Scottish independence referendum: Experts examine the claims

With the debate on Scotland's future entering "referendum year", the "yes" and "no" sides are intensifying their campaigns.

But what are their messages and how are they being viewed, not only by each other, but by experts, commentators and academics?

Throughout the coming months, the BBC news website will be picking out statements from both sides of the debate and asking a panel of experts to analyse the claims.

Here, we look at some of the key messages in the UK government's series of papers arguing for the Union.

Currency
cash

UK government paper on Currency and Monetary Policy: "Scotland and the rest of the UK are economically well placed in the current UK arrangements. Independence would change this assessment, even if an independent Scotland were to remain part of a sterling currency zone. Fiscal independence would make the monetary policy of the Bank of England less well suited to Scottish economic conditions."

PRO-UNION: Better Together leader and former UK chancellor Alistair Darling, says: "A currency union can only work if you have increased economic and political union - the very thing that nationalism is dead against."

PRO-INDEPENDENCE: John Swinney, Scottish finance secretary, says: "The benefits of a currency union are clear for both sides in terms of issues like promoting investment, eliminating transaction costs, reducing borrowing costs and facilitating the movement of labour and capital, and we welcome the governor's recognition of these benefits."

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Angus Robertson

In a formal currency union the Bank of England would continue to deliver a single overall monetary policy”

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EXPERT - Angus Armstrong, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, says: "If Scotland becomes independent then the economies of Scotland and the rest of the UK are likely to diverge: for one thing, Scotland would become a large oil exporting nation and the rest of the UK would continue as an oil importer.

"In a formal currency union the Bank of England would continue to deliver a single overall monetary policy.

"Given that the rest of the UK would be ten times the size of Scotland, under any reasonable voting arrangement it is fairly clear to see in whose interests policy would be set. If an independent Scotland had its own currency there would be scope for setting its own policy."

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Business
City of London

UK government paper on Business and Microeconomic Framework: "Splitting the UK market, by introducing a border of whatever form, will introduce a barrier to the free flow of goods, capital and labour to the detriment of firms, workers and consumers in both states and risks making it more challenging to attract overseas investors."

PRO-UNION: UK Business Secretary Vince Cable, says: "Breaking up Scotland's most lucrative market would destabilise enterprise and potentially put growth and jobs at risk. My message to the Scottish business community is that we're stronger and more secure together."

PRO-INDEPENDENCE - Fergus Ewing, Scottish Enterprise Minister, says: "There is so much scaremongering going on that people are shutting off. We want businesses to succeed - we want regulation that is appropriate and not cumbersome."

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David Gibbons-Wood

Predicting the winners and losers is not easy, but change would occur as Scotland, and the rest of the UK, became less integrated”

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EXPERT - David Gibbons-Wood, Robert Gordon University,says: "The UK is one of the most highly integrated economic unions in the world and the establishment of a border between Scotland and the rest of the UK could be criticised using basic economic theory.

"Splitting such an integrated market is generally perceived to be against the interest of consumers and against the economic consensus of the last 60 years. A set of border controls post yes is in neither sides interests, and no one is currently proposing a border in the sense of checkpoints.

"A border need not be physical, it could be based on differing regulations, differing income tax or more stringent labour laws. Any of these factors could create a differential between prices paid by someone in Newcastle relative to someone in Glasgow. Predicting the winners and losers is not easy, but change would occur as Scotland, and the rest of the UK, became less integrated. The first small signs of differing prices would come in the increase of postage costs from mail order companies or eBay traders based in England. Similarly, the existence of separate countries might make people view working north or south of the border as no longer viable. This may exacerbate skills shortages as labour markets become fragmented, but it depends upon the perceptions people have if there is a yes vote rather than any actual barriers.

"Border differences between an independent Scotland and the rest of the UK, will be similar to those between Denmark and Germany if both nations remain part of the EU. A vote by the people of the rest of UK to leave the EU would make the debate about borders a central issue to Scotland's future economic wellbeing and connectivity. The danger for Scotland is that a democratically separate 'rest of the UK' outwith the EU might have very different policies on immigration and trade, resulting in significant border restrictions."

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Banking
RBS logo

UK government paper on Financial Services and Banking: "As part of the UK, firms and individuals benefit from a world-leading financial services sector and a large, integrated domestic market for financial services, with clear and effective arrangements for protecting consumers. This position would be put at risk if Scotland were to become independent."

