Q&A: Your Scottish independence questions

Independence composite

The Scottish independence referendum debate is once again in the headlines with the launch of the Better Together campaign, which is against the idea of Scotland going its own way.

Those campaigning in favour of independence have already said they want to retain the pound, keep the Queen as head of state and get rid of the nuclear weapons based at Faslane on the Clyde.

The BBC news website asked for your questions about the future of Scotland, receiving hundreds of replies.Here are the 10 most asked questions:

1) Why do people in England, Wales and Northern Ireland not get a vote?

The referendum on Scottish independence is expected to take place in the autumn of 2014.

What are the current voting rules?

Anyone wanting to vote in a Scottish Parliament election must be:

• entitled to vote as electors at a local government election

• registered on the register of local government electors

For Scots living abroad, the rules state:

  • if you had been registered to vote in the UK in the previous 15 years you can remain on the election register
  • that allows you to vote in UK parliamentary or European parliament election
  • it does not give you the right to vote in local elections or in elections to the devolved administrations of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

On the ballot paper, the Scottish government wants to ask voters: "Do you agree that Scotland should become an independent country?"

But who would get to vote? The Scottish government says people in Scotland are "best placed" to decide Scotland's constitutional future, a point with which the UK government agrees.

If the people of Scotland express their wish in a "legal, fair and decisive" referendum, then it would seem unlikely that the UK would seek to block their path.

The Scottish government says the independence referendum would be held on exactly the same basis as the devolution referendum in 1997, which was run by the Labour government of the time.

They say it would be based on the "internationally accepted principle of residence". This means Scots who do not live in Scotland would not be eligible to vote.

The Scottish government wants to keep the same voter eligibility as the Scottish Parliament and council elections.

It also wants to extend the franchise to include those 16 and 17-year-olds who are on the electoral register on the day of the poll, although the UK government, which has responsibility for voter eligibility, is opposed to the idea.

The Electoral Commission watchdog has also pointed out that 16-year-olds may only currently be included on the voting register if they become 17 on or before 30 November that year.

This is because they will subsequently become 18 on or before 30 November of the following year - the period to which the register applies.

2) Will there be a Scottish passport?

Start Quote

Nicola Sturgeon, SNP deputy first minister

We'd have a Scottish passport if Scotland was independent”

End Quote Nicola Sturgeon SNP deputy leader, speaking on 25 January, 2012

Yes, says the SNP, and people would be able to choose to get a Scottish passport any time after independence or at the point when their passport was due for renewal.

Scotland's deputy first minister Nicola Sturgeon, speaking on a BBC Scotland debate programme in January this year, asserted that on the issue of passports, people would have a choice, like in Ireland.

She said: "We would have a Scottish passport. My passport says EU as well as British citizen and that's the point. We've got right of free travel. We can go to Ireland without a passport.

"People who were born here (Scotland), who live here, who've got family relationships here, will have Scottish citizenship and others would be able to apply for citizenships."

Your Scotland, Your Voice - a white paper drawn up in 2009 by the Scottish government - says citizenship would be based on an "inclusive model".

It talks of "shared or dual citizenship" and says that "as a member of the EU, Scottish citizens would have free access across Europe".

Asked if Scots could have two passports, Ms Sturgeon said: "I'm sure people would have that choice, but we'd have a Scottish passport if Scotland was independent."

Advocate General Lord Wallace (a former Lib Dem Scottish deputy first minister), when asked if the rest of the UK would be happy to issue British passports to Scots citizens under independence, said: "Frankly, I don't know. It's one of the imponderables."

3) Will there be border checks?

Scotland Forward, a more recent SNP statement on how independence would be shaped, says there would be "no checks or delays" when crossing into England, adding that there would be "no customs posts or demand for passports".

What is the Schengen Agreement?

It abolished internal borders, enabling passport-free movement between 25 European countries.

It was named after the Luxembourg town where it was signed.

The deal is now under review, after surges in illegal migration from Africa and Asia, via Italy and Greece, in 2011.

The SNP says: "Scotland will inherit and remain part of the Common Travel Area which has existed between the UK and the Republic of Ireland, and the Isle of Man, Jersey and Guernsey, for many decades, and means that no passports are required to travel across these borders, as at present.

"European and international travel will be subject to the same checks as at present."

There is one area which could cloud this situation - the Schengen Agreement.

It is a common travel area which numerous European countries are signed up to - but not the UK and Ireland.

If Scotland joins the European Union, which is the intention of the SNP, would Scotland have to join Schengen and protect its borders from non-Schengen countries?

Earlier this year, UK Home Secretary Theresa May said an independent Scotland could face "some sort of border check" if Scotland joined Schengen, comments which the SNP described as "scaremongering".

4) Will Scotland be a member of the European Union?

The SNP is in no doubt that Scotland would be part of the European Union after independence.

It says: "Scotland is part of the territory of the EU and Scots are EU citizens - there is no provision for either of these circumstances to change upon independence."

How does a country join the EU?

1.Monitoring and review procedure - Candidates prepare for membership with help of so-called "monitoring reports". Peer reviews cover the most problematic issues which they throw up. Before envisaged accession, the European Commission produces a "comprehensive monitoring report". This serves as a basis to decide on any possible remedial measure to be taken by the Commission, in its role as a guardian of the treaties.

2.The ratification process and accession - Once negotiations conclude, they are incorporated in a draft accession treaty and sent to the Commission for its opinion, and to the European Parliament for its assent. After signature, the accession treaty is submitted to the member states and to each acceding country concerned for ratification by them, in line with their own constitutional procedures. When the ratification process has been concluded and the treaty takes effect, the candidate becomes a member state.

The 2009 white paper says: "Settling details of European Union membership would take place in parallel to independence negotiations with the United Kingdom government and would cover areas such as the number of MEPs and weight of Council of Ministers."

However, a document produced by the House of Commons library said there was "no precedent" for a devolved part of an EU member state becoming independent and having to determine its membership of the EU as a separate entity.

It said the question had "given rise to widely different views".

A spokesman for First Minister Alex Salmond has previously said: "Legal, constitutional and European experts have all confirmed that an independent Scotland would continue in EU membership.

"And how could it be otherwise, when Scotland has the lion's share of the EU's energy reserves, including oil and renewables?

"The fact is that the last major EU expansion in 2004 saw 10 new countries join - six of them smaller than Scotland, and six of which have become independent since 1990."

In May 2012, Deputy First Minister Nicola Sturgeon told a BBC debate that an independent Scotland would automatically gain EU membership, but did not need to use the euro.

Scottish Tory leader Ruth Davidson produced a letter from the European Commission that she said showed the SNP had never asked it what status an independent Scotland would have.

Ms Davidson said: "The fundamental question that the SNP haven't answered when it comes to Europe is that they don't accept, or won't admit, that a separate Scottish state would have to apply to join the EU.

"One of the rules for applying to join the EU is that you have to adopt the euro. That is the law, so it may not be within the choice of an independent Scotland."

Owen Kelly, chief executive of Scottish Financial Enterprise, said: "Nobody actually is arguing that Scotland would not be a member and I have certainty picked up no vibe in Brussels that there would be anything other than acceptance of that."

He said the real question was on the terms of joining.

Mr Kelly said: "If an independent Scotland would simply inherit all the UK's obligations, opt-outs, international treaties and everything else, fine.

"But if it doesn't, if that is not what is going to happen, then we really need to know because you are then looking at a period of accession and a period of negotiation."

He said: "If we had the political will I think we could find that out now. We know the terms of the referendum and the timing, what else do we need to know before asking and answering that question?"

5) What would happen to state pensions?

Your Scotland, Your Voice says: "On independence benefits, tax credits and the state pension would continue to be paid as now in an independent Scotland. It would be for future Scottish administrations to deliver improvements to the system designed for Scottish needs."

An SNP spokesman said: "People would get their full pension entitlement from day one of an independent Scotland, that is the government's guarantee.

"National insurance would continue to be paid in line with the current arrangements.

"There are EU rules in place to regulate the payment of pensions in different countries and these would, of course, be followed."

