At a glance: Kenya poll violence suspects

Kenya's Deputy President William Ruto is on trial at the International Criminal Court, accused of organising violent attacks on members of rival ethnic groups following the disputed 2007 election. Originally, six people were accused, including President Uhuru Kenyatta, but charges against four of them have not been pursued. The violence broke out after Raila Odinga says supporters of ex-President Mwai Kibaki cheated him of victory.

Supporters of Raila Odinga in 2007

Name Position Profile Charges
William Ruto

William Ruto

Deputy president

A supporter of Raila Odinga in 2007, the pair then fell out and he backed his former rival Uhuru Kenyatta in the 2013 poll, becoming deputy president. One of the most influential people in the Rift Valley, where the worst violence took place in 2007-8. Member of the Kalenjin community.

Accused of planning even before the election to set up militias to attack groups seen as supporters of ex-President Mwai Kibaki. Alleged to have urged his supporters to uproot the weeds from the fields - referring to communities in the Rift Valley with origins elsewhere in the country.

Joshua Sang

Joshua arap Sang

Reporter and executive of Kass FM

Hosted morning shows on a Kalenjin-language radio station during the post-election violence in 2007/2008.

Accused of planning attacks, along with Kosgey and Ruto, as well as whipping up ethnic hatred on the airwaves. Worst atrocity was the burning of a church near Eldoret where members of Mr Kibaki's Kikuyu ethnic group were sheltering.

Henry Kosgey

Henry Kosgey

Former Minister of Industrialisation

Chairman of Odinga's Orange Democratic Movement. Has denied charges of corruption over importing second-hand cars. Member of the Kalenjin community.

Faced same charges to those brought against William Ruto of planning to set up militias to attack Kibaki supporters.

Charges not confirmed.

Supporters of Mwai Kibaki in 2007

Name Position Profile Charges
Francis Muthaura

Francis Muthaura

Former head of Civil Service,

Cabinet Secretary

A right-hand man of ex-President Kibaki and seen as one of the most powerful unelected figures in the country. A former Kenyan ambassador at the United Nations and the European Union. From the Meru community, which is closely linked to the former president's Kikuyu group.

Accused of developing a plan with Kenyatta and Ali to take revenge for attacks on Kikuyus and keep Kibaki in power. Muthaura allegedly met leaders of outlawed Mungiki sect and ordered the police to let Mungiki members through road blocks while using excessive force against supporters of Raila Odinga.

Charges dropped.

Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta

Uhuru Kenyatta


The son of Kenya's founding president. Lost 2002 elections to Mwai Kibaki but backed him in 2007, before being elected in his own right in 2013. His name means freedom in the Swahili language. Like ex-President Kibaki, a member of Kenya's Kikuyu community - the country's largest.

Faced similar charges to Muthaura and Ali of developing a plan to take revenge for attacks on Kikuyus and keep Kibaki in power. Kenyatta was allegedly the focal point between the government and the Kikuyu Mungiki sect, which was sent to the Rift Valley, setting up road blocks and going house-to-house, killing some 150 suspected Odinga supporters.

Charges dropped.

Hussein Ali

Hussein Ali

Police chief during violence

Came to the police from Kenya's Air Force. Made his name for cracking down on the outlawed Mungiki sect. From Kenya's ethnic Somali community, which was not directly linked to the violence.

Faced similar charges to Muthaura and Kenyatta of developing a plan to take revenge for attacks on Kikuyus and keep Kibaki in power. Allegedly gave "shoot to kill" order to police after instruction from Muthaura. ICC says at least 100 Odinga supporters killed after indiscriminate police shooting.

Charges not confirmed.

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