PRO-UNION: Former Scottish secretary Michael Moore, says: "If you put a border in the middle of that market, if you introduce different tax and regulatory regimes, it's wishful thinking to think it's not going to have any effect on the range of products you and I can buy to protect our families and our futures."

PRO-INDEPENDENCE: Deputy Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon, says: "We see other small European countries that, right now, have mortgage rates lower than people get here in Scotland and it is also the case that increasingly we are looking at global action, European wide and and global-wide action, to make sure that we never experience again what the banking sector experienced some years ago."

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Piotr Jaworski

The clarity of arrangements for protecting consumers should not be very different than the one which governs the UK market now”

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EXPERT - Piotr Jaworski, Edinburgh Napier University, says: "If Scotland becomes independent with its own separate financial services sector, the clarity of arrangements for protecting consumers should not be very different than the one which governs the UK market now. Assuming that Scotland will be aiming at the membership of the European Union such arrangements must be in line with the EU system, which does not leave much space for differentiations among the Member States or Candidate Countries.

"However, effectiveness of such arrangements depends on the size of the market behind it, which in the case of an independent Scotland will be much smaller. This is especially true in the case of administrative costs of such a system: it seems that on average they must be higher. On the other hand, leaving such costs aside and assuming that Scotland will aim at small and medium size banking serving mainly the domestic economy it should not matter too much. All of this is also true in the long term while as in the short term uncertainty, which must be attributed to the process of creating such a system, would adversely affect both efficiency and clarity."

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Science
Robot

UK government paper Science and Research: "The UK is ranked second only to the US in terms of world-class research, and the UK's share of the world's top 1% most cited publications is on an upward trend. If Scotland were to become independent, its continued success in these areas could not be guaranteed."

PRO-UNION: UK Universities Minister David Willetts, says: "British science across the UK is great. Edinburgh science is great, Glasgow science is great, all the other ones are as well. If the best you can say is you would strain every sinew to try to keep the same thing as you had pre-independence then the game hardly seems worth the effort - why not just stick with what you have got, which everyone says is working?"

PRO-INDEPENDENCE: Scottish Education Secretary Mike Russell, says: "We have more world-class universities per head of population than any other country and it is precisely because of that global excellence that in an independent Scotland will continue to attract valuable investment, research funding and students from around the globe."

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Roger Cook

While the government paper is accurate to note that the relative apportionment to Scotland (roughly 10%) is higher than Scotland's share of GDP it should be noted that Scottish universities are much less dependent on this source of income than their English equivalents”

End Quote

EXPERT - Roger Cook, The Scotland Institute,says: "There is practically no evidence for this claim which really is little but an assertion. The bulk of research funding received by Scotland's universities is allocated by a fully devolved process as of now.

"To make sense of the government claim, first the ratio of non-Funding Council research income to total research income needs to be calculated. This means breaking the research funding down into the difference between that received from the relevant funding council and the amount of research funding received from all other sources (research councils, charities, industry etc).

"The existing research councils are constituted on a UK basis. They allocated £298m to Scotland and £2,977m to England for 2011/12. In other words, while the government paper is accurate to note that the relative apportionment to Scotland (roughly 10%) is higher than Scotland's share of GDP it should be noted that Scottish universities are much less dependent on this source of income than their English equivalents.

"There is no evidence that the SFC is planning to reduce the core research grants to Scottish universities. In the case of independence, it is possible that the current UK wide Research Council system would cease, it is equally possible that a joint system could be created. Even if all the current funding was lost from the Scottish sector, total research income per member of staff would remain above that in the rUK

"There is no reason to believe that the charitable sector funding for research in Scotland would be affected by independence. The government paper makes a series of strange claims, such as loss of NHS funded research, which takes no account of the reality that most NHS funded research in Scotland comes from the Scottish NHS; loss of EU funding for research, or of the loss of international networks when many academics work outside their country of origin already.

"The only valid claim in the paper is the loss of access to Research Council grants (depending on the post-independence arrangements). As noted this funding stream is less important for Scottish universities."

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Security
GCHQ

UK government paper on Security: "Police Scotland would lose automatic access to the capabilities and resources of MI5, SIS and GCHQ and the UK's wider intelligence analysis capabilities. An independent Scottish state would have to build up its own infrastructure because new capabilities would be required."

