Libya's Saif al-Islam Gaddafi profiled

Saif al-Islam Gaddafi (file photo)

Saif al-Islam Gaddafi's capture in southern Libya after three months on the run was an ignominious end for a man once widely considered Muammar Gaddafi's heir apparent.

Despite holding no official position in the Libyan government, he was long seen as the most influential figure in the country after his father who had been in power since 1969.

The 40 year old is being held in the city of Zintan and has said he would prefer to be tried by the International Criminal Court (ICC), where he is wanted for crimes against humanity for his alleged role in the suppression of opposition protests in 2011, rather than in Libya where he could face the death penalty.

Until the rebellion - and the government's response - this stylish English-speaker was considered the reformist face of the Libyan government.

As rebels closed in on the capital, though, the second of Col Gaddafi's nine children vowed to fight to the end against the insurgents, accusing them of being drunkards, thugs and terrorists.

The rebels claimed to have captured him in August, during their advance on Tripoli. But he later turned up outside a hotel in the capital, greeting crowds of cheering supporters, before disappearing again.

Western links

Who is Saif al-Islam?

Saif al-Islam Gaddafi at the LSE in 2010
  • Born 1972
  • Stylish, English-speaking bachelor
  • Trained engineer
  • Long seen as likely successor to his father - suggestions he played down
  • Previously seen as reformist face of his father's regime
  • Played key role in rapprochement with the West from 2000-2011
  • Accused of organising brutal crackdown on opposition protests in February

The Western-educated English speaker was once regarded as the reformist face of the Libyan government, playing a key role in Libya's rapprochement with the West between 2000 and the 2011 uprising.

As head of the Gaddafi family's charity and allegedly the multi-billion dollar sovereign wealth fund, the Libyan Investment Authority (LIA) - although he denies this - Mr Gaddafi had access to huge amounts of money, which he used to smooth relations with the West.

He was involved in the negotiations which led his father to abandon his nuclear weapons programme and later helped mediate the release of six Bulgarian medics accused of infecting children with HIV in a Libyan hospital.

He also negotiated compensation for the families of those killed in the 1988 Lockerbie bombing, the 1986 Berlin nightclub attack and the 1989 downing of UTA flight 772.

Again, he is said to have been involved in talks about the controversial 2009 decision to free from prison the man convicted of the Lockerbie bombing, Abdelbaset al-Megrahi.

After these agreements, international sanctions were lifted and with Mr Gaddafi prominent both politically and economically, Libya seemed set to embark on an era of remarkable change.

Its oil sector was starting to open up and Libya had agreed to tackle the growing flow of sub-Saharan African migrants through the country to Europe.

Start Quote

An image grab taken from a video released by the Zintan Media Centre on 20 November 2011

I am not afraid to die but if you execute me after such a trial you should just call it murder and be done with it,”

End Quote Saif al-Islam Gaddafi

Mr Gaddafi owned a house in London and had links to British political figures as well as the Royal Family. He met the Duke of York twice - once at Buckingham Palace and on another occasion in Tripoli.

He is known to have kept two tigers as pets and also enjoyed hunting with falcons in the deserts - a pastime traditionally enjoyed by Arab royals - and is a keen amateur painter.

Mr Gaddafi, whose first names mean Sword of Islam, always denied that he was seeking to inherit power from his father, saying the reins of power were "not a farm to inherit".

He also called for political reform - a theme he addressed in the doctorate he obtained the same year from the London School of Economics (LSE).

When Mr Gaddafi's role in the crackdown against protesters was reported, LSE director Howard Davies resigned from his post after facing criticism for accepting donations from the charitable foundation led by the son of the then Libyan leader.

The University of London was asked to investigate the authenticity of Mr Gaddafi's PhD thesis, amid reports it was plagiarised - but it decided it should not be revoked as "the thesis has been annotated to show where attribution or references should have been made," an LSE statement said.

Mr Gaddafi was caught on 19 November 2011, a month after his father died after being caught by rebel forces in his home town of Sirte.

The militia holding him in Zintan want him to be tried in that city - and not the ICC.

"I am not afraid to die but if you execute me after such a trial you should just call it murder and be done with it," Mr Gaddafi was quoted by lawyers as saying in August.

More on This Story

Libya after Gaddafi

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