Kyrgyzstan profile - Media
Television is the most popular medium. There are state-run networks and more than a dozen private stations. Russian networks have a significant audience.
State-owned First Channel TV is the government's main media conduit.
There are around two dozen radio stations, most of them privately-owned. Only a handful broadcast nationwide. Four newspapers publish three or four times a week.
The media usually enjoy greater editorial freedoms than their regional counterparts. But journalists often encounter pressure from private media owners or the authorities, says US-based Freedom House.
Internet users make up 24 per cent of the population (Internetlivestats.com, 2014). Mobile phones are used extensively to access the web.
Facebook use is on the rise - the platform is used by around 26 per cent of internet users. Russia's Mail.ru and Odnoklassniki.ru are popular social media platforms.
- Vecherniy Bishkek - in Russian
- Super Info - in Kyrgyz
- MSN - in Russian
- Kyrgyz Tuusu - state-owned, in Kyrgyz
- Delo No - weekly, in Russian
- Obshchestvennyy Reyting - weekly, in Russian
- The Times of Central Asia - Bishkek-based, English-language, regional coverage
- Kyrgyz National TV and Radio Broadcasting Corporation - state-run, operates four networks including flagship First Channel
- EITR (Public TV and Radio) - based in southern city of Osh
- Channel Five - private, near-national coverage
- Osh TV - private, Osh
- NBT (Independent Bishkek TV) - private, Bishkek
- NTS (New TV Network) - private, Bishkek
- Kyrgyz National TV and Radio Broadcasting Corporation - state-run
- Kyrgyzstan Obondoru (Kyrgyzstan Melody) - leading private station
- Europa Plus - private, Bishkek, Osh
- Hit FM Bishkek - private