Start Quote

Malcolm McLean

The devil is in the detail of pensions. It's not as simple as it sounds”

End Quote Malcolm McLean Pensions expert

Pensions expert Malcolm McLean, from consultants Barnett-Waddingham, said: "The devil is in the detail of pensions. It's not as simple as it sounds."

He said a change of currency would cause "all sorts of problems" for the division of pension liabilities between Scotland and the rest of the UK. However, Scotland intends to continue using the pound Sterling so that difficulty may be avoided.

Mr McLean said he thought people drawing their state pension at the time of independence, if it happened, would notice little difference, especially if Scotland was an EU member.

He says: "Existing pensioners would probably be treated as overseas pensioners in the same way as UK pensioners living in other EU countries are."

The difficulties, according to Mr McLean, would come with people who have been paying national insurance contributions to the UK treasury.

He said the social security system was based on national insurance contributions, with the details held on a computer in Newcastle.

Mr McLean asked, would the Scottish government set up an equivalent database for Scotland, or would the Newcastle system be used as a base for all UK and Scottish pensions after independence?

Then there is the issue of "accrued" rights, he says, and how they would be transferred from the UK to Scotland and who would be responsible for paying the pensions.

A big problem with state pensions is that they are "unfunded", said Mr McLean.

Despite taking in the money in national insurance contributions, the pensions are paid on a pay-as-you-go basis straight out of the Treasury.

There is no state pension pot to draw on or divide up between the rest of the UK and Scotland, states the pensions expert, who argues the question of pension liabilities is a huge one which still has to be addressed.

On the issue of private pensions, Mr McLean says - although a currency union may remain - the different tax regimes in Scotland and the rest of the UK would be extra complication and cost for pension providers.

Dr Jim McCormick, of the Joseph Rowntree Foundation, thinks the division of state pension schemes is something which needs to be done "with caution".

He said it was "certainly not something you can do quickly or neatly", arguing that one way forward could be operating different pension pots for pension liabilities from the UK before independence and Scotland afterwards.

He added: "It would make perfect sense for an independent Scottish government to do some cost-sharing with a UK government for people close to the state retirement age. They could gradually move others to a new system. They would want to move with a lot of caution and partnership."

6) What would happen to the NHS?

Health has been an area of government devolved to Scotland since 1999 so the SNP argues it would be relatively easy to continue on the same path after independence. An SNP spokesman also asserted that the SNP would "be more than able to afford to fund vital services like the NHS".

The controversial Health and Social Care Act, which was passed in the Commons earlier this year, does not apply in Scotland.

And Scotland has already gone its own way on issues such as free prescriptions and free personal care for the elderly.

Scotland Forward states: "Independence will allow us to continue to maintain and develop the NHS as a priority service and to ensure it continues to provide world-class treatment."

It adds: "We will continue to maintain close links with the health service in the rest of the UK and throughout Europe, particularly when it comes to the provision of rare and specialist treatment."

7) Will Scotland share services with England?

"Yes, where there is mutual benefit," says an SNP spokesman.

He says: "The key advantage of independence is that it gives Scotland choices, and the ability to decide what is best for Scotland in each and every policy area.

"Under the current arrangements, there are a series of cross-border public bodies, with the Scottish and UK government having joint responsibility.

"Being independent is about building a new, more modern partnership in these isles. It will see the end of the political union, which means that decisions can be taken jointly by the Westminster and Scottish governments rather than by the Westminster government alone."

Pylons Scotland could be part of a UK-wide energy market

BBC Scotland's business and economy editor Douglas Fraser says: "This looks increasingly like being a vital area of dispute in negotiating constitutional break-up of the United Kingdom - the perception that institutions in London belong to the rest of the UK and a new status for Scotland would require new institutions, versus the assertion that Scotland can vote to be independent while demanding a share of the UK's institutional legacy.

"It applies to cross-border energy markets and assets, to cross-border telecom and rail networks, and to the BBC."

In a BBC Scotland interview on 10 March, Nicola Sturgeon, when asked about the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA), based in Swansea, said: "The thing about independence is that it gives you the ability to do these things differently if you want to.

"But it also gives you the ability, in discussion with others, to share your sovereignty. And I think the DVLA is one of those things we would sit down and have a grown-up discussion with the UK government and decide that's something we should do."

The Your Scotland, Your Voice white paper raises the prospect of a UK-wide energy market, citing the Nordic countries as an example of "pooling arrangements". It also says a single electricity market now exists between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.

8) What would the Scottish Army look like?

Scotland would have an armed forces of a configuration similar to those of nations such as Norway, Denmark or Sweden, says the SNP.

"We would retain all the military bases in Scotland at the point we become independent. The big difference is that we would not have nuclear weapons, allowing us to divert the money currently spent by the UK, perhaps as much as £250m each year, to other, more useful projects."

"Scotland could focus primarily on securing its territory, compared to the United Kingdom approach of having capacity to conduct overseas wars," the 2009 white paper says.

It says Scotland would take part in peacekeeping and disaster relief.

The SNP's long-standing policy has been not to join Nato. However, the party's leadership is believed to be reconsidering this stance.

Scotland's First Minister Alex Salmond says a "Scottish Defence Force" under an independent Scotland would comprise one naval base (Faslane without Trident), one air base and one mobile armed brigade.

UK armed forces personnel could be given some kind of option on terms of joining the new service.

Mr Salmond suggests the SDF set-up is based on the outcome of the UK defence review (which opponents say is odd, given the SNP's previous campaign to retain all three of Scotland's air force bases).

UK Defence Secretary Phillip Hammond says taking British military units into an SDF is "laughable".

Scottish soldiers in Basra Alex Salmond said a Scottish army would not have participated in the war in Iraq

Former SAS deputy commander Clive Fairweather says an independent Scotland would need its own SAS-style squadron, comprising 75 members and taking three years to set up at a cost of £10m. Oil platforms, he argues, are key terrorist targets.

One model of a slimmed-down Scots military operation, devised by Stuart Crawford, a retired lieutenant colonel in the Royal Tank Regiment, and economist Richard Marsh, suggests Scotland could defend itself with a slimmed down military, making savings worth about £1.3bn, with:

• Army one-third size of Denmark

• Navy of about 20 to 25 ships

• An air force of about 60 aircraft, but no Typhoon or Tornado fast jets

• One HQ and two brigades, but no tanks or heavy artillery

• Personnel of between 10,000 to 12,000

Professor Hew Strachan of Oxford University, a military historian and adviser to the Ministry of Defence (MoD), says Scots may wish to leave and join the armed forces in the rest of the UK.

He previously said: "Like New Zealanders who opt to serve in the Australian air force or the British Royal Air Force, or Irishmen who want to serve in the regiments of the British Army, many Scots might find their ambitions better fulfilled in the rump of the British army and so make the move out of Scottish regiments."

Alex Salmond previously told the BBC Politics Show in May 2011 his government would be prepared to share military facilities with the rest of Britain under independence.

He said: "An independent country has its own foreign policy. There's no way on earth that Scotland would ever have participated as an independent country in the illegal war in Iraq.

"That stresses why you've got to have the ability and determination in order to chart your own way in the world so that you don't get entangled into illegal and disastrous international conflicts.

"Many, many countries in the world share military facilities with friendly neighbours and there's absolutely no reason why Scotland wouldn't be prepared to do that."

9) Will Scotland have embassies?

Yes, says the SNP. It would add to the 25 or so overseas trade, tourism and government offices Scotland currently has.

A spokesman said: "At present, Scotland's taxpayers contribute more money to fund UK embassies than many smaller independent nations fund their embassies with.

"A Scottish embassy and consular network will focus more on jobs and trade and promoting Scotland internationally, with benefits for our economy."

The SNP's Scotland Forward document says "too much of UK overseas representation is based on status and power and that's not what Scotland needs".

Scotland already has its own offices in certain strategic overseas locations (Brussels, Washington DC and Beijing) to represent key interests.

10) What would happen to the Union flag?

The national flag of Scotland would be the Saltire (the St Andrew's Cross), says the SNP.

The Scottish Saltire forms part of the Union Flag The Scottish Saltire forms part of the Union Flag

"The flag of the rest of the UK will be a matter for the rest of the UK," a spokesman said.

