Scottish independence: Yes vote 'means big Scots EU boost'
Scottish independence would give the nation's profile its biggest ever boost in Europe, First Minister Alex Salmond has said.
Ahead of the 18 September referendum, Mr Salmond said a "Westminster elite" was jeopardising Scotland's EU future.
SNP ministers said an independent Scotland could negotiate EU membership within an 18-month timescale.
However, campaigners for the Union said nobody could trust a word Mr Salmond had to say on Europe.
Mr Salmond, who was campaigning in Edinburgh's Parliament Square - home to the old Scottish Parliament - hit out at Prime Minister David Cameron's offer of an in-out EU referendum, if the Conservatives won the next election.
"At a time when Scotland's European future is being placed in jeopardy by a Westminster elite obsessed by UKIP, it is becoming ever clearer that Scotland's European policy is best decided by people in Scotland," said the first minister.
"An independent Scotland will be an enthusiastic member of the EU, in line with our long-held international and outward-looking focus and values.
"We'll be able to argue directly for Scotland's interests and win a better deal for our farmers, fishermen and others."
Scottish ministers, who previously argued the nation's EU membership would be "automatic" under independence, said Scotland's terms of entry would be negotiated "from within", given its current status as a UK member.
But Deputy Scottish Labour leader Anas Sarwar said: "No-one can trust a word Alex Salmond says on Europe - he has already been caught out lying on Scotland's place in the European Union and, today, he has tried again to trick Scots about their future.
"The truth is it is Alex Salmond who is causing uncertainty about Scotland's future in the European Union after separation, and his lies to the people of Scotland won't do."
'Enabler of democracy'
Another intervention into the debate on Scotland's future EU membership came from former president of the European Parliament Pat Cox.
He said: "The EU and its history and questions of enlargement or withdrawal is that the European Union, its institutions and its member states have always and only ever been enablers of the democratic will of people.
"Europe enables democracy. If Scotland chooses independence, I would argue on precedent that Europe would enable that choice."
He also dismissed former European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso's suggestion that an independent Scotland would find it "extremely difficult, if not impossible" to join the EU.
Calling Barroso's argument "simply not sustainable", Mr Cox also warned against the suggestion that Spain would seek to block Scottish membership.
He added: "The Scottish case is a case apart.
"In Spain the constitution does not provide for territorial votes for separation, here under the Edinburgh Agreement, consistent with the unwritten constitution of the United Kingdom, signed by the prime minister of the United Kingdom and the first minister of Scotland, is an international agreement that constitutionally underwrites the referendum."
Yes vote 'a risk'
But pro-union campaign Better Together have cited comments made by the President of the European Council and the future and current European Commission presidents, to support their view that Scotland's accession to the EU would be far from straightforward.
A spokesperson for Better Together told the BBC: "The experts, including Jean Claude Juncker, Jose Manuel Barroso and Herman Van Rompuy have made it clear. If we vote to leave the UK, we vote to leave the EU.
"The nationalists have not answered how we would get back into the EU, how long it would take, and crucially, what terms and conditions we would join on.
"Today we have special deals like our UK rebate, which is worth £135 a year to families in Scotland. Separation would put that at risk."
Earlier this year a spokesperson for Jean-Claude Juncker said that he had not been referring to Scotland when he said the EU would not be admit any new members in the next five years.
Speaking in July the source said: "Mr Juncker has made his position on this clear on many an occasion. This is an internal matter of the UK and he will respect the result of the Scottish referendum."