PRO-UNION: UK Home Secretary Theresa May, says: "I don't think it is possible to guarantee that the threat would diminish with a separate Scotland, but what would change would be the scale of capability that Scotland would have access to."

PRO-INDEPENDENCE: Scottish Justice Secretary Kenny MacAskill, says: "An independent Scotland will have first rate security arrangements to counter any threats we may face. And we will continue to work in very close collaboration with the rest of the UK and international partners on security and intelligence matters, which is in everyone's interests."

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Bill Buchanan

No matter which way it goes, every nation, every region, every city and every organisation needs to understand where its key risks are around its infrastructure, and try to mitigate against these”

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EXPERT - Bill Buchanan, Edinburgh Napier Universitysays: "Scotland is a small nation, and, in an independent Scotland, it is likely to have a different threat profile than the UK generally. For us, the focus is likely to be in the protection of our key business sectors, such as oil and gas, the finance sector, education, and health and social care. It is most likely that our defences will focus on protecting citizen rights against threats, while trying to enable increased access to data, and providing citizens with more control over it. Through increased devolution, Scotland has made major strides towards this, in a way which the UK has tended to struggled with.

"No matter what happens, the nation is becoming increasingly dependent on its cyber infrastructure. This is highlighted by certain key internet routes from Scotland to the rest of the world. Any problems with these routes would have a major impact on both businesses and the public sector.

"Scotland mainly depends on its internet and wireless communication infrastructure on route that go through London. Any issues around power outages in London could cause significant problems in Scotland. No matter which way the vote goes, Scotland needs to understand its critical infrastructure and the routes for the provision of energy and internet connectivity.

"In conclusion, the ball has been rolling for a more developed information infrastructure in Scotland, and nothing should stop this. While the nation may lose out on the connections to the larger UK intelligence network, it could gain from a connection to a large international one. No matter which way it goes, every nation, every region, every city and every organisation needs to understand where its key risks are around its infrastructure, and try to mitigate against these.

"At present Scotland has an under-investment in its cyber defence, and no matter which way the country votes, there needs to be more funding around this by the Scottish government."

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Defence
Shipyards on Clyde

UK government paper on Defence: "Companies based in an independent Scottish state would no longer be eligible for contracts that the UK chose to place or compete domestically for national security reasons; and where they could continue to compete they would be pitching for business in a competitive international market dominated by major economic powers. Other than procurement activity undertaken during the World Wars, the UK has not had a complex warship built outside the UK since the start of the 20th century at least."

PRO-UNION: UK Defence Secretary Philip Hammond, says: "The debate on the future of defence in Scotland is too important to be ignored, or brushed under the carpet, or fobbed off with half-baked sound bite policies which are financially and strategically incoherent."

PRO-INDEPENDENCE: Scottish government minister Keith Brown, says: "We would increase the number of defence jobs in Scotland, from around 11,000 to 15,000 and we believe that's the optimum number for the kind of things which we want to see a defence force in Scotland carry out - not illegal wars."

Start Quote

Phillips O'Brien

The final point that needs to be made about independence and shipbuilding is that if the union breaks up, the future of all future shipbuilding plans will come under review”

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EXPERT - Phillips O'Brien, University of Glasgow, says: "The real problem that an independent Scotland would have in securing warship building from the rest of the UK (rUK) is political. States overwhelmingly choose to build their warships in their own shipyards, even if the cost is considerably higher than that offered by outside companies. For many years the UK has shown a willingness to pay this domestic premium, only opting for outside construction - most famously in the case of the next generation of military fuel tankers now being built in Korea - when there was no British yard capable of doing the work.

"That being said, the recent decision to concentrate the shipbuilding of the new Type 26 frigates on the Clyde, while reducing the capabilities of Portsmouth, means that it is almost certain that Scotland would be able to build the new class of vessel at lower cost than anywhere in the rUK. It is therefore not inconceivable for an independent Scotland to secure some work building these vessels. However, to get the work, one assumes that an independent Scotland would have to place orders for the purchase of military equipment from the rUK for approximately the same amount. In other words, it is very difficult to imagine that the rUK, after Scotland decided to leave the Union, would then turn around and spend much money employing Scots, unless it received money for orders in return.