On BBC's Question Time programme earlier this month, the SNP's Alex Neil said the Queen was monarch in 16 countries and she would remain head of state in Scotland. Therefore he said, the union of the Crowns would remain and, thus, the Union Flag.

He said: "The union of the crowns was in 1603, 104 years before the union of the parliaments. What independence is about is the dissolution of the parliaments not the dissolution of the union of the crowns.

"When Scotland becomes independent, hopefully in 2016, the day after independence the Queen will be Queen of Scots, as she has always been, as well as the Queen of England and the Queen of Australia and the Queen of New Zealand.

"After independence will be self-governing Scotland but we will also have a British dimension as well."

Former Tory Scottish Secretary Michael Forsyth says: "The union flag is made up of the constituent parts of the United Kingdom and you can't argue that you are going to break up Britain and have a separate Scotland and still have a union flag."

Can you think of other key questions which need answering? Let us know by sending your suggestions to newsonlinescotland@bbc.co.uk and putting "independence questions" in the message field.

(Thanks for your suggestions so far, keep them coming in)

More on This Story

More Scotland politics stories


Scotland Decides: SCOTLAND VOTES NO

  1. No 2,001,926
  2. Yes 1,617,989
After 32 of 32 counts Results in detail

Referendum Live

    19:00: Steven Brocklehurst BBC Scotland news website

    That's all from our live referendum reaction coverage for today. It will all begin again at 07:00 tomorrow.

    18:59: Parliament returns

    MSPs return to Holyrood tomorrow afternoon. The business for the first day back includes a statement from First Minister Alex Salmond.

    BBC Parliament building
    18:57: Coming up.... Scotland 2014 BBC Two Scotland

    We're back at 22:30 tonight asking what does the future hold for the SNP. After a No vote in the referendum, is independence still a viable goal? Or is Devo Max now the focus?

    You can watch the programme here.

    18:55: 'Unfair' rules

    Former Labour minister Ben Bradshaw says his party's leadership has failed to tackle the "unfair" situation of Scottish MPs voting on English-only matters.

    Mr Bradshaw, who represents Exeter, told the Western Morning News: "We have to acknowledge an unfairness where Scottish MPs vote on exclusively English matters. The question as to whether this is unfair has to be a 'yes'. But there are numerous ways you can address this, all very complex."

    18:54: Commons inquiry

    A House of Commons committee is going to investigate the aftermath of the independence referendum. The Political and Constitutional Reform Committee, which set out the terms of its inquiry today, will look at whether England, Wales and Northern Ireland should be offered the same levels of devolution as Scotland.

    The MPs will also consider the best way forward given the disagreements between the three main Westminster parties.

    Houses of Parliament
    @nedsimons 18:53: Ned Simons, Huffington Post

    Reporting from the Labour conference fringe, Huffington Post political correspondent Ned Simons tweets: Ed Balls says he would be 'staggered' if Gordon Brown wanted to be first minister of Scotland.

    18:48: George Square trouble

    Six men men have appeared in court charged with various offences during Glasgow city centre disturbances on the day the referendum result was announced.

    Three appeared in private at Glasgow Sheriff Court over disorder in George Square on Friday.

    Three other men were accused of being involved in other incidents in nearby streets.

    One was charged with being in possession of a hammer on West Nile Street.

    Four of the men were remanded in custody.

    It is believed that some people will appear at court at a later date in connection the incident.

    18:41: SNP members

    Today's final entry from SNP chief executive Peter Murrell: 18,002 new @theSNP members in 96 hours. Welcome one and all.

    18:37: Rennie calls on SNP to accept verdict

    As MSPs prepare to return to Holyrood after the referendum tomorrow, Scottish Liberal Democrat leader Willie Rennie called on Scottish government ministers to accept the verdict of the Scottish people and work constructively with others.

    He said: "Scots delivered their verdict on the SNP's independence plans at the ballot box but we know that a vote to remain part of the UK family is not a vote against change.

    "In the past the SNP have been surly bystanders as others worked to deliver new powers for Scotland. This cannot happen again."

    He added:"The Liberal Democrat vision of radical reform towards a federal UK is now top of the political agenda. This is a chance of a lifetime to deliver the change that the majority of people wish to see. A stronger Scotland within the United Kingdom."

    18:30: 'I'd done enough research'

    "I've had a career in finance in which I've had to make projections and limit risk as much as possible. These were my savings, my money, but I felt I'd done enough research to be sure of the outcome.

    "It was a decision taken in conjunction with my wife. And although I bounced a few ideas off other friends, nobody else knew what we were doing."

    The anonymous man who staked £900,000 on the outcome of the referendum has been explaining his thinking on BBC Radio 2's Jeremy Vine show.

    18:22: On TV tonight

    The BBC's Scotland 2014 programme asks: "The pro-Indy parties are reporting a surge in membership. Will the constitution continue to dominate Scottish politics?"

    Scotland 2014, with Sarah Smith, is on BBC Two Scotland at 22:30.

    18:17: Labour 'shocked' by Yes support Chris Mason Political correspondent, BBC News

    Longstanding Labour voters who deserted the party to vote for Scottish independence "shocked and worried us greatly," a shadow cabinet minister has said.

    The shadow business secretary Chuka Umunna said that many in "communities that have supported us" for years were unwilling to support the Labour-backed Better Together campaign.

    But Mr Umunna, speaking at a fringe event at the Labour Party conference organised by The Times, said the "wrong lesson" to learn from the experience would be to focus solely on current or previous core Labour supporters.

    Text 80295 18:10: Referendum - Your views

    Marie: I'm a life-long Labour voter, who voted Yes. I researched both side of the argument and made up my own mind, I hated the way the No campaign threatened and bullied throughout. Now I'm disgusted at the smug back patting of Johann Lamont, Margaret Curren, Alistair Darling & co and the personal attacks on Alex Salmond. Labour have lost my vote for good. Incidentally, an Edinburgh university study found that Yes voters were the most politically informed, most voted with their heads, enough of the patronising!

    David, Devon: Alex Salmond didn't say ALL no voters were tricked. What he said was that SOME of the crucial undecided ones were tricked in the final few days with the promise of swift change from Westminster, which Cameron seems to be backtracking from. He has a fair point. Cameron must now deliver - or admit the sham.

    18:02: Voting at 16

    Scottish Secretary Alistair Carmichael believes the high turnout in Thursday's referendum is evidence that the UK voting age should be lowered to 16.

    Writing on his blog, the Lib Dem Northern Isles MP said more than 100,000 under-18s had registered to vote.

    "Our young voters were given the opportunity and seized it with both hands. I believe that it is now only a matter of time until we see votes at 16 rolled out across the UK. That time should be now."

    Alistair Carmichael
    17:54: Referendum 'damaged UK'

    A new poll, by ComRes, has found that 39% of Britons agree that the UK has been "damaged by the Scottish referendum campaign".

    The survey, carried out for ITV News, also found two-thirds of people agreed Scottish MPs should be banned from voting on English-only laws.

    And 30% of those polled thought Scotland would "probably become an independent country in the next 20 years".

    Text 80295 17:47: Referendum - Your views

    Mrs W, Glasgow: Alistair Darling continues to alienate half the Scottish population, many of them now ex-labour voters. The election result has been accepted Alistair, that is not the issue. The fact that the parties are now not delivering their promise of an immediate increase in devolved powers is an issue for many people other than Alex Salmond.

    You have a lot of work to do if you want to get some voters back - saying Alex Salmond has 'lost the plot' is not the way to go about it. So unbelievably out of touch with your own support base!

    Struan: I have been a labour supporter all of my 64 years however due to their shocking campaign tactics and post referendum blustering I have now joined the SNP. I find it remarkable that in such a short space of time they have managed to alienate their supporters on both sides of the border so spectacularly.

    17:39: Taxing question

    Political analyst Gerry Hassan says: "There is a mood music case being made at the moment by all politicians, north and south of the border, that greater devolution, greater de-centralism, equals social justice.

    "That does not automatically, necessarily work.

    "What Ed Balls is trying to make the case for is common, shared services, taxation - a unitary system of income tax across the UK, that is what social democracy is about.

    "But it is rather late in the day when Gordon Brown, the previous week, was promising the exact opposite."

