Mining for manganese in South Africa
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Inside new SA manganese mine

4 February 2014 Last updated at 12:24 GMT

South Africa's mining industry is more than 100 years old, but recent steps are enabling entrepreneurs like Daphne Mashile-Nkosi to become the first woman in South Africa to build a mine from scratch.

In the week that sees the country host Africa's largest mining conference, the BBC's Lerato Mbele visited Ms Mashile-Nkosi's manganese mine in the Northern Cape to find out how it works.