How Egypt's economy has been hit by political upheaval
9 July 2013 Last updated at 13:22 BST
Two years ago the long reign of President Hosni Mubarak in Egypt ended when tidal waves of protests in Cairo swept him from nearly 30 years in power.
The economy there has now slowed almost to a halt, there is high unemployment, rising inflation and depleted foreign reserves.
Whoever tries to take the country forward now has to do something to give people hope not merely of peace, but also a sense of beginning to feel better off, as Tim Whewell reports for BBC Newsnight.