Tunisia profile - Media

Tunisian newspaper reader Image copyright AFP
Image caption Newspapers were tightly controlled under former president Ben Ali

The Tunisian media have relished greater freedoms, and have been in flux, since the 2011 popular revolt.

The number of broadcast and print outlets has increased, as has their freedom to report and debate political and social issues.

State TV - which used to toe the government line - now gives airtime to the former opposition.

Freedom House says there is polarisation within the media, with news outlets divided by ideology, political affiliation and economic interests.

The state broadcaster has two national TV channels and several radio networks.

Since 2011, at least 10 new private TV channels have been launched. Egyptian, French and pan-Arab satellite TVs have a large following.

There are more than 20 commercial radio networks.

Tunisia has a developed telecom environment, with a high rate of mobile phone ownership and relatively cheap broadband.

There were 5.4 million internet users by late 2015 (ITU).

Facebook use is pervasive among internet users and the platform is used as a news source.

Widespread filtering ended with the fall of Mr Ben Ali. Internet users can be prosecuted over content deemed defamatory or insulting to state bodies.

The press

La Presse - state-owned daily

Esshafa - state-owned daily

Assabah - private daily

Alchourouk - private daily

Le Temps - private daily

Le Maghreb - private daily


Al-Watania (National TV) - state-run

Hannibal TV - first private TV

Nessma TV - private

El Hiwar Ettounsi TV - private


Tunisian Radio - state-run; four national and five regional stations

Shems FM - state-owned

Zitouna FM - state-owned, Islamic

Mosaique FM - first private radio

Jawhara FM - private

News agency/internet

Agence Tunis Afrique Presse - state-run, English-language pages

Tunisia Live - news website, in English

Kapitalis - news website

Tunisia Numerique - news website

El Khabar - news website

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