    17:33: 'Conspicuous absence'

    Political analyst Gerry Hassan tells BBC Scotland's Newsdrive there was a "conspicuous absence" of the detail behind the Vow that the Westminster parties made to Scotland when Labour's shadow chancellor Ed Balls made his speech to the party's conference in Manchester.

    Mr Hassan say: "Basically it turns out that when Gordon Brown went solo in the last week and a half of the referendum campaign he never bothered to clear it with Ed Balls or speak to him. So Ed Balls, paying back in like, didn't feel the need to mention it.

    "So it is yet another indication of the threadbare, making it up as you go along, nature of the pledge that was offered pre-vote."

    @RSimpsonMSP 17:27: Richard Simpson MSP

    Labour MSP Richard Simpson tweets: Devolution powers timetable to be honoured says Hague. Lord Smith of Kelvin chair commonwealth games will take forward. Promise must be kept

    17:20: 'Absolutely vital'

    Constitutional expert Professor Vernon Bogdanor tells BBC News that an "unconditional promise" of more devolution was made to Scotland.

    "If it now appears that it's conditional, some Scottish voters who voted 'No' will say they have been cheated."

    Prof Bogdanor adds: "It is absolutely vital that this devolution promise to Scotland, whether you think it was right or not, should be delivered as rapidly as possible."

    17:14: 'Only the beginning'

    Leader of the Commons William Hague, speaking after the meeting at the prime minister's private residence in Buckinghamshire, said today's discussions on the English question were "only the beginning".

    He said whatever is or isn't agreed on changing the voting status of Scotland's MPs at Westminster "we will absolutely go ahead with the commitment to Scotland". But he said the need to deal with England was now "urgent".

    william hague

    Mr Hague said if other parties make it impossible to do this in tandem with the draft Scotland bill the English question will become an issue for the general election. He said the Conservatives believed only English MPs should decide laws that apply to England.

    The Cabinet Committee looking at this will meet for the first time on Wednesday.

    17:11: England only votes

    David Cameron has met senior Conservatives at Chequers to discuss barring Scottish, Welsh and Northern Irish MPs from voting on issues that affect only England.

    Following the meeting, the leader of the Commons, William Hague, said that it was clear that promises to devolve more powers to Scotland would be honoured. However, he added that there had been widespread agreement that decisions at Westminster which affected England only, should be taken by English MPs.

    17:06: Scots back English votes plan

    If Scotland is handed more powers through increased devolution, 71% of people think its MPs should no longer be able to vote on issues only affecting England, according to YouGov.

    This view is also held by nearly two thirds of Scots, YouGov said.

    16:56: Yes party member surge Glenn Campbell BBC Scotland news

    Not just the SNP but also the other parties in the Yes campaign seem to be benefiting from a surge in membership.

    In the case of the SNP they say that their membership has gone up from something like 25,000 to, at 4pm today, more than 42,000.

    They are now within striking distance of overtaking the Liberal Democrat membership across the UK.

    The Greens say they have also picked up 3,000 members since the referendum vote. They only had 2,000 to start with, so that is an even more extraordinary increase in their size.

    It is a fascinating phenomenon and more generally there is talk within the broad Yes campaign about how they keep the energy going and how they campaign in the future.

    16:49: Sturgeon rivals? Glenn Campbell BBC Scotland news

    When the nominations for SNP leader open there will probably be a period of up to three weeks where anybody in the party that can get the required level of support could potentially come forward as a rival.

    There are some who think there should be a contest, that it would confer legitimacy on the new leader.

    Others think, given that Nicola Sturgeon is the favourite, and is likely to win any contest, that there really is not any point and that the party should really get on with the business of governing because, of course, it remains the Scottish government.

    If Nicola Sturgeon does declare there would need to be a contest to replace her in the deputy role and that could be potentially more interesting.

    16:43: Contest or coronation for Sturgeon? Glenn Campbell BBC Scotland news

    Nicola Sturgeon has the backing of most of the members of the Scottish cabinet. I think we can expect the nominations for SNP leader will open as early as Wednesday. I would expect that Nicola Sturgeon would formally declare herself a candidate at that stage and I am certainly not aware of anybody proposing to stand against her.

    If a candidate does emerge there certainly could be a contest but whether it is through that route or through a coronation I think the general feeling is that Nicola Sturgeon will become the next leader of the SNP and the next first minister of Scotland.

    She would be the first female to hold either of those posts.

    In fact by mid-November, if there are no other changes, the three main parties at Holyrood will be led by women and I can't think of any other parliament on the planet where that is the case.

    16:37: SNP leader odds

    Bookmaker William Hill says Nicola Sturgeon is now the 1/10 favourite to succeed Alex Salmond as leader of the SNP.

    The deputy leader has said she could think of "no greater privilege" than to seek the leadership.

    MP Angus Robertson is the 7/1 second favourite.

    Nicola Sturgeon
    16:30: 'Beggars belief' Chris Mason Political correspondent, BBC News

    Labour MP Simon Danczuk says it "beggars belief" that Labour did not have a ready answer to the question of what happens in England in the event of a Scottish 'No' vote.

    Speaking at a fringe event at the party conference in Manchester, Mr Danczuk said Labour leader Ed Miliband would have a "real problem" if he did not address the issue in his leader's speech tomorrow.

    16:20: Labour must deliver Tim Reid Political correspondent, BBC News

    There is a recognition from most of the speakers on the platform at the Labour conference, including Shadow Scottish Secretary Margaret Curran this afternoon, that they had to do more, that people do want change and that they have to deliver the promised powers.

    Margaret Curran said she would not rest until Scotland got all that it had been promised.

    16:14: Lamont lament Tim Reid Political correspondent, BBC News

    Johann Lamont, the Scottish Labour leader, was here at the Labour conference in Manchester and suggested that, yes, they had won the referendum but she said it would be wrong to celebrate the referendum victory without asking how they had got here in the first place.

    By that she was suggesting it is clear that voters in Scotland want change.

    They are right to want change, she said, and they must reflect on the fact that they did not offer the people of Scotland a vision of change that they felt they could believe in.

    15:59: 'Ambitious timetable'

    Professor Ailsa Henderson, of Edinburgh University, tells BBC News David Cameron is "caught between making good on a promise and also seeing off support from voters leaking away towards Ukip".

    The ambitious timetable set out for the devolution changes to be made was "absolutely part of the problem", she added.

    haveyoursay@bbc.co.uk 15:48: Referendum - Your Views

    Tony Mackin, Ipswich: Now that the referendum is over, the real winners are the people living in Scotland. However, is there any doubt that had the Yes campaign won with the same split of the vote then this would have been labelled "a ringing endorsement of independence?" Finally, the SNP should accept the "sovereign will" of the Scottish people instead of asking for recounts and inquiries.

    L. Payne: Yet again Mr Salmond you insult the majority of Scottish voters by claiming we were fooled or tricked into voting No. Most of those who voted No did so after careful informed investigation for the truth of the issues & were not fooled by you or anyone else. All you had to offer was a half-finished "New House" with no solid foundation, only half a roof & no electricity, no chance. Then, you played with the emotional hopes of the 16/17-year-olds. How very cynical, shame on you and that's when you lost it. We, the 'Nos' voted with our heads; the Yes group with their hearts.

    @PeterMurrell 15:39: Party numbers

    SNP chief executive Peter Murrell tweets: If this keeps going, we'll soon be bigger than the UK-wide @LibDems. 16,186 new @theSNP members and counting.

    15:32: Miliband's 'Oscars' speech

    On the stage at the Labour conference in Manchester, party leader Ed Miliband says it is becoming "like the Oscars" as he thanks figures within the party who helped with the 'No' campaign.

    Labour leader Ed Miliband

    He pays tribute to people "who knew the gravity of the challenge their country faced, who knew how important it was and who wanted to give their help".

    15:28: 'Backing of Bowie and Beckham'

    The Shadow Scottish secretary, Margaret Curran, says the Scottish people have "taught us a lot about our politics".

    While it was great to have the backing of David Bowie and David Beckham, she said, it was more pleasing to have support from "ordinary people".

