Scottish independence: Scotland 'committed' to EU, says Salmond

Mr Salmond outlined an independent Scotland's potential role within the EU

An independent Scotland would be an "enthusiastic, engaged and committed contributor to European progress", First Minister Alex Salmond has said.

At the College of Europe in Bruges, Mr Salmond said a possible in/out UK referendum on the EU presented a "real risk" to Scotland's place in Europe.

The speech came ahead of Scotland's referendum on independence.

Foreign Secretary William Hague said separate negotiations with the EU would mean a worse deal for Scotland.

The Westminster politician was also critical of a reported magazine interview with Mr Salmond in which he commended Russian president, Vladimir Putin, on restoring "Russian pride".

In the interview, given six weeks ago, Mr Salmond also said there were a range of Russian actions he did not approve of.

Scotland's first minister was in Belgium on Monday to outline the reasons why he believed an independent Scotland would be welcome in the European Union.

He said: "Scotland's vast natural resources and human talent make it one of the lynchpins of the European Union. We have a key role to play in providing energy security for Europe.

Start Quote

So Alex Salmond arrives as an enthusiastic European, which no doubt will be well-received, but the path to EU membership for an independent Scotland will not be straightforward.”

End Quote

"As one of the wealthiest countries, Scotland is a net financial contributor to the EU and will remain so as an independent member.

"We have more top universities, per head, than any other member of the EU and our academics collaborate with partners across Europe. We have one of the largest national shares of Europe's total fishing grounds. The EU's fisheries policy would unravel without Scotland."

Mr Salmond argued that "not being at the top table in Europe has harmed Scotland's interests for four decades".

He added: "An independent Scotland, as an equal member state, will bring a positive, cooperative voice to the EU, in contrast to the often sullen, disengaged voices that have spoken on our behalf since Margaret Thatcher's speech in this city more than a quarter of a century ago.

"Within the UK, we are occasionally consulted. With independence, we would contribute as equals. And in contributing as equals, we would make proposals to address the democratic challenges that Europe faces today."

Living wage

Mr Salmond also warned Scotland could be "dragged out of the European Union" against its will unless it voted for independence.

He said: "The real risk to Scotland's place in the EU is not the independence referendum in September. It's the in-out referendum of 2017."

The first minister revealed he would urge the European Commission to "rethink" laws that he said prevent the Scottish government from making the Living Wage a requirement of public sector contracts.

Labour has argued that the Scottish government could get round EU rules to include Living Wage requirements in new legislation on procurement. The party secured a Scottish Parliament debate on the topic recently.

Labour MSP James Kelly said: "The Scottish government spends £10bn every year buying goods and services. These contracts should be used to ensure that every Scot is paid the Living Wage.

"400,000 Scots don't earn the Living Wage. If the Scottish government enacted our proposals - which they could do - then an average, a full-time worker who would benefit from this move would be over £2,500 a year better off."

Ahead of Mr Salmond's speech, Mr Hague wrote to the first minister, arguing that "Scotland benefits from the UK's strong voice in Europe".

Mr Hague claimed that, if Scotland opted for independence, negotiations to join the EU "are likely to be complex and long".

Scotland's independence referendum

Who? Voters in Scotland will go to the polls to vote on their country's future.

What? They will be asked the yes/no question: "Should Scotland be an independent country?"

When? The vote takes place on Thursday, 18 September, 2014.

In his letter to Mr Salmond, the foreign secretary also said the outcome "would certainly prove less advantageous than the status quo".

He said: "People in Scotland deserve to have the available facts ahead of making one of the most important political decisions in the history of our union.

"The terms of EU membership which your government has said it will seek to secure for an independent Scotland are at odds with the EU's own rules of membership."

The Scottish government has proposed using a treaty amendment under Article 48 of the Treaty of the European Union as a "suitable legal route" to facilitate an independent Scotland's membership, rather than seeking accession as a new member state.

Mr Hague said such a move would require all 28 member states to agree to this, and called on Mr Salmond to provide information on what guarantees he has received from member states regarding this.

He added: "Scotland benefits from the UK's strong voice in Europe and the UK has a proven track record in delivering for Scottish interests in the EU."

'Constructive role'

Mr Salmond sent a reply to the foreign secretary stating that "the UK government has repeatedly refused to jointly approach the Commission with the precise legal scenario on Scottish independence".