"The final point that needs to be made about independence and shipbuilding is that if the union breaks up, the future of all future shipbuilding plans will come under review. Right now the UK is still trying to maintain enough military force to justify its position as a global power with a seat on the UN Security Council. A diminished rUK, however, could opt for a much reduced global role with reduced capability. In that case, there simply might not be many ships built anywhere."

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European Union
EU flag

UK government paper on EU and International Issues: "Scotland will receive €228 million more in structural funds than if it were an independent state. On the Common Agricultural Policy, an independent Scottish state's receipts are uncertain and would depend on the terms of accession, which would have to be agreed by all 28 member states."

PRO-UNION: Chief Secretary to the Treasury Danny Alexander, says: "The bottom line is this - Scotland outside of the UK would have to negotiate its own way back into the European Union, and as such its terms of membership would be entirely different to those we currently enjoy."

PRO-INDEPENDENCE: Deputy Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon, says: "Nothing we propose changes the material conditions of any other member state - while they are so certain of complete success in their own ill-advised re-negotiations with the EU over proposals that will fundamentally change the provisions of treaties on which the entire EU, and its single market, rests."

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Kirsteen Shields

Of greater significance is what lies beyond 2020”

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Expert - Kirsteen Shields, University of Dundee, says: "Expense to other member states in increasing CAP receipts to an independent Scotland may in time be offset by reduction in CAP receipts to the UK. Member States would likely be motivated to ensure that it would remain viable for Scotland to remain in the EU.

"The budget ceiling at issue relates to a six-year period only. Of greater significance is what lies beyond 2020. In that respect it is important to consider the budgetary implications for Scotland were it to remain in a UK which is severed from the EU or whether, in the long-term, it may be more advantageous for Scotland to be in the EU than in the UK."

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Fiscal policy
Bank of England building

UK government paper on Macroeconomic and Fiscal Performance: "A separate Scottish state would have to establish its own macroeconomic and institutional framework. Institutional and policy divergence between Scotland and the continuing UK would be likely to lead to a weakening of economic integration. And over the longer-term, some business networks might end as a result of economic, historical and cultural ties being weakened.

PRO-UNION: UK chancellor George Osborne, says:"Let's lay to rest some myths once and for all - independent countries of a similar size do not outperform Scotland."

PRO-INDEPENDENCE: Deputy Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon says: "If you were sitting in Norway listening to George Osborne you would laugh at him, because they are a country of similar size to Scotland that is sitting right now on a £470bn oil fund for the future."

Start Quote

David Ulph

A separate Scottish state might choose to mimic some of the institutional framework in the rest of the UK (rUK) - e.g., competition framework - or pursue a very different competition policy”

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EXPERT - David Ulph, from the Social Institute for Research in Economics, says: "While it is true that a Scottish state would have to develop its own macroeconomic and institutional framework, what this statement seems to ignore is that Scotland already has a very different institutional framework from rest of UK - different legal system, education system, health system etc.

"A separate Scottish state might choose to mimic some of the institutional framework in the rest of the UK (rUK) - eg, competition framework - or pursue a very different competition policy. There is nothing inevitable about a widening divergence, this is to some extent a matter of policy choice.

"Almost by definition it is certainly true that the creation of a separate Scottish state would bring to an end the devolution of powers from UK to Scotland. But that doesn't mean that all devolution would end. There are interesting questions about devolution of powers within the rest of the UK, and devolution of tax and spending powers within Scotland to local authorities.

"While true that sharing of fiscal risks would be reduced there is nothing inevitable about not being able to coordinate policies and share costs. Note: Airbus provides example of coordination and sharing of costs across national boundaries.

"Finally, for reasons set out above, I don't think there is a lot one can learn from the literature of trade, labour and capital flows. Given the existing institutional divergences, are Scotland and the rest of the UK best thought of as two regions of a single country or as two otherwise similar regions in different countries?

"But one important point is that it is essential to distinguish trade flows from capital and labour flows. It makes a great deal of difference whether some goods or services are produced in rest of UK using capital and labour in rest of UK and then exported into Scotland, or whether there are flows of labour and capital into Scotland to facilitate local production to serve the domestic market. Institutional and other barriers may limit trade flows but encourage flows of labour and capital."