    Text 80295 15:19: Referendum - Your Views

    Gillian: Nationalism? Wrong, I voted Yes for political power and constitutional change. Easy answer to blame nationalism. Look deeper Labour. Not everyone who voted Yes is on benefits. Genuine thoughts for equality across Scotland - that will be harder now.

    Tam: Is this to be the new way to represent support for independence? Wave a Saltire, paint your face a la 'Braveheart', take to the streets to drown out anyone with different views from your own? I think and hope that many long-standing supporters of independence may be troubled by this and reflect on the price being paid along the way.

    15:09: 'Passion for change'

    Johann Lamont tells Labour supporters: "I believe those who sought change through separation were wrong, but I salute their passion for change, I salute their commitment and I ask them to share their energy with us to change Scotland and change Britain and build that society we all seek without borders."

    15:07: Vote rigging allegation rejected

    The chief counting officer has defended the conduct of the Scottish referendum in response to allegations of vote rigging.

    More than 70,000 people have signed an online petition demanding "a revote counted by impartial international parties".

    In a statement, the chief counting officer Mary Pitcaithly said all counts "were properly conducted and scrutinised".

    Chief Counting officer Mary Pitcaithly

    Ten votes in Glasgow are already being investigated over a separate claim of multiple voting.

    Former SNP deputy leader Jim Sillars has called for an official inquiry into the claims raised by the petition and in an online video.

    15:04: 'Disappointment became despair'

    Scottish Labour Leader Johann Lamont is next up at the party conference in Manchester.

    She says is would be wrong to celebrate the 'No' result "without asking how we got there in the first place".

    Johann Lamont

    "People want change," she says. "They are right to want change and we must reflect on the fact we did not offer the people of Scotland a vision of change they felt they could believe in.

    "We allowed disappointment to become despair and to ferment into nationalism."

    Text 80295 15:02: Referendum - Get Involved

    Anon: I am one of the 45% [who voted Yes] and accept the vote, Don't like it. I am now awaiting the offer promised and have every right to scrutinise both the process and offer. Not sour grapes just being sensible.

    14:56: High turnout

    The people of Scotland are sovereign, Mr Darling says.

    He also praises the turnout in Thursday's vote, saying: "It's come to something when the lowest turnout was 75%.

    "That is something we should acknowledge as a strength for the future."

    haveyoursay@bbc.co.uk 14:54: Referendum - Your views

    Ian McCallum: It is contemptuous of the Labour Party to believe they have the divine right to someone's vote. It is my vote and I will use it as I choose. I have stopped buying certain products because they became poor quality. What was on the label did not reflect content.

    14:50: 'You've lost the plot'

    Mr Darling tells the Labour Party conference: "Some people have not entirely accepted this result."

    Alex Salmond, Mr Darling says, has said "never mind, we might be able to seize power some other way".

    The Better Together leader adds: "I just say this to Alex Salmond: you lost the argument, you've lost the referendum, you've lost office, and now you have lost the plot."

    Alistair Darling
    14:41: 'Better Together'

    Mr Darling expresses thanks for the cross party campaign as it proved that the United Kingdom was "Better Together".

    He also thanks those No voters who are not affiliated to any political party, but who wanted to act to preserve the United Kingdom.

    14:37: 'Unity over division'

    Alistair Darling, Better Together leader, tells the Labour Party conference that he has three things he wants to say...

    Alistair Darling

    "The first is to thank all of you here and in the Labour Party for doing so much to help us in the last few months of our campaign in Scotland.

    "The people of Scotland have spoken and they've chose unity over division; positive change not separation.

    "Last Thursday's vote was a momentous result for Scotland and also a momentous result for the UK as a whole.

    "Because, confirming our place in the Union, we've re-affirmed all that we have in common; all the bonds that tie us together, let them never be broken."

    14:26: 'Four great nations'

    Shadow Scottish secretary Margaret Curran is addressing the Labour Party conference in Manchester.

    Margaret Curran

    "My fellow Scots have spoken and we have said no to separation, 'no' to division, no to the end of solidarity and 'no' to a false border being erected between the working people of our four great nations.

    "But I tell you something else conference: we said 'yes' too. Not yes to independence but yes to recognising interdependence, yes to co-operation and yes to a strong Scotland inside a changed United Kingdom.

    "As we meet here in Manchester with the referendum behind us now, the call for change that we heard on Thursday still rings out.

    "And let me tell you this Scotland: you have been heard."

    14:16: SNP leadership nominations Glenn Campbell BBC Scotland news

    Nominations for a new SNP leader are expected to open on Wednesday. The party's deputy leader, Nicola Sturgeon, is likely to formally declare her candidacy that day. She has already been publicly endorsed by almost every member of the Scottish cabinet.

    Nicola Sturgeon

    It is understood that she will not choose a running mate for the post of deputy leader. The results of both elections will be declared at the SNP conference in November.

    haveyoursay@bbc.co.uk 14:10: Referendum - Your Views

    Fiona McLaren: The referendum didn't go Mr Salmond's way, so now he is saying the "No" voters were tricked by Westminster - an insult to our intelligence. Lots of Scots are proud of being Scottish AND British. He needs to accept the result and move forward.

    14:03: Referendum - Get Involved

    Jon: Just wondering if all these people who are joining 'Yes' parties realise that voting against Labour at the general election will just be helping the Tories! I bet they're loving the negative reaction to Labour in Scotland post-indyref. They'll squeeze all they can out Labour in the English votes debate - before delivering Scots promises in the nick of time (stopping indyref2), and then they'll have a bonus prize of Scottish Labour being decimated.

    Fred Comerford, Fife: I voted No - not because I am against independence, but because I am against political and economic suicide. I was concerned at the "oh yes we will" "oh no you won't" attitude of both sides. In my opinion the entire debate came down to that of a pantomime with no clarity on how we planned to address any of the issues. I felt the SNP were as surprised as Westminster was at the interest in seeing independence through.

    14:00: 'Aggressive and sectarian' Daily Record

    Nil by Mouth campaign director Dave Scott said the sight of groups acting in an aggressive and sectarian manner on Friday was depressing coming just hours after such a democratic process came to an end. Read his views here.

    geiorge square
    haveyoursay@bbc.co.uk 13:45: Referendum - Your Views

    Mark, Fife: Re: John Swinney and the 'shifting goalposts'. Nobody's shifted the goalposts! Just because there's a bigger conversation than just Scotland going on involving all of the UK does not mean the needs of Scotland are getting ignored. Of course, if you just want to stir things up rather than be constructive you can take Swinney's view.

    John Usher: I'm getting rather tired of Alex Salmond's inability to accept he lost the referendum. I voted No by postal vote. This was way before any talk of 'Vows'. I knew Westminster would do all it could to keep the Union and also knew they would quickly renege on any deal so that really cuts no ice with me. I voted No simply because I wasn't persuaded enough by the Yes campaign. As a 64-year-old I'm also getting rather tired of the Yes campaign's continuing dismissal of the older voter. I was always told the older you get the wiser you get - not in the Yes camp it seems.

    13:33: Sample size

    Prof Michael Keating said he agreed that some of the sample sizes meant Lord Ashcroft's survey of how people voted needed some caution.

    He says: "The younger people (16 and 17-year-olds) did appear from our earlier work to be leaning quite heavily towards No.

    "Our project's post-referendum material will be coming out in the next few weeks."

    13:29: 'Shaky' breakdown

    The Guardian's Scotland correspondent Severin Carrell tells the John Beattie programme that some of the findings of Lord Ashcroft's breakdown of who voted for what in the independence referendum were "a bit shaky".

    He says: "They had a very small sample of 16 and 17-year-olds for instance. They find from 17 kids that they surveyed - just 17 out of the 2,000 in the sample for the survey - that 71% or so of 16 and 17-year-olds were Yes. That completely contradicts all the other survey work.

    Scotland's referendum

    "A majority of high school votes where they had mock referenda were No."

    Text 80295 13:25: Referendum - Get Involved

    Martin in Nairn: The fight for independence goes on. Round one had gone to No. If they don't deliver then round 2 will happen: our day will come.

    Disgusted Al: The only 'country' in history ever to reject independence - we are no longer a country - we have been reduced to a mere region - our capital city is London.

