  
    12:09: Scotland squad announced

    The SFA tweets: Here is the Scotland squad for the @EuroQualifiers vs and @pzpn_pl

    Squad list

    See the official squad here.

     
  39.  
    11:59: Pauline McLean BBC Scotland

    Carnegie caskets attracting international attention. Irish and Russian consuls in today. American ambassador was here yesterday.

    Tune in to Reporting Scotland later today for more.

     
  40.  
  41.  
    11:42: Grangemouth gas leak

    Roads have been closed as emergency services deal with a suspected gas leak at the Grangemouth industrial complex.

    The leak, thought to be butane gas, is not believed to pose a wider risk to people living nearby.

    Police Scotland say no one has been injured in the incident.

     
  42.  
    11:33: Views sought from indyref groups

    The man leading the commission on more devolved powers for Scotland has written to campaigners on both sides of the independence debate.

    Lord Smith

    Lord Smith said he wanted submissions from new groups that came to the fore during the referendum campaign.

    The five main political parties are already represented on the commission. Lord Smith also wants to hear from civic institutions and the public.

    Groups have until 17:00 on Friday 31 October to submit their views.

     
  43.  
    11:29: Costly court delays The Courier

    tweets: Taxpayers to foot bill for Dundee Sheriff Court delays.

    Read the full story here.

     
  44.  
    11:18: Rare violin theft

    A violin valued at £17,000 has been stolen from Glasgow's West End over the weekend.

    The rare Cain and Mann instrument and Charles Bazin bow were taken from a parked car in Beaconsfield Road, Kelvinside.

    Police said the owner of the "specialist" violin is a professional musician.

     
  45.  
    11:08: Elgin stabbing The Press and Journal

    tweets: Two teenagers suffer stab wounds in Elgin fight.

    Read the full story here.

     
  46.  
    10:49: Cancer treatment wait

    The NHS in Scotland is still failing to treat people diagnosed with suspected cancer within two months, although performance has improved since March.

    Waiting

    Scottish government targets state that 95% of patients with an urgent referral should be treated within 62 days.

    Between April and June, 93% of patients started treatment within this timeframe. In March, the figure was 92%.

     
  47.  
    10:40: Brent Alpha container safe

    The oil company Shell says a container which fell into the sea from one of its North Sea platforms has been lowered onto the sea bed.

    Brent Alpha

    It was initially being held 20ft below the water, still attached to the crane, but there were concerns that it could damage existing pipes.

    The accident happened when the container was being manoeuvred onto a ship from the Brent Alpha installation on Sunday when the crane being used developed a mechanical fault.

    Shell says the container will eventually be removed but has been placed at a depth of 140 metres to keep it safe.

    All but essential personnel have been removed from the platform.

     
  48.  
    10:36: Cameron: 'Heartbreak' over Scotland

    David Cameron has said he cares "a thousand times more strongly" about keeping the UK together than about the country staying in the European Union.

    David Cameron

    Speaking on Radio 4's Today programme, the prime minister said that, had Scotland left the UK, it would have caused him "heartbreak".

    He also told the programme that the topic of Europe had been a "great cause of unity" among Tories attending the party's annual conference in Birmingham.

     
  49.  
    @Daily_Record 10:28: Restaurant raid Daily Record

    tweets: Armed gang hold Chinese restaurant owner and family hostage while robbing their home.

    Read the full story here.

     
  50.  
    10:19: Oil industry 'must cut costs'

    The oil and gas industry must do more to cut costs even if it means more job losses, it has been claimed.

    Oil platform

    Industry body Oil and Gas UK's annual economic report said operating costs were 60% higher than three years ago while oil prices were falling.

    There have already been substantial layoffs at companies this year.

    Shell UK announced 250 onshore jobs cuts from its North Sea operation in Aberdeen in August, after Chevron announced 225 losses in July.

     
  51.  
    10:13: Scotland squad announcement

    Scotland resume their attempt to qualify for Euro 2016 next month when they play Georgia and Poland in Group D.

    Gordon Strachan will name his squad for the double header later at Hampden.

