Mali: Rebel groups ban music and replace ringtones
6 December 2012 Last updated at 17:18 GMT
A ban on all music is just one of a number of strict social codes rebel groups in northern Mali have imposed on citizens.
Dozens of musicians have headed south where singing is not a crime after Islamists in the north jammed radio airwaves and confiscated mobile phones, replacing ringtones with Koranic verses.
Thomas Fessy reports from Bamako.