Miner is one of South Africa's abandoned mines
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Dicing with death: South Africa's illegal gold miners

9 October 2013 Last updated at 12:06 BST

Thousands of men are risking their lives in what is being dubbed Johannesburg's second gold rush - an illegal and desperate scramble for what remains of the precious metal.

The men - many from poorer African countries - go underground to sift through the remnants of South Africa's abandoned mines.

Andrew Harding reports.