Libya profile

News stand in Tripoli Media outlets have proliferated in the post-Gaddafi era

Libya's media environment has undergone a rapid and total transformation.

The control of the media by Colonel Gaddafi's regime came to an end after the fall of Tripoli in August 2011, and there has been a mushrooming of private and pro-National Transitional Council (NTC) outlets.

Journalists are experiencing unprecedented free conditions of working, with no clear red lines for reporting. Libya has yet to pass a media law, and there are no clear legal guidelines on libel and slander, or a code of ethics for journalists.

Libyan Radio and TV (LRT) is the successor to the Gaddafi-era state broadcaster. More than 20 TV stations, and dozens of radio outlets, broadcast from Libyan cities and from Middle East media hubs. Many of them are privately-owned.

BBC World Service Arabic broadcasts on 91.5 FM in Tripoli, Benghazi and Misrata.

The press has similarly seen a radical shift. Former state-affiliated dailies have closed and new titles have appeared, some of them short-lived. Benghazi has emerged as a publishing hub. But there are few daily newspapers and print runs are small.

There were more than 635,000 internet users by June 2012 ( Facebook, Twitter and YouTube were pivotal in carrying raw news material for a world audience during the revolt.

Facebook is a favourite platform for Libyans to read news and to comment on events. Libyans use Twitter as individuals and as activists. Many tweets on #Libya are in English.



  • Libya TV - aka Libya al-Ahrar; pro-NTC, Qatar-based satellite station, launched in April 2011
  • Libya Radio and Television (LRT) - state-run
  • Libya Al-Wataniyah TV (Libyan National TV) - state-run
  • Libya al-Hurrah - pro-NTC
  • Al-Asimah TV - private


  • Libyan Radio and Television (LRT) - state-run, operates Radio Libya, Al-Shababiyah, Al-Itha'ah al-Wataniya (National Radio)
  • Voice of Free Libya - pro-NTC, in Benghazi, Al-Bayda, Misrata
  • Libya FM - pro-NTC, Egypt-based

News agencies/internet

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