South Sudan profile
South Sudan's fledgling media face immense logistical, economic, social and political challenges.
Newsgathering can be problematic and the communications infrastructure is poor.
Radio is the most popular medium. Scores of private stations, some with foreign funding, have sprung up. There is a national state-run network, and each of South Sudan's 10 states has its own radio station.
The Catholic Church and Internews, a US-based media development organisation, are key players in the radio scene. The BBC World Service broadcasts to Juba on 90 FM (Arabic) and 88.2 FM (English).
Though expensive for many locals, newspapers rank second to radio in popularity. Most publish in English and are printed in Uganda or Kenya.
State-owned South Sudan TV has little competition. The development of TV is hindered by poverty and a limited electricity and telecoms infrastructure.
Media freedom is fragile. Armed groups, weak legal institutions and political pressures undermine free reporting. Journalists risk arrest over reports that criticise the government and the ruling party.
There have been reported seizures of newspapers, or disruption of their distribution, by the authorities.
Web access is limited to the main towns. There are no reliable statistics on web use. Only 15% of citizens own a mobile phone. Diaspora members are the most active social network users.
- The Citizen - daily
- Juba Monitor - daily
- Al-Masir (Destiny) - Arabic daily
- South Sudan Radio - national state-run network
- Eye Radio - funded by US government aid body, USAID
- Radio Miraya - operated by UN Mission in Sudan and Swiss NGO Fondation Hirondelle
- Bakhita Radio - Catholic
- Radio Liberty - privately-owned, in Juba and Yei
- Capital FM - privately-owned, from Juba
- South Sudan TV - government-run
- Citizen TV - privately-owned, from Juba