Tunisia profile

Tunisian newspaper reader Newspapers were tightly controlled under former president Ben Ali

The Tunisian media have relished greater freedoms, and have been in flux, since the 2011 popular revolt.

Under the former regime, press and broadcasters were tightly controlled. Since then, the number of broadcast and print outlets has increased, as has their freedom to report and debate political and social issues.

State TV - which used to toe the government line - has changed tack, giving airtime to the former opposition.

However, some journalists say Ben Ali era-style censorship remains.

The state broadcaster has two national TV channels and several radio networks. Egyptian, French and pan-Arab satellite TVs have a large following.

Tunisia has a developed telecom environment, with a high rate of mobile phone ownership and relatively cheap broadband.

There were around 4.2 million internet users by June 2012 - 39% of the population (Internetworldstats.com).

Use of social media during the 2011 protests prompted commentators to describe the events as a "Facebook victory" and a "Twitter revolution".

Many Tunisians - 52% - select Facebook as a preferred news source, according to a 2013 market survey.

Pervasive filtering ended with the fall of Mr Ben Ali. Since then, officials have blocked Facebook pages set up by cyber activists, and courts have ordered bans on pornographic sites.

The press

La Presse - state-owned daily

Esshafa - state-owned daily

Assabah - privately-owned daily

Alchourouk - privately-owned daily

Le Temps - privately-owned daily


National Tunisian TV - state-run

Hannibal TV - private, via satellite and terrestrially


Tunisian Radio - state-run

Radio Mosaique FM - private

Jawhara FM - private

Zitouna FM - Islamic

News agency/internet

Agence Tunis Afrique Presse - state-run, English-language pages

Tunisia Live - news website, in English

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