DR Congo rebels lap up Goma cheers

Residents of Goma react as they listen to M23 rebel group spokesman at a stadium in Goma, 21 November 2012

"It was really tough in the bush," said a tall man sporting a Kalashnikov and a couple of days' worth of stubble in the city of Goma in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.

He did not want to give his name - military orders, he said.

But he could hardly conceal his delight. After months of fighting, he was back to his hometown of Goma.

Start Quote

I have no choice but to submit”

End Quote Loneme Corneille Police captain

He and his fellow rebels now wield power in this city of a million inhabitants.

They had summoned the people of Goma to the main stadium, who now stood facing the raised stage, waiting apprehensively to find out what might be in store for them under rebel control.

Many were policemen. Some wore the uniform of the regular Congolese army.

One commander, brandishing a long list, claimed around 2,100 soldiers and 700 policemen had joined their ranks that morning alone.

Several dozen men in blue uniforms clambered up the steps onto the stage and deposited their Kalashnikovs in a corner.

Not all did so willingly.

Capt Loneme Corneille shrugged his shoulders.

"What can I do?" he asked as he handed over his gun.

"I have no choice but to submit."

Combative mood

Start Quote

M23 rebels spokesperson Lt Col Vianney Kazarama speaks to a crowd who have gathered at a stadium in Goma

Do you want us to stop here? Or do you want us to go further?”

End Quote Vianney Kazarama M23 spokesman

By the time Lt Col Vianney Kazarama took to the stage, the stadium was almost full.

The rebel spokesman began with an apology.

The M23 movement was sorry, he said, for any suffering that had been caused by the fighting.

He promised the people of Goma order, stability, infrastructure, a better life. But he also vowed to continue the fight.

"Do you want us to stop here," he thundered into the microphone, "Or do you want us to go further?"

The crowd roared its approval.

"Do you want us to continue on to Kinshasa?"

The stadium cheered.

The rebels are in combative mood.

Goma policeman deposits his gun next to a rebel (Photo Gabriel Gatehouse) Policemen in Goma were forced to hand over their weapons

It seemed as if they had surprised themselves with the speed of their military success.

They certainly surprised the United Nations peacekeeping mission (Monusco).

Right up until the day Goma fell, they had been deploying helicopter gunships, firing on rebel positions north of the city, in defence of the regular Congolese army.

But on Tuesday morning, the rebels simply bypassed their base on the outskirts of the city. By this time, most Congolese soldiers had fled, leaving the streets of Goma almost deserted.

So the rebels walked into town virtually unopposed.

UN unease

With their mandate to protect the civilian population the blue-helmeted peacekeepers could do little but watch as an advance party of rebels jogged past their white armoured vehicles.

A UN armoured vehicle drives past rebels patrolling a street in Goma in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, soon after capturing the city from the government army - 20 November 2012 The UN peacekeepers are still in Goma, captured by the rebels on Tuesday

Only a very few ventured out onto the streets to welcome them.

Many residents of the city had fled the rebel advance. Others were keeping a low profile. M23's support in the city is far from overwhelming.

One senior UN official - who wished to remain anonymous - spoke with a mixture of anger and sadness about the UN's inability to hold back the rebels.

Monusco is the largest peacekeeping mission in the world. Many feel that they were put in an impossible situation: Fighting alongside an ill-disciplined national army against an apparently well-trained and surprisingly well-equipped guerrilla group.

Who are the M23 rebels?

  • Named after the 23 March 2009 peace accord which they accuse the government of violating
  • This deal saw them join the army before they took up arms once more in April 2012
  • Also known as the Congolese Revolutionary Army
  • Mostly from minority Tutsi ethnic group
  • Deny being backed by Rwanda and Uganda
  • Believed to have 1,200 to 6,000 fighters
  • International Criminal Court indicted top commander Bosco "Terminator" Ntaganda in 2006 for allegedly recruiting child soldiers
  • The UN and US imposed a travel ban and asset freeze earlier this month on the group's leader, Sultani Makenga

The UN suspects the rebels of receiving extensive support from neighbouring Rwanda. The Rwandan government denies the allegations.

The peacekeepers are still in Goma. They must now share the streets of this city with the rebels.

For them it is an uneasy coexistence.

But that does not seem to bother the rebels.

"We have no problem with the United Nations," Lt Col Kazarama shrugged. His battle lies elsewhere.

"The journey to liberate [DR] Congo starts now," he told the crowd in the stadium

Several hours later, his forces reportedly took control of Sake, a crucial town to the west of Goma on the road to Bukavu, the capital of the neighbouring province of South Kivu.

Bukavu, say the rebels, is their next objective.

It is not clear whether they have the resources or the numbers to meet their ambitions.

But their morale is high, and they believe they have momentum on their side.

More on This Story

The BBC is not responsible for the content of external Internet sites

More Africa stories

RSS

Features & Analysis

Elsewhere on the BBC

  • BlueNew blue

    Meet the artist, showman and inventor who created a colour that had never existed before

Programmes

  • Art installationClick Watch

    How one artist is using computer code to turn internet radio into a unique piece of music

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.