He told Mr Hague the purpose of his visit was "to articulate the constructive role an independent Scotland could play in the Europe Union".

"This contrasts of course with the renegotiation and in-out referendum favoured by your party, leading to the inevitable conclusion that the real threat to Scotland's position comes from the anti-European streak which now dominates your approach to politics," he said.

In addition to criticising Mr Salmond's stance on Europe, Mr Hague said Scotland's first minister had made a "gross error of judgement in international relations" by paying tribute to Russia at a time when it was "annexing by force the Crimea".

Mr Hague was reacting to remarks by the SNP leader which are part of a wide-ranging interview to be published in GQ magazine on 1 May.

Asked about whether he admired Mr Putin, Mr Salmond is reported to have said: "Certain aspects. He's restored a substantial part of Russian pride and that must be a good thing.

"There are aspects of Russian constitutionality and the inter-mesh with business and politics that are obviously difficult to admire. Russians are fantastic people, incidentally, they are lovely people."

Scottish Liberal Democrat MP Sir Menzies Campbell also criticised the first minister's comments.

"I am afraid to say that Mr Salmond's admiration for 'certain aspects' of Vladimir Putin's leadership reflects a disturbing lack of judgement," he said.

"The explanation that this was before recent events in Ukraine is wholly unconvincing."

Voters in Scotland go to the polls on Thursday, 18 September when they will be asked the Yes/No question: "Should Scotland be an independent country?"

More on This Story

The BBC is not responsible for the content of external Internet sites

More Scotland politics stories

RSS

Scotland Live

  1.  
    14:41: Asghar lawyers submit emergency application

    Lawyers acting for a mentally ill Scot who was shot by a prison guard in Pakistan have filed an emergency application to keep him in hospital.

    Mohammad Asghar

    Mohammad Ashgar's representatives say the 70 year-old, who suffers from paranoid schizophrenia, would be at risk of further attack if he's sent back to Adiala jail in Rawalpindi.

    Mr Ashgar was sentenced to death for blasphemy in January, four years after moving from Edinburgh to Pakistan.

    Charity Reprieve has asked David Cameron to act to ensure his safety.

     
  2.  
    14:29: 'Devo Max is non-starter'

    Scottish Conservative leader Ruth Davidson has called so-called Devo Max - the devolving of all powers except foreign affairs and the armed forces - to the Scottish Parliament a "non-starter".

    Ruth Davidson

    During a speech to Conservatives at the party's conference in Birmingham, Ms Davidson said she wanted the SNP to take part in the Smith Commission on further devolution "in good faith".

    She added: "But if they are to enter in good faith, as Nicola Sturgeon has said, that means they cannot use the commission to try and push independence by stealth.

    "That means ruling out so-called Devo Max. Such a plan ... is a complete non-starter."

     
  3.  
    @BBCScotlandNews 14:25: Get involved

    Stephen Parker tweets: Get over the 'NO' vote. Our country deserves it and demands it. Democracy doesn't always deliver what you want.

     
  4.  
    14:17: Aberdeen death suspicious

    The death of a man in the Torry area of Aberdeen is being treated as suspicious.

    Police Scotland has confirmed a 49 year old Polish man died after an incident on Balnagask Avenue yesterday afternoon.

    Enquiries are continuing, and officers want to speak to anyone in the area between nine am and 2pm.

    A police spokesperson would not comment on claims the man had been stabbed.

     
  5.  
    14:12: Afternoon outlook BBC Scotland Weather Latest

    Largely dry and bright across the east this afternoon with sunny spells. Temperatures in the best of the sunshine across northern Aberdeenshire and the Lothians reaching up to 19C or even 20C. Across the west however, it's cloudier as a weak band of rain progresses eastwards, with some heavier bursts over Argyll, the Highlands and the Galloway Hills.

    The southerly winds gradually freshen as the day goes on, strongest over the Western Isles, then the Northern Isles later.

     
  6.  
    14:07: Teenager raped in Kilmarnock

    Police are trying to trace a man who raped a 17-year-old woman in a Kilmarnock park.

    Kay Park

    The victim left the Fanny by Gaslight pub in West George Street at about 22:35 on Sunday and walked off with the suspect towards Portland Street.

    They then made their way to Kay Park where the teenager was raped.