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    Aberdeen training in Spain
     
  45.  
    19:09: Netball defeat

    Scotland lost to Northern Ireland in the netball earlier by 32-37. Three defeats in four games for the Scots team.

     
  46.  
    19:05: Defeat for Ahmed

    Scotland's Aqeel Ahmed's quest for a Commonwealth medal is stopped by Laishram Devendro of India.

    The young Scot put plenty of effort into his fight against Devendro but was knocked to the canvas in the second round and never looked to have fully recovered by the final round.

     
  47.  
    19:03: BBC Scotland Travel Latest

    Edinburgh Airport: Eastfield Rd CLOSED just off A8 Glasgow Rd by RTA. Delays to and from the Airport & both ways on A8 Glasgow Rd too.

     
  48.  
    19:02: Jim Spence BBC Sport

    Table tennis at Scotstoun for me tonight. Takes me back to my youth club days with the Rev Jack Scroggie in Dundee.

     
  49.  
    18:51: Kylie for closing ceremony

    Kylie Minogue will headline the Glasgow 2014 closing ceremony.

    The Australian pop star will be joined by Deacon Blue, Lulu and new act Prides as the curtain comes down on the games at Hampden on Sunday.

    Singer songwriters Dougie Maclean will also make an appearance at the closing ceremony.

    Kylie, who has sold over 68 million records worldwide, provides a link to the 2018 Commonwealth Games which will be held in Australia's Gold Coast City.

     
  50.  
    18:44: Can't get her out of my head

    Kylie is confirmed for the Commonwealth Games closing ceremony on Sunday at 9pm

    Kylie minogue
     
  51.  
    Jamaicans meet Glasgow schoolchildren 18:40: Graham Fraser BBC Scotland

    This afternoon, I was in north Glasgow where some local schoolchildren got the chance to meet three Commonwealth Games medallists from the Jamaican team.

    Kimberly Williams (triple jump) and O'Dayne Richards (shot put) were joined by 400m silver medallist Novlene Williams-Mills.

    The children had all been attending a summer camp run by NG Homes and Celtic FC Foundation at the Keppoch Campus, and were delighted when the athletes turned up to give them awards for their hard work.

    Jamaicans at school

    For the athletes, they said are all enjoying life in Glasgow...even if the weather is a bit chilly for them.

     
  52.  
    18:39: Keir Murray BBC Sport Scotland

    One of my sporting heroes, ex-world champ Jim Watt, is here at the SECC. Think he'd sing Flower of Scotland for us?

    jim watt
     
  53.  
    18:34:

    Scotland 10,000m runner Beth Potter: "Massive shout out to Scottish Rail for making an announcement on the PA and completely embarrassing me and Kate Avery at Argyle St Station!"

     
  54.  
    18:33:

    British Athletics tweets: Hampden weather update - there's a swirling wind however 'that fine rain that soaks you through' is easing off.

     
  55.  
    18:31:

    Former Scottish athlete Lee McConnell, who won Commonwealth Games medals in 2002 and 2006, tweets: Not too happy that its cold wet and windy at Hampden. Athletes are not going to like this

     
  56.  
    18:26: Jones denied

    Scotland's Sarah Jones misses out on a wrestling bronze medal as she is defeated 13-0 by India's Navjot Kaur. The result means that the Glaswegian will finish the -69kg competition in fifth place.

    Jones beaten
     
  57.  
    17:59: Travel delays BBC Scotland Travel Latest

    Glasgow - athletics at Hampden .. very congested on Polmadie Rd & Aikenhead Rd And expect 35min delay at Central for trains to Mount Florida

     
  58.  
    Blast compensation blocked 17:55:

    The owners of a plastics factory which exploded in Glasgow killing nine people have blocked a compensation claim by a neighbouring firm damaged in the blast.

    ICL Plastics Ltd opposed the claim by decorators merchant David T Morrison on the grounds it was lodged outside the statutory five-year limit.

    Stockwell blast

    The explosion at ICL Plastics building in the Woodside district of Glasgow on 11 May 2004 killed nine people and resulted in 33 people being injured.

     
  59.  
    17:50: Berget in Hoops squad

    Celtic have added new loan signing Jo Inge Berget to their squad for the Champions League third qualifying round first leg against Legia Warsaw. The Scottish side's striking options have also been boosted with the news that Anthony Stokes has recovered from a hamstring strain.

