Truancy: Ken Reid attacks 'slow progress' on tackling problem
A leading expert has criticised the Welsh government for "painfully slow" progress in getting to grips with truancy.
Prof Ken Reid led a major review into attendance and behaviour in 2008.
But he says that despite a welcome from ministers, they have not fulfilled his recommendations to improve teacher training on managing pupil attendance.
The Welsh government said persistent absenteeism can affect children and all schools must have a behaviour policy.
Prof Reid has told an inquiry by AMs that too many children do not have their needs analysed or met.
In written evidence to the assembly's children and young people committee, Prof Reid says initial teacher training is "notoriously poor" at preparing teachers to manage behaviour and attendance.
End Quote Professor Ken Reid Attendance review author
Far too many pupils in Wales are not having their initial learning needs and support requirements analysed and met”
His 2008 report called for a "significant" increase in funding for training.'Disappointing'
"Despite this, progress on implementing the NBAR (National Behaviour and Attendance Review) recommendation on providing appropriate training for all staff engaged in behavioural and school attendance work has been painfully slow and disappointing," he says.
Five years on from the report - and despite similar findings by earlier studies - he says most staff remain in a similar position.
New teachers in Wales have been urged to take a postgraduate course which the education minister claims will help drive up standards in schools.
Claire Armitstead: Headteacher Rhyl High School
Truancy in our school is a reducing problem - it has been reducing quite substantially over the last three years.
It's really simple actually. All we've done is made sure that we've got a curriculum children can enjoy and can attain it.
What its done is its allowed them to come to school, to feel that they can attain GCSEs at the end and they're happier and more settled when they're there..
When I say change the curriculum there's certain things that every child has to do but there's also the options that they can choose to do.
We've put on a really big range of options so if you're a child who has particular artistic skills, you have the opportunity to work within those skills.
If you're a child who is very good at outdoor education there are those skills there. or if you're a child who is very academic and wants to do law we have pathways to do that.
Within two years now our attendance has risen to in excess of 92% and our attainments gone with it. So the GCSEs have come as the children have come into school but also they've been happier with the subjects they are studying.
Dedicated training on attendance and behaviour is available for head teachers in England through a national school leadership programme, but "no such provision exists in Wales and most head teachers and their staff continue to learn 'on -the -job'".
Prof Reid supports a drive to improve school attendance, saying it is crucial if Wales is to achieve Education Minister Leighton Andrews's goal of reaching the top 20 countries in the worldwide Pisa tests for teenagers.
However, too many local authorities are focused on secondary schools, he says.
"Consequently, far too many pupils in Wales are not having their initial learning needs and support requirements analysed and met," he says.
A Welsh government spokesman said: "Attendance in Wales is improving. We have implemented Prof Reid's proposals and they are making a difference.
"Statistics from September show that the overall attendance rate in Wales' secondary schools has improved by 0.8 percentage points on the previous year.
"This is the largest single year-on-year improvement seen over the last seven years and shows the actions we're taking to improve attendance levels in Wales are starting to have an impact."
He said the introduction of secondary school banding, which takes account of absenteeism data, also appears to have been a factor in the improvement.
The spokesman added: "When a child is not in school that child is not learning."
"We recognise that persistent absenteeism can have a detrimental effect on a child's education and we have put in place a number of measures to improve attendance in our schools."
The parents of persistent truants would be fined under plans being considered by the Welsh government to introduce fixed penalty notices.
It is consulting on the introduction of £60 penalties for people whose children miss too much school, rising to £120 if they are not paid within 28 days.
Owen Hathway from the National Union of Teachers said he did not think the fines were a good idea.
"That's going to cause a huge rift between them and the parents. Its going to cause problems between the schools and how they relate with their communities," he said.
In 2011/12, out of 170,000 secondary school pupils in Wales, 52,486 missed up to five days of school. More than 18,000 missed more than 25 days.
In the same year 1.4% of half-day sessions were missed through unauthorised absence - a slight improvement on the previous year.