Ebola contained in Nigeria, Senegal - US health officials

  • 30 September 2014
  • From the section Africa
A Nigerian port health official uses a thermometer to screen Muslim pilgrims for Ebola at the Hajj camp before boarding a plane for Saudi Arabia at the Murtala Muhammed International Airport in Lagos, Nigeria Thursday, Sept, 18. Image copyright AP
Image caption Nigeria quickly established an emergency operations centre to help trace the possible spread of the virus

The Ebola virus may have been contained in Nigeria and Senegal, US health authorities say, after no new cases were reported there for almost a month.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) say the outbreak could be declared over in Nigeria next month.

It continues, however, in other parts of West Africa, in particular Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone.

The World Health Organization (WHO) says more than 3,000 people have died of the virus so far, mostly in Liberia.

The current outbreak is the most deadly Ebola outbreak in history.

The new head of the UN's Ebola response team urged rapid progress within the next 60 days to stave off the disease.

Ebola control "possible"

The outbreaks in Nigeria and Senegal have been far smaller than in other West African countries, with 20 confirmed cases in total between the two countries.

In Nigeria, Africa's most populous country, there have been 19 confirmed cases of the virus and eight deaths since the first confirmed case there in July. The last reported case in Nigeria was discovered on 5 September, the CDC said.

There was also one confirmed case in Senegal in late August, where the infected person survived.

Image copyright AFP
Image caption Liberia has been worst-hit by Ebola, accounting for over half the deaths
Image copyright AP
Image caption The UN warned that some children orphaned by the outbreak risked being "shunned"

Ebola has an incubation period of 21 days, the CDC said. After two consecutive 21-day periods have passed with no new cases, a country would be able to declare an outbreak over, it said.

Therefore, both Nigeria and Senegal will be able to declare their outbreaks officially over by mid-October, a CDC official said.

"Although Nigeria isn't completely out of the woods, their extensive response to a single case of Ebola shows that control is possible with rapid, focused interventions" said CDC Director Tom Frieden in a statement.

"Countries throughout the region as well as Nigeria need to take rapid steps to prepare for possible cases of Ebola in order to prevent outbreaks in their country" he added.

Media captionBill Gates: "It's knowing what has to be done... we have got to get medical personnel in there"

Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan already declared the end of the virus in his country in a speech last week, a claim medical experts believe was premature.

Ambitious target

On Tuesday the head of a new UN body set up to fight the disease urged more action within the next 60 days.

"The risk of expansion is dramatic and the number of affected people is doubling," Anthony Banbury told reporters in Ghana, where the UN's Ebola response team is based.

He said that 70% of infected people needed to be receiving treatment and 70% of burials should be done safely within two months.

Unicef also warned on Tuesday that at least 3,700 children in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone who have lost one or both parents to Ebola face being "shunned".

"Orphans are usually taken in by a member of the extended family, but in some communities the fear surrounding Ebola is becoming stronger than family ties," Unicef's Manuel Fontaine said in a statement.

Ebola virus disease (EVD)

Image copyright SPL
  • Symptoms include high fever, bleeding and central nervous system damage
  • Spread by body fluids, such as blood and saliva
  • Fatality rate can reach 90% - but current outbreak has mortality rate of about 70%
  • Incubation period is two to 21 days
  • There is no proven vaccine or cure
  • Supportive care such as rehydrating patients who have diarrhoea and vomiting can help recovery
  • Fruit bats, a delicacy for some West Africans, are considered to be virus's natural host

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