    Isobel: I voted Yes for democracy, for a more representative system of government and an end to self-serving elites.

    Anon: This whole idea that the 55% plus who voted "No" were "tricked" into it by Westminster is contemptible. Again, Alex Salmond seeks to equate voting for independence with being more intelligent, compassionate and even more Scottish but he fails to understand that most of Scotland just didn't want separation.

    13:20: Swelling the ranks

    Scotland's pro-independence parties, including the SNP and the Greens, report a continuing surge in membership in the wake of the referendum "No" vote.

    The SNP says it now has 40,000 members compared to 25,642 at 17:00 on Thursday, while the Greens also said thousands joined their party over the weekend.

    13:16: Who voted for what?

    Prof Michael Keating, director of the Scottish Centre for Constitutional Change, told BBC Scotland's John Beattie programme men were more likely than women to have voted Yes in Thursday's independence referendum.

    He added: "People over 55 seemed to have been voting overwhelmingly No.

    "Young people were more inclined to vote Yes, although not necessarily the very youngest people.

    "And people living in poorer neighbourhoods were more likely to vote Yes than people living in wealthier neighbourhoods."

    13:16: 'Don't try this at home'

    The £900,000 bet on a 'No' vote is believed to be the largest ever placed on a political event.

    "The first thing I would say is don't try this at home", the man who staked told the Jeremy Vine programme.

    He describes himself as "definitely not super rich".

    13:08: The £900,000 gamble

    A London-based trader who bet a total of £900,000 on a 'No' vote in the referendum has been on BBC Radio 2's Jeremy Vine show.

    The man, who wanted to remain anonymous, collected £1,093,333.33 - including his stake.

    He says it was a "reasoned wager" based on "a series of statistical observations".

    It is "not something you should lightly", he adds.

    13:02: Tommy Sheridan backs SNP

    Socialist politician Tommy Sheridan, the co-convener of the left-wing Solidarity party, has urged all Yes supporters to back the SNP.

    In a statement, he said: What I am about to say is uncomfortable for a socialist like me. I oppose the SNP position on Nato membership, cutting corporation taxes for big businesses, retaining the Queen as a head of State, sharing sterling and other policies.

    Tommy Sheridan

    "BUT in order to maximise the pro-independence vote in next May's General Election I believe all Yes supporters should vote for the SNP and all other pro-Independence parties should not stand if the SNP candidate will commit to fight for a new Referendum as soon as possible and against all Westminster austerity cuts to welfare and public services."

    12:55: English votes for English laws?

    Should Scottish MPs be banned from voting on English laws? The BBC's Daily Politics show has carried out a highly-scientific survey at the Labour Party conference in Manchester.

    Daily politics
    12:49: Devolution issues linked David Porter Westminster correspondent

    Pure politics and pure political advantage is now at play after the referendum.

    It was very noticeable on Friday morning when David Cameron made his speech how he linked these two issues.

    He said there should be more devolution for England, there should be more devolution for Scotland but England's concerns would have to be met as well.

    Downing Street are saying the two things work in tandem but one is no longer conditional on the other.

    Like all political issues there is going to have to be compromise at some point if there is going to be an agreement.

    I think all the Westminster leaders know very sharply that if they were to be seen in any way to be reneging on extra powers for Scotland, that would cause quite a backlash.

    12:43: Scottish votes on English matters David Porter Westminster correspondent

    At the moment Labour has more than 40 MPs in Scotland, if Ed Miliband was to win the general election those MPs from Scotland would be very useful to him, not only in voting on Scottish matters but also in voting on perhaps health and education reforms which would primarily affect England.

    Without the votes of those Scottish MPs he may not be able to get those reforms through. That is what really concerns Labour.

    Labour says it wants extra devolution for Scotland. It also wants extra devolution for England. But it does not want the two issues linked.

    12:38: West Lothian Question David Porter Westminster correspondent

    Here at the Labour conference in Manchester, the repercussions of the Scottish independence referendum and the knock-on effects for constitutional reform, not just in Scotland but in the whole of the UK, have dominated proceedings - I think a little to the annoyance of the Labour leadership.

    Also down at the prime minister's private residence Chequers in Buckinghamshire today we have Tory backbenchers meeting Mr Cameron to discuss what they want as devolution for England and of course the West Lothian question concerning the voting rights of Scottish MPs on English matters.

    It is being suggested today the prime minister may sanction a vote before the general election which would seek to reduce the voting power of Scottish MPs.

    12:32: 'Our duty'

    Labour's shadow chancellor, Ed Balls, tells delegates in Manchester: "The people of Scotland did not vote for the status quo.

    "They voted for the opportunity to shape Scotland's future with greater devolution, and it's our duty to deliver on that promise."

    The UK's constitution does need to be changed, he says, but this process "must start with the people not politicians".

    Ed Balls
    12:24: SNP membership

    SNP chief executive Peter Murrell tweets: Mega drum roll... @theSNP now has 40,000 members. Big welcome to all 14,358 newbies. Join too and make a difference: https://my.snp.org/join

    12:17: TUC reaction

    Grahame Smith, Scottish Trades Union Congress general secretary, says the "perpetual squabbling" between the Tories, Labour and the Lib Dems over devolution shows "they have learned nothing from the recent referendum campaign".

    "Many of those who voted, some for the first time, and on both sides, voted for the constitutional settlement they felt would create a fairer and more just Scotland. They also voted for significant new powers for the Scottish Parliament and for more direct engagement with people and communities over the decisions which affect their lives.

    "They aren't going to be passive participants in the process or tolerate political obfuscation or compromise. The sooner the politicians recognise this, and get down to working with civil society and the communities and people of Scotland to deliver a comprehensive new devolution settlement, the better."

    Text 80295 12:15: Referendum - Your Views

    Robert, aged 77: I voted Yes. Fed up with Westminster, don't believe we can't run our own country, the big money men are a threat 2 an independent Scotland.

    Peter, Ayrshire: I voted Yes, because with a No vote there is a good chance Scotland will be involved in a war in the Middle East, and David Cameron will be prime minister for a second term because the people of England will see him as the saviour of the UK; the man who saved the strength of the pound, and a hero for middle England. In short: another government Scotland did not vote for.

    Dave from Fife: I am very proud and fortunate to be born a Scot. However, I am equally proud to be a UK citizen and will never give either up.

    12:04: 'Indifference to working class'

    Len McCluskey, general secretary of Unite, has dismissed David Cameron's plans for a devolution settlement, saying constitutional change should not be decided by "posh boys in Chequers" but by political debate with the people.

    Len McCluskey, general secretary of Unite

    He says working people throughout England and Wales "have also had enough" and want change - and says: "Let the Scottish referendum be the tombstone on 20 years of our party's indifference to the interests of the working class".

    @BBCJohnBeattie 12:00: Never Miss A Beat... John Beattie BBC Scotland

    Today's simple question: why did you vote the way you voted? You can listen to the political debate on the John Beattie show here.

    11:55: 'Political hangover'

    Dr Gerry Hassan, of the University of West Scotland, says there is a "bit of a political hangover in Scotland at the moment".

    Some people, he adds, "are simply not willing to let the referendum go, to accept and move on.

    "It's all fine, but Scotland at one point has to pause, and breathe, and allow people to move on - because the referendum was last Thursday."

    11:44: 'Package that works'

    Another Tory MP meeting David Cameron today, James Wharton, said the aim was to "deliver a package that works for the people of England, Wales and Northern Ireland, just as it does for the people of Scotland".

    11:38: Voting rights

    Shadow chancellor Ed Balls has said that if there was a vote in the Commons on English devolution, the Labour Party would not "vote for something that wouldn't work".

    It comes as Prime Minister David Cameron holds a summit with key Conservative figures to discuss his plans to limit the voting rights of Scottish MPs on English issues.

    @BBCJohnBeattie 11:34: Never Miss A Beat... John Beattie BBC Scotland

    Folks, on the prog @BBCRadioScot today we will try to look at who voted what and why... and find out what it means for political landscape.

    Analysis 11:31: SNP surge? Andrew Black Political reporter, BBC Scotland

    The voters may have rejected the SNP's defining policy of independence, but the party clearly isn't done fighting yet.