    Ikechi Anya celebrates his goal against Germany with Scotland team-mate Steven Naismith

    Earlier this month, Scotland ran world champions Germany mighty close in their Euro 2016 opener, losing 2-1 in a pulsating opening Euro 2016 qualifier in Dortmund.

    Ikechi Anya was on target for the Scots.

     
  52.  
    10:04: Record Trade for Gretna

    A retail village on the border at Gretna is expanding on the back of record trade figures.

    Gretna Gateway Outlet Village

    Work on a 19,000 square foot extension starts next month, creating about 50 additional jobs.

    A spokesman for Gretna Gateway Village said August was the busiest month in its 15-year-history, with cross-border Commonwealth Games traffic a contributory factor.

     
  53.  
    Text 80295 10:02: Cancer treatment - Your views

    Anthony in Dumfries: I think Linda is right to choose to stop treatment. Some people can be heartbroken watching their loved ones continually suffer as they go through a treatment process that will not cure their illness and will take away precious quality time with their family and friends.

    Fiona: Why is it morally wrong to discontinue treatments that are essentially man-made? Aren't we already playing as God, seems to me nature's saying your time's up but medicine says no! Why is it selfish to allow death with dignity in this way and to make the best of the remaining time being used to the full, not making yourself sick, delaying the inevitable?

     
  54.  
    09:50: Cancer treatment Louise White Presenter, Morning Call

    On Morning Call now: Have you or your family had to make difficult choices about how to deal with cancer?

    Morning Call
     
  55.  
    Text 80295 09:45: Sex education - Your views

    Derek, Glasgow: It's not sex education now, it's Relationships, Sexual Health & Parenthood. Lanarkshire have updated their materials for regular and ASN schools in last few years, not all schools engage with it. Also, classes like Talk2 Glasgow educate parents to talk to their kids.

    Anon: Would any adult say now that they wish they had less sex education? No adult, including parents, have the right to censor information to children and you can'tt leave it up to parents and hope for the best. It is every 16-year-old's human right to have been taught about sex, relationships and what is and isn't acceptable.

     
  56.  
    09:36: Increase in human trafficking

    Fifty five potential victims of human trafficking were identified in Scotland last year, according to a National Crime Agency report.

    Women walking on street

    Almost a third (30%) of them experienced sexual exploitation. Romania was the most common country of origin, with nine cases in Scotland.

    This year is the first time the UK figures have been broken down by area.

     
  57.  
    Text 80295 09:25: Sex education - Your Views

    Jeff, Airdrie: I'm a parent and absolutely agree sex education should be compulsory. However, it should focus on this being an adult behaviour, and reinforce the importance of childhood and try to turn against the fashion of growing up too quickly an children engaging in adult behaviour. Kids do need to know the facts about sexual issues, as playground talk is what spreads myths and untruths, confusing kids.

    Geoff, Penicuik: When I was at secondary school in the early 60's, the girls in my class were taken for sex education while the boys were given dental hygiene.

     
  58.  
    09:18: Minaj high note for Glasgow...

    Starships hit-maker Nicki Minaj is to host the 20th MTV European Music Awards in Glasgow in November.

    Nicki Manaj

    The singer will also perform during the ceremony at the Hydro Arena.

    Katy Perry leads the nominations and is up for seven awards including best female, pop act, video and live act.

    She's going up against Ariana Grande, who has six nominations for the awards, while 5 Seconds of Summer and Pharrell Williams have five each - one more than One Direction.

     
  59.  
    Text 80295 09:05: Sex education - Your Views

    Fiona: Sex education should not be enshrined in law. Patents are responsible for their child's education as per Education Scotland Act. It's not for Government to dictate what is and isn't taught. No one knows a child better than their parents.

    Heather, Edin: Sex education etc should maybe be taught in secondary schools but definitely not in primary schools. Primary school kids should be playing and enjoying their wee short childhoods. There is more to life than sex.

     
  60.  
    @pressjournal 08:54: Aberdeen death The Press and Journal

    tweets: Man believed to have been stabbed as police investigate Aberdeen death. http://bit.ly/1vsR2KN

    Read the full story here.

