Tunisia profile - Media
- 16 May 2016
- From the section Africa
The Tunisian media have relished greater freedoms, and have been in flux, since the 2011 popular revolt.
The number of broadcast and print outlets has increased, as has their freedom to report and debate political and social issues.
State TV - which used to toe the government line - now gives airtime to the former opposition.
Freedom House says there is polarisation within the media, with news outlets divided by ideology, political affiliation and economic interests.
The state broadcaster has two national TV channels and several radio networks.
Since 2011, at least 10 new private TV channels have been launched. Egyptian, French and pan-Arab satellite TVs have a large following.
There are more than 20 commercial radio networks.
Tunisia has a developed telecom environment, with a high rate of mobile phone ownership and relatively cheap broadband.
There were 5.4 million internet users by late 2015 (ITU).
Facebook use is pervasive among internet users and the platform is used as a news source.
Widespread filtering ended with the fall of Mr Ben Ali. Internet users can be prosecuted over content deemed defamatory or insulting to state bodies.
La Presse - state-owned daily
Esshafa - state-owned daily
Assabah - private daily
Alchourouk - private daily
Le Temps - private daily
Le Maghreb - private daily
Al-Watania (National TV) - state-run
Hannibal TV - first private TV
Nessma TV - private
El Hiwar Ettounsi TV - private
Tunisian Radio - state-run; four national and five regional stations
Shems FM - state-owned
Zitouna FM - state-owned, Islamic
Mosaique FM - first private radio
Jawhara FM - private
Agence Tunis Afrique Presse - state-run, English-language pages
Tunisia Live - news website, in English
Kapitalis - news website
Tunisia Numerique - news website
El Khabar - news website