    The suspect is described as white, aged between 20 and 25, about 6ft tall, with red hair and a local accent. He was wearing a dark red top and blue jeans.

     
  7.  
    13:52: Your views - Boris Johnson

    Derek Gilchrist: Having just read the recent comments from both Boris Johnson and Ruth Davidson it has really just reinforced my opinion that they are now more out of touch with the electorate in Scotland than they ever have been. Superficial, selfish and supine. And I am a former Conservative voter!

    James Alexander Morrison: Given the average age of Tory delegates, Mr Johnson is probably quite correct to say that Scottish independence won't happen in their lifetimes.

     
  8.  
    13:45: Gauld and May called up for Scotland

    Ryan Gauld and Stevie May have received their first senior Scotland call ups.

    Stevie May

    Both were named in Gordon Strachan's squad to face Poland and Georgia in the upcoming Euro 2016 qualifiers.

    They have previously represented Scotland as part of the under-21 squad.

     
  9.  
    13:40: Decrease in smokers

    More than half of people who tried to stop smoking over the last three years came from Scotland's poorest areas.

    Statistics from the Scottish government show that between April 2011 and March 2014, 70,162 people from deprived communities gave up smoking for at least a month.

    Man smoking

    In total 124,734 people from across the country kicked the habit for at least a month.

    Public health minister Michael Matheson said, "We will continue to work to reach out to people in these communities and to help them to quit."

     
  10.  
    13:27: Boris thanks Scots

    Boris Johnson has thanked the "wisdom of a clear majority of Scots" for London remaining as the capital of England and the UK "and will remain so for our lifetimes".

    Boris Johnson

    Speaking during the Tory conference in Birmingham, the London mayor poked fun at Prime Minister David Cameron over the his post-referendum conversation with the Queen, giving delegates "permission to purr".

    What do you think of Boris Johnson's comments about the referendum?

    Tweet us @BBC ScotlandNews, email us here or text us on 80295.

     
  11.  
    13:16: Ruth Davidson speech Tim Reid Political correspondent, BBC News

    tweets: Davidson: "The people of Scotland haven't always rewarded us with trust or votes .. we haven't always earned them either. But that's changing"

     
  12.  
    13:15: Airport using Google glasses

    Staff at Edinburgh Airport are using Google Glass headsets to help them deal with customer inquiries.

    Google glass glasses

    The smart glasses display digital information in the user's field of vision and can take photos and video.

    Airport staff are trying out the wearable technology until December to provide flight information, translations and answer questions about the city.

     
  13.  
    13:01: 'Left wing FM'

    The Scottish Daily Mail's political editor Alan Roden tweets: @RuthDavidsonMSP warns that @NicolaSturgeon will be "the most left-wing First Minister Scotland has ever known."

     
  14.  
    12:55: More Davidson Tim Reid Political correspondent, BBC News

    Speaking in Birmingham, Scottish Conservative leader Ruth Davidson says the Tories proved they were not too "toxic" to take part in the referendum campaign.

    "We have blown that myth out of the water," she says.

     
  15.  
    12:53: Davidson speech Tim Reid Political correspondent, BBC News

    tweets: Another standing ovation for Ruth Davidson at Scottish Tory fringe.

     
  16.  
    12:46: Firearms to be 'less visible'

    Firearms carried by police officers in Scotland are expected to be covered with a new type of holster to make them less visible to the public.

    Police Scotland

    Senior Police Scotland officers said trained officers should still be able to routinely carry the weapons, but their visibility should be reduced.

    The policy on the carrying of firearms has proven controversial. The recommendation has been sent to Chief Constable Sir Stephen House for his agreement.

     
  17.  
    12:38: £1m funding for vision loss

    Scientists in Scotland have been given a £1.1m grant to develop new laser technology aimed at detecting early vision loss.

    Eye with Age related macular degeneration

    The funding given by Innovate UK will support work by Strathclyde and Kent Universities, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde and Dunfermline-based firm Optos. Clinical trials of the new technology are due to be completed by early 2017.

    If they are successful, a further £9m will be invested to develop a fully-licensed new medical device by the end of 2018.

     
  18.  
    12:30: Douglas Fraser Business and economy editor, Scotland

    tweets: #indyref was about the heart, EU Brexit is about pragmatism, says @David_Cameron.