    As Labour makes its appeal to win back supporters who voted "Yes" last Thursday, the SNP is talking itself up as a force to be reckoned with, suggesting it's on-track to win the 2016 Holyrood election - citing a membership surge and promising poll predictions.

    Outgoing First Minister Alex Salmond, who will address the Scottish Parliament on Tuesday, says his opponents tricked people into voting "No" with a last-minute promise of new devolved powers, and the Scottish government now wants to put itself in a strong position to argue for as many new powers from Westminster as possible.

    Outgoing First Minister Alex Salmond

    The problem with all this, say Scotland's pro-Union parties, is that Mr Salmond needs to fully accept the referendum result, while No 10 has dismissed claims that it's reneging on more devolved powers.

    Meanwhile, the SNP leadership contest is on the horizon following Mr Salmond's decision to stand down, with current deputy Nicola Sturgeon the clear frontrunner to succeed him.

    The new leader will take the reins at the SNP conference in November, after which Mr Salmond will stand down as first minister.

    MSPs vote on his successor in that job, although the SNP's parliamentary majority will ensure it goes to their new leader.

    11:25: 'Rather strange'

    One of the Conservative MPs meeting David Cameron at Chequers for constitution talks is former Attorney General Dominic Grieve.

    This morning, he told BBC Radio 5live Breakfast it was "bizarre and "rather strange" that the three main Westminster party leaders, ahead of the referendum, promised that the Barnett funding formula should continue.

    Dominic Grieve

    "It was introduced as a stopgap over 30 years ago and it's still with us today," Mr Grieve said. "

    It does seem to me a little bit surprising if this is not an issue that shouldn't be looked at, at the same time."

    11:15: 'Bit of a mess and a muddle'

    David Cameron is meeting senior Conservative MPs at Chequers today to discuss his plans for constitutional change after Scotland rejected independence.

    Political commentator Alex Massie says it remains to be seen what will be raised and subsequently delivered.

    "It's a bit of a mess and a muddle at the moment and nobody's quite sure exactly what the prime minister is going to propose," he told BBC Radio Scotland.

    Prime Minister David Cameron

    "Although, presumably, it'll based upon the Tory Party's existing policy. Lots of Tory MPs don't appear to know that they do have a Scottish policy at the moment which is to base recommendations on those made by Lord Strathclyde and his commission, which was published earlier this year.

    "That would be the devolution of all income tax, some modest welfare responsibilities and so on.

    "But, any time you get a whole load of politicians in a room together, you can't be entirely sure of the outcome, except that it's probably going to disappoint a lot of people."

    11:01: Post referendum polling

    Mark Diffley, research director of polling company Ipsos Mori, has told BBC News that voters will be asked why they voted the way they did in the referendum so the result can be analysed.

    Votes cast in the referendum on independence

    He adds: "Scottish voters now, whether they voted 'Yes' or 'No', really do expect the proposals that were made in relation to the Scottish Parliament to be delivered according to the timetable that was set out before the referendum last week."

    Text 80295 10:56: Referendum - Your Views

    Anon: For me, a major issue is the quality of MSPs in Holyrood. If Holyrood is to have more powers, we need to attract quality MSPs. The majority of them are dire, and I wouldn't trust them to organise a school reunion, let alone Scotland's tax and benefit system. They are already making a right pig's ear of the Scottish NHS.

    Nathan, Forres: Oh Jim Murphy - despite many attempts to ask you and Better Together could never provide an answer to that. Labour chipped away at the older folk, calling back several times despite them telling you they knew such things as pensions were safe. Well done to you all for fighting a dirty yet predictable campaign.

    Anon: I voted for a fairer country. One where all politicians from all persuasions would have been able to focus their politics and efforts on those living in Scotland, for the benefit of everyone including the less well of! No doubt many No voters will have a crisis of conscience soon, having accepted, no bridge tolls, free bus passes, tuition fees, council tax etc. Who do these former SNP voters support now at the next election? The Better Together coalition? What an alliance forged by Thatcher's children!

    haveyoursay@bbc.co.uk 10:48: Referendum - Get Involved

    Ian Telfer: Over the last three months Scottish Labour recruited circa 17 new members. Since last Friday morning, 13,382 new members for the SNP and counting. At this rate, the annual conference in November will have to be moved from Perth to Hampden

    Text 80295 10:40: Referendum - Your Views

    Ged, Dundee: I voted and made my mind up before the election. Mr Salmond should join together as he said it's Team Scotland. What is he doing now, keeping the country split.

    Anon: Scottish Labour is dead. Standing side by side with the Tories has killed them in Scotland. Now all we hear from Westminster is backtracking and broken promises. Tricked? Of course, the No's were tricked by lies.

    10:33: 'Victory without a vanquished'

    Labour's Jim Murphy, on stage at the Labour conference, says there are "so many things to celebrate" about the "No" vote.

    Jim Murphy

    "One of the lessons I would take is that we have to put the divisions of the past two years behind us," the shadow Cabinet minister said.

    "Both sides of that referendum spent two years emphasising their differences rather than what we had in common.

    "It has to be a victory without a vanquished.

    "We surely cannot have a United Kingdom but a divided Scotland."

    @Jack_Blanchard_ 10:23: Jack Blanchard, Mirror political correspondent

    Journalist Jack Blanchard, at the Labour conference in Manchester, tweets: Jim Murphy arrives to a hero's welcome: "It's great to be on a stage that's a bit bigger and more stable than an Irn Bru crate."

    Text 80295 10:18: Referendum - Get Involved

    Gavin: The powers will be delivered. However, it will take time. Why are people crying out that they have not been delivered yet? If Scotland voted for independence, this would not have happened overnight either and in fact it would have taken several years.

    Elaine in Glasgow: I did not vote No for devo max. I am not old; No because I won't be intimidated by Yes; No to keep the UK together. Alex Salmond made false promises. Yes need to accept that No won. Let's move on together.

    Murray, Dundee: I'm one of many people who voted No but don't want any extra powers. In fact, I want less powers for the Scottish parliament. A great expensive white elephant.

    10:09: 'Shifted the goalposts'

    Finance Minister John Swinney has criticised the "utterly unseemly activity" by the Westminster parties.

    John Swinney

    Speaking on BBC Radio Scotland this morning, he said they had "shifted the goalposts" over devolution of powers to Scotland.

    On the assurances from Labour's shadow Scottish secretary that powers would be transferred as promised, Mr Swinney says: "It's interesting that Margaret Curran was giving assurances this morning on behalf of the Conservative Party... as far as I know she has not been invited to Chequers".

    David Cameron is hosting a summit of senior Conservative MPs at his official country residence today to discuss his plans for constitutional change.

    Mr Swinney also reiterated his support for deputy SNP leader Nicola Sturgeon to replace Alex Salmond, saying she would be "an excellent candidate for the leadership of this party".

    He said: "I have made clear to Nicola that she can rely on my unreserved support for the leadership of the party."

    Text 80295 10:04: Referendum - Your Views

    Marg, Sutherland: Would it be better to keep the promises to Scotland first, then deal with England? Or am I very naive?

    Nathan, Forres: Ed Balls seems to take the West Lothian Question back on track with the wording "English votes for English Laws". It had morphed over the weekend to "English matters - English financial decisions" etc when we know fine well a lot of those things affect Scotland too.

    Anon: All the noise being made is by the Yes voters being sore losers. I voted No and would vote No again tomorrow. I would be more worried if some rush decision was made in two days than people actually debating the issues and working out what is best for everyone in the UK. It is ludicrous to think those who voted No expected change within the week. Let's be realistic and not get caught up in this Yes voter "everyone must be happy now, or else!" mentality.

    09:52: 'Powers will be delivered'

    Scotland's only Tory MP, David Mundell, told Morning Call: "The powers will be delivered. I'm sure we could spend the rest of the programme listening to people saying that they won't be and the only way I can refute that is to deliver them.

    "The test is the powers being delivered and I am absolutely confident that they will be."

    09:49: 'English votes for English laws'

    Speaking to the BBC this morning, Labour's Shadow Chancellor Ed Balls said the prime minister's pledge to offer "English votes for English laws" is "possibly the most un-prime ministerial thing I've seen David Cameron do in the last few years".