    Celtic train in Poland

    Former Motherwell attacker Henrik Ojamaa could feature for Warsaw, who are managed by former Blackburn, Manchester United and Rangers defender Henning Berg.

    Next Wednesday's second leg will be played at Murrayfield with Celtic Park having been used for the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games.

    A place in the Champions League play-off round is the prize for the winner while the loser will enter the Europa League play-off.

     
  60.  
    17:35: Angus into the final Kheredine Idessane BBC Scotland

    tweets: belated congrats to Angus McInroy who's qualified for the final of the Discus with a throw of 57m28

     
  61.  
    17:29: Bronze for Etko

    Team Scotland tweets: Wrestling: Time to Celebrate - Viorel Etko does so in style! #GoScotland

    viotrel etko
     
  62.  
    17:27: Number one Clyde

    Glasgow 2014 mascot Clyde is proving to be a hit with the public, with 45,000 cuddly dolls of the cheeky thistles being sold since July.

    Clyde cuddly toys

    Games organisers confirmed that sales of merchandise had exceeded expectations with t-shirts, caps and badges all proving popular with sports fans.

     
  63.  
    17:16: Weather summary Christopher Blanchett BBC Weather presenter

    Winds easing this evening & showers become confined to the NW. Lows overnight around 10C to 12C.

    Thursday: Less windy, frequent showers.

     
  64.  
    17:13: Netball now

    Scotland are taking on Northern Ireland in the netball at Glasgow 2014. Watch it live here

     
  65.  
    17:10: Massive bonus

    Scotland's Daniel Keatings after winning his gymnastics all-round silver medal tells BBC Radio 5 live: "I was just happy to be here after the injury problems I've had.

    "So to win a medal is a massive bonus. I was cheering on Max Whitlock because although I compete for Scotland and he competes for England we are still British athletes and we want each other to do well."

     
  66.  
    16:59: Silver gymnast

    Dan Keatings gets his silver medal in the gymnastics at Glasgow 2014

    dan keatings
     
  67.  
    16:52: Bronze success

    Another medal for team Scotland. 36-year-old Vio Etko has won the bronze medal in the 61kg category in wrestling.

    The experienced former Scotland assistant head coach was in control from the start against Adam Vella from Malta.

    Etko, originally from Moldova, has been living in Scotland for the past 10 years

     
  68.  
    16:50: Steve on Usain

    Five-time Olympic gold medallist rower Sir Steve Redgrave was asked by BBC Scotland's John Beattie what he thought of Usain Bolt reported comments on the Commonwealth Games.

    Sir Steve said he did not know if Bolt had made the comments but for a "world megastar" like the Jamaican sprinter it is the Olympics which is the platform he is looking for.

    Sir Steve Redgrave sets high bar for England Commonwealth Games team

    "I don't think the Commonwealth games has captured his imagination or he'd have been trying to compete in all the events that he normally competes in, instead of just the relay, so that's a little bit disappointing.

    "I think that the top stars, if they are fit enough and well enough and they get the opportunity, they should be competing. I competed at one Commonwealth games and would have loved another opportunity to have been able to do it.

    "In some ways athletes always see themselves as a little bit top of the tree and more flamboyant in terms of what they say."

     
  69.  
    Ones to watch 16:36: Coming up

    There's another bumper night of sport ahead on tonight's Commonwealth Games schedule.

    Some of the highlights involving Scottish athletes include:

    18:40 Men's High Jump Final Raymond Bobrownicki and Allan Smith are in action at Hampden.

    18:45 Men's Light Fly Boxing Aqeel Ahmed takes on Laishram Devendro of India in the quarter-final.

    18:30 Squash Scotland's men take on Papa New Guinea in the Pool H clash.

    19:45 Women's 3,000m Steeplechase final Eilish McColgan will hope to put her injury problems behind her

    You can watch all of the action online at the BBC Sport website (UK viewers only)

     
  70.  
    16:27: Christine Still BBC Sport gymnastics expert and veteran coach

    "Absolutely fabulous from Daniel Keatings to win silver, the crowd were willing him on and he peaked every move, he did every move to its maximum.

     
  71.  
    16:37: Travel update

    An accident on the A726 Queensway westbound (towards Busby) is causing delays. It's just at the Peel Park Roundabout.