     
  19.  
    12:22: Grangemouth road open

    Bo'ness Road, in Grangemouth, has now reopened.

    A spokesperson for Ineos said, "We detected a leak of butane gas from a small vessel that was brought quickly under control.

    "All personnel are accounted for and the incident team has stood down."

     
  20.  
    12:17: Incident over Steven Godden BBC Scotland

    The incident at Grangemouth is over and emergency services have been stood down.

    The Scottish Fire and Rescue Service say the on-site Ineos fire team dealt with a small butane leak on one of their vessels.

     
  21.  
    12:09: Scotland squad announced

    The SFA tweets: Here is the Scotland squad for the @EuroQualifiers vs and @pzpn_pl

    Squad list

    See the official squad here.

     
  22.  
    11:59: Pauline McLean BBC Scotland

    Carnegie caskets attracting international attention. Irish and Russian consuls in today. American ambassador was here yesterday.

    Tune in to Reporting Scotland later today for more.

     
  23.  
  24.  
    11:42: Grangemouth gas leak

    Roads have been closed as emergency services deal with a suspected gas leak at the Grangemouth industrial complex.

    The leak, thought to be butane gas, is not believed to pose a wider risk to people living nearby.

    Police Scotland say no one has been injured in the incident.

     
  25.  
    11:33: Views sought from indyref groups

    The man leading the commission on more devolved powers for Scotland has written to campaigners on both sides of the independence debate.

    Lord Smith

    Lord Smith said he wanted submissions from new groups that came to the fore during the referendum campaign.

    The five main political parties are already represented on the commission. Lord Smith also wants to hear from civic institutions and the public.

    Groups have until 17:00 on Friday 31 October to submit their views.

     
  26.  
    11:29: Costly court delays The Courier

    tweets: Taxpayers to foot bill for Dundee Sheriff Court delays.

    Read the full story here.

     
  27.  
    11:18: Rare violin theft

    A violin valued at £17,000 has been stolen from Glasgow's West End over the weekend.

    The rare Cain and Mann instrument and Charles Bazin bow were taken from a parked car in Beaconsfield Road, Kelvinside.

    Police said the owner of the "specialist" violin is a professional musician.

     
  28.  
    11:08: Elgin stabbing The Press and Journal

    tweets: Two teenagers suffer stab wounds in Elgin fight.

    Read the full story here.

     
  29.  
    10:49: Cancer treatment wait

    The NHS in Scotland is still failing to treat people diagnosed with suspected cancer within two months, although performance has improved since March.

    Waiting

    Scottish government targets state that 95% of patients with an urgent referral should be treated within 62 days.

    Between April and June, 93% of patients started treatment within this timeframe. In March, the figure was 92%.

     
  30.  
    10:40: Brent Alpha container safe

    The oil company Shell says a container which fell into the sea from one of its North Sea platforms has been lowered onto the sea bed.

    Brent Alpha

    It was initially being held 20ft below the water, still attached to the crane, but there were concerns that it could damage existing pipes.

    The accident happened when the container was being manoeuvred onto a ship from the Brent Alpha installation on Sunday when the crane being used developed a mechanical fault.

    Shell says the container will eventually be removed but has been placed at a depth of 140 metres to keep it safe.

    All but essential personnel have been removed from the platform.

     
  31.  
    10:36: Cameron: 'Heartbreak' over Scotland

    David Cameron has said he cares "a thousand times more strongly" about keeping the UK together than about the country staying in the European Union.

    David Cameron

    Speaking on Radio 4's Today programme, the prime minister said that, had Scotland left the UK, it would have caused him "heartbreak".

    He also told the programme that the topic of Europe had been a "great cause of unity" among Tories attending the party's annual conference in Birmingham.

     
  32.  
    @Daily_Record 10:28: Restaurant raid Daily Record

    tweets: Armed gang hold Chinese restaurant owner and family hostage while robbing their home.

    Read the full story here.

     
  33.  
    10:19: Oil industry 'must cut costs'

    The oil and gas industry must do more to cut costs even if it means more job losses, it has been claimed.

    Oil platform

    Industry body Oil and Gas UK's annual economic report said operating costs were 60% higher than three years ago while oil prices were falling.

    There have already been substantial layoffs at companies this year.

    Shell UK announced 250 onshore jobs cuts from its North Sea operation in Aberdeen in August, after Chevron announced 225 losses in July.