    09:46: Another referendum?

    Former Highland Council leader, Michael Foxley expects there to be another independence referendum within five years.

    The long standing Lib-Dem politician voted 'Yes' for independence, contrary to his party's stance on staying part of the UK.

    He says he believes a second vote is likely because there is a "major risk" Westminster won't deliver substantial new powers to the Scottish Parliament and may also scrap the Barnett Formula.

    09:40: 'Tory MPs furious'

    Journalist Martin Hannan told Morning Call on BBC Radio Scotland: "Without any shadow of a doubt Gordon Brown's intervention with the promise of these powers swung the vote at the last minute. It stopped the momentum for Yes dead in its tracks and people were able to go in and vote No with a clear conscience, because Scotland would be getting more powers.

    "The fact is, we were told these things would happen over the weekend and what have we got today? We've got a meeting between the prime minister and Tory backbench MPs, who are furious at his promise to give more devolution."

    haveyoursay@bbc.co.uk 09:38: Referendum - Your Views

    John, Kirkcaldy: It'll be a compromise. The lowest common denominator will prevail. The question is, if it'll be enough to get the agreement of the majority.

    Michael Welby: As an English voter and activist I am determined that the Scots people will get all that has been promised to them by the three leaders. At the same time I want the West Lothian Question addressed.

    09:30: 'Blown up' Tim Reid Political correspondent, BBC News

    Labour's Frank Field tweets: "Scotland has blown up the English constitution"

    Text 80295 09:10: Referendum - Your Views

    Robin, Glasgow: I voted No and I do have faith in the new powers being provided. What I never had faith in was Salmond's Vow that he and the Yes voters would accept the result of the referendum and move forward. He has clearly reneged on this, and now makes the sinister prediction the independence can be achieved "by other means". He clearly only wants to follow the sovereign will of the Scottish people if they agree with him.

    Ewan, Nairn: I am 99% sure that the powers (whatever they are, nobody seems to know) won't be delivered, either with substance or in any decent time. However, it's still only scraps and why ' Scotland' voted No to running its own affairs, getting ALL powers and becoming a democratic country is beyond me. Scotland is a pitiful laughing stock. Independence will come and make no mistake, the YES movement is bigger than ever and British Nationalism here will shrink into history.

    Anon: I am a No voter and I am perfectly happy with the way things are progressing with the Westminster parties. I wish Alex Salmond would just accept that; he lost his referendum that nobody asked for and that divided Scotland.

    John in Linlithgow: Do I believe Westminster will deliver more powers to Scotland? NO. And in the declared timescale? NO.

    08:59: 'Sovereign will of the people'

    Shadow Scottish secretary Margaret Curran said the guarantees made by the main parties during the referendum campaign on more powers for Scotland would not fall by the wayside.

    "The Scottish people made an emphatic decision on Thursday," she said. "All parties said before the referendum we'd respect that.

    "The sovereign will of the Scottish people has been expressed and we need to respect that and move forward with the guarantees and commitments made during the referendum campaign.

    "I absolutely guarantee that we have the work done and have substantial progress under way. We'll be moving forward on that immediately."

    Text 80295 08:54: Referendum - Get Involved

    Stuart from Fife: I just wish people would be more patient and realistic. It's only been a couple of days since the vote, the country has voted No and all the moaning and groaning will never change the will of the people. Everybody was sick and tired of all the stress caused by this vote, let's move on and give the politicians breathing space to carry out the job in hand!

    Stevie, Motherwell: I knew the 3 main leaders would go back on their word to Scotland. Gordon Brown had no right promising what he couldn't keep too. It was a devo-trap and I voted Yes.

    Danny: I voted No, I don't care about devo.

    Ryan McArthur, Rothesay, Bute: The promise will not be kept, independence is unstoppable and Scotland will be independent within 15 years.

    08:45: Referendum reaction Louise White Presenter, Morning Call

    An argument has erupted between Labour and the Conservatives surrounding the timetable for further devolved powers to be granted to Scotland following a 'No' vote in the referendum.

    David Cameron says that he also wants constitutional change for England with English MPs only to vote on English Laws and Ed Miliband feels that this shouldn't be attached to The Vow made to Scotland.

    Alex Salmond, meanwhile, has claimed that this shows Westminster is trying to renege on the deal.

    Do you have faith that Westminster will deliver on 'The Vow'?

    Get in touch using 0500 92 95 00 or text 80295.

    You can listen live to the programme here.

    08:33: Devolution commitments 'will be honoured'

    Shadow Scottish secretary Margaret Curran insists the political parties will honour their pledge to deliver more power to Scotland.

    The pledge, made by David Cameron, Ed Miliband and Nick Clegg ahead of the referendum, has three parts and also commits to preserving the Barnett funding formula.

    Alex Salmond has accused the three UK party leaders of "reneging" on the pledge.

    The first part of the agreement promises "extensive new powers" for the Scottish Parliament "delivered by the process and to the timetable agreed" by the three parties.

    The second says the leaders agree that "the UK exists to ensure opportunity and security for all by sharing our resources equitably".

    Margaret Curran

    The third "categorically states" that the final say on funding for the NHS will lie with the Scottish government "because of the continuation of the Barnett allocation for resources, and the powers of the Scottish Parliament to raise revenue".

    "I can absolutely guarantee that the commitments we made during the campaign will be honoured," the shadow Scottish secretary told BBC Radio's Good Morning Scotland.

    "They [the Conservatives] can give that guarantee and I think they have given that guarantee. That's my understanding of what they've been saying all weekend.

    "What is clear and people should be assured about are those categoric assurances we have from all the parties that were part of this."

    Text 80295 08:25: Referendum - Your Views

    Anon: We were not tricked Mr Salmond, we voted NO because you did not have answers to the big important questions.

    Robert, Glasgow: Westminster will do what keeps the rest of the UK, their main electorate happy. They don't want to see more power go to Scotland so it won't happen. 1.6 million voices in Scotland will increase to 2.6 surely!

    Janine, East Lothian: Those who voted No did so for a range of reasons. What is clear in speaking to my family and friends is that many were unsure about full independence and were attracted by the devo-max we were promised at the last minute. If they don't deliver devo-max, surely the legitimacy of the whole referendum falls apart?

    08:10: What the papers say

    The Herald leads with a claim that Alex Salmond has argued that Scotland could achieve independence without another referendum.


    The Daily Record says a "rattled" David Cameron has been forced to make a "no ifs, no buts" commitment to more powers for Scotland.

    The Scotsman says the leaders of the three main UK parties are at odds over the delivery of further devolution.

    Read our newspaper round-up here.

    Text 80295 07:58: Referendum - Your Views

    Martin, Glasgow: I don't think a single person in Scotland wants the West Lothian Question to remain. We understand fairness. Why, then, is fixing it supposedly the reason for the collapse of the great Scottish bribe off?

    Lorna, Glasgow: These tax proposals are exactly what Better Together objected to for independence: cross border, tax etc. We should have had more info on this before the referendum.

    Anon: Nicola Sturgeon for first minister... mon the Irn Bru Lady.

    07:53: PM has 'muddied the waters'

    David Cameron has "muddied the waters" on devolved powers in the wake of Scotland's referendum vote, according to a Labour MP.

    Graham Allen, the MP for Nottingham North and chairman of the House of Commons political and constitutional reform committee, said the prime minister should deal with devolution for England separately.

    Labour MP Graham Allen

    "Promises were made by all the union parties; they have to be honoured and they will be honoured," Mr Allen told BBC Radio's Good Morning Scotland programme.

    "What's confusing people is the prime minister, threw in on Friday morning, that he wanted to look at English MPs and English votes.

    "I think that's muddied the waters and everyone would be happier if those issues were dealt with separately.

    "That won't compromise any promises that were made by those parties last week before the [referendum] vote took place.

    "There is a separate issue, which is very important, which is Scotland, through their fantastic democratic adventure of the referendum, has raised devolution for everyone else in the union.

    "Really, we just need to be honest about this. We're going to have, at some point, a federal parliament and system in the UK."



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