The state controls all media with nationwide reach, including radio, the most influential medium outside the capital.
Television, the private press, and internet access are very limited outside Luanda. Angola's only daily newspaper, Jornal de Angola, and the terrestrial TV service TPA are state-owned and rarely criticise the government.
State-run Radio Nacional de Angola (RNA) is the only outlet to offer programmes in indigenous languages such as Bantu. Private stations operate in the main cities, including Catholic station Radio Ecclesia, but RNA is the only available broadcaster across much of the country.
The constitution provides for freedom of expression.
However, Human Rights Watch (2012) says the media face a "wide array of restrictions that impair free expression and encourage self-censorship".
Nevertheless, several private newspapers and radio stations have carried criticism of the government.
Pay-TV services are operated by MultiChoice Angola and TV Cabo; they carry some Brazilian and Portuguese channels.
There were just over 744,000 internet users by the end of 2011 (Internetworldstats.com).
- Jornal de Angola - state-run national daily
- O Pais - private weekly
- Angolense - private weekly
- Semanario Angolense - private weekly
- Folha 8 - private weekly
- A Capital - private weekly
- Novo Jornal - private weekly
- Agora - private weekly
- Televisao Popular de Angola (TPA) - state-run, operates national Canal 1, and Canal 2 in Luanda
- TV Zimbo - privately-owned
- Radio Nacional de Angola (RNA) - state-run, operates Canal A, sports network Radio 5, Radio Ngola Yetu, Radio FM Stereo and provincial station Radio Luanda
- Radio Ecclesia - Roman Catholic FM station
- Luanda-Antena Comercial - private, Luanda
- Radio Mais - private, on FM in Luanda, Huambo, Benguela