Economic growth in South Africa's townships
22 May 2013 Last updated at 07:21 BST
As the Organisation of African Unity celebrates its 50th anniversary, the BBC is looking at the continent's growing prosperity.
South Africa's economy is the largest and most sophisticated in Africa but labour unrest and aftershocks of racial apartheid are slowing its progress.
However it is easy to see the economic change in poor townships - as Andrew Harding reports.