    The A7 Langholm is partially blocked due to an overturned lorry of chickens. Delays both ways.

     
  72.  
    16:19: Gymnastics

    It looks like silver for Dan Keatings in the men's all-round gymnastics. England's Nile Wilson failed to match Keatings on the final apparatus. England's Max Whitlock is in gold position.

     
  73.  
    16:15: Gymnastics

    Daniel Keatings does an amazing high bar routine. Will it be enough to get him silver? We wait to see.

    daniel keatings
     
  74.  
    16:12: Gymnastics

    Scotland's Daniel Purvis lands a double-twisting dismount on the high bar, but it is not going to be enough to claw him back into the medal spots.

    He gives the crowd a downbeat wave as he ends his competition with a 13.466 score for a total of 84.865. He has clocked north of 90 in the past.

     
  75.  
    16:02:

    Scotland hockey player Emily Maguire tweets: "Gutted to lose 2-1 to England but so proud of this team and our performance. Gave it everything! Good luck England in the semis. We had incredible support today, thanks to everyone who supported us and drove us on! Wish we could have gotten the win for you"

     
  76.  

    ianbeattie1 tweets: 'Just having a wander round BBC At The Quay. What a brilliant place and great atmosphere, well done @BBCScotland'

     
  77.  
    15:42: Aimee Lewis BBC Sport

    "When the gymnasts are performing it's a bit like a cricket match: polite applause as they approach the apparatus, followed by silence and, then, slightly louder cheers, as if a cover drive has gone for four, when they dismount.

    "That's unless you're a Scottish gymnast. The rules change if you're in blue and white. If you're Dan Keatings or Dan Purvis it's as if you've smashed 36 in one over after every twist and twirl."

     
  78.  
    15:40: Moyes in the clear

    Former Manchester United manager David Moyes is in the clear police said after he was investigated over an alleged bar-room bust-up.

    David Moyes is in the clear after an alleged assault on May 21

    Builder Josh Gillibrand, 23, had claimed the Scot attacked him at a wine bar in Clitheroe, Lancs on May 21.

    Witnesses reported Moyes, who had been sacked by Manchester United the previous month, was abused by a group of drunken young men shortly before he entered the bar.

     
  79.  
    15:38: Fixture change

    Hearts' home Scottish Championship fixture with Livingston has been moved to Sunday 28 September with a 4.05pm kick-off, and will be screened live by BBC Alba.

     
  80.  
    Motorway problems 15:37: BBC Scotland Travel Latest

    tweets: M74 near Biggar: CLOSED northbound J13 Abington - J12 Millbank. Overturned 4x4. Police diverting traffic. 10 min delays.

     
  81.  
    15:26: Jane Lewis BBC Scotland

    The swimming golden boys! (Dan Wallace and Ross Murdoch - as if you didn't know)

    dan wallace, jane lewis, ross murdoch
     
  82.  
    15:21: Gymnastics

    Scotland and England have two gymnasts each in the top four of the men's all-around final at #Glasgow2014. Watch live now on @BBCOne

     
  83.  
    15:17: Gymnastics

    Standings after four apparatus:

    1. M Whitlock (Eng) 60.565
    2. D Keatings (Sco) 58.766
    3. N Wilson (Eng) 57.766

    Scotland's Daniel Purvis is just outside the medal spots, trailing Nile Wilson of England in third by a mere 0.567.

    Frank Baines is seventh on 55.324.

    Parallel bars to come

     
  84.  
    15:12:

    Usain Bolt tweets: Awesome @BBCSport: Watch @usainbolt describe #Glasgow2014 as "awesome" (UK users only)

    usian bolt
     
  85.  
    15:00: Keir Murray BBC Sport Scotland

    Scotland now has four boxers in semi-finals: McFadden, Flynn, Taylor and Lavelle. Can Motherwell's Aqeel Ahmed make it five this evening?

     
  86.  
    14:58: Science centre

    A statement from Glasgow Science Centre said: "Today at around 14:00, four tiles were dislodged from the west end of the roof of the Science Centre by the action of high winds.

    "No one was hurt but as a precaution some areas around the building were closed temporarily while an inspection was undertaken. An all-clear was received and the site was re-opened."

