Mali crisis: Ethnic tensions threaten region
3 February 2013 Last updated at 23:05 GMT
Fears are growing that ethnic rivalry could destabilise parts of Mali, in the wake of a three-week campaign by French troops to drive out Islamist militants.
Normal life is resuming in Timbuktu, following its liberation, but the town's nomadic Tuareg people have fled, accused of being al-Qaeda sympathisers.
With French forces already planning their exit strategy from the region, peace in Mali will soon be left to the country's own - ill-disciplined - security forces to maintain.
Andrew Harding reports from Timbuktu.