Operating in a turbulent political climate, Burundi's media are subject to self-censorship and occasional government censorship.
In June 2013 President Nkurunziza approved a new media law which critics condemned as an attack on press freedom. The law forbids reporting on matters that could "undermine national security, public order or the economy".
However, diverse political views are aired and the opposition press does function, albeit sporadically.
Newspaper readership is limited by low literacy levels. Radio is the main source of information for many Burundians. The government runs TV, radio and press outlets.
BBC World Service broadcasts on 90.2 FM in Bujumbura and on 105.6 in Mount Manga; Radio France Internationale and the Voice of America are also available in the capital.
There were 176,000 internet users by the end of 2011 (Internetworldstats.com).
Le Renouveau - government newspaper
Iwacu - private weekly, online content in English/French
Ndongozi (Pacesetter) - founded by Catholic Church
Arc-en-ciel (Rainbow) - private, French-language weekly
Ubumwe (Unity) - government-owned weekly
Television Nationale du Burundi - government-controlled, in Kirundi, Swahili, French and English
TeleRenaissance - private
Radio Burundi - government-controlled, in Kirundi, Swahili, French and English; also operates an educational network
Bonesha FM - funded by international organisations
Radio Publique Africaine - private, operates with some UN and overseas funding
Radio CCIB+ - operated by Burundi Chamber of Commerce
Radio Culture - partly funded by health ministry
Radio Isanganiro - private
Agence Burundaise de Presse (ABP) state news agency
Net Press - privately owned