     
  61.  
    08:48: Travel update BBC Scotland Travel Latest

    M8 leaving Glasgow - stop-start from 8 Baillieston to 5 Harthill - then further eastbound queues from 4 Whitburn to 1 Hermiston Gait. The A904 Queensferry to Newton Road remains partially blocked following an accident - delays both ways.

     
  62.  
    08:44: Morning Call Louise White Presenter, Morning Call

    Today, we want to hear your views on sex education. Should it be compulsory in all of Scotland's schools?

    And, with actress Lynda Bellingham choosing to stop chemotherapy so she can spend one last Christmas with her family, we're asking if there's a right time to stop cancer treatment?

    Call us on 0500 92 95 00 or text 80295.

    You can listen live to the programme here.

     
  63.  
    08:38: How's the weather looking today? BBC Scotland Weather Latest

    Hi Kawser here. Bright in the East, once mist clears, then dry and sunny at 18-20C. Rain and stronger winds in the West, becoming patchier as spreads eastwards. 15-16C.

     
  64.  
    08:34: Today's papers

    The Scotsman, The Herald and Daily Record all focus on Chancellor George Osborne's announcement that benefits are to be frozen for two years, should the Tories win next year's General Election.

    Newspaper composite

    The Daily Record dubs the announcement "The Tory war on poor".

    The Scottish Sun, meanwhile, focuses on the arrest of boxer Scott Harrison, as he awaits extradition to Spain.

    Read our paper round-up here.

     
  65.  
    08:25: Wind farm proposal

    A proposed wind farm project near Loch Rannoch which has drawn a number of objections is to be discussed in the Scottish parliament.

    Plans were submitted to the government for 24 turbines on the Talladh-a-Bheithe estate, near Rannoch Moor.

    Hillwalkers, Scottish Natural Heritage and the John Muir Trust have all voiced opposition to the plans.

    However, the developer said the "carefully balanced project" was drawn up with community feedback in mind.

     
  66.  
    08:19: Hibs floor Rangers

    Three goals in 14 first-half minutes earned Hibernian victory over Rangers in last night's Championship clash at Ibrox.

    Hibs travelled to Glasgow second-bottom of the table but Alan Stubbs's men secured a 3-1 win.

    Hibs' Jordon Forster celebrates at Ibrox

    "The players deserve all the credit," Stubbs said. "When you find yourself in a 3-0 lead, you think 'what's going on?' But the lads took their chances on the counter and were really positive."

    Rangers boss Ally McCoist lamented his side's defensive mistakes but stressed that - sitting six points behind league leaders Hearts - the title race will be "a marathon" and not a sprint.

     
  67.  
    08:08: Tinkers' Heart plea

    MSPs are to be asked to back a campaign to protect a stone heart which has been central to the culture of travelling people in Scotland for centuries.

    The Tinkers' Heart is a pattern of quartz stones which was laid at an Argyll cross-roads in the 1700s.

    Generations of Scottish Travellers have used it as a wedding place and for children to be blessed.

    The Tinkers' Heart

    Holyrood's public petitions committee will be urged to back a campaign to preserve it.

    The committee will be addressed by Jess Smith, an author and campaigner for the rights and recognition of travelling people and their culture.

     
  68.  
    08:02: Economic boost

    The Scottish economy is continuing to recover with performance at pre-recession levels, according to a survey.

    The Bank of Scotland business monitor found turnover trends and expectations comparable with those of 2007.

    Bank notes

    It said a "surge" in economic activity last year was maintained, suggesting the recovery will continue into 2015.

    Of the firms surveyed, 49% reported that turnover had increased over the three months to August.

     
  69.  
    08:00: Welcome Thomas McGuigan BBC Scotland News

    Good morning and welcome to Scotland Live. We'll be here until 18:00 with news, sport, weather and travel updates from across the country.

    Keep in touch on Twitter @BBCScotlandNews using #ScotlandLive, via email or text 80295.

     

Features

Elsewhere on the BBC

  • FilmsOnes to watch

    BBC Culture picks nine top films coming out next month

Programmes

  • A computer simulation showing a planned station upgrade in Hong KongClick Watch

    Simulated world - how architects are using virtual and augmented reality to transform our cities

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.