     
  34.  
    10:13: Scotland squad announcement

    Scotland resume their attempt to qualify for Euro 2016 next month when they play Georgia and Poland in Group D.

    Gordon Strachan will name his squad for the double header later at Hampden.

    Ikechi Anya celebrates his goal against Germany with Scotland team-mate Steven Naismith

    Earlier this month, Scotland ran world champions Germany mighty close in their Euro 2016 opener, losing 2-1 in a pulsating opening Euro 2016 qualifier in Dortmund.

    Ikechi Anya was on target for the Scots.

     
  35.  
    10:04: Record Trade for Gretna

    A retail village on the border at Gretna is expanding on the back of record trade figures.

    Gretna Gateway Outlet Village

    Work on a 19,000 square foot extension starts next month, creating about 50 additional jobs.

    A spokesman for Gretna Gateway Village said August was the busiest month in its 15-year-history, with cross-border Commonwealth Games traffic a contributory factor.

     
  36.  
    Text 80295 10:02: Cancer treatment - Your views

    Anthony in Dumfries: I think Linda is right to choose to stop treatment. Some people can be heartbroken watching their loved ones continually suffer as they go through a treatment process that will not cure their illness and will take away precious quality time with their family and friends.

    Fiona: Why is it morally wrong to discontinue treatments that are essentially man-made? Aren't we already playing as God, seems to me nature's saying your time's up but medicine says no! Why is it selfish to allow death with dignity in this way and to make the best of the remaining time being used to the full, not making yourself sick, delaying the inevitable?

     
  37.  
    09:50: Cancer treatment Louise White Presenter, Morning Call

    On Morning Call now: Have you or your family had to make difficult choices about how to deal with cancer?

    Morning Call
     
  38.  
    Text 80295 09:45: Sex education - Your views

    Derek, Glasgow: It's not sex education now, it's Relationships, Sexual Health & Parenthood. Lanarkshire have updated their materials for regular and ASN schools in last few years, not all schools engage with it. Also, classes like Talk2 Glasgow educate parents to talk to their kids.

    Anon: Would any adult say now that they wish they had less sex education? No adult, including parents, have the right to censor information to children and you can'tt leave it up to parents and hope for the best. It is every 16-year-old's human right to have been taught about sex, relationships and what is and isn't acceptable.

     
  39.  
    09:36: Increase in human trafficking

    Fifty five potential victims of human trafficking were identified in Scotland last year, according to a National Crime Agency report.

    Women walking on street

    Almost a third (30%) of them experienced sexual exploitation. Romania was the most common country of origin, with nine cases in Scotland.

    This year is the first time the UK figures have been broken down by area.

     
  40.  
    Text 80295 09:25: Sex education - Your Views

    Jeff, Airdrie: I'm a parent and absolutely agree sex education should be compulsory. However, it should focus on this being an adult behaviour, and reinforce the importance of childhood and try to turn against the fashion of growing up too quickly an children engaging in adult behaviour. Kids do need to know the facts about sexual issues, as playground talk is what spreads myths and untruths, confusing kids.

    Geoff, Penicuik: When I was at secondary school in the early 60's, the girls in my class were taken for sex education while the boys were given dental hygiene.

     
  41.  
    09:18: Minaj high note for Glasgow...

    Starships hit-maker Nicki Minaj is to host the 20th MTV European Music Awards in Glasgow in November.

    Nicki Manaj

    The singer will also perform during the ceremony at the Hydro Arena.

    Katy Perry leads the nominations and is up for seven awards including best female, pop act, video and live act.

    She's going up against Ariana Grande, who has six nominations for the awards, while 5 Seconds of Summer and Pharrell Williams have five each - one more than One Direction.

     
  42.  
    Text 80295 09:05: Sex education - Your Views

    Fiona: Sex education should not be enshrined in law. Patents are responsible for their child's education as per Education Scotland Act. It's not for Government to dictate what is and isn't taught. No one knows a child better than their parents.

    Heather, Edin: Sex education etc should maybe be taught in secondary schools but definitely not in primary schools. Primary school kids should be playing and enjoying their wee short childhoods. There is more to life than sex.

     
  43.  
    @pressjournal 08:54: Aberdeen death The Press and Journal

    tweets: Man believed to have been stabbed as police investigate Aberdeen death. http://bit.ly/1vsR2KN

    Read the full story here.

