Seychelles country profile
- 18 October 2016
- From the section Africa
After an ominous, post-independence start which included a coup, an invasion by mercenaries, an abortive army mutiny and several coup attempts, the Seychelles have attained stability and prosperity.
Today the Indian Ocean archipelago enjoys a high per capita income, good health care and education.
The former British colony's economy depends heavily on the fishing industry and upmarket tourism. Fine beaches and turquoise seas are among the main attractions.
Seychelles also is home to an array of wildlife, including giant tortoises and sea turtles. Much of the land is protected as part of nature reserves.
The Republic of Seychelles
Area 455 sq km (176 sq miles)
Major languages English, French, Creole
Major religions Christianity
Life expectancy 68 years (men), 78 years (women)
Currency Seychelles rupee
President: Danny Faure
Danny Faure was sworn in as president in October 2016 and is to complete the five-year term of outgoing President James Michel, who resigned.
Mr Michel gave no reason for his resignation, but it followed parliamentary elections where the opposition coalition Linyon Demokratik (LDS) took control of the legislature from the ruling People's Progressive Front, called Parti Lepep, for the first time in the country's history.
Mr Faure was previously vice president. He is a former finance minister, a governor of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank and the African Development Bank.
The government controls much of the islands' media, and operates radio and TV stations and the sole daily newspaper.
Private or pro-opposition publications can be robust in their reporting despite tough libel laws, although steep licensing fees have discouraged the growth of private broadcast media.
By the end of 2015 there were some 50,000 internet users, out of a population of 87,400 (Internetworldstats.com).
Some key dates in the history of the Seychelles:
1768 - French planters and their slaves begin settling in the Seychelles.
1794 - Britain annexes the Seychelles, which are then administered from Mauritius until 1903, when it becomes a separate British colony.
1976 - Seychelles become independent and are governed by a coalition, with James Mancham as president and France Rene as prime minister, until a coup in 1977 when Rene becomes president.
1981-1982 - South African-based mercenaries try but fail to restore Mancham to power and an army-led mutiny is thwarted.
2004 - President Rene steps down, replaced by former vice president James Michel; he wins the presidential elections in 2006.
2006 - Parliament bans political or religious organisations from running radio stations, sparking a rare outbreak of unrest.
2009 - Somali pirates move their operations southwards to Seychelles and beyond as patrols are stepped up in the Gulf of Aden. US says it will supply Seychelles with drone spy-planes to help fight piracy. France offers legal help.
Seychelles, European Union sign anti-piracy agreement which will allow EU troops to be deployed on the islands.