South East Wales

Dr Suraj Lakhani: Radicalisation problem in Cardiff

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Media captionTwo men from Cardiff have been identified in the video posted online last week

Cardiff has an ongoing problem with the radicalisation of young Muslims, said an academic who has studied the issue.

Two men from the city have been identified taking part in what appears to be a Jihadist recruiting video, which was posted online last week.

It is thought Reyaad Khan travelled to Syria with friend Nasser Muthana who also appears in the footage.

Khan lived close to the Cardiff men jailed over the London Stock Exchange bombing plot in 2012.

It is believed the two men, both 20, travelled to Syria in November, while Nasser Muthana's younger brother Aseel, 17, travelled to the country in February.

The men are believed to be among 500 Britons fighting in the conflict in Syria.

Image copyright Family (l) and BBC
Image caption Aseel Muthana (left) and his older brother Nasser (right)

Reyaad Khan's family is said to be frustrated that more could not be done by the authorities in the UK to bring him home and were concerned he would be radicalised after he went missing.

Dr Suraj Lakhani, of Cardiff University, who recently completed his doctorate - A Social Analysis of Radicalisation in the UK, told BBC Radio Wales: "As far as I'm aware, there has been an issue in Cardiff for a while now.

"This is a concern that has been raised not only by the intelligence services and the Welsh government, but also South Wales Police and local Muslim communities.

"People have been saying that something needs to be done in Cardiff, they need support.

"There has been a threat for a while as there has been in other parts of the country as well. Yes, there has been a threat and it's still ongoing."

He said he believed the internet played a "big role" in radicalisation but there was also "face to face interaction", although not from the mosques.

Image caption Saleem Kidwai does not believe the men were radicalised in mosques

That was echoed by Saleem Kidwai, secretary general of the Muslim Council of Wales, who insisted there was no problem in south Wales mosques.

He believes the men may have travelled to Syria for humanitarian reasons and were radicalised there.

He said Islamic leaders and scholars could provide an important role in the fight against radicalisation.

"People who are radicalising these youngsters probably are misquoting the verses from the Koran and the hadiths of the prophet for their own political ends, rather than what the true picture is," he said.

"It is only the scholars of Islam - they can give the true interpretation of it, which I know is very different than what the extremist ideologists are portraying."


BBC Wales reporter Jordan Davies

I am at the South Wales Islamic Centre in Cardiff where Nasser and Aseel Muthana prayed some time ago now before moving on to other mosques in the city.

I think it is fair to say there has been widespread shock at what has emerged.

I've spoken to the boys' father who says he is heartbroken, while Reyaad Khan's mother says she is devastated.

Both of those have appealed for all of the men to come home.


In the video posted by internet accounts linked to militants from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (Isis), Reyaad Khan, who went to Cantonian High School and St David's Catholic College in Cardiff, is seen holding a gun and sitting next to his friend Nasser Muthana.

Nasser Muthana, of Butetown - who has been offered places to study medicine by four universities - appears in the footage, using the name Abu Muthanna al-Yemen and urging others to fight in Syria and Iraq.

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Media captionDr Suraj Lakhan, from Cardiff University said there was a radicalisation issue

His father, Ahmed Muthana, said his son - who he described as quiet, well-educated and intelligent - had left the UK to fight in Syria in November.

The families of the men believe they have been brainwashed and have appealed for them to come home.

It is not the first time fears have been raised about the radicalisation of young Muslims in Cardiff.

Reyaad Khan lived close to the Cardiff men jailed over the London Stock Exchange plot, with the Daily Telegraph reporting that Reyaad Khan grew up in the same street in Riverside as Abdul Miah, one of the ringleaders of the plot.

The Stock Exchange plotters - nine men in total also from London and Stoke-on-Trent - had planned to raise funds for a terrorist camp in Pakistan and recruit Britons to attend.

Sheikh Zane Abdo from the South Wales Islamic Centre in Cardiff, where Nasser Muthana and his brother have prayed in the past but not for years, has also said he believes there is a problem with extremism in Cardiff.

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Media captionSheikh Zane Abdo from the South Wales Islamic Centre: "Nothing suggested that they would go down the route that they went down"

He said he believed "a certain amount of radicalisation" could occur online.

"It very simple, very easy for a person just to click on (it) and become radicalised over a long period of time," he told BBC News.

"The fact that the video they've shown... I guarantee many young people who are susceptible to this kind of message will have watched the video and maybe (be) encouraged to follow in the footsteps of Nasser and his brother.

"A platform has been given to this video which really shouldn't have been given.

"So there's issues around the internet and issues around people who can radicalise, can talk to young people."

He said the pair had been normal teenagers before they went through a "very strange period" when they started expressing "certain views".


Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (Isis)

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Media captionIsis fighters have been pushing towards Iraq's capital, Baghdad

Isis grew out of an al-Qaeda-linked organisation in Iraq

  • Estimated 10,000 fighters in Iraq and Syria
  • Joined in its offensives by other Sunni militant groups, including Saddam-era officers and soldiers, and disaffected Sunni tribal fighters
  • Exploits standoff between Iraqi government and the minority Sunni Arab community, which complains that Shia Prime Minister Nouri Maliki is monopolising power
  • Led by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, an obscure figure regarded as a battlefield commander and tactician

Dr Lakhani said there were several reasons why young men may be willing to risk their lives abroad.

"It's really a combination of humanitarian concerns, a feel for having a duty towards their religion, towards their Muslim kin, and some personal reasons as well," he said.

"It's about leaving your formerly mundane and predictable life to search... for brotherhood and some sort of identity, masculinity and action abroad."

Mohammed Sarul Islam, a former Riverside councillor who knows the Khan family, agreed that radicalisation was happening "under people's noses".

He said it was better to try to solve the problem rather than blaming communities or individual organisations.

He added: "The family's only hope is they get any government-level help (to bring their son home).

"The mother is crying her eyes out... all the time she is urging through the media, through whatever source possible, asking him to come back home."

He said the family thought their son had gone to Birmingham for an Islamic conference and were shocked when police said he had left the country.

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