     
  87.  
    14:56: Keir Murray BBC Sport Scotland

    Stephen Lavelle speaks to BBC Sport's John Inverdale after reaching the 91kg boxing semi-finals. He is one happy man!

    Stephen Lavelle speaks to BBC Sport's John Inverdale after reaching the 91kg boxing semi-finals. He is one happy man!
     
  88.  
    14:48:

    Team Scotland tweets: "Athletics: @jaynenisbetPT jumps into the Final in style. #GoScotland"

     
  89.  
    14:43: Area cleared

    Police cleared part of the site at BBC At the Quay after reports of something loose on the roof of the Glasgow Science centre. The incident was investigated and the area has since reopened.

    scienec centre
     
  90.  
    14:42: Bitter taste

    Celtic's shirt sponsors have described the advertising rules in Poland as "absurd" and "unreasonable" after the club were forced to change the sponsors logo on their shirts from "Magners" to "Tennents" for tonight's Champions League qualifier against Legia Warsaw.

    Celtic have been forced to change their sponsor logo from Magners to Tennents for the Champions League qualifier with Legia Warsaw

    The advertising of alcohol brands is generally prohibited in Poland under its anti-alcohol regulations, but an exception is made for beer brands which are widely promoted at Polish football matches.

    Paul Condron, Group Marketing Director at Magners, said: "As Celtic's shirt sponsor we feel strongly that we should be free to display the Magners brand on the Celtic shirt in Warsaw."

    He added: "C&C Group is committed to promoting its brands responsibly but we view these Polish national regulations as simply absurd."

     
  91.  
    14:27: Keir Murray BBC Sport Scotland

    Had a quick word with Joe Ham after he lost his quarter final bout to the excellent English boxer Qais Ashfaq. Ham says southpaw Ashfaq was "awkward".

    England"s Qais Ashfaq (blue) in action against Scotland"s Joe Ham in the Men"s Bantam (56kg) Quarter-final
     
  92.  
    14:25: Squash

    Scotland are facing New Zealand in the Mixed Doubles Squash pool. Follow it live

     
  93.  
    14:21: Gymnastics

    After the opening two rounds of the men's individual gymnastics, Scotland's Daniel Keatings is in second, behind England's Max Whitlock. Next comes the rings.

     
  94.  
    14:20: St Mirren sign Ball

    St Mirren have signed striker Callum Ball from Derby.

    The 21-year-old scored five goals in two trial games with the Buddies and bolsters new manager Tommy Craig's squad for the coming season.

     
  95.  
    14:01: James Cook Scotland Correspondent, BBC News

    Never mind Usain Bolt, the real Commonwealth Games stars have arrived at Pacific Quay.

    scotty dogs at bbc
     
  96.  
    13:58: Baines slips off

    Scotland's Frank Baines was the first gymnast in the leading group to take to the pommel horse but it did not go well. His bid for a medal went out the door as he lost his grip and slipped off.

    He looks disgusted with himself but he's a young lad and he'll learn from it. "He's a very stylish gymnast with great technique," says the BBC's Christine Still.

     
  97.  
    13:56: Boxer beat

    Scotland's Joe Ham loses out to England's Qais Ashfaq in the 56kg bantam. The man from Leeds goes through to the 56kg semi-finals, guaranteeing himself at least a bronze medal.

     
  98.  
    13:42: 'Top effort'

    Scottish hockey player Chris Grassick tweets: Top effort from the Scottish girls. Couldn't ask for more

    Nikki Kidd of Scotland celebrates with teammates after scoring a goal during the Women"s preliminaries match between Scotland and England
     
  99.  
    13:33: 'All smiles' Neil Johnston BBC Sport

    Usain Bolt turned up to watch the Jamaican women's netball team take on New Zealand after denying claims he made disparaging comments about the Commonwealth Games.

    The Times newspaper quoted the Olympic 100m champion as saying he was "not really" having fun in Glasgow.

    Usain Bolt watching netball at the Commonwealth Games

    But Bolt was all smiles as he appeared during the second quarter of the match at the Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre this morning.

    He later took part in a Mexican Wave. If he really is not enjoying his time in Glasgow, then he is doing a fine job at disguising it.

     
  100.  
    13:18: Scots gymnasts through

    BBC Scotland Sport tweets: "Dan Purvis, Dan Keatings and Frank Baines are in the Men's All-Around final"

     

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