Bangladesh protests trigger changes to war crimes law

The BBC's James Kelly looks back at the demonstrations many believe have forced the government's hand

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Bangladesh's parliament has amended a law which will allow the state to appeal against the life sentence of an Islamist party leader, after protesters called for his execution.

Tens of thousands of demonstrators in the capital, Dhaka, cheered the news.

The legal amendment also paves the way for the prosecution and potential ban of the Jamaat-e-Islami party.

Jamaat chief Abdul Kader Mullah was given life for his alleged role in crimes in the 1971 independence war.

The ruling sparked nearly two weeks of angry mass protests in Dhaka and other cities.

Demonstrators - mainly young men and women - demanded the death penalty for Mullah and 10 others accused of committing crimes against humanity during the country's war of independence war with Pakistan in 1971.

The announcement came a day after three people were killed in clashes between police and Jamaat supporters.

The Jamaat called for a country-wide general strike on Monday in protest at the deaths.

Bitter rivals

On Sunday, tens of thousands of protesters gathered in a busy intersection of Dhaka burst into cheers after the Bangladeshi parliament approved the changes to the existing law, the BBC's Anbarasan Ethirajan reports from the capital.

Bangladesh independence war, 1971

  • Civil war erupts in Pakistan, pitting the West Pakistan army against East Pakistanis demanding autonomy and later independence
  • Fighting forces an estimated 10 million East Pakistani civilians to flee to India
  • In December, India invades East Pakistan in support of the East Pakistani people
  • Pakistani army surrenders at Dhaka and its army of more than 90,000 become Indian prisoners of war
  • East Pakistan becomes the independent country of Bangladesh on 16 December 1971
  • Exact number of people killed is unclear - Bangladesh says it is three million but independent researchers say it is up to 500,000 fatalities

The government and others can now appeal against verdicts at the International Crimes Tribunal, set up in 2010 to try those Bangladeshis accused of collaborating with Pakistani forces and committing atrocities during the war, our correspondent says.

The amendment will also give powers to the special tribunal to prosecute any organisations or political parties allegedly involved in war crimes.

If found guilty, the party "can be banned" from politics, law minister Shafique Ahmed said.

Critics say the provision is aimed at the Jamaat, which opposed Bangladesh's independence from Pakistan, our correspondent reports.

The Islamist party says the latest changes to the law is nothing but an attempt by the government to destroy the party.

Eight of the accused are Jamaat party leaders, while the remaining two are members of the opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), one a former minister.

Jamaat is an ally of the BNP, bitter political rivals of current Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, who has made prosecuting war crimes a key goal of her government.

Human rights groups have said the tribunal falls short of international standards. Jamaat and the BNP accuse the current government of pursuing a political vendetta through the tribunal.

Official estimates say more than three million people were killed in the 1971 war which resulted in independence from Pakistan.

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