     
  44.  
    08:48: Travel update BBC Scotland Travel Latest

    M8 leaving Glasgow - stop-start from 8 Baillieston to 5 Harthill - then further eastbound queues from 4 Whitburn to 1 Hermiston Gait. The A904 Queensferry to Newton Road remains partially blocked following an accident - delays both ways.

     
  45.  
    08:44: Morning Call Louise White Presenter, Morning Call

    Today, we want to hear your views on sex education. Should it be compulsory in all of Scotland's schools?

    And, with actress Lynda Bellingham choosing to stop chemotherapy so she can spend one last Christmas with her family, we're asking if there's a right time to stop cancer treatment?

    Call us on 0500 92 95 00 or text 80295.

    You can listen live to the programme here.

     
  46.  
    08:38: How's the weather looking today? BBC Scotland Weather Latest

    Hi Kawser here. Bright in the East, once mist clears, then dry and sunny at 18-20C. Rain and stronger winds in the West, becoming patchier as spreads eastwards. 15-16C.

     
  47.  
    08:34: Today's papers

    The Scotsman, The Herald and Daily Record all focus on Chancellor George Osborne's announcement that benefits are to be frozen for two years, should the Tories win next year's General Election.

    Newspaper composite

    The Daily Record dubs the announcement "The Tory war on poor".

    The Scottish Sun, meanwhile, focuses on the arrest of boxer Scott Harrison, as he awaits extradition to Spain.

    Read our paper round-up here.

     
  48.  
    08:25: Wind farm proposal

    A proposed wind farm project near Loch Rannoch which has drawn a number of objections is to be discussed in the Scottish parliament.

    Plans were submitted to the government for 24 turbines on the Talladh-a-Bheithe estate, near Rannoch Moor.

    Hillwalkers, Scottish Natural Heritage and the John Muir Trust have all voiced opposition to the plans.

    However, the developer said the "carefully balanced project" was drawn up with community feedback in mind.

     
  49.  
    08:19: Hibs floor Rangers

    Three goals in 14 first-half minutes earned Hibernian victory over Rangers in last night's Championship clash at Ibrox.

    Hibs travelled to Glasgow second-bottom of the table but Alan Stubbs's men secured a 3-1 win.

    Hibs' Jordon Forster celebrates at Ibrox

    "The players deserve all the credit," Stubbs said. "When you find yourself in a 3-0 lead, you think 'what's going on?' But the lads took their chances on the counter and were really positive."

    Rangers boss Ally McCoist lamented his side's defensive mistakes but stressed that - sitting six points behind league leaders Hearts - the title race will be "a marathon" and not a sprint.

     
  50.  
    08:08: Tinkers' Heart plea

    MSPs are to be asked to back a campaign to protect a stone heart which has been central to the culture of travelling people in Scotland for centuries.

    The Tinkers' Heart is a pattern of quartz stones which was laid at an Argyll cross-roads in the 1700s.

    Generations of Scottish Travellers have used it as a wedding place and for children to be blessed.

    The Tinkers' Heart

    Holyrood's public petitions committee will be urged to back a campaign to preserve it.

    The committee will be addressed by Jess Smith, an author and campaigner for the rights and recognition of travelling people and their culture.

     
  51.  
    08:02: Economic boost

    The Scottish economy is continuing to recover with performance at pre-recession levels, according to a survey.

    The Bank of Scotland business monitor found turnover trends and expectations comparable with those of 2007.

    Bank notes

    It said a "surge" in economic activity last year was maintained, suggesting the recovery will continue into 2015.

    Of the firms surveyed, 49% reported that turnover had increased over the three months to August.

     
  52.  
    08:00: Welcome Thomas McGuigan BBC Scotland News

    Good morning and welcome to Scotland Live. We'll be here until 18:00 with news, sport, weather and travel updates from across the country.

    Keep in touch on Twitter @BBCScotlandNews using #ScotlandLive, via email or text 80295.

     

Features

Elsewhere on the BBC

  • FilmsOnes to watch

    BBC Culture picks nine top films coming out next month

Programmes

  • A computer simulation showing a planned station upgrade in Hong KongClick Watch

    Simulated world - how architects are using virtual and augmented reality to transform our cities

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.